« 이전계속 »
Capt. J. C. Mallery.
C. E. von Sothern..
J. A. Newburg
John Seymour. Lance Corporals:
G. H. Robinson
At the ninth annual fall meeting, teams from Companies A, B, and C were entered for the “Short range military team match." The match had been won by teams from the battalion from 1877 to 1880; but at this meeting it was won by a team from the Twentieth Separate Company, N. Y. S. N. G., by a score of 143 points-Company A, Battalion of Engineers, gaining the second place with a score of 141 out of a possible 175 points. The conditions of the match were as follows: “200 yards. Open to teams of five men from any company, troop, or battery of the National Guard of New York, or of other States, or of the Regular Army, Navy, or Marine Corps, to be composed of company officers, non-commissioned officers, or privates, certified to have been members of the company they represent on June 1, 1881. Position, standing. Rounds, 7. Teams to use the rifle their company is armed with.” Twelve teams competed. The following tables show the scores made by the company teams in practice, and in the match, which was shot on September 14.
At the same meeting two teams from the battalion competed in the Army and Navy Journal match. The conditions of this match were the following: "Open to teams of twelve from all regularly organized military organizations in the United States, including the Regular Army, Navy, and Marine Corps. All competitors to be regularly enlisted members, in good standing, of the regiment, battalion, corps, or troop they represent, and to have been such on June 1, 1881, and to appear in the uniform (fali dress or fatigue) of the organization they represent. Weapons, such military rifle as has been issued at the public expense to the organization wbich the team represents. Distance, 500 yards. Rounds, 7. Position, any with head towards the target.
“First prize—To the organization whose team makes the highest aggregate score, silver trophy, valued at $750.
" This prizo is to be won three times before becoming the property of the winner. It will be held for a year by the officer commanding the
winning corps. “Also, to each member of the winning team a silver medal; to each member of the secoud team a silver medal; to each member of the third team a bronze medal.”
This match had been shot five times; and won twice by the Seventh Regiment N. Y. S. N. G., once by the Battalion of Engineers, and once each by the Thirty-fifth Battalion and the Twentieth Separate Company N. Y. S. N. G. Teu teams competed on this occasion; and the prize was won by the first team of this battalion, the second team being tied with the Thirty-fifth Battalion on the fifth score (300) and obliged to take the sixth place.
Major-General Hancock presented the prize to the winning team, with the following remarks: “ This prize indicates the standard of excellence in shooting, between the various organizations of the National Guard, and of the Army, and the contest for its possession has always been a keen one; although shot for since the establishment of Creedmoor, it has never been won twice by any but one organization.
“I congratulate the winning team upon its possession as an honorable trophy, which I trust will, during the year, inspire its members and the organization to which they belong with the desire to maintain the skill by which it has been won from such for midable adversaries."
The scores made by this team in practice, and in the match, are given in the following table:
The novel match of the meeting was the “skirmishers' match," open to member of the Regular Army, Navy, Marine Corps, National Guard, volunteers or militia of any country, State or Territory. Competitors to be in uniform (jacket, cap, trowsers, belt, and cartridge box or belt). Distances, 600 to 200 yards, second-class targets. Weapon, any military rifle except repeating rifles. Competitors form in single rank in squads, in rear of 600 yards firing point opposite the target to which they are assigned, tach having his ammunition in his cartridge box or belt, and are numbered from the right. Twenty rounds were allowed each man, and starting at 600 yards, five halts are made in advancing and five in retreating; competitors fire as they please, not to exceed twenty shots in all, but must fire at least one shot at each halt; any position, and but 20 seconds allowed to halt and fire after the signal. Five points were deducted from a competitor's score for each failure to fire at least one shot at each halt, for each shot fired after a signal to advance has been sounded, or for each shot found on his target in excess of twenty. A competitor firing on a wrong target to be at once debarred from further competition.
Many soldiers competed in this match, which was won by 1st class Private John Cavanagh, Company C, Battalion of Engineers, by the following score : bulls-eyes, 8; centers, 6; inners, 4; outers, 3 ; total hits, 21 ; fined 1 bulls-eye for one extra shot on his target-resulting score 77 out of a possible 100 points.
Other prizes were won at Creedmoor during the season as follows: Capt. J.C. Mallery ...
Boylan Badge (first competition). Private John Caranagh
Remington target-rifle. Sergeant C. E. von Sothen.
COMPETITION FOR THE NEVADA TROPHY.
The following table, extracted from General Order No. 6, current series, from the headquarters of the Army, exhibits the result of the first annual competition for this tropby, which is open to the entire Army under conditions announced in General Order No. 45, series of 1881, from the Adjutant-General's Office. An unfortunate accident prevented Companies A and B from competing, but it will be noticed that Company C won the second place on the list.
BATTALION OF ENGINEERS,
Willets Point, New York Harbor, February 14, 1882. The following are announced as the results of the astronomical observations taken in 1881 at the field observatory at Willets Point (see General Orders No. 5 of 1870, No. 9 of 1871, No. 8 of 1872, No. 2 of 1873, No. 2 of 1874, No. 3 of 1875, No. 1 of 1876, No. 1 of 1877, No. 3 of 1878, No. 1 of 1879, No. 3 of 1880, and No. 3 of 1851, for former resuts.)
The observatory bas continued during the past season under the personal direction of the battalion commander, assisted by Captain Mallery.
The equatorial telescope ordered from Fauth & Co., of Washington, in June, 1880, bas been received and mounted in the new observátory, but at too late a date to permit of much work before the end of the season.
The object-glass, made by Alvin Clark and Sons, is 5.5 inches in clear aperture, with a finder of 2 inches clear aperature. The principal eye-piece is fitted with a posi-. tion-micrometer divided on silver, with a parallactic movement, fine for spider line and rapid for the entire box. The micrometer may be replaced by a tube containing a reticule of 1 transverse and 5 parallel threads, for transit observations. These two arrangements are fitted, in common, with three eye-glasses having magpifying powers respectively of 96, 143, and 178 diameters. For simply observing celestial phenomena, two other eye-pieces are provided-one for the sun, containing a first surface reflecting prism; and the other, for night work, a simple straight tube. Fitting each arrangement are three eye-glasses having magnifying powers, respectively, of 180, 365, and 459 diameters. Both declination and hour circles are divided on silver, with an extra graduation (coarse) for approximate settings. They are respectively 12 and 15 inches in diameter. This clock work is governed by a conical pendulum regulator, with maintaining power regulated from the eye end, and the declination axis is provided with a striding level to bring the telescope into the meridian. The illumination is through the declination axis, the lamp bayging vertically in all portions of the telescope. This instrument, of excellent quality and mounted in a superior manner, is well suited to the needs of the ob vatory
OBSERVATIONS FOR LOCAL TIME.
Many observations, both with astronomical transits and with sextants, have been made at short intervals during the entire season.
With the transits.—The following observations were made to determine the value of a division of the levels used with two of the transit instruments. These levels were attached firmly to the tube of the zenith telescope, and were measured in terms of its known micrometer,
Time has been noted by four methods: (A) by the recorder at the word "tick," given by the observer; (B) by the observer himself, guided by the relay tick, which, when the battery-circuit includes the chronometer, occurs at each second, and is as loud as the tick of an astronomical clock; (the beat is picked up with the assistance of the recorder, who watches the face of the chronometer;) (C) by the Hipps chronograph, using a key which prints the record on the moving paper, (this method is usually restricted to observations when the whole reticule (15 threads) is used with the Lingke combined instrument;) (D) by the usual eye and ear method, placing the Bond chronometer on the pier near the observer, who keeps his own record. Beginners use these several methods in succession, in the order named above.
To study the sabject of personal equation, and to give the observers an opportunity to determine their individual tendency to error, use has been made of the Fauth machine, time being noted by method (B). The following table exhibits the results of this practice, which, considering that it was the first time that any of the observers had used the apparatus, certainly shows a bigh degree of precision :
The following observations were made to rate the standard chronometer (Lukens No. 141) during the working season. A comparison of these and last year's observations with the corresponding record of mean daily temperature kept at the post hospital indicates that the chronometer is compensated for a temperature of about 65° Fah. At 50° Fah. it begins to lose rapidly :