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CANAL ZONE CODE

87th Congress, H. R. 10931

October 18, 1962

An Act

To revise and codify the general and permanent laws relating to and in force

in the Canal Zone and to enact the Canal Zone Code, and for other purposes.

Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That the eight titles hereinafter set forth constitute the Canal Zone Code, embracing all the permanent laws relating to and applying in the Canal Zone other than the general laws of the United States that relate to or apply in the Canal Zone:

CANAL ZONE CODE TITLE 1. GENERAL PROVISIONS. 2. ADMINISTRATION AND REGULATION. 3. JUDICIARY. 4. CIVIL LAWS. 5. CIVIL PROCEDURE GENERALLY. 6. CRIMES AND CRIMINAL PROCEDURE. 7. DECEDENTS ESTATES AND FIDUCIARY RELATIONS. 8. DOMESTIC RELATIONS.

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CHAPTER 1–THE CODE Sec 1. Scope and citation of Code. 2. Territorial application of Code. 3. Edition with ancillaries; revisions; supplements. § 1. Scope and citation of Code

(a) The laws embraced in this Code constitute the “Canal Zone Code”. This Code, and the then current supplement, certified by the Governor, establish the permanent laws relating to or in force in the Canal Zone, other than the general and permanent laws of the United States that relate to or apply in the Canal Zone, on the day preceding the commencement of the session following the last session the legislation of which is included; and they are legal evidence of those laws in all the courts of the United States, the District of Columbia, the Canal Zone, the several States, the territories and possessions of the United States, and the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico.

(b) This Code may be cited by the abbreviation “C.Z.C.”, preceded by the number of the title and followed by the number of the section, chapter, or part, of the title. 2. Territorial application of Code

This Code applies throughout the Canal Zone, and throughout the corridor over which the United States of America exercises jurisdiction pursuant to the provisions of article IX of the General Treaty of Friendship and Cooperation between the United States of America and the Republic of Panama, signed March 2, 1936, to the extent that its application to that corridor is consistent with the nature of the rights of the United States therein.

83. Edition with ancillaries; revisions; supplements

(a) The Governor shall cause the Canal Zone Code to be printed and published, with appropriate ancillary materials, and from tiine to time may cause revisions of the Code to be prepared, printed and published. For this purpose and for the supplements to the Code, the Governor, in such case, may negotiate, without advertising, a contract with a qualified law book publisher.

(b) The Governor shall cause cumulative supplements to this Code to be prepared, printed and published at least every two years.

(c) The supplements shall contain all amendments to this Code, amendment notes, annotations based upon pertinent court decisions, tables, and index, and such other ancillary materials as the Governor directs.

CHAPTER 3-PERSONAL AND CIVIL RIGHTS Sec. 31. Rights and guarantees. 8 31. Rights and guarantees

The principles of government enumerated below, that are essential to the rule of law and the maintenance of order, have applicability and force in the Canal Zone:

(1) Bills of attainder and ex post facto laws are void.

(2) Laws respecting the establishment of religion or prohibiting the free exercise thereof are void.

(3) Laws abridging the freedom of speech, or of the press, or the right of the people peaceably to assemble and petition the Government for a redress of grievances are void.

(4) The right of the people to be secure against unreasonable searches and seizures shall not be violated, and no warrants shall issue, but upon probable cause, supported by oath or affirmation, and particularly describing the place to be searched, and the persons or things to be seized. (5) A person may not be:

(A) put twice in jeopardy for the same offense; or

(B) compelled in any criminal case to be a witness against himself; or

(C) deprived of life, liberty, or property without due process of law. (6) Private property may not be taken for public use, without just compensation. (7) In criminal prosecutions, the accused has the right to:

(A) a speedy and public trial;
(B) be informed of the nature and cause of the accusation;

(C) except as provided by section 3507 of Title 6, be confronted with the witnesses against him;

(D) produce witnesses in his behalf and have compulsory process for obtaining them; and

(E) have the assistance of counsel for his defense. (8) Excessive bail may not be required, nor excessive fine imposed, dior cruel or unusual punishments imposed.

(9) Slavery and involuntary servitude may not exist, except as a punishment for crime.

CHAPTER 5—RULES OF DEFINITIONS Sec. 61. Words denoting number, gender, etc.; definitions. 02. Words and phrases. 63. Words giving joint authority. 04. Notice 65. Execution of signature by mark. 66. Construction of Code.

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