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§ 3. The school commissioner shall have the right to hold an institute when appointed in any school building in any district under such commissioner's jurisdiction which receives public money from the state, without expense therefor to the state beyond a reasonable allowance to said district for lighting, heating and janitor service, provided always that due and proper care shall be maintained, and the school building left in the like condition as found as regards cleanliness and neatness.

§ 4. All schools in school districts and parts of school districts within any school commissioner district wherein an institute is held, not included within the boundaries of an incorporated city, except as hereinafter provided, shall be closed during the time such institute shall be in session. The closing of a school within the school commissioner district wherein an institute shall be held, at which a teacher has attended, shall not work a forfeiture of the contract under which such teacher was employed. In all districts having a population of more than five thousand, and employing a superintendent whose time is exclusively devoted to the supervision of the schools therein, the schools may be closed or not at the option of the boards of education in such districts. The trustees of every school district are hereby directed to give the teacher or teachers employed by them, the whole of the time spent by them in attending at an institute or institutes held as hereinbefore stated, without deducting any. thing from the wages of such teacher or teachers for the time so spent. All teachers under a contract to teach in any commissioner district shall attend such institute so held for that district, and shall receive wages for such attendance. (As amended by chap. 512 of 1897, § 5.)

§ 5. In the apportionment of public school money, the schools thus closing in any school term shall be allowed the same average pupil attendance during such time, as was the average weekly aggregate during the week previous to such institute, and any school continuing its sessions in violation of the above provision shall not be allowed any public money based upon the aggregate attendance for the period during which the institute was held. Trustees and boards of education in such school districts and parts of school districts shall report, in their annual reports to the school commissioners, the number of days and the dates thereof on which a teachers' institute was held in their districts during the school year, and whether schools under their charge were or

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were not closed during such days; and whenever the trustees' report shows a district school has been supported for the full time required by law, including the time spent by the teacher or teachers in their employ in attendance upon such institute, and that the trustees have given the teacher or teachers the time of such absence, and have not deducted anything from his or their wages on account thereof, the superintendent of public instruction may include the district in his apportionment of the state school moneys, and direct that it be included by the school commissioner or commissioners in their apportionment of school moneys; provided, always, that such school district be in all other respects entitled to be included in such apportionment.

§ 6. Willful failure on the part of a teacher to attend a teachers' institute as required, shall be considered sufficient cause for the revocation of such teacher's license, and a willful failure on the part of trustees to close their schools during the holding of an institute as required, shall be considered sufficient cause for withholding the public moneys to which such districts would otherwise be entitled. Any person under contract to teach in a school in any commissioner district, is required to attend an insti. tute if held for that district, even though at the time the school is not in session, and shall be entitled to receive wages for such attendance. (As amended by chap. 264 of 1896, § 17.)

7. The treasurer shall pay, on the warrant of the comptroller, to the order of any one or more of the school commissioners, such sum or sums of money as the superintendent of public instruction shall certify to be due to them for expenses in holding a teachers' institute; and, upon the like warrant and certificate to pay to the order of any persons employed by the superintendent as additional instructors to conduct, instruct, teach or supervise any such teachers' institute.

§ 8. There shall be annually appropriated out of the free school fund the sum of thirty thousand dollars for the maintenance of teachers' institutes.

$ 9. There shall be annually appropriated out of the free school fund the sum of six thousand dollars for the establishment and maintenance of summer institutes in accordance with the provisions of this section. It shall be the duty of the superintendent of public instruction to establish and maintain three summer insti. tutes having a course of at least three weeks' duration for the training and instruction of teachers for the common schools of

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the state, to be located at three convenient and accessible points therein to be selected by him. Such institutes shall be supplied with proper instructors, to be appointed by the state superintendent for that purpose, utilizing so far as practicable, those who are employed as institute conductors. Admission to said institute and all the advantages thereof, shall be free to all teachers of the state and those preparing for teaching therein. The superintendent of public instruction shall establish such regulations for the government of such summer institutes as he may deem best, and may establish regulations in regard to examinations thereat and certifi. cates of qualification to be issued to graduates therefrom as shall, in his judgment, best furnish incentives and encouragement to teachers to attend such institutes. The conductor in charge of such institutes shall transmit to the superintendent of public instruction at the close thereof, in such form and at such time as the superintendent shall prescribe, a full report of such institute, including a list of all the teachers in attendance, the number of days attended by each teacher, together with such other statistical information as the superintendent may require. He shall present a full statement of all the expenses incurred by him in carrying on the institute, with vouchers for all expenditures made, accompanying the same by an affidavit of the correctness of the statements made and accounts presented. The sum of six thousand dollars is hereby appropriated out of the free school fund for the purposes of carrying out the provisions of this act. (Added by chap. 156 of 1896, § 1.)

TITLE XI.

Teachers' Training Classes. SECTION 1. There shall be annually appropriated out of the income of the United States deposit fund, not otherwise appropriated, the sum of thirty thousand dollars and out of the free school fund the sum of thirty thousand dollars for the instruction of competent persons in academies and union schools, in the science and practice of common school teaching, under a course to be prescribed by the superintendent of public instruction.

§ 2. The superintendent of public instruction shall designate the academies and union schools in which such instruction shall be given, distributing them among the school commissioner districts of the state, as nearly as may well be, having reference to

Teachers' Training Classes.

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the number of school districts in each, to location and to the character of the institutions selected.

§ 3. Every academy and union school so designated shall in. struct a class of not less than ten nor more than twenty-five scholars, and every scholar admitted to such class shall continue under instruction not less than sixteen weeks. Whenever it shall be shown to the satisfaction of the superintendent of public instruction that any pupil attending such class or classes, has been prevented from attending the same for the full term of sixteen weeks, or has attended the first full term, but not the full time in the second term, during any one year; or that for any reason satisfactory to such superintendent, said class or classes have not been held for the full term of sixteen weeks, such superintendent may excuse such default and allow to the trustees of the academy or union free school in which said class or classes shall have been instructed, pay for such scholar or scholars for the time actually spent in attendance, or during which said class or classes shall have been under instruction, at the rate of one dollar for each week's instruction, as provided in section five of this title. The superintendent shall prescribe the conditions of admission to the classes, the course of instruction and the rules and regulations under which said instruction shall be given, and shall, in his discretion, determine the number of classes which may be formed in any one year, in an academy or union school, and the length of time exceeding sixteen weeks during which such instruction may be given.

$ 4. Instruction shall be free to all scholars admitted to such classes, and who have continued in them the length of time required by the third section of this title.

$ 5. The trustees of all academies and union schools in which such instruction shall be given shall be paid from the appropriations named in the first section of this title at the rate of one dollar for each week's instruction to each scholar who has attended for the term of time as required by section three of this title, on the certificate of the superintendent, to be furnished to the comptroller.

$ 6. The appropriation provided by this act, for the instruction in academies and union schools in the science and practice of common school teaching, shall be deemed to include, and shall include, the due inspection and supervision of such instruction by the superintendent of public instruction, and the expenses of

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such inspection and supervision shall be paid out of said appro priation on vouchers certified by the superintendent.

§ 7. Each class organized in any academy or union school under appointment by the superintendent for instruction in the science and practice of common school teaching, shall be subject to the visitation of the school commissioner of the district in which such academy or union school is situated; and it shall be the duty of said commissioner to advise and assist the principals of said academies or union schools in the organization and management of said classes, and at the close of the term of instruction of said classes, under the direction of the superintendent, to examine the students in such classes, and to issue teachers' certificates to such as show moral character, fitness and scholastic and professional qualifications, worthy thereof.

TITLE XII.

State Scholarships in Cornell University.

SECTION 1. The several departments of study in Cornell univer. sity shall be open to applicants for admission thereto at the lowest rates of expense consistent with its welfare and efficiency, and without distinction as to rank, class, previous occupation or local. ity. But, with a view to equalize its advantages to all parts of the state, the institution shall receive students to the number of one each year from each assembly district in this state, to be selected as hereinafter provided, and shall give them instruction in any or in all the prescribed branches of study in any department of said institution, free of any tuition fee or of any incidental charges to be paid to said university, unless such incidental charges have been made to compensate for materials consumed by said students or for damages needlessly or purposely done by them to the property of said university. The said free in. struction shall, moreover, be accorded to said students in consideration of their superior ability, and as a reward for superior scholarship in the academies and public schools of this state: Said students shall be selected as the legislature may from time to time direct, and until otherwise ordered as follows:

1. A competitive examination, under the direction of the department of public instruction, shall be held at the county court-house in each county of the state, upon the first Saturday

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