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$ 24. The school authorities of any union free or common school district, located in any county having less than one million inhabitants, may establish and maintain one or more free kindergarten schools. The moneys for the support of such school shall be raised in like manner as for the support of the other public schools of such district. No child under the age of four years shall be admitted to the schools, and the local school authorities are hereby empowered to fix the highest age limit of children who may attend. All teachers employed in these schools shall be licensed in accordance with rules and regulations established by the superintendent of public instruction, and shall each share in the distribution of district quotas. The attendance of children under the age of five years who may be enrolled in the schools shall be reported separately and shall be counted in the distribution of public money. (As amended by chap. 264 of 1896, § 20.)

ARTICLE X.

INDUSTRIAL TRAINING IN THE PUBLIC SCHOOLS.

$ 25. Boards or departments of education of cities and villages, and of union free schools and trustees of public school districts, are hereby authorized and empowered to establish and maintain a department or departments in the schools under their charge for industrial training and for teaching and illustrating the manual or industrial arts, and the principles underlying the same; and for that purpose they are respectively authorized to purchase and use such material and apparatus, and to establish and maintain such shops, and to employ such instructor or instructors, in addition to the other teachers in said schools, as in their judgment shall be deemed necessary or proper whenever the authorities or electors respectively now authorized by law to raise money by taxation for school purposes, shall make provision for the maintenance of such departments.

§ 26. All authorities and electors, respectively, now authorized by law to levy and raise taxes for school purposes, are hereby authorized to levy and raise by taxation, in addition to any amount or amounts which they are now, respectively, in any city, Schools for Colored Children.

SS 27–31 village, or district, authorized by law to raise for school purposes, and in the same manner, and at a regular or special meeting, the necessary funds to establish and maintain such industrial departments as aforesaid.

$ 27. The state normal and training schools which are or here. after may be established in this state, hereby are and shall be required to include in their courses of instruction the principles underlying the manual or industrial arts, and also the practical training in the same, to such an extent, as the superintendent of public instruction may prescribe, and to such further extent as the local boards, respectively, of said normal and training schools may prescribe.

ARTICLE XI.

SCHOOLS FOR COLORED CHILDREN.

§ 28. (Repealed by chap. 492 of 1900.)

§ 29. The trustees of any union school district, or of any school district organized under a special act, may, when the inhabitants of any district shall so determine, by resolution, at any annual meeting, or at a special meeting called for that purpose, establish a separate school or separate schools for the instruction of such colored children resident therein, and such schools shall be supported in the same manner and receive the same care, and be furnished with the same facilities for instruction, as the white schools therein.

$ 30. No person shall be employed to teach any of such schools who shall not, at the time of such employment, be legally qualified.

$ 31. The colored schools in the city of New York, now existing and in operation, shall hereafter be classed and known and be continued as ward schools, and primaries, with their present

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teachers, unless such teachers are removed in the manner provided by law, and such schools shall be under the control and management of the school officers of the respective wards in which they are located in the same manner and to the same extent as other ward schools, and shall be open for the education of pupils for whom admission is sought, without regard to race or color.

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ARTICLE XII.

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& 32. The schools of the several incorporated orphan asylum societies in this state, other than those in the city of New York, shall participate in the distribution of the school moneys, in the same manner and to the same extent, in proportion to the number of children educated therein, as the common schools in their re. spective cities or districts. The schools of said societies shall be subject to the rules and regulations of the common schools in such cities or districts, but shall remain under the immediate management and direction of the said societies as heretofore.

ARTICLE XIII.

INDIAN SCHOOLS.

$ 33. The superintendent of public instruction shall be charged with providing the means of education for all the Indian children in the state. He shall cause to be ascertained the condition of the various bands in the state in respect to education; he shall establish schools in such places, and of such character and description as he shall deem necessary; he shall employ superintendents for such schools, and shall, with the concurrence of the comptroller and secretary of state, cause to be erected, where necessary, convenient buildings for their accommodation.

$ 34. In the discharge of the duties imposed by this act, the said superintendent shall endeavor to secure the co-operation of all the several bands of Indians, and for this purpose, shall visit, by himself or his authorized representative, all the reservations where they reside, lay the matter before them in public assembly, inviting them to assist either by appropriating their public moneys to this object, or by setting apart lands and erecting suitable buildings, or by furnishing labor or materials for such buildings,

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or in any other way which he or they may suggest as most effect. ual for the promotion of this object.

§ 35. In any contract which may be entered into with said Indians, for the use or occupancy of any land for school grounds, sites or buildings, care shall be taken to protect the title of the Indians to their lands, and to reserve to the state the right to remove or otherwise dispose of all improvements made at the expense of the state.

§ 36. The Indian children in the state, between the ages of four and twenty-one years, shall be entitled to draw public money the same as white children. The superintendent shall cause an annual enumeration of said Indian children to be made, and shall see that the public money, to which they are ratably entitled, is devoted exclusively to their education.

$ 37. To carry into effect the provisions of this title the legislature shall annually appropriate the sum of six thousand dollars out of the revenues of the common school fund, to be paid by the treasurer, on the warrant of the comptroller, from time to time, to the order of the superintendent of public instruction.

§ 38. The superintendent shall take and file in his office, vouchers and receipts for all the expenditures made under this act, subject to the inspection of the joint committee to examine the accounts of the auditor and treasurer; and shall annually report to the legislature all his doings, by virtue of the authority vested in him; and for this purpose said superintendent may require full and detailed reports in such form as he may prescribe, from those having the immediate supervision of any Indian schools in this state.

39. For the support of the Indian schools, already established and which may be established, the superintendent of public instruction, in his annual general apportionment of the state school moneys appropriated for the support of common schools, shall make an equitable apportionment, as provided by section five of title two of this act; and the moneys which shall be thus apportioned shall be paid out of the treasury upon the warrant of the superintendent, countersigned by the comptroller.

ES 40-41

Title XV, Article XIV.

ARTICLE XIV.

DEAF AND DUMB AND BLIND INSTITUTIONS.

§ 40. All the institutions for the instruction of the deaf and dumb, and blind, and all other similar institutions, incorporated under the laws of the state, or that may be hereafter incorporated, shall be subject to the visitation of the superintendent of public instruction, and it shall be his duty:

1. To inquire, from time to time, into the expenditures of each institution, and the systems of instruction pursued therein, respectively.

2. To visit and inspect or cause to be visited and inspected, the schools belonging thereto, and the lodgings and accommodations of the pupils.

3. To ascertain by a comparison with other similar institutions, whether any improvements in instruction and discipline can be made; and for that purpose to appoint, from time to time, suitable persons to visit the schools.

4. To suggest to the directors of such institutions and to the legislature such improvements as he shall judge expedient.

5. To make an annual report to the legislature on all the matters before enumerated, and particularly as to the condition of the schools, the improvement of the pupils, and their treatment in respect to board and lodging.

§ 41. All deaf and dumb persons resident in this state and upwards of twelve years of age, who shall have been resident in this state for three years immediately preceding the application, or, if a minor, whose parent or parents, or, if an orphan, whose nearest friend, shall have been resident in this state for three years immediately preceding the application, shall be eligible to appointment as state pupils in one of the deaf and dumb institututions of this state, authorized by law to receive such pupils: and all blind persons of suitable age and similar qualifications shall be eligible to appointment to the institutions for the blind in the city of New York or in the village of Batavia, as follows: All such as are residents of the counties of New York, Kings, Queens, Suffolk, Richmond, Westchester, Putnam and Rockland, shall be sent to the institution for the blind in the city of New York; those who reside in other counties of the state shall be sent to the institution for the blind in the village of Batavia. All

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