« 이전계속 »
came to be the faith of all who acknowledge the dominion of the See of Rome, and what were nothing more or less than innovations, were then embalmed as articles of the Catholic faith, and surrounded with anathemas as necessary to salvation. We do not by this mean to deny that the Roman Church is, in some sense, a part of the Catholic Church of God; for as St. Augustine remarks, that the societies of heretics, in that they retain the profession of many parts of heavenly truth, and the ministration of the sacrament of baptism, are so far still joined to the Catholic Church of God, and the Catholic Church in and by them bringeth forth children unto God, so the present Roman Church, though stamped with some brands of Antichrist, is still in some sort a part of the visible Church of God; but no otherwise than other societies of heretics are, seeing, that by the heresy of the Council of Trent, they became in faith Tridentines : however, in some points they may still be Catholics, that is, they are only parts of the Church of God, inasmuch as they retain the profession of some parts of heavenly truth, and as she ministereth the true sacrament of baptism to the salvation of the souls of many thousand infants that die after they are baptized.
(To be continued.)
Art. III.- Correspondence of the National Society with the Lords of the
Treasury, and with the Committee of Council on Education. Ediled by the Rev. John SINCLAIR, Secretary. London: Murray. 1839.
8vo. Pp. 39. This is a very interesting and instructive document. Council Committee cut a sorry figure. The time has certainly come for putting forth the energies of Churchmen in behalf of this excellent Society; and we most earnestly wish that the almost Herculean efforts which have been put forth at this juncture, will be the means of riveting public attention on this subject, and of causing a large augmentation in the funds of the Society. As we have alluded to the subject elsewhere, we will merely here subjoin the Preface to the Correspondence.
In consequence of recent occurrences, connected with National Education throughout England and Wales, it has become necessary to furnish the friends of the Church, and of religious instruction, with a full statement of the prolonged negotiations which have been carrying on, for years past, between the Government of this country and the National Society. With this view, the following Correspondence is now offered to the public.
The chief subjects treated of are, first, the proposed grant fron Government to the National Society, for a Training Institution; second, the application to Government for a site in the neighbourhood of the Society's Central School, at Westminster; third, Sunday-schools; fourth, the inspection of National Schools by inspectors ecclesiastically appointed; fifth, a similar inspection by persons appointed by the State.
1. It will be seen (page 1), that in 1835, the sum of 10,0001. was voted by Parliament for the erection of Model-schools: that the Society, in the name of the Church, advanced a claim, without delay, during the same year, to a portion of this grant: that they returned answers to no less than fourteen queries, aldressed to them, upon the subject of training teachers, by the Chancellor of the Exchequer, from whom they received an assurance (page 3), that the subject of Model-schools “ was at present before him, and would receive his best attention :" that (letter ii.) during two years and a half, the attention of the Minister was repeatedly drawn to the subject, by earnest verbal appeals from the then Secretary to the National Society : that their Lordships at length stated (letter v.) their opinion, “ that the erection of Model-schools, by both the National and the British and Foreign School Societies, would greatly tend to add to the efficiency of their several establishments: and that they” (my Lords) “should be called upon, if the respective Committees of these Societies should concur in this opinion, to take steps for such purpose:” that (letter v.) the Society were assured, if they would institute an inspection of those schools to which parliamentary aid had been afforded, and would produce a satisfactory plan for their Training Institution, my Lords would take into consideration their claim for assistance: that (letters xxxii. xiii. xxxvii.) although both these conditions were complied with, their Lordships delayed the grant, and resigned their functions to a newly constituted body, the Committee of Council on Education : that this Committee took the claim into consideration, but would not accede to it, unless the Society would submit to the visitations of a Stateinspector; a condition to which, in their previous correspondence (letter lii.), it had been already stated, that a regard to Church principles would not allow them to submit.
2. In Letters vii. x. xiii. xxxvi. xxxviii. xxxix. the applications of the Society respecting an eligible site for their Training Institution are treated of; and it will be seen in what manner the hopes of the Committee on this point ended in disappointment.
3. The Correspondence of the Society with respect to Sunday-schools is reserved for the Society's Report for the present year.
It will be manifest, from the letters now published (xl. xliii.), that their Lordships consider themselves precluded by the limited extent of the parliamentary grant from giving aid to schools in which daily instruction was not afforded; and that thus the whole burden of assisting in the establishment of Sunday-schools is thrown upon the funds of the National Society. The Government gives nothing.
4. It will appear (letters v. vi. viii.) that the National Society, and the British and Foreign School Society, were at the same time requested to inspect such schools as were aided by public money; that the sum of 500/. was allotted to each Society to defray the expenses of the investigation; that since the former Society had about four times as many schools as the latter, the task assigned to it was about four times as great: and yet, inadequately as it was remunerated, that it readily and cheerfully undertook the greater task, while the other association thought fit to decline the lesser.
Another circumstance necessary to be adverted to under this head is, that in July 1839 (letter xxxi.), the National Society made a distinct offer to establish a general system of ecclesiastical inspection, extending over all schools in union with the Society, and conducted by the agency of Diocesan Boards, “as soon as the organization of the Boards should be coinplete, and adequate pecuniary means provided ;” that the Society, moreover, engaged to make " reports from time to time to Her Majesty's Government of the results of such inspection as to all schools which might have been erected with the aid of any grants of public money:" but that to this important communication the Committee of Council did not see fit to make any answer. Their Lordships acknowledge (letter xxxiv.) that they have received a copy of the Society's Resolution upon the subject, but pass it over without further notice.
5. The discussions with regard to State-inspection arose out of the resolution adopted by the Committee of Council in 1839, not to grant aid for the erection of any school unless the managers would engage to admit the visits of an
inspector into secular instruction, "authorised by the responsible ministers of the crown.”
The objections of the Society to this new arrangement are stated at length (Letter lii.), and a reply by their Lordships follows (Letter liv.) The chief point for consideration in that reply is the assurance given by their Lordships of their sensibility to the fact that “ many of the present applicants for aid from the parliamentary grant may have presumed that the appropriation of the public fund voted in the present year for the promotion of education would be confided to the Treasury, and administered as in past years."
Their Lordships, taking this circumstance into consideration, have declared that they postpone certain further measures which they have in contemplation; and in the meanwhile have "adopted for the present year regulations differing in no important particular from those issued by the Lords of the Treasury, excepting in the condition of inspection.”
ART. IV.-A Sermon, in recommendation of a Church-Fund, for the
Support of-1. The Society for Promoting Christian Knowledge ; 2. The Society for the Propagation of the Gospel in Foreign Parts; 3. The Society for Building and Enlarging Churches ; 4. The National School Society ; 5. The Society for Supplying Additional Curales in Populous Places. By the Rev. C. J. HEATHCOTE, M.A. Minister of Stamford Hill Chapel. To which are added, an Address, circulated on the occasion ; the Rules adopted for the Management of the Fund, and a Notice of the Subscriptions received. London: Rivingtons. Pp. vii. 35.
The Societies, whose claims are so ably advocated in the above excellent discourse, were pronounced by the Bishop of London, in his admirable Charge for 1838, to “present distinct and unquestionable claims upon the liberality of Churchmen, as being framed in strict accordance with our ecclesiastical polity, and as being under the efficient superintendence of the Bishops of the Church." Our attention was directed to this point in an able letter from our valued correspondent X., which we intended to have published in our last, but were obliged to postpone till the present number ; to this we now refer as a collateral evidence of the value of Mr. Heathcote's labours.
Each of the Societies enumerated receive at his hands their appropriate praise; and the merits of each are placed in such a clear point of view, that none, but the wilfully blind, can fail to discover their paramount importance to the well-being of the public, and the stability of 'the Church. There is so much sound argument, so much scriptural truth, scattered throughout this convincing sermon, that we are at a loss where to select a passage, which will most clearly convey to our readers the benevolent and christian views of the writer ; there is, however, one point insisted upon, which is too commonly overlooked, although it
appears to us of the highest importance; and we, consequently, beg the peculiar attention of our readers to the following:
The christian head of every christian family stands between God and the members of the church in his own house in such a capacity, as makes your
thus working with me the proper duty of your position. You are, as it were, the ministers of God to the church in your own house, and the satisfaction with which you would present yourselves before the Lord in that capacity, with the yearly offering of the ransomed souls of your household in your hand, for the service of the church, would amply repay you for any little care or trouble, which the collection of it may cost you: "I am really less anxious about the amount of each contribution, than that all should contribute something. As to the amount, perhaps I may be permitted to make this one observation, applying directly to the heads of more affluent families only, but, in proportion, to all : that the giving up of ten pounds annually out of your income, would be more than would be necessary for the largest annual contribution to these five church societies, and to all our local charities in addition. But it is not by any means so desirable, that the amount in each case should be large, as that all should contribute. I know this cannot be much in very many cases, neither in the case of children, nor of servants. I would however ask parents, as regards their children's subscriptions, whether they do not think that great good will be done to every child, whom they shall thus lead from the earliest years into the habit of giving to the church according to their little means? And let me put servants in mind, and the poor who hear me generally, that they must not consider simply the insignificance of the sum they are able to give, and withhold their gitt, because they think it in amount useless; but let them love to give it, as an acknowledgment to God, that even the little they have they owe to Him, as a tribute of gratitude for his care of them in that state of life, in which He has been pleased to place them; and, above all, as a thanksgiving for his gracious goodness in having called them to a state of salvation in his Son Christ Jesus. Again, then, let me repeat, that though not insensible to the impor'ance of the yearly sum raised among us being large, nor forgetful to impress it upon the rich, as a duty, to give largely; I am a great deal more anxious that the sum raised should be contributed to generally by all — by high and low, rich and poor, master and servant, one with another; by every soul among us, that has been added to the church for salvation.—Pp. 21—23.
We cannot better conclude this brief notice, than by laying before our readers the Rules by which the Society is governed, and the results of the plan, as evidenced by the subscriptions; as we feel that the great success which has crowned Mr. Heathcote's labours, must act as a powerful stimulus to all friends of the Church to
go and do likewise."
1. That in compliance with the Bishop of London's recommendation, contained in his Charge of 1838 to his Clergy,—the words of which are appended to this resolution,-a Fund for the support of the Church Societies there named, and in furtherance of their objects, be established under the name of the UPPER CLAPTON AND STAMFORD Hill Church Fund.
“The great Church Societies,—the Society for the Proinotion of Christian Knowledge,-the Incorporated Societies for the Propagation of the Gospel in Foreign Parts, and for Building and Enlarging Churches,—the National School Society for the Education of the Poor,-and the Society for Supplying Additional Curates in populous places,—all present distinct and unquestionable claims upon the liberality of Churchmen......I mark these Societies more particularly, as being framed in strict accordance with the principles of our ecclesiastical polity, and as being under the efficient superintendence of the Bishops of the Church."
2. That the management of the Church Fund be entrusted to a Committee, to be chosen at the Yearly General Meeting of the Subscribers, out of such of the Pew-renters in Stamford Hill Chapel, as are annual Subscribers to the Fund: and that the Committee consist of a Treasurer, Secretary, two Auditors, and not less than eight other Members, five of the Committee forming a quorum.
3. That, ordinarily, the sum subscribed to each Society be remitted to it, less only by such deduction as may be necessary for the expenses of the Fund.
4. That if, in any year, it shall appear to the Committee of importance to the interests of the Church, to employ within the district the whole or any part of the sum received for any of the Societies, or any of the purposes for which that Society is known to make grants,-it shall be in the power of the Committee so to employ it.
5. That no vote of the Committee be taken on any question regarding the application of the Church Fund, in the manner proposed in Resolution 4, until a week's notice shall have been given to every member of the Committee, of an intention to propose such an application of it.
6. That the Committee meet, whenever they shall be called together by the Secretary, or by a requisition to the Secretary to that effect, from the Treasurer, or any two members of the Committee.
7. That a General Meeting of the Subscribers to the Church Fund be held every year, on the Thursday but one before Whit-Sunday, for the purpose of receiving the Report for the last year, electing the Committee for the ensuing year, and other business: that, on that day, all subscriptions and collections for the fund be considered due; and that Subscribers be particularly requested to make their payments on that day.
8. That the following gentlemen be the Committee for the present year, with power to add to their number.
The subscriptions introduced into the copy of the Address above are taken exactly from the list itself, and show the manner in which it is generally filled up. The amount for each Society is nearly as follows:
£ I. Society for Promoting Christian Knowledge
45 4 II. Society for the Propagation of the Gospel in Foreign Parts 61 1 6 III. Society for Building and Enlarging Churches
57 10 0 IV. National School Society........
53 6 6 V. Society for Additional Curates
60 6 0
Tales of the Ancient British Church. port for any volume with which he is
By the Rev. RUBERT Wilson Evans, pleased to favour the public ; and M.A., Author of the “ Rectory of when the motive for the publication Valehead," &c. London : Riving of the present work is taken into contons; Hamilton and Co. Chester: sideration, we are quite sure it will Seacome. Pp. viii. 391.
need no recommendation from our pen
to secure an extensive circulation. The name of the amiable author of The proceeds of the sale are to be the “Rectory of Valehead,” is a pass- appropriated to the support of “ a