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The House of Bishops sits with closed he be the innocent party in a suit for doors, conclusions only being announced, adultery. The clergyman is made judge but it is understood that among the prom- in this matter; but the severity of this inent speakers are the Rt. Rev. Drs. disciplinary canon is relieved by the fact Henry C. Potter, Hugh Miller Thompson, that appeal to the bishop, who may deliver F. D. Huntington, A. C. Garrett, T. U. final judgment, is allowed. These canons Dudley, G. F. Seymour, A. M. Randolph, are reported by a special committee of Ethelbert Talbot, Leighton Coleman,
Leighton Coleman, the House of Deputies; but a joint comDavis Sessums, T. F. Gailor, William Law- mittee appointed by the two Houses to rence, A. C. A. Hall, Henry Y. Satterlee, consider the same matter substitutes the D. S. Tuttle, and H. B. Whipple. The table of affinities in use in the Church of missionary bishops, whose addresses will England for the words of the Levitical code. be made in public sessions of the com- This form will bring up the deceased bined houses, are the Ri. Rev. Drs. Hare, wife's sister tradition, and although apBrewer, Johnston, Leonard, Kendrick, proved by such able social workers as Gray, Wells, Graves. Brooke, Rowe, Mor- Bishops Doane and Hall, the provision rison, Horner, Edsall, Funsten, Ferguson, forbidding a man to marry his sister-in-law McKim, Partridge, Holly, and Kinsolving, will scarcely gain the general approval of the two last from the independent dio- American Churchinen. There are twentyceses of Haiti and Brazil.
on other subjects which It will prove of interest to note the require action. change of view which thinking men in both The Provincial system, whose considerHouses have undergone in three years ation had been somewhat complicated by concerning the new canons on marriage irrelevant talk of primates, archbishops, and divorce, which is the prominent ques- and metropolitans, is, as its system is protion of public interest to come before the posed by the report of the committee, a Convention. It will be remembered by simple and potentially effective system for our readers that in 1898 both Houses organizing adjacent dioceses. In a counfailed to take action on these canons, try where there is no acknowledged which recorded the advanced position in metropolis and no authority to be conthe battle for the preservation of home ferred, English terms need scarcely be life and the social order which the Epis. dreaded. It is scarcely to be conceived copal Church is seeking to take. She that any American province will ever stands now easily in the lead in this endow its bishop with such metropolitical matter, as her clergy are forbidden to authority as to justify such terms as archperform the marriage ceremony for any bishop and the like. It is not in the divorced person other than the innocent American blood. A party of Western party in a suit for adultery. The pro. bishops has but recently denied to the posed canon declares that no marriage of Presiding Bishop even the authority to a divorced person is to be solemnized, investigate the ritual insertions in a consave in the case of a marriage annulled secration service, made without authorizaby decree of a competent court for a tion by the several diocesan bishops sent cause existing before marriage. If this by his own appointment to conduct the section of the new canon passes, it will service. Provinces would be at their be with the understanding that many least and best simply groups of neighbordeputies believe that its action may and ing dioceses, with councils which might must do injustice in certain cases, yet relieve the General Convention of much that the general good of society and of local legislation, and could not fail to the Church requires this sacrifice of the work in the interest of the allied charities isolated sufferer. Another section of the and benevolent institutions of the several canon states the Levitical code of con- dioceses represented.
dioceses represented. It is proposed also sanguinity, and points out that marriage that they might contain the constituent within its limits is not permissible. The elements of the much-needed judicial most drastic section of the new canon is system, and begin their work in the line the third, which forbids the parish minis- of the foundation of Courts of Appeal. A ter to give the sacraments of the Church body of canons relating to Courts of to any person married after divorce, unless Appeal has been prepared by two dis
tinguished jurists, the Hon. Charles and with little protest under their weight. Andrews and the Hon. Robert Earl. It When the agitation for change began suggests the division of the dioceses and fifteen years since, the term Protestant missionary districts of the Church in the bore the brunt of disfavor as negative, United States into five judicial depart- uncatholic, and tending to perpetuate theoments. This foundation of a competent logical discords of past centuries ; in the judicial system for the Episcopal Church present symposiums “ Episcopal ” shares will undoubtedly receive careful consid- the attacks of the agitators. It is, in the eration.
words of one writer, on “ a level with 'fuA matter of more general interest, how neral obsequies,'” while another advances ever, is to be brought up in the report of the claim that “this Church is not episa committee appointed by both bishops copal in her mode of government," authorand delegates on marginal readings. The itative legislation being vested in the number of these suggested alternative General Convention, no bishop having readings of Holy Scripture is so great government in the Church, save under the that the report, intended merely to allevi- limitations and regulations of that body. ate certain glaring errors in the King The old words are approved by many, James or Standard Bible of the Church, and will possibly weather this latest storm amounts, in fact, to a new version of the of disapproval. Brilliant debaters will Scriptures. It is proposed to print these rally to their support, and equally good emendations, of which about seven thou- oratory will expend its forces in advocatsand are suggested, as interlinear readings ing one or the other of the twenty-one incorporated into the text. Some of the suggested titles, of which “ The Church readings are taken from the margins of in the United States of America " seems the version of 1611, some from the text to find most favor. of the Revised Version, and some from The first subject to be taken up by the its margins; other readings are those pre- House of Deputies we mention last, beferred by the American Revisers of 1881, cause it comes up for final action, and has and for many suggestive changes this been already discussed. It is a series of present joint committee of the two Houses amendments to the Constitution of the assumes responsibility. While it is cer- Church, eleven in number, which have tain that some alternative readings are been sent down to the several dioceses desired by all the clergy, who are denied for approval, and must now receive final the relief afforded by the Revised Version action. It is probable that the provision to other religious bodies, it is improbable making the senior bishop in order of that the Convention will feel itself com- consecration Presiding Bishop will be petent to undertake the work of a new seriously reconsidered in the House of translation of the Bible, a service usually Bishops, and the House of Deputies may performed after years of labor by experts seek an amendment to the proposed article in Biblical science. It will be curious to on the Book of Common Prayer, in order note the result of the discussion of this that the introduction of unauthorized matter in the present Convention. Time ceremonies into the worship of the will scarcely allow the shaking of the Church may be made impossible in the sacred Scriptural fringes, yet something future. must be done, and the discussions may The Church people of California and lead to permission to use the Revised the other dioceses of the coast are looking Version, or to the conviction that the hopefully for the stimulus and encourageEpiscopal Church needs an entire and ment which must come from the intelligent separate revision of the Authorized Eng. help and sympathy of so large a number lish Version for its special use.
of their brethren in council assembled, The agitators for a change of name of while delegates from the East are prepared the Church are mustering in force, and for an enlarged vision, a keener appreciawill again seek, with stress and fervor, tion of opportunity, to be gained from the elimination of the objectionable ad insight into the possibilities of the vast jectives Protestant and Episcopal from dioceses of the West, and an outlook into the legal title of the Church, which has an inspiring future of service across the for over a hundred years borne up nobly farthest ocean,