« 이전계속 »
of the times are that the people are being aroused, and will regain their sovereignty at no distant date. The schools are always the last of the city's charges to throw off the political shackles. The residents of Pittsburg and its suburbs can never get beyond the influence of churches and libraries. They, with the schools, are found in the newest as well as the oldest sections. The opportunity for educational advantages that keeps so many families in densely populated centers need not hold them in Pittsburg or in Allegheny. The latter is the sister city of Pittsburg in interest and development; what is said of one city applies with little modification to the other. Magnificent suburbs, easily accessible by bridges across the rivers, by trolley, and by the inclined railroads, offer every inducement to the wage-earners to live away from the business and working centers. The building of the largest of the iron and steel and electric plants in the outlying boroughs has peopled a great region. For miles beyond the limits of the two cities residence centers have grown, where the houses are owned by the men living
in them. To own his own home is the ambition of the workingman of Pittsburg. His wife does her own housework, even when his wages equal the income of professional men elsewhere. The broad front piazza, having comfortable chairs, a table, often a rug or square of gay matting, will be occupied by a family group, the center of which is a strong, rugged man in his shirtsleeves and a comfortable-looking, tidily dressed wife and mother, who is still wearing her gingham apron, for the work is not all done. It is this frankness and lack of pretense that makes one of the greatest charms of Pittsburg. Miles of her streets are lined with stately mansions in park-like surroundings, but there is the same evidence of home enjoyment of family life that is characteristic of the true American. The College Settlement of Pittsburg, Kingsley House, is an old mansion and stands on a bluff. It is in a center that offers every inducement to the settlement worker. Pittsburg has a woman's club owningitsown building, which isthe center of much activity in civic affairs. A plavground association maintains eleven play have justified the penetration and wisdom of Mr. Carnegie. The city each year has appropriated more money for the use of the Library than was stipulated in the conditions of the gift, a generosity meeting the warm approval of the people. The two Museums and the Library, which are open daily from 9 A.m. to 10 P.m., Sundays 2 to 6 P.m., are familiar institutions to the people, who show in their every movement when in the building that they are using their own with care and with the pride of ownership. The Saturday evening and Sunday afternoon concerts have averaged an attendance of sixteen hun
dred. Every social rank is represented. The audiences listen not only with pleasure but intelligently to programmes unrivaled in their scope. Cloak-rooms are provided, and the women in the audience are, for the most part, unbonneted. Lectures on music and musicians are given. Pittsburg boasts its own orchestra. The musical development of the people is the evidence of their culture.
The first year the Library was opened it circulated 270,823 books, or about one book for every resident in the city of Pittsburg. When the Library was planned no provision was made for a children's