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THE DUQUESNE FURNACES Duquesne is a lew miles south of Pittsburg, and is one of the almost continuous line of iron-manufacturing towns from Pittsburg to McKeesport, all connected by trolley lines
HILLSIDE HOMES OF THE WORKERS Pittsburg is a city of hills, and workers as well as capitalists have homes in "sightly" situations. of the times are that the people are being in them. To own his own home is the aroused, and will regain their sovereignty ambition of the workingman of Pittsburg. at no distant date. The schools are His wife does her own housework, even always the last of the city's charges to when his wages equal the income of prothrow off the political shackles. The fessional men elsewhere. The broad front residents of Pittsburg and its suburbs can piazza, having comfortable chairs, a table, never get beyond the influence of churches often a rug or square of gay matting, will be and libraries. They, with the schools, are occupied by a family group, the center of found in the newest as well as the oldest which is a strong, rugged man in his shirtsections. The opportunity for educational sleeves and a comfortable-looking, tidily advantages that keeps so many families in dressed wife and mother, who is still weardensely populated centers need not hold ing her gingham apron, for the work is them in Pittsburg or in Allegheny. The
The not all done. It is this frankness and lack latter is the sister city of Pittsburg in inter- of pretense that makes one of the greatest est and development; what is said of one charms of Pittsburg. Miles of her streets city applies with little modification to the are lined with stately mansions in park-like other. Magnificent suburbs, easily accessi- surroundings, but there is the same evible by bridges across the rivers, by trolley, dence of home enjoyment of family life and by the inclined railroads, offer every that is characteristic of the true American. inducement to the wage-earners to live away The College Settlement of Pittsburg, from the business and working centers. Kingsley House, is an old mansion and The building of the largest of the iron and stands on a bluff. It is in a center that steel and electric plants in the outlying offers every inducement to the settlement boroughs has peopled a great region. For worker. Pittsburg has a woman's club miles beyond the limits of the two cities owning its own building, which is the center residence centers have grown, where the of much activity in civic affairs. A playhouses are owned by the men living ground association maintains eleven playgrounds, each with a trained kindergartner Phipps Conservatory, another center of in charge, and a vacation school, so ably education and recreation. One car-fare conducted as to be a model school. Every takes a passenger from any part of the agency common in the Church and the city or its miles of suburbs and centers of philanthropic world elsewhere is found in industry to this center of education and Pittsburg. One comment made is : “You recreation. can get money for anything in Pittsburg Under the roof of the Carnegie Instithat is conducted on business principles tute are the Library, the Museum of Art, and really needed. You never lack the Museum of Natural History, the great money."
Music Hall, and smaller halls used by the There is a Mecca for every visitor to Art Students' League and similar organthe region, the great Carnegie Institute. izations. This building stands at the entrance to The Library was opened in 1895; since Schenley Park—the gift of a woman to that date it has contributed to the higher the city. Just within the park stands the life of a people who by their receptivity have justified the penetration and wisdom dred. Every social rank is represented. of Mr. Carnegie. The city each year has The audiences listen not only with pleasappropriated more money for the use of ure but intelligently to programmes unthe Library than was stipulated in the rivaled in their scope. Cloak-rooms are conditions of the gift, a generosity meet- provided, and the women in the audience ing the warm approval of the people. The are, for the most part, unbonneted. Lectwo Museums and the Library, which are tures on music and musicians are given. open daily from 9 A.M. to 10 P.M., Sundays Pittsburg boasts its own orchestra. The 2 to 6 P.M., are familiar institutions to the musical development of the people is the people, who show in their every move- evidence of their culture. ment when in the building that they are The first year the Library was opened using their own with care and with the it circulated 270,823 books, or about one pride of ownership. The Saturday even- book for every resident in the city of ing and Sunday afternoon concerts have Pittsburg. When the Library was planned averaged an attendance of sixteen hun- no provision was made for a children's