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PICNICKING IN THE PARK Kennywood Park, near Braddock and Homestead, is finely situated on the Monongahela, and is largely patronized by the
working men and their families. room. This defect was met by setting The Library authorities co-operate with aside for the use of children one of the the teachers, and direct only when reperiodical rooms. The first year 28,823 quested. Each library has its distinctive books were circulated from this room. mark and list of books—a wonderful Plans to enlarge the building are being system, making it possible to tell where made; about $3,000,000 has been given each library is and the books in it. for the purpose. When completed the Teachers in the schools send a list of the Library will contain the most beautiful books needed. The lists from the secta. reading-room assigned to the use of chil- rian schools are followed as closely as dren in the world. The enlargement of possible. When all the books cannot be the building, and a further gift to extend sent, a list of substitutes is submitted to the usefulness of the Library by increas- the school for approval or disapproval. ing the department of technical books, to The result is, the utmost confidence has which generous donations have been made grown up between the people and the each year, will increase its value to work- Library. The work of the Library in the ingmen. A reader's assistant, a graduate schools is greatly facilitated by a most of one of the leading technical schools valuable catalogue, “Graded and Annoand a man of experience, is now on the tated Catalogue of Books in the Carnegie Library staff.
Library of Pittsburg, for use in the City In all the schools of the city-public, Schools.” Circulating catalogued envelsectarian, and private—are libraries loaned opes of pictures for use in the children's by the Carnegie Library. The books rooms in the Library and the branches, loaned to private schools are subject to in the class-rooms, home libraries, and recall if needed in the public schools. children's clubs, have broadened the inThe organization of the library work in
work in terests of the children, and greatly aided each school is left wholly to the teachers. in the school work of every grade and the
A LABORER'S CABIN ON THE MONONGAHELA
A poor shanty occupied by a thrifty family. Rent $5 per month. general culture of the people. Framed buildings. Each has an assembly hall photographs are loaned in the homes. which may be used by the people for lecIn the eleven playgrounds one thousand tures, concerts, and public meetings; each volumes were placed last summer. Ten has a beautiful children's reading-room, books were lost.
having open shelves. Pictures, casts, and The home libraries are placed in homes special exhibits are a part of the educain the poorer sections of the city, and at tional attractions. Each children's room points remote from the library centers. is in charge of an attendant who has Some of these are under the care of one received special training in children's ci the Library assistants, some under vol- work. Several of these attendants and unteer workers. Some of the home library of those in charge of the home libraries groups are organized as clubs, with one have been kindergartners. These rooms of the members as librarian. In these and the periodical and reference rooms groups the effort is made to keep in touch are open every day in the week; on Sunwith the grade teachers, that the books days from 2 to 6 in the main library may supplement the school work. About and the branches. The school-teachers one-third of the books in each home have special privileges in drawing books library are fiction. The hour or more for class work. The co-operation between spent with the home library groups is spent the schools and the branch libraries is in story-telling, listening to stories retold limited by the schools, never by the by the children, and playing games. Library. Special efforts are made to win
A training-school for children's libra- the children and working-people to the rians will be opened in the Carnegie branches. Reading classes or clubs are Library on September 30.
maintained; study classes whenever posThere are five branches of the Carnegie sible; story hours for children ; mothers' Library in Pittsburg. All are beautiful reading circles. Each library develops along the line that will meet the wishes The schools will include a Technical of its own constituency. There is no limit College, Experimental Shops and Laborato the efforts of the Library authorities tories, Technical High Schools for boys to win and hold the people.
and girls, and the Artisans' Day and Another department developed to meet Evening Classes. That the school shall the special needs of another section of meet the needs of the whole community the community is the making of reference and the great commercial and industrial lists for the leading literary clubs. These interests centering in the region was the lists are prepared on single papers as intention of Mr. Carnegie. The consultwell as on courses of study, and copies ing and the local committees, composed are kept on file and prove valuable. Mr. of men eminent in the educational, the Edward H. Anderson, the librarian, ably business, and the technical world, are seconded by the officers of the trust and determined to be equal to the opportunity the city officials, studies the people as the princely gift makes possible. It was related to the great Library under his given to the people. That it shall be care. So perfectly is the relation to the established to meet the demands of the people of the region maintained that whole people is the determination of every one who draws a book is made to the committee and trustees. feel that his personal view of the Library Shall it be that in Pittsburg the prayer is important. The management is as of Paracelsus is to be answered ? noble and generous as the gift. There is every indication at present But elevate the race at once! We ask
Make no more giants, God, that the Carnegie Schools of Applied To put forth just our strength, our human Science will be located on grounds almost strength, adjoining the Carnegie Institute. The All starting fairly, all equipped alike, scope of this school is but an indication Se if we cannot beat thine angels yet!
Gifted alike, all eagle-eyed, true-heartedof the foresight that has made Pittsburg. Such is my task.
Street's Golden Age
readers as enemies of mankind when here comes the proof of the previous chapter with a cordial note of thanks from this particular enemy" for the inspiration” he found in it. So then I was mistaken, as I have been often before, and owe him the confession. Good land! what are we that we should think ourselves always right, or, lest we do wrong, sit idle all our lives waiting for light? The light comes as we work toward it. Roosevelt was right when he said that the only one who never makes mistakes is the one who never does anything. Preserve us from him ; from the man who eternally wants to hold the scales even and so never gets done weighing-never hands anything over the counter. Take him away and put red blood into his veins. And let the rest of us go ahead and make our mistakes—as few as we can, as many as we must; only let us go ahead.
All of which has reference to other things I have in
mind, not to the proof-reader, against whom I have no grudge to-day. As for him, perhaps he is just a sign that the world moves.
Move it did at last in the year (1894) that gave us the Lexow Investigating Committee, the Citizens' Seventy, and reform. Tammany went out, speeded on its way by Dr. Parkhurst, and an administration came in that was pledged to all that we had been longing and laboring for. For three years we had free hands and we used them. Mayor Strong's administration was not the millennium, but it brought New York much nearer to it than it had ever been, and it set up some standards toward which we may keep on striving with profit to ourselves. The Mayor himself was not a saint. He was an honest gentleman of sturdy purpose to do the right, and, normally, of singular practical wisdom in choosing the men to help him do it, but with an intermittent delusion that he was a shrewd politician. When it came uppermost he made bargains and appointed men to office who did their worst to undo what good the Warings, the Roosevelts, and their kind had wrought. In the struggle that ensued Mayor Strong was always on the side of right, but when he wanted most to help he could not. It is the way of the world. Nevertheless, as I said, it moved.
How far we came is history, plain to read in our streets that will never again be as dirty as they were, though they may not be as clean as Waring left them; in the threescore splendid new school-houses that stand as monuments of those busy years; in the open spots that let the sunlight into the slum where it was darkest and most foul ; in the death-rate that came down from 26.32 per thousand of the living in 1887 to 19.53 in 1897. That was the “ Ten Years' War" I wrote about and have here before referred to. The three years of the Strong administration saw all Copyright, 1901, the Outlook Company.