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is as pleasant and conimodious as I could directs them what pieces of music to play, wish it to be, with a very pretty garden, chietly Handel's." which joins to that of the Queen's Lodge. The next morning her Majesty sent one of

The following amiable traits prove her ladies to know how I had rested, and at once the desert of the author (in how I was in health, and whether her her 86th year) and the goodness of coming would not be troublesome ? You her royal patrons. may be sure I accepted the honour, and “ My own health is very tolerable, she came about two o'clock. I was though subject to attacks of faintness and lame, and could not go down, as I ought nervous disorders, that sometimes, I fear, to have done, to the door; but her Ma. may alarm my friends : I would fain lessen jesty came up stairs, and I received her my anxiety, and leave them to think calmon my knees. Our meeting was mutually ly of that hour, which, I thank God, apaffecting; she well knew the value of what pears to me without terror : the depriva. I had lost, and it was some time after we tion of the friends we have loved best, and were seated (for she always makes me sit the falling off of many for whom we have down) before we could either of us speak. a great regard, casts such a melancholy It is impossible for me to do justice to her gloom as to make one long for eternity ; great condescension and tenderness, which hambly beseeching the Almighty to make were almost equal to what I had lost. She

me fit for the change : but there are times, repeated, in the strongest terms, her wish, I assure you, when that gloom is dispelled, and the King's, that I should be as easy and my heart is relieved and warmed by and as happy as they could possibly make the very kind attentions of my friends of me; that they waved all ceremony, and all degrees; and my greatest distress is, desired to come to me like friends. The that I feel such an overtlowing of gratitude Queen delivered me a paper from the King, as cannot be expressed. which contained the first quarter of L. 300 “ It is impossible for me to enumerate per annum, which bis Majesty allows me the daily instances I receive from my royal out of his Privy Purse. Their Majesties friends, who seem unwearied in the purhave drank tea with me five times, and suit of making me as happy as they can. the Princesses three. They generally stay I am sure you must be very sensible how two hours, or longer. In short, I have thankful I am to Providence for the late either seen or heard from them every day. wonderful escape of his Majesty from the I have not yet been at the Queen's Lodge, stroke of assassination ; indeed, the horthough they have expressed an impatience ror that there was a possibility that such for me to come.”

an attempt would be made, shocked me

so much at first, that I could hardly enA subsequent letter says

joy the blessing of such a preservation. ** The daily marks of royal favour The King would not suffer any body to in(which, indeed, should rather be termed form the Queen of that event, till he could friendly) cannot be arranged in a sheet of show himself in person to her. He returnpaper ; they are bestowed most graciously, ed to Windsor as soon as the council was and received most gratefully, and with such

When his Majesty entered the consideration as to banish that awe, which Queen's dressing-rooin, he found her with otherwise would be painful to me; and the two eldest Princesses; and, entering in my sensations, when I am in their com an animated manner, said, “ Here I am, pady, are respect, admiration, and affece safe and well!' The Queen suspected from tion. I have been several evenings at the this saying that some accident had happen. Queen's Lodge, with no other company buted, on which he informed her of the whole their own most lotely family. They sit affair. The Queen stood struck and mofound a large table, on which are books, tionless for some time, till the Princesses work, pencils, and paper. The Queen has burst into tears, which she immediately the goodness to make me sit down next to found relief by joining with them. Joy soon her; and delights me with her conversa succeeded this agitation of mind, on the astion, which is informing, elegant, and surance that the person was insane that had pleasing, beyond description, whilst the the boldness to make the attack, which took younger part of the family are drawing off all aggravating suspieion ; and it has and working, &c. &c. the beautiful babe, been the means of showing the whole kingPriacess Amelia, bearing her part in the don, that the King has the hearts of his entertainment ; sometimes in one of her subjects. I must tell you a particular grasisters' laps, sometimes playing with the cious attention to me on the occasion :king on the carpet ; which, altogether, ex- Their Majesties sent immediately to my hibits such a delightful scene, as would house to give orders I should not be told require an Addison's pen, or a Van- of it till the next morning, for fear the agidyke's pencil, to do justice to. In the next tation should give me a bad night. Dowaroom is the band of music, who play from ger Lady Spencer was in the house with eight o'clock till ten. The King generally me, and went with me to carly prayers,

over.

+

next morning at eight o'clock; and, after came up and asked what we were talking chapel was over, she separated herself from about?' which was repeated ; and the King me, and had a long conference with the replied to the Queen, You may put Mrs King and Queen, as they stopped to speak Delany into the way of doing that, by nam. to her on our coming out of chapel. When ing a day for her to drink tea at Windsor we returned to breakfast, I taxed her with Castle.' The Duchess of Portland was her having robbed ine of an opportunity of consulted, and the next day fixed upon, as hearing what their Majesties said to her, the Duchess had appointed the end of the by standing at such a distance. She told week for going to Weymouth. me it was secret ; but she had now their “We went at the hour appointed, seven permission to tell me what it was, and then o'clock, and were received in the lower priinformed me of the whole affair.

vate apartment at the Castle : wert through “ I was commanded in the evening to a large room with great bay windows, where attend them at the Lodge, where I spent were all the Princesses and youngest Prin. the evening ; the happiness of being with ces, with their attendant ladies and gentlethem not a little increased by seeing the men. We passed on to the bedchamber, fulness of joy that appeared in every coun.

where the Queen stood in the middle of the tenance."

room, with Lady Weymouth and Lady “ One little anecdote of the Queen struck Charlotte Finch. (The King and the eld. me, as a stronger instance of her real ten. est Princes had walked vut.) When the der feeling towards our dear old friend, Queen took her seat, and the ladies their than all her bounties or honours. As soon places, she ordered a chair to be set for me as the Duchess of Portland died, Mrs Dela- opposite to where she sat, and asked me if ny got into a chaise to go to her own house; I felt any wind from the door or window ? the Duke followed her, begging to know - It was indeed a sultry day. what she would accept of that belonged to “ At eight the King, &c. came into the his mother. Mrs Delany recollected a bird room, with so much cheerfulness and good that the Duchess always fed and kept in her humour, that it was impossible to feel any own room, desired to have it, and felt towards painful restriction. It was the hour of the it as you must suppose. In a few days shegot King and Queen and eleven of the Princes a bad fever, and the bird died; but for some and Princesses' walking on the terrace. hours she was too ill even to recollect her They apologised for going, but said the bird. The Queen had one of the same sort, crowd expected them; but they left Lady which she valued extremely, (a weaver Weymouth and the Bishop of Lichfield to bird.) She took it with her own hands, entertain us in their absence: we sat in the and, while Mrs Delany slept, had the cage bay-window, well pleased with our combrought, and put her own bird into it, panions, and the brilliant show on the tercharging every one not to let it go so near race, on which we looked; the band of Mrs Delany as that she could perceive the music playing all the time under the win. change, till she was enough recovered to dow. When they returned we were sumbear the loss of her first favourite. This moned into the next room to tea, and the requires no comment, as it speaks strongly Royals began a ball, and danced two courfor itself.”

try dances, to the music of French horns, At a royal visit to Bulstrode, Mrs bassoons, and hautboys, which were the Delany tells us

same that played on the terrace. The King “ I kept my distance till she called me

came up to the Prince of Wales, and said to ask some questions about the mosaic he was sure, when he considered how great paper work, and, as I stood before her Ma. an effort it must be to play that kind of jesty, the King set a chair behind me. I music so long a time together, that he would turned with some confusion and hesitation not continue their dancing there, but that on receiving so great an honour, when the the Queen and the rest of the company Queen said, “ Mrs Delany, sit down, sit were going to the Queen's house, and they down; it is not every lady that has a chair should renew their dancing there, and have brought her by a king '--so I obeyel. proper music. Amongst many gracious things, the Queen

“ I can say no more :- I cannot describe asked me why I was not with the Duchess the gay, the polished appearance of the when she came, for I might be sure she Queen's house, furnished with English mawould ask for me?' I was flattered, though

nufacture.” I knew to whom I was obliged for the distinction, (and doubiy flattered by that.) I acknowledged it in as few words as possi- of these beautiful scenes, and shall on

We need not multiply the account ble, and said I was particularly happy at that time to pay my duty to her Majesty, ly add, in the words of the Journalists as it gave me an opportunity of seeing so from whom this selection is taken, that many of the Royal Family, which age and we have been exceedingly affected by obscurity had deprived me of. Oh but,' reading them, particularly under the says her Majesty, you have not seen all existing circumstances of the royal my children set; upon which the King house and country.

OF SCOTLAND IN THE AGE OF A.

manners.

OBSERVATIONS ON THE LITERATURE

Alexander Arbuthnot, who studied in

France, and was, in 1568, made PrinMELVILLE.

cipal of the University of Aberdeen.

He was skilled in mathematics, media The settlement of Melville at cine, law, and theology, and was Glasgow forms an era in the literary

withal a person of the most amiable history of Scotland.” The confusions

He published a work on of the country had checked the study the dignity of law. Thomas Smeton of letters introduced by the Reforina. was the friend and associate of Meltion, so that a new impulse behoved ville. He studied abroad, where he to be given to the public mind, which became a convert to the tenets of the the reputation of this highly gifted Reformed. He taught a school for a individual, fresh from the continental while in Essex, and was afterwards seminaries of the highest celebrity, minister of Paisley. He was well acserved to impart. Under his autho- quainted with the ancient languages, rity improvements were introduced wrote Latin with great purity, and at Glasgow, which rapidly extended composed in his native tongue with themselves over the kingilom. Clas- much propriety. Archbishop Adamsical learning, Biblical criticism, and son gave early proofs of his talents by universal history, were then cultivated the publication of several works ; he with enthusiasın, all of which, before was a polite scholar, an elegant poet, this period, were either entirely ne- and a most persuasive and attracting glected or treated in the most super- preacher, Thomas Maitland was one ficial manner.

of Melville's class-fellows, and the inBefore this period, however, there timate friend of Arbuthnot and Smewere eminent scholars in Scotland, ton; and belonged to a family, even among whom Buchanan was the most the females of which were addicted conspicuous; he, assisted by Peter to literary pursuits. Maitland was a Young, had the charge of the king, poet of no mean genius. John Das and of several young men of rank who vidson, the minister first of Libberton were trained along with him. John and then of Prestonpans, was also a Rutherford, who had studied in France, poet, and drew upon himself some was at this time the most celebrated trouble by a poem on pluralities. teacher of scholastic philosophy in

Long before the Reformation all Scotland. William Rainsay, Kuiher- the principal towns had grammar ford's colleague in St Andrews, culti- schools in which the Latin language vated polite letters along with divini- was taught.” The vernacular tongue ty and philosophy. The teaching of was cultivated at what were called Civil Law had commenced in Scotland “ lecture schools.” After the Refore at the Reformation ; but in 1556 à mation the means of education were pension was granted to Alexander extended over the country; and where Syme to be the Queen Regent's read- regular schools were not established, er in Laws and Sciences in whatever the readers in the churches taught the place she might appoint.“ William youth to read the catechism and the Skene was the first authorized to scriptures. The grammar school of teach as a civilian at St Andrews, and Glasgow was founded at an early peto substitute the Institutes and Pan- riod of the fourteenth century, and dects in room of the sacred Canons depended on the Cathedral Church; and Decretals.” Edward Henryson that of Edinburgh was originally conpublished several works, which male nected with Holyroodhouse, and the his name known to the learned. By appointment of the teachers was transhis translations from the Greek he ferred from the abbots to the magiscontributed to the diffusion of polite trates of the city. literature; and his law tracts are al

The University of St Andrews, the lowed to have considerable merit. oldest and long the most celebrated One of the most distinguished of the in Scotland, was founded by Bishop men who then joined the study of Wardlaw in 1411, and was formed on polite letters to that of theology was the model of those of Paris and Bo

logna. Among its privileges was that

of purchasing victuals free from cusSee Remarks on the Life of Melville tom within the city and regality of in our last Number

the abbey. Its members were divid.

VOL. VII.

с

Literature of Scotlan Pe's a specimen of racing. The lecturer

wisdom of God ne book on which hat -pt 8 suminary o ed a particular pas di pasta, stating th la sua sd-laid dow se mesitions and re raons. A lectur S WAS Tas called ac

- the prophet * luciderand on De a maior bach !Dxd by students of

was standing dan fur from the bometer, men

ma industry, a at ape for the dis 3. and acquired sich of teachi le modellel al

18

Literature of Scotland in the age of A. Melville. [July ed into four faculties, according to students of divinity were in priests the sciences that were taught. And, orders, were obliged to attend the lecattracted by the novelty of the insti- tures regularly, and to preach three tution, or animated by a thirst for times a year in public. knowledge, students came to it from “ While the religious controversy every part of the kingdom. Robert was keenly agitated, the academical de Montrose gave a house to the stu- exercises were interrupted, and the dents of theology; and Bishop Ken- number of students diminished.” nedy appropriated to the classes of And on the triumph of the Reformaphilosophy certain buildings, which tion every thing connected with the retained the name of the pædagogium, Roman Catholic worship was removuntil it was erected into St Mary's ed; but the mode of teaching philoCollege. King James I. who had re- sophy continued nearly on the former ceived a good education during his footing. All the students entering captivity in England, confirmed the the College at the same time formed privileges of the University by a royal a class under the tuition of a regent, charter; and in 1450, Bishop James each of whom was in general bound Kennedy founded the College of St to continue till he had taught two Salvator. This new erection consist- classes; but at St Andrews regents ed of three professors of divinity, retained the profits of their situation called the provost or principal, the li- till provided for in the church. The centiate, and the bachelor, four mas- regular course of study lasted four ters of arts, and six poor scholars. years; the session began on the 1st Two of the masters of arts were chosen of October and ended in August. The annually as regents to teach logie, regent explained the books of Aristophysics, and metaphysics. The Col- tle to his students three hours every lege of St Leonard rose out of an an- day. The students were often emcient hospital for the reception of ployed in disputations; and the prinpious strangers within the precincts cipal frequently read lectures, which of the Abbey. The charter of foun- all the students in the College were dation was executed by John Hep- bound to attend. In the third year burn, prior of the Abbey, and con- of their course they entered on trials firmed by Archbishop Stewart and by for the degree of bachelor ; and for King James IV. This College was laureation when they had completed intended for the support and educa- their course. The examinations were tion of twenty poor scholars. Besides similar in both cases, and were conthese two Colleges, there were both ducted by three regents, one being taprofessors and students who belonged ken from each college. The examito the pædagogium, and here George nation for laureation extended to the Buchanan and other celebrated indi- whole circle of arts, and the candividuals received their education. Arch- date was obliged to defend a thesis. bishop Stewart intended to have given The theological faculty assembleil it a collegiate form, but fell in the along with their students at the openfield of Flowden before he had put ing of the session, when an approhis design into execution ; nor was it priate sermon was delivered. The erected into a College till 1554, when bachelors and masters met and arArchbishop Beaton obtained a Bull ranged the subjects of their lectures from Pope Julius III. authorizing him during the year. The scriptures for to alter at his pleasure the arrange- that end were usually divided into ments made by his predecessor. It five parts, namely, the Pentateuch or now assumed the name of St Mary's Legal books--the Historical books, College, and had four professors of di- the Sapiential books—the Prophetical vinity, namely, the provost, licentiate, hooks--and the books of the New bachelor, and canonist; eight students Testament. The students were exerof theology; three professors of phi- cised once a week in theological exerlosophy, and two of rhetoric and gram- cises from the 1st of July to the end mar, sixteen students of philosophy, of September. The lectures were dea priveser, cook, and janitor. The livered by those students who were principal was bound to lecture or proceeding in their theological degrees. preach every Monday, the licentiate At the commencement of each part of four times a week, and the canonist their course they delivered a probafive times a week on canon law. The tory discourse before the faculty,

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which was viewed as a specimen of the year 1579, when the General Astheir mode of teaching. The lecturer sembly had attacked the Episcopal offirst celebrated the wisdom of God fice, and drawn up the model of Presbydisplayed in the book on which he tery, the design of founding a College was to prelect-gave a summary of in Edinburgh was revived." In the end its contents-selected a particular pas- of the year 1583, classes were opened sage-started a question, stating the under the patronage of the Town opinions on either side-laid down Council, and the sanction of a royal and illustrated propositions and fi- charter. By donations from indivinally solved objections. A lecturer duals and public bodies, and a legacy on the legal books was called a cur- bequeathed by Bishop Reid, the pawry bachelor on the prophetical trons were enabled to extend the bebocks a formed bachelor-and on the nefits of the institution. Many stuNew Testament a confirmed bachelor. dents resorted to it, and though it Lectures composed by students of di- sustained a heavy loss in the death of Finity of three years standing nust, Rollock, its principal, yet it was in a of course, have been far from recon- prosperous state when Melville was dite: the plan, however, was well removed from Scotland. A school fitted for exciting to industry, and af was established at Kirkwall by the forded ample scope for the display of munificence of Bishop Reid, for the original talent, and acquired know.. benefit of the youth diocese : ledge. The system of teaching was, it was also in agitation to erect a colhowever, soon remodelled and im- lege in the Orkney Islands. The proved. Different schemes for that end same year in which Presbytery were from time to time proposed, but obtained a legal establishment, the none of them were adopted, till it foundation of a University was laid was resolved to bring Melville from by Sir Alexander Frazer in the town Glasgow. Robert Hamilton, provost of Frazerburgh. The Parliament raof St Mary's, was enjoined by the tified the institution, and Charles General Assembly to demnit that of- Ferme, a Regent in the College of fice, that its duties might not inter- Edinburgh, was chosen Principal ; rupt the discharge of those which de- but a period was put to his labours, volved on him as minister of St An- by his being imprisoned for keeping drews. Two persons also of the name the General Assembly at Aberdeen, of Hamilton, in like manner, vacated and it does not appear that he had their places in the same seminary, by any successor. About the same time, avowing themselves Roman Catholics. the Earl of Marischal endowed a Cola The professors of law and mathema- lege at Aberdeen, which had better tics in St Mary's College were trans- success. These facts are sufficient to ferred to that of St Salvator. And shew, that the public attention had such of the regents as chose to re- been awakened to the importance of train were allowed to do so as bursars education, and that a strong passion of theology. At this time several for literary pursuits was felt through eroinent men were connected with the nation. the University of St Andrews; but the number of students is supposed land at this period, is another important

“ The resort of foreign students to Scotnot to have exceeded two hundred. It has already been observed, that national literature. Formerly no instance

and interesting fact in the history of our Melville was installed as principal of of this kind had occurred. On the conSt Mary's College in the month of trary, it was a common practice for the December 1580. And it may here be youth of this country, upon finishing their noticed, that he held the situation up- course of education at one of our colleges, wards of twenty-six years. During to go abroad, and prosecute their studies at that period the interests of learning one or more of the universities on the conand science advanced with a steady Linent. Nor did any one think himself enprogress. Three of the Universities titled to the honourable appellation of a of Scotland were founded by patriotic

who had not added the adprelates, “ that of Edinburgil," (says tie education. But after the reformation

vantages of a foreign to those of a domes. Dr M'Crie, who loves in his heart of the universities of St Andrews and to have an opportunity of giving a Glasgow, and the erection of the college of blow to the bishops,) "owed its erec- Edinburgh, this practice became gradually tion to the fall of Episcopacy.” “ In less frequent, until it ceased entirely ex

learned man,

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