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it was then hoped that they might be in- labours they derive great encouragement duced to proclaim the son of Bonaparte, from the good spirit evinced in the provinand to attack the Thullieries and the ces. A decree has been issued, re-establishRoyal Family. Among the officers engag- ing several enactments of the former Cored in the plot, the French papers mention tes, by which certain prebends and other a Captain of the Legion of the North, ecclesiastical sinecures were to be made ap-' named Dequevauvillers, who, it is said, plicable to the State, the use of the torture served in the guard of Murat, when he abolished, and containing a variety of other occupied the throne of Naples; also a important regulations. In order that the Captain of the Legion of La Meurthe, who Inquisition may be the more effectually ahas absconded. Some of these officers were bolished, the property of that establishment arrested at their homes, in the city, by the had been put up for sale, beginning with gendarmerie ; others were taken into cus. the sumptuous palace, formerly occupied tody at their barracks, by the orders of by the Inquisitor-General in Madrid, the their Colonels, and by the soldiers even of one used by the Tribunal, with secret cells, their own corps. A commission of the &c. together with several houses situated in peers was immediately appointed ta exa- the capital. The proceeds are to be applied mine those implicated in this conspiracy, to the liquidation of the national debt. The 46 in number ; upon being separately in. Cortes have also agreed to a proposition terrogated, eight of these were set at liber. for rendering null and void the restoration ty. It appears, that the discovery of this of the Jesuits, who are to be subjected to plot had occasioned considerable agitation the provisions of the former decree for the in the provinces, where, it is said, it had abolition of their order in Spain. A proextensive ramifications; but the latest in. position is before the Cortes, for the intro. telligence from France asserts that tranquil. duction into Spain of Trial by Jury, lity again reigns throughout the country. Another important state paper has ema

The trial of the Abbe de Pradt, formernated from the Russian Cabinet, on the af. ly Archbishop of Malines, and his bouk- fairs of Spain. It is addressed to all the seller Bechet, came on for hearing before ministers of Russia, and is intended to the Assize Court of Paris on Monday the communicate to the great powers of Europe 28th August. The charges were for hay. the sentiments of the Russian Monarch on ing written, printed, and published à work, the late revolution in Spain, which he entitled “ of the Affair of the Election highly disapproves of, and reprobates in Law," tending to excite disobedience to the strongest terms. In this revolution he the laws; to attack formally the constitu. sees the germ of other revolutions, which tional authority of the king and the cham are to spread over Europe ; and, without bers, and to stir up civil war in the king recommending any active measures, it dom. After a long trial the jury acquitted seems to be his Majesty's opinion that a the accused of all the charges, and they military coalition should be formed, for the were discharged.

purpose of re-establishing the former goSpain.- About the beginning of August, vernment of Spain, and forcing the disconan attempt was made by some ecclesiastics tented Spaniards to subinit to whatever of Galicia, assisted by deserters from the terms the Emperor of Russia and his angust infamous regiment of the Guides, (who allies may please to dictate. This, though were concerned in the massacre at Cadiz,) it is not avowed, is the only practical in. to collect an armed force for the purpose of ferenee which can be drawn from the seneffecting a counter-revolution. The clergy timents expressed in the state paper. It formed themselves into a Junta, which they does not appear, however, that it has met modestly called Apostolic ; but being un. with the approbation of any of those able to maintain themselves in Spain, they powers to whom it was addressed. retired within the frontiers of Portugal. It Sicily.—The proclaiming of the Neawas believed that their proceedings were politan constitution in Sicily was attended countenanced by the Archbishop of San by deplorable consequences, which are Jago, and the Bishop of Orense. The in- thus described in a letter, published in surgents having collected a small body of one of the journals of Naples :-" The men, ventured to recross the Minho, for first impulse of the people of Sicily, on the purpose of seizing upon the heights of hearing, on the 14th of July, the news of Pennizas, but they dispersed at the ap- the revolution which had broken out at proach of some troops dispatched against Naples, was to wear the tricoloured badge them by the Junta of Galicia ; and a sub- of the Constitution. But this lasted only sequent dispatch from Arguelles announ, a single day. On the 15th, the yellow or ces the total dissolution of the Apostolic Sicilian ribband was displayed in conjunc, Junta,

tion with the other. An accident, or an The Cortes and Government of Spain indiscretion, exasperated the people against labour incessantly to set things right, pro- the Neapolitan authorities and troops : duce order, regulate the revenue, and re. General Church, an English officer in the organize the army and navy; and in their pay of Naples, zealous, perhaps, though

VOL. VII.

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unfortunate in the application of his zeal, guns, and set fire to nearly 100 bamboo is said to have torn the badge of Sicilian houses, which, floating down the current, independence from the breast of an unarm- carried destruction among the vessels. ed citizen. Enraged at this act, the forts Strong symptoms of dissatisfaction were in possession of the Neapolitan soldiery manifested in several other of the Dutch set. were attacked and carried by the islanders. tlements in India. The treatment of the An association of distinguished individuals natives by the Dutch is said to be very was formed for the maintenance of tran- barbarous ; and it is thought that it is in quillity, but in vain. On the night of the consequence of such ill treatment the dis16th, the garrison were concentrated in affection is so manifest, and that a large the public squares of Palermo. On the force is requisite to keep the natives in submorning of the 17th, 700 prisoners were jection. released from confinement by the populace.

AFRICA. Then (says the writer) the work of death Advices from the coast of Barbary, of began. The Neapolitans were furiously the 10th July, contained in letters from attacked, and, we fear, indiscriminately Gibraltar of the 13th of the same month, butchered."

state that an insurrection of a formidable The accounts in general labour to throw nature had taken place in the army of the a veil over the circumstances and amount Emperor of Morocco. A regiment of the of the carnage ; but a statement, which guards to the Emperor, being ordered to seems to deserve confidence, estimates the escort him from Rebolt, one of his summer loss of life at 2000 killed, and about 3000 residences, to Morocco, refused compliance, wounded. The Prince Vicar-General had and, disregarding all attempts to restrain sent a small squadron to bring off from them, suddenly marched off towards Fez, Palermo such Neapolitans as could be which they entered tumultuously, where saved, and as many Sicilians as were in. they committed the greatest excesses, clined to transfer themselves to Naples. plundering and ill treating all the inhabit

The latest accounts from this country ants, but particularly Jews. They next state that the Archbishop of Palermo, who directed their march towards Tetuan ; but had provisionally taken the reins of Go- the inhabitants, aware of their approach, revernment, had succeeded in re-establishing sisted their entrance, and compelled them order and tranquillity in that city ; but in to retire. The Emperor, with a portion other parts of the island, it appears that of his guards that remained faithful, prothe Sicilians hold out for independence, ceeded towards Morocco, but had taken no although it is said that they have no measures to bring back the rebellious objection to receive one of the members of troops to their duty. This state of things the Neapolitan Royal Family for their had spread great alarm through the counconstitutional King.

try, and caused a complete interruption to

the commerce by land. ASIA. Advices have been received from Ba

AMERICA. tavia to the middle of December last. The Papers have been received from St Dutch had made two very desperate at. Thomas's, confirming the important in, tempts, but without success, to retake a telligence, that Morillo, with his army, and place of considerable importance on the the whole of the Caraccas, had accepted the island of Sumatra, which had fallen into new Spanish Constitution. A complete the bands of the natives, by whom the amnesty was granted, the prisons were European residents had been most inhu. thrown open, and all those who had emimanly massacred. In the last attack some grated were invited to return home with the ships of war succeeded in getting within most solemn assurances of safety. Morillo fire of the fort, the natives poured in a had sent copies of his proclamation to this heavy discharge of musketry and great effect through the whole of the West Indies.

PROCEEDINGS OF PARLIAMENT.

House or LORDS. Aug. 15.- This of the Bill of Pains and Penalties by every evening the House of Lords met for the means in his power. purpose of settling certain preliminary points, Aug. 16.-Lo HOLLAND gave notice and regulating the course of proceeding of his intention of submitting several quesprevious to the approaching trial of the tions to Ministers concerning the relations Qucen. The Duke of LEINSTER intima at present subsisting between this country ted his intention of opposing the progress and Russia, in consequence of the note late.

TRIAL OF THE QUEEN.

ly issued by the latter power in regard to numbers being, on the first, 181 to 65, and the affairs of Spain. Lord LIVERPOOL, in on the second, 179 to 64.reply, stated, that nothing existed between Charges against her Majesty. this country and Spain which was calcula. The Attorney-General then proceeded to ted to lead to any thing like hostility. state the evidence to be adduced in support

of the bill. He began by adverting to the

painful and anxious duty cast upon him, Aug. 17.—This day the House met at and claimed their Lordships' indulgence 10 o'clock, to proceed to the trial of the whilst he attempted to discharge it. He Queen.Her Majesty went in state to the professed his intention of abstaining from House, accompanied in her carriage by every remark that might tend to aggravate Lady Anne Hamilton ; preceded in ano- the charges against the Illustrious Party ther carriage by Mr Alderman Wood, and accused. He then proceeded to trace her followed by one containing Sir William Majesty's conduct from the time she left Gell, and the Hon. Sir Keppel Craven. this country in 1814. She was then acThe streets were thronged by immense companied by Lady Charlotte Lindsay and multitudes, who greeted her Majesty with Lady Elizabeth Forbes ; by a Mr Fitzgeloud acclamations; aud the sentinels sta. rald as Chamberlain, and Sir William Gell tioned at the various public offices in her and the Hon. Keppel Craven, in similar route presented arms. She was met at the capacities. Captain Host as Equerry, Dr door of the House by Sir Thomas Tyr. Holland as Physician, and other persons whitt, Usher of the Black Rod, and on her in various capacities, followed in her suite. entrance the Peers all rose to receive her. Thus accompanied, she proceeded to Bruns

After some preliminary proceedings, à wick, her native place, and from thence to motion was made by the Duke of LEIN. Milan. Her Majesty's intention was to STER for rescinding the Bill of Pains and visit other parts of Italy, and to proceed Penalties, which was lost by a great majo- from Milan to Naples. Her Majesty rerity, the numbers being 260 to 41. mained at Milan three weeks, and during

Earl Grey recapitulated his former opi. that time a person was received into her nions, that a Bill of Pains and Penalties was Majesty's service whose name was recorded not the proper mode of procedure for the in the preamble of this bill. Bartholomew offence charged against the Queen-that Bergami was received into her service as a the prosecution should have been for high- courier. This person was then in want of treason ; and moved that the opinion of the employment, but had been a servant in a Judges should be taken on this point. similar capacity to a General Pino. With The Judges being accordingly consulted, this suite, she set out from Milan to Rome, gave their opinion, that the offence charged and from thence she proceeded to Naples, against her Majesty could not be reached where she arrived on the 8th Nov. 1814. by the present law. The Queen's Counsel Their Lordships would perceive, from the were then called in, when Mr Brougham dates which he had stated, that up to the addressed the House against the principle period of her arrival at Naples, this person of the bill.

had not been in her service more than three Aug. 18.–Mr Denman was heard against weeks, and to this fact he begged their the bill, after which the Attorney and Soli. Lordships to attend, because it would be citor-General severally addressed the House, found material when the circumstances of and Mr Brougham was heard in reply. the case came to be stated. He should Some conversation then took place between have mentioned, that among the persons Lords Liverpool, Lansdowne, and King, who accompanied her Majesty was an inwhen the latter gave notice of his intention dividual of the name of William Austin, a to move to-morrow a resolution, expressing boy on whom she had bestowed particular the opinion of their Lordships, that it was attention. She appeared to be much atnot necessary for the public safety, or for tached to him, and being only six or seven the security of the Government, that the years of age, he had been in the habit of present bill of pains and penalties against sleeping in a bed in the same room with her Majesty should be proceeded in. her Royal Highness. According to the do

Aug. 19.—The expediency of any far. mestic arrangements in her establishment, ther proceedings in the case of the Queen Bergami, among the other menial servants, was brought under the consideration of the had a bed-room at a distance from that in House of Lords ;-first, by a motion of which her Majesty slept. This arrangeLord King, that it was not necessary for ment continued until the 8th November, the public safety that the bill of pains and but on the morning of the 9th, the servants penalties should be farther proceeded in ; learnt with surprise, because no reason was second, by a motion of Lord Calthorpe, assigned for the change, that Bergami was that the mode adopted does not afford the not to sleep in his former bed-room, but most advisable means of prosecuting the that it was her pleasure to assign him a charges against her Majesty. Both these room near her own, and communicating motions were lost by great majorities, the with it by means of a corridor. This a.

ment.

partment was, by her express desire, ap- indecent and disgusting kind, but the im. propriated to the Courier Bergami. This portant fact was this, that that change of could not fail to excite the surprise of those dress took place in the presence, and with who were near her person; and that asto. the assistance, of the Courier Bergami, and nishment was not a little increased, wben no other person. She afterwards appeared they learnt, that it was her wish that Aus- as a Turkish peasant, accompanied by tin should no longer sleep in her room. Bergami in a corresponding dress, though She assigned as a reason, (what, per- he afterwards returned alone apparently haps, under other circumstances, might chagrined. It would be proved also, that be considered a good one.) that he had she always breakfasted with Bergami, arrived at an age at which it was pro- though he still acted as valet or footman. per he should have a separate apart- About this time he received a kick from a ment. The arrangement was accordingly horse, and had the influence to introduce made, and the room which he had mention. a servant into the family to attend him, ed, having a communication with that of which servant heard Bergami and the her Majesty, was assigned to Bergami. Queen kissing each other. From Novem. On the evening of the sth November her ber to March the intinacy increased, and Majesty went to the Opera, but returned when the Queen left Naples she was de very early home. One of the house ser. serted by Lady E. Forbes, Sir Wm. Gell, vants, who attended particularly to her bed. Mr Craven, &c. Another fact at Naples room, happened to be present at the time was important. A public masquerade was of her return, and she was struck with the held at the Theatre St Charles, and to this manner of the Princess, in which there was the Queen went, accompanied by Bergami an air of hurry, agitation, and embarrass- and a fille de chambre. The dresses were

She gave strict orders that Austin so indecent that the parties were hastily should be removed. She went into the compelled to withdraw They had gone room assigned to Bergami, and disrnissed there in a common fiacre or hackney the female servant in a manner new and ex- coach. During the whole of this time traordinary. The female attendant retired Bergami was admitted into the Queen's of course, but with feelings of surprise. bed-room without knocking or notice. She knew that Bergami was then in bed in The presumption of Bergami was such, in that apartment which was situated as had consequence, that he soon became the lord already been described, and it was quite and master of the house. On quitting new to be dismissed in such a manner. Naples the Queen went to Rome, and She could therefore not help thinking that from thence to Civita Vecchia, where she there was something suspicious in the embarked on board a frigate. On her manner of her Majesty. On the following arrival at Genoa she had no English lady morning, observing the state of the room, in her suite. Bergami still filled the same it was evident that she had not slept in her menial capacity after her embarkation. own bed that night, for the bed renained At Genoa, the intimacy increased; Ber. in the same state as on the evening before, gami accompanied the Queen in her rides and the bed of the other person showed and walks, and an apartment was assigned clear and decisive marks of two persons to him near the bed-room of the Queenhaving slept in it. On the following morn. There it was found, thai the Queen's bed ing, the Queen did not make the usual sig- was so little discomposed that it was not nal for her attendants, but remained in necessary to remake it. Bergami had a those apartments with Bergami until a late daughter named Victoire, and at Genoa, hour. Her recent arrival at Naples na- this child was received into the Queen's turally induced persons of consequence to family, with a brother of Bergami named pay their respects to her, but she was not Lewis, and Faustina, his sister. Nay, accessible. It was observed, that Bergami's even his mother was also entertained by her conduct was afterwards more haughty and Majesty. The wife, however, never found important. A few days afterwards, her her way into the family. The child VicMajesty gave a masked ball, or entertain, toire was not the daughter of Bergami's ment, to the person then filling the Nea- wife, and the Queen knew that fact. In the politan Throne. Her Majesty first took course of his journey back to Milan, it was ihe character of a Neapolitan peasant, but observed that the Queen frequently entered soon afterwards changed her dress, and, into conversation with her courier, and ofto the surprise of her attendants, instead of fered him refreshments on the road. At being assisted by females, the Courier Ber- Milan, Lady C. Campbell, also one of the gami was sent for, and withdrew with her Ladies in waiting upon her Majesty, quitfor the purpose of changing her dress. It ted the Queen, leaving her no female atseemed that it was the intention of her tendant. In her stead, the Queen received Majesty to appear also as the Genius of a person of vulgar manners and low habits, History, and to be accompanied by a gen- another sister of Bergami, dignified by tleman; the dress she then assumed (or the name of Countess Oldi. She was now rather the want of dress) was of the most the only lady of honour attending and

dining with the Queen, but Bergami still the Queen. One of the female servants continued to take his meals with the ser. would testify that she had often heard Bervants. Her Majesty next made a tour to gami in the apartment of the Queen, while Venice, Bergami still acting as courier on the latter was frequently seen passing from the road. Thither she was accompanied Bergami's room to her own." They then by Mr Drummond Burrell. Lord Gwydir almost uniformly retired early to bed, and (late Mr Drummond Burrell) corected the neither were seen till next day. The Learned Counsel. The Attorney-General Queen usually called Bergami her friend, admitted that he ought to have said Mr her heart, and by other similar names of Wm. Burrell, on whom, however, not the endearment. On the 6th January she slightest imputation rested, being ignorant again embarked on board the Clorine of all those transactions. A circumstance frigate, in which she had some time before occurred at Venice strongly showing the sailed from Naples to Civita Vecchia, when intimacy between the Queen and Bergami. Bergami was only her footman. On this The attendants and company having with new embarkation, Captain Pechell refused , drawn after dinner, Bergami alone remain- to dine at the table of the Queen along

ed with the Queen, who was seen to place with Bergami, now her Chamberlain, a gold chain round his neck, which he re- thinking that, if he did, he should disgrace turned to her Majesty, and which she the naval service; but her Majesty, inagain playfully gave to him. On her re- stead of resenting the insult, sook a day or turn to Milan, Mr W. Burrell quitted her two for consideration and remonstrance. service, after which it was observed, that She stated, that Capt. Briggs of the Diathe Queen's conduct to Bergami became dem had made no such objection ; but, in even less restrained. Her house was call. truth, Capt. Briggs had known Bergami ed the Villa Villani, and there she presente in no other capacity than that of Chamber. ed her Courier with a silk dressing gown, lain. At Syracuse, whither the Queen which he wore every morning. At this went, the same precaations as to bed-rooms time her Majesty also became more famí. were continued, and the door of the liar with her servants. She was in the Queen's apartment, which separated one constant habit of playing games with them, division from the rest of the house, was alIn August she visited Mount St Gothard, ways kept locked so as to cut off communi. still accompanied by Bergami. Arriving cation. At Catania, a room was allotted at Varaize, she retired at the inn with to Bergami at some distance from that of Bergami to å bed-room, where they re- the Queen, but he subsequently changed it mained a long time, without any apparent for one more convenient. Very early one reason. The Queen afterwards proceeded morning the servants observed the door of to Bellinzona, and here it was, for the first Bergami's room open, and the Queen was time, that Bergami was introduced to her seen on her way from thence to her own Majesty's table, though still retaining the apartment with the pillow under her arm, dress of a Courier ; this, too, in the presence on which she was in the habit of sleeping. of the servants. On her return from this The state of the dress of the Queen also tour the Queen established herself at the gave evidence that she had but just left the Villa d'Este, near Como, where care was bed of her paramour. It was to be retaken that the bed-rooms of the Queen marked, also, that the daughter of Bergami, and Bergami should adjoin. At this two or three years old, for which the period, the Courier was advanced to the Queen showed a love almost parental, and office of Chamberlain, and dined constantly who was now dignified by the title of with the Queen. In November 1815, she Princess, slept constantly in her bed or repaired to Genoa, under the same circum- bed-room, and was frequently heard to cry stances as before ; and on the 15th of that in the night for her mamma, (for so the month, enibarked on board his Majesty's Queen was called by her,) when the Queen ship Diadem for Cetua. For her reception, was absent with Bergami, and when the the cabins had been so arranged by the Countess of Oldi could not pacify her. Captain, that a female attendant should At Catania she had influence to procure sleep next to her Majesty ; but when she for Bergami the dignity of a Knight of came on board, by her express directions, Malta. She ordinarily spoke of him as Berganti occupied the apartment next to the chevalier, and forsook all society but that ot the Queen, although care was taken his. by both that no improper familiarities (The House here adjourned, the Attore should be observed between them, exçept- ney.General stating that he was not yet ing conversing and walking together on the half through with his narrative.] deck. Having returned to Palermo, her 21.-Ai twenty minutes after ten, the Majesty went to Messina, and remained Attorney-General resumed his statement. there until January 1816. Here the same He had on Saturday conducted her Majesty system was observed as to the bed-rooms, to Calovino, in Sicily. He wished to supexcepting that the apartinent of the Coun- ply an omission, viz. that Dr Holland had Less Oldi was between that of Bergami and left her at Venice, and that she had en

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