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shortly afterwards held with the chief that he would receive and treat him Adigar, (the general of the natives, kindly. After consulting with his and their king's prime minister,) at officers, Major Davie informed the which articles of capitulation were ad- ambassadors, that he was fully deterjusted, -written out upon olas,--sign- mined not to deliver up Mootto Sawed, and exchanged. By these it was my. Upon which the ambassadors stipulated, that the garrison should plainly told him, that he and his small march with their arms and ammuni- party were now completely hemmed tion towards Trincomalee, the nearest in by the river, and surrounded on British settlement, upwards of 100 all sides by the Kandian army, and miles distant;that Prince Mootto that the only mode of saving the lives Sawmy, a member of the former reign- of his officers and troops, was to cause ing family, and who had best right to them to lay down their arms and march the crown, should be permitted to ac- back as prisoners of war to Kandy. A company them,—and that the Adigar council of officers was again held, and, should take care of the sick and after much deliberation, they came to wounded, and supply them with pro- be of opinion that, under all the cirvisions and medicines until they could cumstances in which they were placbe removed to Trincomalee. The ed,—their want of provisions and amAdigar then delivered to Major Davie munition,-the thinness of their own a passport in the name of the King of ranks, from the desertion of a number Kandy,--that the garrison should pro- of the Malays during the night,--the ceed without molestation. About five overwhelming force with which they o'clock P. M. the garrison, consisting were surrounded,--and the impossibiof 14 European officers, 20 British lity, from the flooded state of the rivers, soldiers, 250 Malays, and 140 Gun- of cutting a passage for themselves in Lascars, marched out of Kandy, ac- any other direction but towards the companied by Prince Mootto Sawiny centre of the enemy's country,and his attendants. They reached there was no alternative left but to the banks of the Maha-villa-ganga, comply with the King's demand, and where they were obliged to halt for to return to Kandy unarmed. Early the night, only a few miles from Kan- in the morning of Sunday the 26th dy, as that river is not fordable, and June, the Kandian troops, attended there were neither boats nor rafts by by some Caffrees, marched upon our which they could cross it. It rained position in great force, accompanied very hard all night, and the party had by a mob of armed natives, for the nothing to protect them from the in- purpose of escorting Major Davie and clemency of the weather. Next morn- his small party to Kandy. When they ing (Saturday, 25th June) our troops had arrived within a mile of the capiwere employed in endeavouring to tal, the Kandian force was drawn up construct rafts, when the Kandians on each side of the road, and the Briappeared in force on both sides of the tish troops desired to march into the river, and at 7 A. M. four of the head centre of the lane, with the Malays in men waited upon Major Davie, with a front. The Europeans were then message from the King, that Major halted, and the men of the Malay reDavie should be supplied with boats giment ordered to march on. They and every assistance to enable him to all proceeded, except four native Maaccomplish the march of his troops to lay officers, and a few Malay servants, Trincomalee, provided he would de- attending on their masters, who re liver up Prince Mootto Sawmy. This fused to go on before the British ofMajor Davie peremptorily refused to ficers. A Kandian chief then asked comply with, and desired them to tell the Malays, who had marched for their King, that Major Davie would ward, if they were willing to enter innot permit, and much less make, any to the service of the King of Kandy. deviation from the articles of capitula- Those who refused were immediatetion. About two hours after this, ly bound, and committed to the charge another party of Kandian chiefs waite of the Caffrees. The rest of the Maed on Major Davie. They spoke to lays being then told that they must him in a very mild and conciliatory either suffer instant death or enter inmanner, and solemnly declared that to the Kandian service, they all anthe King was desirous to see and em- swered that they would serve the brace Mootto Sawmy as a relation, and King of Kandy, and were immediate

ly conducted towards the capital. So signs, and the perfidious cunning soon as they were out of sight of the which he uniformly exhibited in his Europeans, the English officers were endeavours to accomplish them. Peseparated from the private soldiers ; lime Talawve was, in short, a comand after this had been done, the plete personification of the Kandian whole, both officers and privates, were character, which, with a fawning adled out, two by two, to a distance dress, is marked by the deepest shades from one another; when the Caffrees, of cruelty, treachery, and cunning, by order of the chief Adigar, perpe- Upon the death of the former King trated one of the most perfidious and in 1798, Pelime Talawve had the adbarbarous massacres which history re- dress to supplant Mootto Sawmy, the cords. The only Englishmen select- presumptive heir, and to place a young ed for preservation were Major Davie, Malabar of inferior extraction on the and captain Rumley of the Malay throne. In his name the chief Adiregiment. Captain Humphreys of the gar now ruled with absolute sway. Bengal Artillery, with a Sub-assistant The Kandian territory being entirely Surgeon of the Malay regiment, who cut off from all communication with was a native of Columbo, contrived to the sea by the British possessions, his escape in the confusion which pre- object in preserving Major Davie vailed during the perpetration of this was to obtain a sea-port as his ranmost atrocious act of treacherous as- som, but our government could not sassination; the former was retaken, listen to this proposal. The Adigar and carried a prisoner to Kandy; the then attempted, by the falsest misrelatter concealed himself in the woods, presentations of the conduct of our but did not reach Columbo till the government, and their alleged neglect month of September following. The of Major Davie, and by holding out first accounts of this dreadful affair the most magnificent promises to him, were obtained from George Barnsley, to prevail with Major D.avie to take a corporal of the 19th regiment, who, the command of the Kandian army. after being left for dead in the general It was regretted by some of his broslaughter, hal revived, and found ther officers at Columbo, that he did means to make his escape. In his not, in appearance, do so, and avail turn, he had been led out with his himself of this proffered opportunity of companions, knocked down by the duping the treacherous Adigar, and of Caffrees with the butt end of their putting a stop to farther bloodshed, by muskets, and desperately wounded by bringing over the whole of the Kandian the blow of a sword across the neck; forces to the British. But Major but, finding himself revive, he crept Davie was incapable of duplicity, and into a thicket, where he lay till the he rejected the Adigar's proposals following night, when he swam across with the utmost disdain, although he the river, and reached Fort Macdlowall was made aware that the forfeiture on the 27th June.

of his liberty, if not life, was the Major Davie and Captain Rumley consequence. were at first carried to Kandy, where Both Captain Rumley and Captain they found that the perfidious pro- Humphreys died from the effects of mise of the Kandians to take care of the climate, after they had been a the sick had been, in the first place, short time in captivity. It was when broken, and the whole of thein mur- he was thus left alone that the abovedered in cold blood. Afier Captain inentioned attempts began to be made Humphreys was brought in, the three on the allegiance of Major Davie; and officers were carried to Hangaram the Adigar continued to practise them Kettee, and taken before the King, for a series of years, in the vain hope who ordered them to be confined that Major Davie's spirit would at there in separate apartments, but to be length be subdued by secluded inacwell treated. The King, who was tivity, and the imputed neglect of his distinguished for nothing but great own government. But in endeavourcruelty and weakness of intellect, is ing to accomplish this, all the devices supposed to have been prevailed upon of the calculating Adigar proved aborto save them by his chief Adigar, a tive, and British faith stood the test wily politician, of considerable talents, against even Kandian duplicity. who had recommended himself to the It appears from the most authenKandians, by the deepness of his de- tic accounts that could be obtained,

TOL. VII,

after the natives dethroned the King, Sawmy, who was still of consiand delivered up to us the whole derable influence in the country, freKandian territory, in the year 1815; quently visited the Major, to make and, in particular, from an exami- inquiries respecting his health, and nation of several native people of to see that he was kindly treated, Ceylon, which was made before the and had his provisions dressed to his British resident in the capital of Kan- liking. Here the Major died a natudy in the year 1816, in presence of ral death, about two months after his several gentlemen, that, about a arrival, being very ill for several days twelvemonth after the massacre of the before his death, as the natives who British troops, Major Davie was living attended him said, of a discharge of at the village of Gonagodda, in the blood and swelled feet, and that durdistrict of Dombera, about eight Eng- ing his illness the King sent him a lish miles distant from Kandy; and doctor to attend him. that, although he was a prisoner, he He was buried at the side of a was as kindly and attentively treated lake, in a valley, at the bottom of the as circumstances would admit of, not street where he died; and the actual being kept in close confinement, but period of his decease is fully ascertain. permitted to walk about at some dis- ed to have been in the month of July tance from the village, attended by a 1812. small guard to prevent his escape, and Major Davie was, by all the acthe chief man of the village being an- counts of the natives, until the attack swerable for him with his head. Ma- of illness of which he died, in tolerjor Davie was abundantly supplied able health and spirits; and, in reply with provisions by the orders of the to some queries as to the manner in King of Kandy, through the medium which he passed his time, the people of the people of the village, agreeable said he was principally, when in the to the custom of the country. He house, employed reading a small book, went among the people by the name which they described as about the of the Englishman. After this, it ap- size of a duodecimo volume. Various pears, he lived for some time at the reports were, in general, circulated village of Napana, also in the district throughout Ceylon respecting the of Dombera, about two miles from manner in which be died, such as, Kandy, probably about a year, and that he had been carried off in a pawas then removed to the village of lanquin by the King's orders, and Coralcadda, in the same district, four thrown into a river, and various other miles from Kandy, and which latter fictions, all of which, as well as the movement was in consequence of some previous distressing accounts respectapprehensions that were entertained ing their treatment of him, turned out by the Adigar, that he might be se- to be totally unfounded, for he not cretly carried off to Columbo. In only continued for nearly eight years Coralcadda he resided for about in good health and spirits,' but two years, after which he was taken he had actually opened a commuto the village of Wattapana, two miles nication with Sir Thomas Maitland, from his last place of abode, and here who, when Governor of Ceylon,

used he lived about four years, and was the most able and unremitting exeragain taken to his former place of re- tions to obtain his release or effect his sidence at Gonagodda, a short time escape, which last would have most previous to his being brought in a probably been accomplished, had not close prisoner to Kandy, in conse- Major Davie's powerful constitution quence of a report which had reached yielded, after nine years detention, to the King, of Major Davie's having the great unhealthiness of climate privately sent some letters to Colum- which prevails in the interior of Ceybo ;-for assisting him in conveying lon. which, two of the natives were put to death by the King's orders.

CORRESPONDENCE OF THE DE COVER At Kandy, Major Davie lived in a house in Malabar Street, belonging to

No. v. & person named Mootto Sawmy, a descendant of the Prince of that name,

To Richard De Coverley, Esg. whom the Adigar had basely put to

Bandyborough, Sept. 7. death at the time of the massacre of Two long letters and no answer ! the British. The younger Mootto What can you be about my dear

LEY FAMILY.

Richard ? If I were not more amiable usual, plain and ladylike, would have than any lamb, or dove, or animal of had nothing in it remarkable, but for gentler nature still, if there be one, I a silk handkerchief of varied colours, should punish you by imitating your which had been tied on in the French silence; but as I do happen to be style, but was pushed back, till, in very amiable, and moreover very wise, the most grotesque manner imaginI shall forbear and begin this third able, it rested at the very top of her letter, rather than be a sufferer myself head, leaving the rich curls of her by your punishment, not without che- yellow hair to fall unconfined on each rishing a hope, that, ere it is finished, side of her face, but not so as to copyou may account in person for your ceal her very intellectual forehead. A silence, and the pleasure of writing paper and pencil were in her hand, inay be exchanged for the far dearer and it was easy to see she was under one of seeing and talking to you. In the inspiration of the Muses. the mean time, write I must, for I A hair-brain'd sentimental trace am seized with a sudden fancy to de Was strongly marked in her face ; scribe to you Mary Leslie, å task I have not yet attempted, owing to its ed on empty space,

and her large blue eye, though turn

66 beamed keen extreme difficulty, but I forewarn you with horror!” to guard your truant heart, for I have

I could almost have wished to determined that this young lady shall have retired, for my errand had nocaptivate George, and I will not allow thing to do with Parnassus, but I you to disturb my plans. The task of describing Mary Leslie is indeed a and rising hastily, she advanced in

was prevented by her seeing me, difficult one, and I feel like a painter who may give you the features exact- meet me, throwing the paper aside,

a hearty good humoured way to ly, but, unless he catch the expres- and exclaiming,

" Welcome to my sion that animates them, his picture castle, Miss De Coverley! You find will never be a good one ; so that the it in strange disorder, but if you come more varying the expression, the greater the difficulty for the poor stone will have taken its station on its

again in a day or two, every shell and painter, and for me in attempting

own shelf, and my cap,” continued even a sketch of Mary Leslie. An she, laughing as she turned to the outline of her character I could easily

glass, “ shall be seated more steadily give. A painter, too, might easily if I can contrive to keep it so.” “ Í copy the regularity of her features; am afraid,” said I, “ the Muses have but neither he nor I can hope to catch fled at my approach, and well they the varying expression, the passing might, for a less exalted errand could shadows, and the bright but fleeting scarcely have brought me here. Dare lights, that are come and gone ere i say, that I come to consult you ayou can paint their place, leaving bout the rout we are to give this evensometimes behind them a countenance so utterly destitute of animation, that ing, for as it is our first in the land

of Bandyborough, I am utterly ignoyou can scarce help exclaiming, "''Tis Greece, but living Greece no more!" rant of the etiquette necessary on the

occasion.” “Ah !” cried she, shaking But not such was the case when I her head, and looking inimitably droll, found her this morning in a small turreted chamber, (for Mr Leslie's is a “ What motley cares Corilla's mind perplex, dwelling of the olden time,) surround- While maids and metaphors conspire to ed by books, papers, shells, and fossils, some few arranged on shelves, I was indeed in attendance on the but the rest scattered in wild confu- Muses, who sometimes visit me when sion on the antique furniture of an I retire to my fastnesses in this old apartment as whimsil as its fair tower, but it is not often that their owner herself. Miss Leslie did not place is, as now, supplied by the Loves immediately perceive my entrance, a and Graces; and so, when I have stream of light from a narrow Gothic cleared a chair, let us sit down and casement falling full upon her, while console ourselves if we can, I for the I remained in comparative darkness, departure of the Muses, you, that so and I had a moment's pause for ob- fine a speech was not made to you by servation. She was seated in a richly a finer person, and let us talk over the carved elbow chair. Her dress, as business of the evening." You will

vex.

scarcely believe that I could not have finding her still inclined to lecture, consulted a person more au fait to the we took refuge in flight, and papa, he, arrangement of a card party, than this and I, had paced up and down the votary of the Muses, who contrived garden, talking and laughing for about to mix correct information on the a quarter of an hour, when the clock subject with so much wit and drol- struck one, and a carriage drove up lery, that I listened, and laughed, till to the door-two, and the step was I became convinced there is a bright let down-three, and my uncle Daside even of a rout in a country town. vid was in the hall, watch in hand. Such was Mary Leslie this morning “Always to my time! sister-always the Mary Leslie of this evening may to my time! I hope you received my be quite a different creature. Adieu letter!” were his first words. Very for the present. I am called in aunt different to George, as Mamma justly Eleanor's most commanding tones. observed. I expected they would My uncle David must be arrived ! have been pointed against him by my

Thursday Night.-How could I aunt, but uncle David is no favourite suppose my uncle David would come of hers, and I think they operated in at two o'clock, when he said he should George's favour. I need say no more not be with us till three ? Not uncle of my uncle. You know, by long David's was the step I heard bound- experience, what he said to each of ing up three stairs at once. Oh no! us, and we had only one novelty. I had opened the door to obey the “ So, Mr De Coverley, you have got summons of my aunt, and in another into your new house I see.” I will moment I was in the arms of our own therefore employ my remaining page dear George ! looking so well, and so in informing you, our debût on the handsome and I so happy! there party-giving stage was a successful could not be a more joyous moment. one, but I wish you had been here to But before we had time to think half see the difference between a town and this, we ran down stairs together, my country rout. No crush of carriages ! aunt vociferating the whole time from for two sedan chairs fetched and carthe bottom, " But George, my dear ried the ladies, while the gentlemen George, why did not you write? tripped, as they best could, in their How could you come without writing? black stockings through the dust. When will you learn to be consider- No crowd ! thirty or forty formed the ate ?" While my father, mounting whole strength of our party. No contwo or three steps, as if impatient of fusion ! for Mr Scamony, the presidhis momentary absence, and holding ing genius of the card-tables, filed out his hand to him, exclaimed, off' four and four till all were filled, “Never mind his letters, Mrs Elea- taking care to place those near the nor, never mind his letters; how can window who liked air, and those at a you think of them when the dear boy distance who were afraid of cold, avd is here himself?" In the hall we bringing shawls and whispered confound mamma, staring as she had solations to those who were not condone on George's first appearance, sidered so decidedly on the aged or and it was not till

, he had placed her invalidl list as to be consulted. There on the sofa, and seated himself be- was no flirting, for of the three unside her, that she broke silence, say, married men, one had lost his heart ing, “ Dear me! I thought it must and engaged his hand ; another was be my brother David !" " I hope you at cards; and George, than whom don't think so now, Ma'am,” said there could not have been a more useGeorge. " Bless me, no my dear, less person on such an occasion, was you are so very different; besides, Í the third. What could we forlorn am as glad to see you," added she, damsels have done without Mr Seathe tear trembling in her eye, " as if mony? who snuffed our candles, tnrnit had been Dick !” George gave her ed over the leaves of our books of a kiss of thanks, and then attempted prints, repeated a few novelties from to apologise to aunt Eleanor, by as- Joe Miller, and was again at Mamsuring her he had written, as he could ma's side, attending to her beseeching prove, by shewing her the letter which eye when a card-table broke up, and he had unfortunately thrown into his some other anxious expectants

were portfolio, and brought himself, in- called into action. My uncle David stead of sending it by the post; but looked perfectly comfortable, either

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