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is paid in cash, viz. L. 5 from the bounty obliged on account of the Ulpha affair ; if of Queen Anne, and L.5 from 'W. P. that curacy should lapse into your Lord. Esq. o P, out of the annual rents, he ship's hands, I would beg leave rather to being lord of the manor, and L. 3 from the decline than embrace it ; for the chapels of several inhabitants of L-, settled upon Seathwhite and Ulpha annexed together, the tenements as a rent-charge ; the house would be apt to cause a general discontent and gardens I value at L. 4 yearly, and among the inhabitants of both places; by not worth more ; and, I believe the sure either thinking themselves slighted, being plice fees and voluntary contributions, one only served alternately, or neglected in the year with another, may be worth L.3; duty, or attributing it to covetousness in but, as the inhabitants are few in number, me; all which occasions of murmuring I and the fees very low, this last-mentioned would willingly avoid. And in concludsum consists merely in free will offerings. ing his former letter, he expresses a simi.

** I am situated greatly to my satis- lar sentiment upon the same occasion, de. faction with regard to the conduet and be- siring, if it be possible, however, as much haviour of my auditory, who not only live as in me lieth, to live peaceably with all in the happy ignorance of the follies and men.' vices of the age, but in mutual peace and " The year following, the curacy of good-will with one another, and are seem- Seathwaite was again augmented ; and ingly (I hope really too) sincere Christians, to effect this augmentation, fifty pounds and sound members of the established had been advanced by himself; and in chureh, not one dissenter of any denomi. 1760, lands were purchased with eight nation being amongst them all. I got to hundred pounds. Scanty as was his inthe value of L. 40 for my wife's fortune, come, the frequent offer of much better bebut had no real estate of my own, being nefices could not tempt Mr W. to quit a the youngest son of twelve children, born situation where he had been so long hapof obscure parents; and though my in- py, with a consciousness of being useful. come has been but small, and my family Among his papers I find the following large, yet, by a providential blessing upon copy of a letter, dated 1775, twenty years my own diligent endeavours, the kindness after his refusal of the curacy of Vipha, of friends, and a cheap country to live in, which will show what exertions had been we have always had the necessaries of life. made for one of his sons. By what I have written (which is a true 666 MAY IT PLEASE YOUR GRACE, and exact account to the best of my know 66. Our remote situation here makes it dif. ledge) I hope you will not think your fa. 'ficult to get the necessary information for vour to me, out of the late worthy Dr transacting business regularly : such is Stratford's effects, quite misbestowed, for the reason of my giving your Grace the which I must ever gratefully own myself,

present trouble. Sir, your much obliged and most obedient

" • The bearer (my son) is desirous of humble Servant,

offering himself candidate for deacon's or66°R. W., Curate of S

ders, at your Grace's ensuing ordination; «« To Mr C., of Lancaster.'

the first, on the 25th inst. so that his pa. “ About the time when thiş lotter was pers could not be transmitted in due time. written, the Bishop of Chester recommend. As he is now fully at age, and I have afed the scheme of joining the curacy of Ul. forded him education to the utmost of my pha to the contiguous one of Seathwaite, ability, it would give me great satisfaction and the nomination was offered to Mr (if your Grace would take him, and find Walker ; but an unexpected difficulty a. him qualified) to have him ordained. His rising, Mr W. in a letter to the Bishop, (a constitution has been tender for some copy of which, in his own beautiful hand- years ; he entered the college of Dublin, writing, now lies before me,) thus expres- but his health would not permit him to ses himself : « If he,' meaning the person continue there, or I would have supported in whom the difficulty originated, had him much longer. He has been with me suggested any such objection before, I at home above a year, in which time he should utterly have declined any attempt has gained great strength of body, sufto the curacy of Vlpha ; indeed, I was al. ficient, I hope, to enable him for performways apprehensive it might be disagreeable ing the function. Divine Providence, asto my auditory at Seachwaite, as they have sisted by liberal benefactors, has blest my been always accustomed to double duty, endeavours, from a small income, to rear a and the inhabitants of Ulpba despair of numerous family, and as my time of life being able to support a schoolmaster who renders me now unfit for much future exis not curate there also ; which suppressed pectancy from this world, I should be glad all thoughts in me of serving them both.' to see my son settled in a promising way And in a second letter to the Bishop he to acquire an honest livelihood for himself. writes :

His behaviour, so far in life, has been irMY LORD-I have the favour of reproachable; and I hope he will not deyours of the lst inst., and am exceedingly generate, in principles or practice, from

the precepts and pattern of an indulgent declined, as we have seen, to add the proparent. Your Grace's favourable recep. fits of another small benefice to his own, tion of this from a distant corner of the lest he should be suspected of cupidity. diocese, and an obscure hand, will excite From this vice he was utterly free; he filial gratitude, and a due rise shall be made no charge for teaching school; such made of the obligation vouchsafed thereby as could afford to pay, gave him what they to your Grace's very duti“ul and most obé. pleased. When very young, having kept dient son and servant,

a diary of his expences, however trifling, 66 • ROBERT WALKER.' the large amount, at the end of the year, " The same man, who was thus liberal surprised him; and from that time the in the education of his nuinerous family, rule of his life was to be cconomical, not was even munificent in hospitality as a avaricious. At his decease he left behind parish priest. Every Sunday were served, him no less a sum than L. 2000, and such upon the long table, at which he has been a sense of his various excellencies was pre. described sitting with a child upon his valent in the country, that the epithet of knee, messes of breth, for the refreshment WONDERFUL is to this day attached to his of those of his congregation who came from name. a distance, and usually took their seats as " There is in the above sketch some. parts of his own household. It seems thing so extraordinary as to require further scarcely possible that this custom could explanatory details.-And to begin with have commenced before the augmentation his industry; eight hours in each day, of his cure ; and, what would to many during five days in the week, and half of have been a high price of self.denial, was Saturday, except when the labours of hus. paid, by the pastor and his family, for this bandry were urgent, he was occupied in gratification; as the treat could only be teaching. His seat was within the rails of provided by dressing at one time the whole, the altar; the communion table was his perhaps, of their weekly allowance of fresh desk; and, like Shenstone's school-mistress, animal food ; consequently, for a succes- the master employed himself at the spinsion of days, the table was covered with ning-wheel, while the chillren were repeatcold victuals only. His generosity in old ing their lessons by his side. Every evenage may be still further illustrated by a ing, after school hours, if not more profit. lule circumstance relating to an orphan ably engaged, he continued the same kind grandson, then ten years of age, which I of labour, exchanging, for the benefit of kind in a copy of a letter to one of his sons; exercise, the small wheel, at which he had be requests that half-a-guinea may be left sate, for the large one on which wool is for • little Robert's pocket-money, who was spun, the spinner stepping to and fro.then at school ; entrusting it to the care of Thus, was the wheel constantly in readia lady, who, as he says, may sometimes ness to prevent the waste of a momentos frustrate bis squandering it away foolishly,' time. Nor was his industry with the pen, and promising to send him an equal allow- when occasion called for it, less eager. En. ance annually for the same purpose. The trusted with extensive management of conclusion of the same letter is so charac. public and private affairs, he acted in his teristic, that I cannot forbear to transcribe rustic neighbourhood as scrivener, writing in . We,' meaning his wise and himself, out petitions, deeds of conveyance, wills,

are in our wonted state of health, allow- covenants, &c. with pecuniary gain to himing for the hasty strides of old age knock. self, and to the great benefit of his em. ing daily at our door, and threateningly ployers. These labours (at all times contelling us, we arc not only mortal, but siderable) at one period of the year, viz. must expect ere long to take our leave of between Christmas and Candlemas, when our ancient cottage, and lie down in our money transactions are settled in this couna last dormitory. Pray pardon my neglect try, were often so intense, that he passed to answer yours : let us hear sooner from great part of the night, and sometimes fou, to augment the mirth of the Christ. whole nights, at his desk. His garden also mas holidays. Wishing you all the plea- was tilled by his own hand; he had a right şures of the approaching scason, I am, of pasturage upon the mountains for a few dear son, with lasting sincerity, yours af. sheep and a couple of cows, which requir.

ed his attendance; with this pastoral occu. « « ROBERT WALKER.' pation, he joined the labours of husbandry " He loved old customs and usages, upon a small scale, renting two or three and in some instances stuck to them to his acres in addition to his own less than one own loss ; for, having had a sum of money acre of glebe ; and the humblest drudgery lodged in the hands of a neighbouring which the cultivation of these fields requir. tradesman, when long course of time had cd was performed by himself. raised the rate of interest; and more was " He also assisted his neighbours in offered, he refused to accept it; an act not hay-making, and shearing their flocks, and difficult to one, who, while he was drawing in the performance of this latter service he #eventeen pounds a-year from his curacy, was eminently dexterous. Thcy, in their

6

fectionately,

VOL. II.

turn, complimented him with a present of « It might have been concluded that no a hay-cock or a fleece ; less as a recom one could thus, as it were, have converted pence for this particular service than as a his body into a machine of industry for the general acknowledgment. The Sabbath humblest uses, and kept his thoughts só was in a strict sense kept holy; the Sun- frequently bent upon secular concerns, day evenings being devoted to reading the without grievous injury to the more preScripture and family prayer. The princi. cious parts of his nature. How could the pal festivals appointed by the Church were powers of intellect thrive, or its' graces be also duly observed; but through every other displayed, in the midst of circumstances day in the week, through every week in apparently so unfavourable, and where, to the year, he was incessantly occupied in the direct cultivation of the mind, so small work of hand or mind; not allowing & a portion of time was allotted ? But, in this moment for recreation, except upon a Sa- extraordinary man, things in their nature turday afternoon, when he indulged him- adverse were reconciled; his conversation self with a newspaper, or sometimes with a was remarkable, not only for being chaste magazine. The frugality and temperance and pure, but for the degree in which it was established in his house were as admirable fervent and eloquent ; his written style as the industry. Nothing to which the was correct, simple, and animated. Nor name of luxury could be given was there did his affections suffer more than his in. known ; in the latter part of his life, in- tellect; he was tenderly alive to all the deed, when tea had been brought into al. duties of his pastoral office: the poor and most general use, it was provided for visi- needy • he never sent empty away,'—the tors, and for such of his own family as re. stranger was fed and refreshed in passing turned occasionally to his roof, and had that unfrequented vale,--the sick were vibeen accustomed to this refreshment else. sited; the feelings of humanity found where ; but neither he nor his wife ever further exercise among the distresses and partook of it. The raiment worn by his embarrassments in the worldly estate of his family was comely and decent, but as simple neighbours, with which his talents for bu. as their diet ; the home-spun materials were siness made him acquainted ; and the dismade up into apparel by their own hands. interestedness, impartiality, and uprightAt the time of the decease of this thrifty ness which he maintained in the managepair, their cottage contained a large store ment of all affairs confided to him, were of webs of woollen and linen cloth, woven virtues seldom separated in his own con. from thread of their own spinning. And science from religious obligations. Nor it is remarkable, that the pew in the chapel could such conduct fail to remind those in which the family used to sit, remained who witnessed it of a spirit nobler than a few years ago neatly lined with woollen law or custom ; they felt convictions which, cloth spun by the pastor's own hands. It but for such intercourse, could not have is the only pew in the chapel so distinguish been afforded, that, as in the practice of ed; and I know of no other instance of his their pastor there was no guile, so in his conformity to the delicate accommodations faith there was nothing hollow; and we of modern times. The fuel of the house, are warranted in believing, that, upon these like that of their neighbours, consisted of occasions, selfishness, obstinacy, and dispeat, procured from the mosses by their cord, would often give way before the own labour. The lights by which in the breathings of his good. will and saintly in. winter evenings their work was performed, tegrity. It may be presumed also, while were of their own manufacture, such as his humble congregation were listening to still continue to be used in these cottages; the moral precepts which he delivered from thcy are made of the pith of rushes dipped the pulpit, and to the Christian exhorta. in any unctuous substance that the house tions that they should love their neighbour affords. White candles, as rallow candles as themselves, and do as they would be are here called, were reserved to honour done unto, that peculiar efficacy was given the Christmas festivals, and were perhaps to the preacher's labours by recollections produced upon no other occasions. Once in the minds of his congregation, that they a month, during the proper season, a sheep were called upon to do no more than his was drawn from their small mountain own actions were daily setting before their flock, and killed for the use of the family ; eyes. and a cow, towards the close of the year, “ The afternoon service in the chapel was salted and dried, for winter provision : was less numerously attended than that of the hide was tanned to furnish them with the morning, but by a more serious audi. shoes.-By these various resources, this tory; the lesson from the New Testament, venerable clergyman reared a numerous on those occasions, was accompanied by family, not only preserving them, as he Burkitt's Commentaries. These lessons he affectingly says, from wanting the neces- read with impassioned emphasis, f:equentsaries of life;' but afforded them an un. ly drawing tears from his hearers, and stinted education, and the means of rais. leaving a lasting impression upon their ing themselves in society,

minds. His devotional feelings and the

powers of his own mind were further exe. interest due from them, among others, un cised, along with those of his family, in der the title of church stock : a great hard. perusing the Scriptures ; not only on the ship upon the incumbent, for the curacy Sunday evenings, but on every other even of Loweswater was then scarcely less poor ing, while the rest of the household were than that of Seathwaite. To what degree at work, some one of the children, and in this prejudice of his was blameable need her turn the servant, for the sake of prac not be determined ;-certain it is, that he tise in reading, or for instruction, read the was not only desirous, as he himself says, Bible aloud ; and in this manner the whole to live in peace, but in love, with all men. was repeatedly gone through.

That no

He was placable, and charitable in his common importance was attached to the judgments; and, however correct in con. observance of religious ordinances by his duct and rigorous to himself, he was ever family, appears from the following meino- ready to forgive the trespasses of others, randum by one of his descendants, which and to soften the censure that was cast I am tenipted to insert at length, as it is upon their frailties. It would be unpar. characteristic, and somewhat curious. donable to omit that, in the maintenance • There is a small chapel, in the county of his virtues, he received due support from palatine of Lancaster, where a certain cler. the Partner of his long life. She was e. gyman has regularly officiated above sixty qually strict in attending to her share of years, and a few months ago administered their joint cares, nor less diligent in her the sacrainent of the Lord's Supper in the appropriate occupations. A person who same, to a decent number of devout com. had been some time their servant in the municants. After the clergyman had re latter part of their lives, concluded the pa. ceived himself, the first company out of negyric of her mistress by saying to me, the assembly who approached the altar, "" she was no less excellent than her hus. and kneeled down to be partakers of the band ; she was good to the poor, she was sacred elements, consisted of the parson's good to every thing !' Hc survived for a wife, to whom he had been married up- short time this virtuous companion. When Fards of sixty years; one son and his she died, he ordered that her body should vile ; four daughters, each with her hus- be borne to the grave by three of her band; whose ages all added together a daughters and one grand-daughter; and, mount to above 714 years. The several when the corpse was lifted from the thresh. and respective distances from the place of hold, he insisted upon lending his aid, and each of their abodes to the chapel where feeling about, for he was then almost they all communicated, will measure more blind, took hold of a napkin fixed to the than 1000 English miles. Though the coffin, and, as a bearer of the body, enter. narration will appear surprising, it is withed the Chapel, a few steps from the lowly out doubt a fact, that the same persons, Parsonage. exactly four years before, met at the same 6 What a contrast does the life of this place, and all joined in performance of the obscurely-seated, and, in point of worldly sane venerablc duty.'

wealth, poorly-repaid Churchman, present " He was indeed most zealously attach- to that of a Cardinal Wolsey ! ed to the doctrine and frame of the Established Church, We have seen him con

“• O 'tis a burthen, Cromwell, 'tis a burgratulating himself that he had no dissent

then ers in his cure of any denomination. Some Too heavy for a man who hopes for hea. allowance must be made for the state of opinion when his first religious impressions were received, before the reader will acquit him of bigotry, when I mention, that, at LETTER FROM THE AUTHOR OF the time of the augmentation of the cure,

ESSAYS ON PHRENOLOGY. he refused to invest part of the money in the purchase of an estate offered to him MR EDITOR, upon advantageous terms, because the pro I HAVE read with much pleasure prietor was a Quaker ;-—whether from scru. the “ attempt to reconcile Metaphy, pulous appreliension that a blessing would sics and Phřenology” which appeared bat attend a contract framed for the benefit in your Number for May, and feel of the Church between persons not in reli- greatly indebted to your philosophical gious sympathy with each other : or, as a

correspondent for the liberality, canseeker of peace, he was afraid of the uncomplying disposition which at one time dour, and ingenuity, and, I may add, was too frequently conspicuous in that sect.

success of his attempt. He observes,

the Of this an instance had fallen under his that in the Essays on Phrenology, own notice : for, while he taught school at Metaphysicians are spoken of in terms Loweswater, certain persons of that deno- calculated rather to widen the breach, mination had refused to pay, or be dise than to cement the union betwixt trained upon, for the accustomed annual them and the Phrenologists; and as

ven !'"

this is, in some degree, true, and as, in ticular faculties; and the mirthful fit consequence of subsequent events, the being over, they are disposed to intwo sciences appear not to be so wide- quire seriously into the subject of ly opposed as I had at first conceivedl, their joke. The day, perhaps, is not I beg leave, through the medium of far distant, when their delusion itself your pages, to make a few observa- will afford an ample fund of entertions illustrative of what now appears tainment both to themselves, and afto be the relation betwixt them. terwards to posterity ; but, the joke

The greatest causes of the opposi- apart, I may observe, that the full tion which the doctrines of Phrenolo- value and the high merit of Dr gy encountered from the philosophers, Brown's discoveries are perceived by were the entire novelty of the division none so distinctly as by Phrenologists, of the powers of the mind which they and that his reputation for profunility contained, and the irreconcileable dif- and acuteness will rise every day as ferences betwixt them and the systems Phrenology becomes known. It is of metaphysical philosophy generally easy to shew how this will be the received. The Netaphysicians exhi- case, and for the sake not only of scibited a long list of Faculties, Consci- ence, but of the numerous arimirers ousness, Sensation, Perception, Con- of Dr Brown, who cannot but feel ception, Attention, Abstraction, As an interest in every thing that is sociation, Memory, Imagination, and likely to enhance, in any degree, the Judgment, and the Phrenologisis de esteem in wlrich his genius is held, I clared not only that no organs were beg to be allowed to make a few obto be found in the brain correspond- servations on the relation of Metaphying to such powers, but that other sics to Phrenology, in addition to powers, of which the Metaphysicians those of your correspondent. had no idea, were to be found in con It is now granted on all hands that stant concomitance with particular the mind has no consciousness of the cerebral parts. They, therefore, de organs by which it acts on the externied that the faculties of the Meta- nal world, and that dissection throws physicians were primitive powers, and no light on the functions of the brain. exhibited, in opposition to them, an It is a question, therefore, purely of account of the faculties which they observation, whether the brain be the had discovered by observation. organ of the mind, and whether par

While matters stood thus, the dif. ticular parts of it be the organs of pare ferences were irreconcileable. The ticular powers or not. But supposone system could not subsist if the ing a moment that such is the case, other was true. But Dr Thomas let me ask what will the result be in Brown arose, and by one of those regard to the philosophy of the mind? wonderful efforts of mental power, It will be interesting in no common which only one man in a century degree, for it will make a mighty reseems capable of making, he broke volution not only in the mode of culdown the wall of partition, and ena- tivating the science, but in the extent bled the parties to unite as friends and degree of its certainly, applicaengaged in the prosecution of one tion, and utility. common object, instead of contending The object of the Metaphysicians as opponents. He shewed by ihe has always been to discover the elemost profound, yet correct metaphy- mentary principles of the human sical analysis, that the faculties of the mind, and they have endeavoured to Metaphysicians were not powers, but accomplish this end by reflecting on states, of the mind. This was pre- and analyzing the thoughts and feelcisely what the Phrenologists had all ings of which they are conscious. along contended for, And he then Every one of them has borne testimade a new division of the mental mony to the difficulty of this analysis, powers, which, as your ingenious coro: and lamented, that, even after it lias respon lent has shewn, coincides in a been accomplished, cnly few minds wonderful degree with the results of are capable of comprehending the rephrenological observations.

sults. Hence, iu the opinion of the The public have now laughed to reading public, the science of Mind satiety at the idea of the brain being has, in the words of a contemporary the organ of the mind, and of differ-reviewer, “ resembled rather the fanent parts of it being the organs of par- tastic evolutions of the mimic-actors

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