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which he first said was written in Italian, made on them at Dover. Being asked as and then that it was written partly in Ita- to any communications which passed belian and partly in English-first that it tween him and Colonel Brown on the subwas written by one person, and afterwards ject, he refused to disclose them, on the that it was wrote by another. At one ground of his being the agent of the protime Lieutenant Flynn fainted away, and secution, and the House agreed to sustain it was some time before he recovered. He this excuse. Mr Brougham then urged, did not know where Bergami slept on the with much earnestness, that he should be voyage from Jaffa to Syracuse.
informed who was the principal in this W. Carrington was called back and re- prosecution, in which he was supported by examined as to his service in the navy, and several Lords. It was replied, that the several other particulars, which he appears Bill of Pains and Penalties was introduced to have answered in a satisfactory manner. into the House, under the responsibility of
Lieutenant Hownum, who was along Ministers, in the same manner as any other with her Majesty in the Mediterranean, measure of state, and that they were no never saw any improper conduct between way disposed to shrink from their respon. her and Bergami. Had heard, (and be- sibility. Her Majesty's Counsel then inlieved it to be true,) that they both slept formed the House that they would proin the tent above deck on the voyage home- ceed for a little in the same line of examiward for several weeks ; but it never oc nation they were pursuing the day before. curred to him to think this improper, as he Philippo Pomi was accordingly called to conceived it necessary for her Majesty's the bar, who concurred with the former safety that she should have a male attend witness as to the means employed by Ras. ant. They reposed in separate beds with telli to procure evidence against the Queen. their clothes on. The Queen on her re. Oct. 16.—Sir John Beresford was ex. turn was received at all the courts she visit, amined regarding the character and services ed, except that of Vienna.
of W. Carrington, of which he spoke highOct. 12-Granville Sharp, Esq. was ly. Carrington had never, he said, served examined regarding the Moorish dance of as a midshipman, but he believed he was Mahomet. Had seen a similar dance fre- rated as such in order to facilitate his disquently in India. It was full of antic and charge. buffoonery, but not indecent. Had seen it Bomfilio Pomarti, clerk to Cadazzi, an when witnesssed by the Marquis and Mar- advocate employed by the Queen at Milan, chioness of Hastings, and other people of was examined relative to an attempt of distinction, male and female.
Vilnvacarti, an advocate in the employ of Santino Guggiare and Guiseppe Garo. the Milan Commission, to obtain from him, lini disproved a story sworn to by the by bribery, some papers belonging to her witness for the prosecution, Galdini, re- Majesty. This was objected to by the Atgarding the statues of Adam and Eve, in torney-General ; and the remainder of this a grotto at the Villa d'Este. The improve- day, with the whole of the 17th, was occuments made on the rooms there were com- pied in discussing the propriety of allow: pleted, and the statues removed before the ing that question to be put. It was final. Princess arrived.
ly agreed, after referring the matter to the Oct. 13.-Guiseppe Garolini, the last Judges, and receiving from them rather an witness examined on the 12th, gave evi- unfavourable answer, that this course of erdence regarding an offer made to him by amination should be allowed ; and on Rastelli, one of the witnesses for the proses Wednesday the 18th, the witness was in cution, to get a bill of 45,000 francs which consequence examined as to the inducements the Princess owed him paid, if he would offered him by Vilmacarti to give up her swear any thing against her; and of Ras. Majesty's papers. He was asked if he was telli going about in search of people to not a villain to betray his master; and give evidence against the Princess. The answered that he had repented of his conCounsel for the Queen wished Rastelli to duct; and that they were much worse than be again called in, when it was found that him who had seduced him frozu his duty. he had left the country, by directions of Antonio Meoni stated, that one Zanglsi, Mr Powell, the agent for the prosecution. a manager of a theatre at Milan, had enThis circumstance excited a great sensation, deavoured to bribe him to give false eriand several Peers expressed an opinion dence against the Queen ; and that he had that it was fatal to the whole proceed. been going about suborning witnesses ings.
against her. Oct. 14.-Mr Powell, by whom Rastelli Oct. 19.-Their Lordships were occupihad been dispatched abroad, was examined ed the greater part of this day in discussing on this subject, and stated that he had sent whether the acts of Zanglai should be al. him away for the purpose of quieting the lowed to be given in evidence or not? and, agitation of the friends of the other witnes. after a long discussion, the House decided ses, who were alarmed for their safety, in that thc fact of Zanglai being agent of consequence of the attack that had been the Milan Commission, was not so far es
tablished as to make his acts evidence. the table with the King, who treated him Another witness, named Salvadore, was then with the greatest respect, and gave him a called, and Mr Denman was proceeding to gold snuff box, surrounded with brilliants, examine him as to certain declarations of and the King's name; never saw any Sacchi, which, if established, the Learned thing indecent at the balls at the Barona'; Counsel contended, would operate as a at Carlsruhe the Queen dined with the contradiction to his testimony, and show Grand Duke ; the third evening they went him an active agent in collecting evidence to the Theatre, and supped with the against her Majesty, and even holding out Grand Duke; they then went to Baden ; inducernents to individuals to come forward they spent the evening at a musical society. as witnesses on this occasion. The Attor. This witness also proved that the Queen ney-General took a legal objection to this was but one day and a half at Trieste, mode of examination ; and a question on which negatived the testimony of the waitthe subject was referred to the Judges, who er Chiousi. He explained the scene at declared their opinion, that, before a wit. Scharnitz, described by Demont, by statness could be examined to the deelarations ing that the whole suite were up all night of a former witness, that witness must be preparing for a journey, and he fully corcalled back, and interrogated as to those roborated the evidence of Carlo Forti, redeclarations. Sacchi was accordingly calspecting the journey at Senigaglia. led back ; but not being in attendance, the After the examination of this witness was House adjourned.
finished, Mr Brougham stated he was unOct. 20.--Mr Brougham this day de. fortunately deprived of a material witness, clined examining Sacchi, and stated that the Chamberlain of the Grand Duke of Baa he had now closed that part of her Majes- den, who, notwithstanding all the efforts that ty's defence which related to mal-practices had been made, not only by her Majesty's against her. The Marquis of Lansdowne Counsel, but also by the Government of then moved for the production of such this country, could not be induced to parts of the correspondence between Mr come over, to give evidence in favour of Powell and Colonel Brown as related to her Majesty. the subject of the witness Rastelli's being Oct. 23.—The Secret Committee made allowed to leave this country. A long de- their report on the extracts from Mr Pow. bate ensued, in which it was strongly argu- ell's letters, the substance of which they ed on one side, and as forcibly denied on communicated to the House.--In these ex. the other, that there was any proof of con tracts they said, it appeared Colonel Brown spiracy to suborn witnesses. After a very had advised the sending out of Rastelli, protracted discussion, it was at length care with letters to quiet apprehensions as to the ried by a division, 122 to 70, that Mr safety of the witnesses. Mr Broughan, then Powell should produce such extracts from tendered as evidence, in proof of the alle. his correspondence with Colonel Brown as gation of the Queen being held in estimarelated to Rastelli's mission to Milan ; tion by foreign authorities, the Austrian and upon the motion of Lord Liverpool, Gazette of Trieste, which stated the cerethese extracts were ordered to be laid be- mony with which the Queen was treated fore a Secret Committee, to verify the au on her entering Trieste on the 15th, and thenticity of the same. Mr Brougham re- leaving it on the 16th of April. This eviquested permission to examine Mr Powell dence was rejected by their Lordships. further at the bar, but this was negatived
Madamoiselle Demont was again placed without any division. He then called a at the bar, and closely examined relative to witness, Alexander Oliviera, who had been a particular conversation with 3 Madame for a time Chamberlain to the Queen, Martini, residing at Morges in Switzeralong with Be ni. His examination land, in which she has said to have expresa went to show that he had never seen any sed herself in high terms of praise of her thing improper between these personages, Majesty ; but she denied all recollection of and to disprove the evidence of Sacchi, the circumstance. Madame Martini was as to the Queen's behaviour to Bergami then examined as to the conversation im. in the carriage.
puted to Demont, which she swears did Oct. 21.–Tomaso Lago Maggiore, a take place in April 1818. fisherman, swore that he never saw the Mr Leman deposed to the particulars of Queen kiss Bergami in a boat, as had been his mission to Baden, when Mr Brougham stated in evidence against her.
suddenly closed the case for her Majesty ; The Chevalier Carlo Vassali acted as the Learned Gentleman attributed his inaher Majesty's private secretary on her Ger- bility to proceed to the absence of Baron man journey ; has seen the Queen and d'Ende and Rastelli. Bergami walking together very frequently, The Attorney-General then applied for and has seen them alone, but when he time to call Colonel Brown and other wit. himself
' was at a little distance ; at Munich nesses, in order to vindicate those who her Majesty dined, with her suite, with were engaged in the Milan Commission the King at Bavaria ; Bergami dined at from the aspersions cast upon them. A.
gainst this proceeding the Counsel for the guilt was detected, and vice revealed, said, Queen earnestly protested, and on the mo- * If no accuser can come forward to contion of the Lord Chancellor, the House ad- demn thee, neither will I condemn thee: go, journed, in order to give time for consider. and sin do more.” ing this proposition.
Oct. 26.-Dr Lushington was this day Oct. 24. Their Lordships, on the re heard for the defence. In surveying this commendation of the Lord Chancellor, de. case, and the charges on which it was termined, that the delay which the Attor. founded, some observations he said occur. ney-General had applied for, the preceding red to his mind, which he would shortly lay day, in order to bring Colonel Brown to before the House. The first was, the age the bar in justification of the Milan Com- of the Royal Accused. Was ever an inmission, should not be granted.
stance known in the annals of accusations Captain Briggs was then examined, and, of this kind, that the person against whom in reply to the interrogatories of the Attor. the charge was made was of the age of ney-General, distinctly stated, that Lieu- fifty ? No: he would defy any one to tenunt Hownam had informed him, that cite a precedent so preposterous or ridicu. on the first day Bergami dined at the lous. The next observation that occurred Queen's table," he intreated her Majesty, to the learned counsel was, that the huson his knees, and with tears in his eyes, band that was now claiming to be divorced not to admit him to that familiarity ; but from his wife, had been separated from to no purpose.” This question had been that wife by his own voluntary act for upput to Lieutenant Hownam, but he denied wards of twenty-four years. He had been any recollection of the circumstance. so separated from her by his own act_by
At half past eleven o'clock, Mr Denman his own free will—without the slightest commenced to sum up the evidence for the cause on her part at that time, and for the defence, and continued to address their indulgence of his own fancy, he had bro Lordships till four o'clock, when they ad- ken the solemn bond by which God had journed. On the 25th Mr Denman resum united him to her. Who then in this ed his address, which occupied the whole House would dare to tell the Learned of this day. It is impossible, in our nar Counsel that that husband had any cause to row linits, even to attempt an abstract of complain? Who would dare to say that the Mr Denman's speech ; in the course of King was absolved from the marriage row, which he endeavoured with great eloquence and whatever prerogatives or licences he to demonstrate to their Lordships, that might claim, no one could dare assert that every tittle of the charges brought against he was emancipated from the law of God? her Majesty' had been destroyed by the evi. Let no one dare say that the assertion condence for the defence, with one or two tained in this bill, “ that her Majesty was slight exceptions, which had been occasion- further unmindful of her duty," was true. ed by the impossibility of compelling cer. What duty did she owe? Who had netain persons to come over from the conti- glected the duty to the discharge of which nent to give evidence in her favour. We they were mutually bound ? Who created cannot, however, omit the following elo- the separation, and who was it that neglectquent and impressive conclusion.-" Thised the duty by which the high and low inquiry is unprecedented in the history of were equally bound? Would any one the world: the downsitting and the upris- dare say there was one law for an ordinary ing of this illustrious lady have been watch- man, and another for a King? Would any ed with the utmost care : scarcely a thought one say that an ordinary man was bound or a word that has not had to pass through by an oath, while a King was not ? And this severe ordeal : her daily looks have was there any one who would not blush to been remarked with unparalleled and dis- hear the manner in which this unfortunate graceful assiduity. The inquisition has woman had been persecuted after she had also been of the most solemn kind. I been driven from this country? The know nothing in the whole race of human Learned Gentleman then proceeded to take affairs to be likened to it; there is nothing a comprehensive review of the whole eviin the whole view of humanity which can dence, from which he argued that the inbe said to resemble it, but that great day nocence of the Queen was fully established. when the secrets of all hearts shall be dise And now, said the Learned Doctor, “ I closed. He that would bear the sword of leave the cause of her Majesty in your heaven, should be as holy as heaven ; and if hands. I with confidence appeal, not to your Lordships have been furnished with your mercy, but to your justice, for an acweapons and powers, which, I might als quittal.” most say, omnipotence itself scarcely pos Oct. 27.-The Attorney-General addressesses, to arrive at the secrets of this illus- sed the House in reply to the Queen's Countrious female, you will think that the same sel. He went again over the whole charduty is imposed upon you that belonged to ges, and evidence for the prosecution, which the justice, beneficence, and wisdom of he contended was not invalidated by that that benignant Being, who, wlien even of the defence. He dwelt particularly on
the admission of Lieutenant Hownam, as ty, but from persons who, under the sancto her Majesty and Bergami reposing in tion of her name, have been giving scope the tent on board the polacca ; which he to the most dark and insidious designs. insisted was sufficient ground, without any To suppose, for a moment, that her Maother consideration, for their Lordships to jesty was a party to them, would be to impass the bill. The speech of the Learned pute to her Majesty a deliberate design to Gentleman occupied two days.
overthrow the Constitution and Govern. During a pause in the Attorney-General's ment of the country.-But, from my soul, speech, Mr Brougham communicated to I acquit her Majesty of any participation the House that he had received letters of in these shameful transactions, and I have the Baron Ompteda, proving him to have only here to add my hope, that from this been in correspondence with the servants of moment we may hear no more of them. her Royal Highness, and attempting to se. If, my Lords, on looking at the whole duce them to give false testimony against state of the case, you have no more than a their mistress.
moral conviction that her Majesty has been Oct. 30. The Solicitor-General follow. guilty of the charges against her, you will, ed on the same side. In conclusion he ob- in that case, act safely, by adopting the served, that there never had come a case be language suggested by my Learned Friend, fore a court of justice which so effectually (Mr Denman,) and saying to her Majesty, engaged the attention of mankind, and “Go, and sin no more !" But, my upon which such intense anxiety, amongst Lords, if, after calmly and dispassionately all ranks, had been experienced as to its considering the whole facts of the case, you result. “Every passion has been appealed think that it has been made out so fully, so to by the Counsel for the Queen---they satisfactorily as to leave no rational doubt have well and faithfully discharged their on your minds, then, knowing what I do duty to their Illustrious Client. We have of the assembly I have the honour to ada no complaint to make of the course which dress, I am sure you will pronounce your they have thought proper to pursue, and decision with that firmness which will be we rejoice that such talents as they have consonant with your exalted station." exhibited have been called into action in At the conclusion of the Solicitor-Gener. the defence of a Queen of England. They al's speech, Mr Brougham made an effort have, I say, appealed to all the passions, to introduce, as evidence, two letters of the in their separate addresses to your Lorde late Baron Ompteda to the Prefect of Poships, which act with energy upon the hu lice at Pesaro ; but these letters were held man heart. They have appealed to the to be inadmissible as evidence at any stage basest of all the passions—the passion of of the proceedings, and on this ground, FEAR!-(Here there was a deep silence.) rather than on account of the irregular peThey have said to a tribunal renowned for riod at which they were offered, they were its integrity, and the boldness and vigour of rejected. The numbers upon the division its counsels, in a tone which was intended were, for receiving the letters, 16-against to intimidate it, but which will fail in its it, 145 majority, 129. unworthy object one of the Learned The House then adjourned till ThursCounsel has said, that if you pass this bill day, to give their Lordships time to consiyou will pass it at your peril. The word der of their votes. hung upon his lips too long not to be un Nov. 2.-At half past ten o'clock, the derstood, and was then withdrawn. I am Lord Chancellor rose to address their Lord. astonished that such topics should have ships, and said that the only question which been introduced. I am sure they can on could be now received was, whether the ly have an injurious effect to the party Bill should be now read a second time. from whom they have proceeded. I know And with respect to the great question bethat they can have no effect on your Lord- fore the House, he would say, that he ships, and that what justice requires you would not feel himself justified in voting will do, without regard to any personal for the second reading, if he was not fully considerations. It is not in this place satisfied that an adulterous intercourse had alone that such devices have been had re- been proved ; and this principle should gocourse to; out of doors the same conduct vern the vote of every member of the House, has been pursued, the same threats, the With regard to what might be expected same unprincipled attempts have been from him, he would remind the House, made to intimidate your Lordships. Even that he did not stand in the situation of a the name of her Majesty has been profaned Judge summing up, but as a Juror adfor the purpose. In her name, but I do dressing to his brother Jurors the grounds believe without her sanction, attacks have on which he had come to his decision. been made on all that is sacred and vener His Lordship then proceeded to show that able, on the Constitution, on the Sovereign, whatever might be its propriety in a conon the Monarchy, on every order of the stitutional view, the proceeding by a Bill State. I repeat my belief, that these at. of Penalties, conducted according to the tacks have not proceeded from her Majes- legal rules of evidence, is infinitely more
favourable to an accused person than a pro- to himself more than that to which he was ceeding by impeachment. It had been ar- justly, entitled, that there was no Noble gued, probably with truth, that the Queen Lord present more free from any, undue had laboured under difficulties in procur- partialities on this question, or more deing witnesses for her defence greater than termined to discharge his duty, solely and opposed the collection of evidence for the strictly with a reference to the evidence Bill. The whole benefit of that circum. that had been adduced at the bar, and to a stance should in their Lordships' judg- view of all the circumstances of the case. ment be allowed to the accused. It had It was his conviction of all the objections also been argued, and perhaps proved, which existed against the bill now under that corrupt means had been resorted to their Lordships' consideration, which had against the Queen; of this too she should induced him, at a former period, to enterhave the benefit, not only by the exclusiontain a wish, that an opening might be left of the evidence which was proved to have for a more regular, and, as it appeared to been given by witnesses, tainted either as him, a more justifiable course of proceedcorrupted or corruptors, but all on which ing than that which had been adopted. the least suspicion can be supposed by a Their Lordships, however, thought otherreasonable analogy to attach. Casting, wise, and the result was the measure le. therefore, out of the scale, all the evidence fore them. He now openly and freely acwhich could be doubted, and only connect knowledged, that it seemed to bim that ing the evidence for the Bill which stood there was the most decisive and uncontraunimpeached, with the admission of the dicted testimony, that the most improper witnesses produced for the defence, and practices bad been resorted to in support of the negative evidence of the witnesses not the bill. He meant no insinuation whatever produced, -- following this line of argu. against his Majesty's government. He by ment, he had in his own mind come to a no means imputed to them the practices to decision, that the case was proved for the which he alluded; but they existed neverBill. His Lordship proceeded through theless, and when he took those improper the evidence, and in reference to the practices into consideration, and added to threats which had been most unprecedent. them the circumstance, that one important edly, and most improperly thrown out at the and material witness had been withdrawn, bar, he professed his full conviction, that and was absent from the country, and that their Lordships would disregard them another important and material witness ei“ be just and fear not," and leave their ul- ther could not, or would not come to the timate reward to the sober good sense of country, he must declare that, in his conthe people of England. His Lordship science, as a juryman, he could not proconcluded by moving the second reading of nounce the case to be one which would the Bill at half-past 11.
justify the second reading of the bill before Lord Erskine followed. Were the their Lordships.—(Hear, hear.) In proHouse, he said, sitting in a judicial ca- portion as the evidence by which the bill pacity, he would subscribe to his Learned was to be supported had been weakened, in friend's maxim, “fiat justitia ruat ce- proportion was not only the justice, but lum,” but here many considerations of even the expediency of passing it diminishpolicy interposed. Lord Erskine proceed. ed. All the objections which he entertained, combating the injustice and impolicy ed against the measure on the score of jusof the Bill until one o'clock, when he be- tice, pressed on his mind with still greater came much exhausted, and at length faint- force on the score of expediency. He did ed. He was carried out by Lords Grey and not wish to detain their Lordships by an Holland, and the House adjourned for a enumeration of those objections, he was quarter of an hour. At the expiry of the sure they would have the candour to allow period allotted for the adjournment, Lord that they were extremely numerous. There Erskine remaining in nearly the same was one circumstance especially which he state, Lord Lauderdale resumed the dis- could not exclude from his consideration, cussion, and argued in favour of the Bill. and which he trusted their Lordships would
The Earl of Rosebery begged to offer not exclude from theirs, notwithstanding all his sentiments to their Lordships, more that had fallen from the Noble Earl on the from a wish to satisfy his own conscience cross-bench, (the Earl of Lauderdale ;) he than from any presumptuous supposition meant the probability, should the bill pass that it would be in his power to influence their Lordships, that it would be rejected in them in their decision on the grave and the other House of Parliament. l'his was important question before them. Feeling, a probability that, in his opinion, ought to however, as he did, the great impropriety be gravely weighed. He was the last man and evil of passing the present Bill, he who would wish their Lordships to be influwas certainly desirous of occupying a few enced by any expression of feeling out of minutes of their Lordships' time, with a that House, which assumed the shape of briet' declaration of his opinion. This, he popular clamour ; but while he disclaimed trusted, he might say, without arrogating all disposition to yield to any expression of