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that nature, he trusted their Lordships November 1817, and Majocchi two months would allow him to observe, that the deci. before that period ; and that all the proof ded sense of the most important and most in the case was confined to the time these inintelligent part of the community appeared dividuals were in the service of her Majesty. to be hostile to the Bill before their Lord, Ilear, hear.) From the time they left ships.-Under these circumstances, and the Queen not an atom of proof, not the with a view to the various considerations slightest imputation of improper conduct bearing upon the case, he implored their had been tendered against her Majesty.-Lordships to pause in their course. He (Cheers.) With respect to the tent scene, implored them to act according to the dic. so much relied upon by the advocates for tates of that benevolence which formed so the Bill, the Noble Lord contended that it valuable a feature of the English character. afforded no proof of guilt. All the circumIf there was any doubt in their minds as to stances appeared to him consistent with the the proof of the charges which had been pre- most perfect innocence of intention. Was ferred against lier Majesty--if there appeared it possible (he said) that two persons, who to be any deficiency in the evidence brought had been gratifying their passion all night, to their bar, he trusted that that considera- could not abstain from the same indulgence tion, coupled with the question as to the ex. in the day; and that so extraordinary was pediency of the proposed measure, would in- the appetite, that they could not help exduce them to abstain from passing a mea. hibiting before the whole crew? It would sure, the consequence of which would, in appear as if Noble Lords had thought it to his opinion, be of the most mischievous be her Majesty's practice to say, Now the kind; consequences that threatened with fit is upon us, let down the curtain, every destruction all our most venerable and sa. body knows what for. If adultery was to cred institutions. Such being his view of be carried on, why had not the part chosen the subject, he could not, with any satis. for the entertainment been below the deck, faction to himself, withhold it from their where no interruption could have taken Lordships, and he now, theretore, declared, place, and where the sailors could not have that whenever the question for the second had access, as they had at all times to the reading of the Bill should be put to their tent and other parts of the deck ? Now, Lordships by the Noble and Learned Lord when the situation of persons on board ship. on the Woolsack, he should feel it his duty was considered--a place where the most to say-Not Conteni.-( Hear.)

delicate female was obliged to resign all Lori Redesdule thought the proof was ideas of delicacy-where, as Sir W. Scott full, complete, and absolute; and could said, all persons, male and female, were not conceive how there could be a doubt on cooped up into miserable intimacy, and the subject in the mind of any reasonable where every word and action were known man.

to all on board--to suppose that a guilty Nov. 3.-Earl Grosvenor warmly and de- intercourse had taken place under such circidedly opposed the Bill of Pains and Pe. cumstances was too much to give a ver. nalties; and declared that the evidence, in dict to that effect (said his Lordship) was his opinion, entirely failed to support the against common sense !-(Hear, hear.) charges against the Queen. He said, in

The Earl of Liverpool followed, and the course of his speech, that he understood spoke in support of the Bill until the hour that when the Archbishop of Canterbury, of adjournment. at the commencement of this reign, car

Nov. 4.- The Earlof Liverpool resumried the Liturgy into the King's closet, it ed his comment upon the evidence, and was the King himself who struck out the after a long and elaborate review, came to name of the Queen.

the conclusion that the Queen was guilty. Earl Harewood declared that the evidence Lord Arden said, he felt it his duty to left doubts in his mind; and that, though oppose the second reading of the Bill, and he was not clearly convinced of the inno- thus do all in his power to spare the Crown cence of the Queen, he was clear as to the thc odium which such a measure would inexpediency of passing the Bill.

cast upon it. The Earl of Donoughmore spoke in fa

Lord Fulmouth declared his objection to vour of the Bill. He could not see how it the Divorce Clause, and he trusted it was possible to pronounce any other verdict would be removed in the Committee, than that of guilty of what had been prov. Otherwise he could not give his vote for the ed regarding the cohabitation for five weeks second reading. under the tent.

Lord Ilarrozeby said, although he had Earl Grey took a review of the evidence, concurred in bringing the Bill before the and argued strongly against the Bill. It House in its present shape, yet if any diswas not a little remarkable, he observed, cussion took place in the Committee as to that the principal witnesses in support of the propriety of omitting or retaining the the prosecution, Majocchi, De Mont, Sac. Divorce Clause, he should oppose it. chi, and, he might add, Rastelli, that they (Hear, hear.) were all four discarded servants of her Ma. Lord Ellenborough was decidedly oppojesty ; that three of them were dismissed in scd to the second reading ; to proceed fur.

3 N

VOL. VII,

ther with it he thought impolitic and life, and of great grossness and indecency inexpedient; yet it could not neces- in other respects. At the same time, he sarily be thought that all those who opposed could not forget that her conduct might the second reading were of opinion have been of a very different complexion, that the Queen was innocent.-( Hear, had she been placed in different circumhcar.) The course the debate has taken stances with reference to the Sovereign. imperatively called for some declaration of He could not forget the unfortunate situa. his opinion upon the point. “I cannot,” tion in which her Majesty was at a former said the Noble Lord, ** declare the Queen period placed in this country. It was not innocent; I am unwilling to think her probable that, under any circumstances, her guilty ; her guilt has been proved by the Majesty would remain in this country, evidence at the Bar."

where she could not expect to have very His Lordship then proceeded to contend agreeable or comfortable society; and there that a Bill of Pains and Penalties was im- fore the rejection of the Bill would not politic, and that the disgrace and degrada- operate injuriously in that respect. Being tion the Queen had entailed upon herself decidedly hostile to the measure, and being and her high station, might be adequately persuaded that it would be rejected in punished and recorded by an address re some stage or other, he thought the sooner presenting her conduct to the Crown. it was got rid of the better, and should

Lord Erskine resumed his speech against therefore vote against the second reading. the Bill; and contended that she credibility Lord Grantham, although he was not of the principal witnesses for the prosecu- convinced of the Queen's innocence, would tion had been destroyed. “I declare (said oppose the Bill. his Lordship) as my firm and unalterable The Earls of Blessington and Gosford opinion, that a cause of this nature, usher. also opposed it. ed in and pursued by witness after witness, The Duke of Atholl spoke in favour of perjured and exposed as in the instance the Bill. before us, could not be supported in any of The Duke of Somerset opposed it. our Courts of Justice. Were I Judge in Lord Grenville spoke at great length in such a cause, I would not advise a Jury to favour of the Bill.-In the view which he find a verdict against a defendant, and took of all the various parts of the case, he were I a Juryman, I would not follow such thought it his duty to vote for the second an advice."

reading of the Bill. In coming to this Lord De Dunstanville and Lord Man. conclusion, he did not exclude the expedinets spoke in favour of the Bill.

ency of the measure from his view, nor did The Duke of Newcastle said he had been he overlook the present alarning state of prevented by domestic business from being the country; but all the eloquent appeals present during the defence ; but he had which he had heard had not produced in read over the evidence, and his opinion was his mind the conviction that there would that the Queen was clearly, indisputably, be less public mischief occasioned that and incontestibly guilty, not only of the the public evil which was now hanging alleged adultery, but of conduct in other over the country was more likely to be a. respects disgraceful and degrading. verted by the sudden termination of the

The Marquis of Lansdowne argued with present proceedings, than by the second considerable warmth against the Bill

. With reading of this Bill. (Heur.) regard to the scenes on board the polacca, 'The Earl of Rosslyn argued against he could not help regretting, that her Ma- the Bill. At one time it was a Bill of Rejesty should have placed lierself in a situa- lief to the Sovereign, at another it was a tion in which, though in his mind there state proceeding, in which the State was was no sufficient proof of her guilt to au the prosecutor--that led him to consider thorize the passing of the present Bill, yet the character of the Queen as connected it was impossible for her Majesty to prove with the country. As Queen Consort she her innocence.

was entitled to certain privileges and to cerNov. 6.-The Marquis of Lansdowne tain protection, which it was the object of concluded his speech by stating that the re the Bill to withdraw from her—that was moval of the Divorce Clause would be an to be done at the instance of the State. aggravation of the penalties of the Bill on Now, he wished to know whether the her Majesty, instead of a mitigation. State was entitled to do that? What was

The Duke of Northumberland spoke in the conduct of the State towards her Mafavour of the Bill.

jesty ? Was she to be treated as the wife Lord Howard, Lord Enniskillen, Lord of the State ? If so, were they to forget Calthorpe, and the Marquis of Stafford, the acts of the State ?-the encouragement spoke severally against the Bill.

that had been given to the Queen by the Lord De Clifford was perfectly satisfied State ?-the Address of the House of Comfrom the evidence that her Majesty had mons to her Majesty, condemning the probeen guilty of an adulterous intercourse ceeding against her as derogatory to the with a person in the lowest condition of dignity of the Crown, and injurious to the

best interests of the nation ?-the offer of Melville, Curzon, Sidney, Falmouth, HereL. 50,000 a-year that had been made to ford. her Majesty at St Omer's, and a free Barons Somers, Rodney, Middleton, licence to go wherever she thought fit ; an Napier, Colville, Gray, Saltoun, Forbes, offer which came from persons at the head Prudhoe, Harris, Ross, Meldrum, Hill, of the State, from persons who had been in Combermere, Hopetoun, Gambier, Manpossession of all the facts against her ? ners, Ailsa, Lauderdale, Sheffield, Redes. Were those things to be forgotten? And dale, St Helen's, Northwick, Bolton, Elif acted upon, would they not operate as don, Bayning, Carrington, De Dunstanan entire bar to the course proposed ? ville, Broderick, Stewart of Garlies, Stuart Ministers had in their possession the of Castle Stuart, Douglas, Grenville, Suf. charges against the Queen. They had field, Montague, Gordon. the knowledge of the facts, and with that Archbishops of Canterbury and Tuam. knowledge they yet offered the Queen a Bishops of London, St Asaph, Worcessplendid income. She rejected that in- ter, St David's, Ely, Chester, Petercome, and they turned round to prosecute borough, Llandaff, Bristol, Cork and Ross. her, in order to preserve the honour of the Against the Bill. Dukes of Glocester, country. It was too monstrous, too insult- Somerset, Brandon, Argyll, Leinster, ing to the public understanding; if not Grafton, Portland, Devonshire, Bedford, felt in that House, it would most certainly Richmond, (St Albans absent.) be felt and understood by the people. The Marquisses Stafford and Lansdowne. great body of the people being, favourable Earls Delawarr, Ilchester, Darlington, to the Queen, feeling for her misfortunes, Egremont, Fitzwilliam, Stanhope, Cowmight be rendered desperate by the severi- per, Dartmouth, Oxford, Rosebery, Jer. ty of her treatment—desperate, too, against sey, Albemarle, Plymouth, Essex, 'l'hanet, the higher classes of society. He hoped Denbigh, Suffolk, Pembroke, Derby, Blesthat their Lordships would have the wisdom sington, Morley, Minto, Harewood, Grey, and the virtue to avoid so calamitous an Gosford, Romney, Rosslyn, Caledon, Enissue. If they should degrade the Queen niskillen, Farnham, Carrick, Carnarvon, by their judgment, they would make her Mansfield, Fortescue, Grosvenor, Hillsthe rallying point to the disaffected—they borough. would expose the country to danger--the Viscounts Granville, Anson, Duncan, Throne to degradation--they would risk Hood, Torrington, Bolingbroke. the character of that House, in times when Barons Ashburton, Bagot, Walsingham, it was so necessary that it should stand Dynevor, Foley, Hawke, Ducie, Holland, high in the opinion of the people.

Grantham, King, Belhaven, Darnley, Say A division now tuok place, when the and Sele, Howard, Zouch, Clinton, Dacré, Lord Chancellor declared the numbers to Audley, De Clifford, Breadalbane, Ersbe,

kine, Arden, Ellenborough, Alvanley, LofFor the Second Reading of the Bill... 123 tus, Fitzgibbon, Calthorpe, Dawnay, YarAgainst it............

95 borough, Dundas, Selsey, Mendip, Auck.

land, Gage, Fisherwick, Amherst, Kenyon, Majority in favour of Second Reading 28 Sherborne, Berwick. List of the Majority and Minority on the Archbishop of York. Second Reading of the Bill.

Nov. 7.- Lord Dacre presented the folFor the Bill. Dukes of York, Clarence, decision of their Lordships.

lowing Protest of her Majesty against the Beaufort, Rutland, Newcastle, Northumberland, Wellington, Atholl, Montrose. “ CAROLINE REGINA.

Marquisses Conyngham, Anglesca, Cam “ To the Lords Spiritual and Temporal, den, Northampton, Exeter, Headfort, in Parliament Assembled. Thomond, Cornwallis, Buckingham, Lo.

“ The Queen has learned the decision of thian, Queensberry; Winchester.

the Lords upon the Bill now before them. Earls Harcourt, Brooke and Warwick, In the face of Parliament, of her family, Portsmouth, Pomfret, Macclesfield, Ayles and of her country, she does solemnly proford, Balcarras, Home, Coventry, Roch

test against it. fort, Abingdon, Shaftesbury, Cardigan, 6 Those who avowed themselves her Winchelsea, Stamford, Bridgewater, Hunt.

prosecutors have presumed to sit in judge ingdon, Westmoreland, Harrowby, St

ment on the question between the Queen Germain's, Brownlow, Whitworth, Veru- and themselves. Peers have given their lam, Cathcart, Mulgrave, Lonsdale, Or- voices against her, who had heard the ford, Manvers, Rosse, Nelson, Powis, whole evidence for the charge, and abLimerick, Donoughinore, Belmore, Mayo, sented themselves during her defence. Longford, Mount Cashell, Kingston, Liver « Others have come to the discussion from pool, Digby, Mount Edgecumbe, Aber- the Secret Committee, with minds biassed gavenny, Aylesbury, Bathurst, Chatham.

by a mass of sianders, which her enemies Viscounts Exmouth, Lake, Sidmouth, have not dared to bring forward to the light.

11

PROTEST.

five years.

“ The Queen does not avail herself of ships farther upon it. But if I can show her right to appear before the committee, that the illustrious Lady, the subject of this for to her the details of the measure must bill, has been put away by her husband; be a matter of indifference; and, unless and also if I can show, from numerous the course of these unexampled proceedings texts of the Holy Scripture, a solemn deshould bring the bill before the other nunciation by the Lord himself, for such branch of the Legislature, she will make putting away,— shall show, my Lords, no reference whatever to the treatment what is in itself sufficient to make me vote experienced by her during the last twenty- against the divorce clause of the bill, which,

if not the immediate object, will in fact re“She now most deliberately, and before lease the King from his marriage contract, God, asserts. that she is wholly innocent of and leave him at liberty to marry again. the crime laid to her charge, and she awaits My Lords, it is in my opinion satisfactorily with unabated contidence the final result of proved, that this Lady was put away by this unparalleled investigation.

the letter of her husband, which has been (Signed) - CAROLINE REGINA." received by your Lordships during the preLord Lauderdale and several other Noble sent investigation. (Hear, hear.) For Lords objected to the receiving of the pro- the denunciation of the Lord for such test, considering it as a violent attack upon divorce I will refer your Lordships to the the character of the House; but after some second chapter of the book of Malachi; discussion, it was agreed to receive it and there, my Lords, it will be seen, that for record it upon the journals, as the address literally putting away, the face of the Lord of her Majesty, containing what she had was turned away from the people ; he refurther to say in her defence.

garded not their offerings. The halls of the The House then resolved into a commit- temples, even to the altars, were filled with tee on the bill, when a verbal alteration of lamentations of the women imploring Healittle consequence was made on the pream ven, and calling down vengeance on their ble, on the motion of Lord Liverpool. heads. The prophet establishes his charge

Lord Ellenlorough moved to omit the against them, by calling it a crying sin, words - Adulterous Intercourse," which and reminding them of the first institution was negatived.

of marriage :- " Take heed, said the God Lord Carnarron proposed to introduce of Israel, and let none deal treacherously a clause to the following effect :-“That, with the wife of his youth, for the Lord $ubsequent to her Majesty's return, she had hateth putting away."-had no wish to refused L. 50,000 a-year of the public mo be in attendance on this trial; I stand beney, which had been proffered to her as a fore your Lordships an unwilling judge in homage by both Houses of Parliament." this cause; and nothing but force, but the

The prcainble was then carried, and the heavy penalty by which you have compelHouse proceeded to discuss the divorce led me to come, could have induced me to clause, which, after a desultory debate, that attend this distressing investigation. My was continued next day, the 8th, was nega. Lords, I repeat that I have been brought tived by a division of 129 to 62. On this here by compulsion; for I have been obquestion all the Cabinet Ministers voted in liged to leave important duties, which no the minority : and those who were unfriend- man on earth but niyself could perform, ly to the bill voted for the clause, on the and which have now been suspended for ground that it would operate as a clog on the last three months on account of my the bill, and prevent its passing the House. absence. But having attended your Lord. The Bishops of Cork, Worcester, Glouces- ships' order, and having paid every attenter, Chester, Peterborough, St David's, tion to the evidence on both sides given at St Asaph, and Ely; and the Archbishops your Lordships' bar, and also to the stateof York and Tuam, voted for excluding ments of Counsel—both in support of the the divorce clause. The latter of these de- bill and for the defence of her Majesty, and livered his sentiments on the subject as to the eloquent speeches of the Noble follows:

Lords who have taken various views of the “ My Lords, It is with the utmost re- subject ;-having, I say, my Lords, heard luctance that I now present inyself to your all the evidence, and attended this proceed. Lordships, and should not do so had I not ing every day-nay, every hour--I might been so pointedly alluded to by the Noble almost say every minute since its commenceand Learned Lord who last addressed your ment, I voted for the second reading of the Lordships yesterday. So much has been bill; because there was no other measure said on the construction of the 32d verse before the House on which I could act, of the fifth chapter of the Gospel according that would show, I thought, a clear, satisto Saint Matthew, that although my mind factory, and irresistible case had been made has long been made up to vote against the out. To the divorce clause, however, of divorce clause of the present bill, from my this bill, I never can reconcile myself; and own view of the very verse that I have should it go through the Committee as part mentioned, I shall not trouble your Lord of the measure, 1 shall not vote for the

third reading of the bill. I would rather write out a petition to the House, claiming the Queen should remain Queen, notwith to be heard by Counsel against the passing of standing the charges which I think have the Bill, which was put into the hands of been proved against her, than that a bill Lord Dacre to present ; but the moment his for her degradation should pass with this Lordship rose with that view, the Earl of divorce clause."

Liverpool interrupted him, and addressed The Bishop of London said, that as to the House, stating, that, with a majority so any objection to the divorce clause of the small, and feeling how difficult it would be to bill, founded on the supposed conduct of impress conviction on the public mind, he the complaining party, he thought it quite should feel it his duty to propose that the inapplicable. A great constitutional prin- farther proceedings'on the Bill should be ciple was involved in the present case. The postponed until this day six months, which King “ could do no wrong ;" he could not was carried without a division. The Bill commit a folly, far less a crime; and, is therefore thrown out. His Lordship’s therefore, recrimination was out of the declaration was received with loud cheers question !-(Hear, hear.)

by the House. Nov. 9.-Lord King moved an amend. Their Lordships then adjourned till the ment, that there should be a clause intro: 23d instant. duced to the following effect, after the When the Queen was afterwards told by word “ abroad,"_" That certain English a number of Peers, and by her Counsel, that commissioners appointed at Milan, with an Ministers had withdrawn the Bill, her MaItalian Attorney, named Vilmacarti, had jesty almost fainted, and was obliged to be collected a mass of false and calumnious conveyedl into the open air. Shesaid nothing, witnesses, who had been produced, and had and it was recommended that she should given false testimony at their Lordships' be immediately conveyed to her carriage, bar for many weeks, whereby the dignity where a flood of tears soon came to her reof the Crown, the nation, and Parliament, lief. She was followed by an immense mul. had suffered great scandal and dishonour, titude, and cheered most enthusiastically. and that the House entreated that it should HOUSE OF COMMONS.-Oct. 17.-The be enacted that the persons who had acted House met agreeably to adjournment. Mr on the Milan commission should be ren Hume brought forward the subject relative dered for ever incapable of holding any to the seditious placards, and complained place or pension whatever.”

of the conduct of Sir R. Baker, in allow. The amendment was negatived. ing Mr Franklin, charged with fabricating

Lord Kenyon again moved an amend them, to go at large without bail, and movment, that the divorce clause should be ed that he should be examined at the bar wholly omitted, which was also negatived of the House. Lord Castlereagh opposed without a division.

the motion, but stated the facilities which Nov. 10.-On the question being put Government had afforded for apprehending that the bill be read a third timc, a short Mr Franklin on the Continent. After a discussion took place, when the House di- debate of some length the motion was withvided, and the numbers were,

drawn. A committee having been appointFor the Third Reading, · 108 ed to examine the Lords' journals, as to Against it,

99

the state of the proceedings on the Bill of

Pains and Penalties, they made their re. Majority, 9

port, when Lord Castlereagh moved an ad. When the deeision was announced to her journment to Thursday the 23d of NovemMajesty, who was in her private apartment ber, which, after a discussion, was ultiin the House, she ordered her Counsel to mately agreed to wilheat a division.

BRITISH CHRONICLE.

OCTOBER .

70 years of age, having a woodlen leg, and 2. CIRCUIT INTELLIGENCE.--Stir- leaning upon crutches. was charged with ling.–Thc Court was opened here by Lord celebrating clandestine marriages, and on Hermand. James M'Alpin, aged 19, was his own confession found guilty, and baplaced at the bar, charged with shooting at nished Scotland for life.-Graham, we un. A. Dunlop, Esq. of Clober, on the 24th of derstand, was a dissenting minister near June last, with intent to murder; and, af- Kilsyth. Mary Brock, a well looking ter a trial of some length, was dismissed young woman, pleaded guilty of conceal. from the bar by an unanimous verdict of ment of her pregnancy, and was sentenced Not Proven. John Gruham of Bannock to one year's imprisonment in the jail of burn, a miserable looking old man, about Stirling. Hugh M*Callum and Donald

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