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Queen remained in the drawing-room : 1 where were all the Princesses and youngest stood at the back of her chair, which hap. Princes, with their attendant ladies and pening to be one of my working, gave the gentlemen. We passed on to the bedQueen an opportunity of saying many flat- chamber, where the Queen stood in the tering and obliging things. The Duchess middle of the room, with Lady Weymouth Dowager of Portland brought her Majesty and Lady Charlotte Finch. (The King a dish of tea on a waiter, with biscuits, and the eldest Princes had walked out.) which was what she chose ; after she had When the Queen took her seat, and the drank her tea, she would not return the ladies their places, she ordered a chair to cup to the Duchess, but got up and would be set for me opposite to where she sat, carry it into the gallery herself, and was and asked me if I felt any wind from the much pleased to see with what elegance door or window ?-It was indeed a sultry every thing was prepared ; no servants but day. those out of livery made their appearance. * At eight the King, &c. came into the The gay and pleasant appearance they all room, with so much cheerfulness and good made, and the satisfaction all expressed, humour, that it was impossible to feel any rewarded the attention and politeness of painful restriction. It was the hour of the the Duchess of Portland, who is never so King and Queen and eleven of the Princes happy as when she gratifies those she and Princesses' walking on the terrace. esteems worthy of her attention and fa- They apologised for going, but said the

The young royals seemed quite crowd expected them ; but they left Lady happy, from the eldest to the youngest, Weymouth and the Bishop of Lichfield to and to inherit the gracious manners of their entertain us in their absence: we sat in parents. I cannot enter upon their parti, the bay-window, well pleased with our cular address to me, which not only did companions, and the brilliant show on the me honour, but showed their humane and terrace, on which we looked, the band of benevolent respect for old age.

music playing all the time under the win“ The King desired me to show the dow. When they returned we were sumQueen one of my books of plants : she moned into the next room to tea, and the seated herself in the gallery ; a table and Royals began a ball, and danced two counthe book laid before her.--I kept my dis- try dances, to the music of French horns, tance till she called me to ask some ques. bassoons, and hautboys, which were the tions about the mosaic paper work; and same that played on the terrace. The as I stood before her Majesty, the King set King came up to the Prince of Wales, and a chair behind me. I turned with some said he was sure, when he considered how confusion and hesitation, on receiving so great an effort it must be to play that kind great an honour, when the Queen said, of music so long a time together, that he

Mrs Delany, sit down, sit down : it is would not continue their dancing there, not every lady that has a chair brought her but that the Queen and the rest of the by a King ;' so I obeyed. Amongst many company were going to the Queen's house, gracious things, the Queen asked me why and they should renew their dancing there, I was not with the Duchess when she and have proper music. came; for I might be sure she would ask

“ I can say no more : I cannot describe for me?' I was flattered, though I knew the gay, the polished appearance of the to whom I was obliged for the distinction, Queen's house, furnished with English (and doubly flattered by thut.) I acknow. manufacture.—The Prince of Wales danledged it in as few words as possible, and ces a minuet better than any one I have said I was particularly happy at that time seen for many years ; but what would to pay my duty to her Majesty, as it gave please you more, could I do it justice, is me an opportunity of seeing so many of the good sense and engaging address of one the Royal Family, which age and obscu. and all.” pp. 210. rity had deprived me of.

i Oh but,' says her Majesty, ‘ you have not seen all my

We shall not spoil the impression children yet ;' upon which the King came these lovely scenes are fitted to make up and asked what we were talking about ? on every unsophisticated or not utterwhich was repeated, and the King replied ly abandoned heart by any remarks to the Queen, You may put Mrs Delany of ours, but shall proceed to enhance

of doing that, by naming the delight already imparted, by adday for her to drink tea at Windsor Castle.' ducing some additional proofs of the The Duchess of Portland was consulted, and the next day fixed upon, as the Ducha truly amiable character of the late

Queeni. ess had appointed the end of the week for going to Weymouth.

" And now, as I know you take plea“ We went at the hour appointed, seven sure in what gives me pleasure, and does o'elock, and were received in the lower pri. me honour, I must tell you of our ami. vate apartinent at the Castle: went through able, gracious Qucen's politeness, and I

Large room with great bay.windows, may presume to add, kindness to me. She

8

was told I had wished for a lock of her Queen, but the Duchess Dowager of Porthair; she sent me one with her own royal land ; she graciously made me sit down fingers : she hcard, (for she was not asked just before her, and a three hours' conver. for cither,) that I wished to have one of sation confirmed all I have already said." Mrs Port's boys in the Charter. house, and pp. 13~16. she gave her commands that one of my little nephews should be set down in her account of another visit which the

In a subsequent letter we have an list :

: you will easily believe I was anxions to make my proper acknowledgments, Queen, accompanied by the Princess and under some dilliculty how to do it, is Royal and the Princess Augusta, paid I am unable to pay my duty in the draw. to the Duchess Dowager of Portland, ing-room. Fortunately an agreeable op- to wish her joy on the marriage of portunity came in my way.

her grand-daughter. “ Last Saturday, the 11th of this month, 6 The Queen, &c. came about twelve about one o'clock, as I was sitting at work o'clock, and caught me at my spinning. at my paper mosaic, in my working dress, wheel, (the work I am now reduced to) and all my papers littered about me, the and made me spin on, and give her a les. Duchess Dowager of Portland very intent son afterwards; and, I must say, did it at another table, making a catalogue to a tolerably well for a Queen. She staid till huge folio of portrait prints, her Grace's three o'clock; and now I suppose our roggroom of the chambers announced the al visits are over for this year.” p. 18. Queen and Princess Royal, who were just driven into the court : 1 retired to change The Duchess and Mrs Delany met my dress, and wait for a summons, should the Royal party one morning at Garher Majesty send me her commands. The rat's Cross, near Bulstrode, to witness Duchess kept her station to receive her a stag hunt. The King came with a royal visitors, and I was soon sent for, message from the Queen to the Duwhich gave me the opportunity I so much chess of Portland, to say, “ Her Mac had wished, and my acknowledgments jesty would see her safe back to Bul. were most graciously accepted. The Queen strode, and breakfast with her Grace." staid till past three, and left us (though no strangers to her excellencies) in admiration 6 The Duchess of Portland returned of her good sense, affability blended with home, in order to be ready to receive the dignity, and her entertaining conversation. Qucen, who immediately followed before So much propriety, so excellent a heart, we could pull off our bonnets and cloaks such true religious principles, gave a lustre We received her Majesty and the Printo her royalty that crowns and sceptres cesses on the steps at the door. She is so cannot bestow. I tell you, my dear Ma- condescending and gracious, that she makes dam, these particulars, ihat you may par- every thing perfectly easy. We got home take of that admiration which I know your oa quarter before eleven o'clock; her Ma. good heart will feel and enjoy. At the jesty staid till two. In her return back to moment you are struck with her superi- Windsor, she met the chace, and was at ority, you love her as a friend which is the taking of the stag; they would not let very rarc: though I have long experienced the dogs kill him. that happy union, in the person for whose " On Wednesday the Duchess of Porto sake I have received so many honours. I land intended to go to return the Queen should make you an apology for saying so thanks for the honour she had done her; much of a Queen, &c. who prefer virtue we were to set out carly. I dressed my to rank; but here, I present you with head for the day before breakfast, when a both. But in the midst of my raptures, I letter arrived from Miss Hamilton, from have omitted the agreeable sequel ; which the Queen's Lodge, to me, with a message was, our going to the Queen's Lodge to from the King, to desire we would not inquire after her Majesty the day after she come till Thursday evening, eight o'clock, had been here; which we did after church.. as he could not be at home till then. Actime. Windsor is, but eight miles from cordingly we went; were there at the ap, hence : I set the Duchess of Portland down pointed hour. The King and Queen and at the Queen's Louge, and went on in her The Princesses received us in the drawingchaise to Mrs Walsingham, in the Castle, room, to which we went through the con a sincere admirer of Lady Drogheda, and cert-room, Princess Mary took me by the who desired me to convey her best com. left hand, Princess Sophia and the sweet pliments, which I put into your hands. I little Prince Octavius took me by the right had not been ten minutes there, when your hand, and led me after the Duchess of very ingenious and agrceable cousin, Miss Portland into the drawing-room. The King Hamilton, (to whom I am greatly obliged,) nodded and smiled upon my little con. came in all haste from the Queen, to bring ductors, and bid them lead me up to the me into her presence; a command I wil. Queen, who stood in the middle of the lingly obeyed. Nobody was with the When we were all seated, (for the

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Qucen is so gra cious she will always make of our royal visitors. In a few days after me sit down,) the Duchess of Portland our arrival here, the Duchess of Portland sat next to the Queen, and I sat next to and I were sitting in the long gallery, very Princess Royal. On the other side of me busy with our different employments, when, was a chair, and his Majesty did me the without any ceremony, his Majesty walked honour to sit by me. He went backwards up to our table, unperceived and unknown and forwards between that and the music- till he came quite up to us. You may be

He was so gracious as to have a lieve we were at first a little fluttered with good deal of conversation with me, parti. his royal presence; but his courteous and cularly about Handel's music; and order, affable manner soon made him a welcome ed those pieces to be played which lie found guest. He came to inform the Duchess of gave a preference to.

In the course of Portland of the Queen's perfect recovery the evening, the Queen changed places with after her lying-in, which made him doubly Princess Řoyal, saying, most graciously, welcome. she must have a little conversation with

“ Breakfast was called for, and, after a Mrs Delany, which lasted about half an

visit of two hours, the King left us. A. hour. She then got up, it being half an bout a week after this, the King and Queen hour after ten, and said she was afraid she

came together, only accompanied by Lady should keep the Duchess of Portland too Courtown. They breakfasted and stayed late, and made her courtesy, and we with much about the same time. The etiquette drew." pp. 21-24.

is, that the person on whom such an hoThe following passage exhibits the nour is conferred goes the next day to inRoyal pair in the familiar and endear- quire after their Majestics; but the Queen ing light of a well-bred and kind- waved that ceremony, and desired the hearted country gentleman and his Duchess not to come till she received a

summons, as they were going to St James's lady receiving a forenoon's visit from

for some days. Last Thursday, 2d of Oca neighbour with whom they lived on tober, a little before twelve o'clock, word terms of intimacy.

was brought that the Royal Family were « The Queen made a morning visit here coming up the Park; and, immediately about three weeks ago, and brought only after, two coaches-and-six, with the King Lady Dartrey with her. The Duchess on horseback, and a great retinúe, came up paid her duty in return, at the Queen's to the hall door. The company were, the Lodge, and I had the honour of accompany- King and Queen, Princess Royal, Princess ing her. The Queen was quite alone in Augusta, Princess Elizabeth, Princess her dressing-room ; her dress was simple Mary, and Princess Sophia,-a lovely and elegant, in a pale lilach satin. She group, all dressed in white muslin poloadded dignity to her dress by her most gra- noises, white chip hats with white feathers, cious manner of conversing. She was mak. except the Queen, who had on a black hat ing fringe in a frame, and did me the ho- and cloak ;-the King dressed in his Wind. nour to show me how to do it, and to say sor uniform of blue and gold; the Queen, she would send me such a frame as her attended by the Duchess of Ancaster, who own, as she thought it was a work that is mistress of the robes, and Laly Elizawould not try my eyes.

We were dis, beth Waldegrave, who attends the two eldmissed at three o'clock, and, as we were est Princesses, and Mrs Goldsworthy, who going to the chaise, we met, in the passage, is sub-governess to the three younger Printhe King and his greyhounds, just return cesses. The King had no attendants but the ed from coursing. He told the Duchess equerries, Major Digby and Major Price. that he could not part with her so; but we They were in the drawing-room before I must both make him a visit, and opened was sent for, where I found the King and the door for us to go with him into the Queen and Duchess of Portland seated at drawing-room. The Queen soon came to

a table in the middle of the room. The us, and invited us back to her apartment, King, wish his usual graciousness, came up as the warmer place, and we staid till four to me, and brought me forward, and I 'clock."

found the Queen very busy in showing a

very elegant machine to the Duchess of We have next an account of a visit Portland, which was a frame for weaving of the King by himself, and also of of fringe, of a new and most delicate strucanother accompanied by the Queen ture, and would take up as much paper as and most of his daughters, as well as has already been written upon to deseribe of the visit paid at Windsor in return, it minutely, yet it is of such simplicity as in both of which the Royal Family ap- to be very useful. You will easily imagine pear in a most advantageous point of the grateful feeling I had when the Queen view.

presunted it to me, to make up some knot

ted fringe which she saw me about. Tho " As I know you interest yourself in all king, ai the same time, said he must conthe honours I receive, I must now tell you tribute som thing to my work, and present

Pp. 26, 27.

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pp. 39, 40.

ed me with a gold knotting shuttle, of forwards between the rooms ; had a great most exquisite workmanship and taste; deal of conversation with the Duchess of and I am at this time, while I am dictating Portland,; and did me the honour of the letter, knotting white silk, to fringe the sharing in it some times. bag which is to contain it.

“ We had much talk, particularly a. « On the Monday after, we were ap- bout music; and his Majesty condescendpointed to go to the Lodge at Windsor, at ed to order those pieces of music to be two o'clock. We were first taken into the played that he called my favourites. The Duchess of Ancaster's dressing-room ; in Duchess of Portland sat on the Queen's a quarter of an hour after, to the King and right hand, and I on her left. Her Ma. Queeu in the drawing-room, who had no. jesty talked a great deal to me about books, body with them but Prince Alverstaden, especially about those on religion, and rethe Hanoverian minister, which gave ine commended to me an explanation the an opportunity of hearing the Queen speak four Evangelists, translated from the Ger. German ; and I may say, it was the first man. The next morning she sent me a time I had received pleasure from what I present of the work, in three volumes." did not understand ; but there was such a fuency and sweetness in her manner of speaking it, that it sounded as gentle as

The same letter informs us, that Italian.

their Majesties, having learned that " There were two chairs brought in for the 14th of May, old style, was Mrs the Duchess of Portland and myself to sit Delany's birth-day, they sent for her on, (by order of their Majesties,) which to Windsor. " It,” she remarks, were easier than those belonging to the “ does not become me to say the graroom.—We were seated near the door that cious, kind, and flattering manner opened into the concert-room. The King with which they received me. The directed them to play Handel and Gemini- Queen ordered Lady Weymouth to ani's music, which he was graciously pleas- tie about my neck a small medallion ed to say was to gratify me. These are flattering honours." I should not indulge of the King, set round with brilliants. so much upon this subject, but that I de. The resemblance, which is very great, pend upon your considering it proceeding and the gracious manner in which it more from gratitude than vanity. The was done, make it quite invaluable." three eldest Princesses came into the room The Duchess of Portland and her in about half an hour after we were seat- companion were invited to the Queen's ed. All the Royal Family were dressed in house to hear Mrs Siddons read “The a uniform for the demi-saison, of a violet- Provoked Husband." There were two blue armozine, gauze aprons, &c. &c.: rows of chairs for the company the the Queen had the addition of a great many length of the room. Their Majesties fine pearls. “ When the concert of music was over, the Princesses on each hand. The

sat in the middle of the first row, with the young Princess Amelia, nine weeks

the old, was sent for, and brought in by her row behind was appropriated nurse and attendants. The King took her ladies, and the space between that and in his arms, and presented her to the Du- the wall to the gentlemen who were chess of Portland and to me. Your affec- admitted. Mrs Siddons stood at a tionate heart would have been delighted desk, with candles before her, and with the royal domestic scene; an example was allowed three pauses of half an worthy of imitation by all ranks, and, in: hour each, when she retired into an deed, adding dignity to their high station,” adjoining room to refresh herself.

The letter giving an account of the The following extract is from a let, Duchess Dowager of Portland's death ter dated the 22d of June 1784. is dated 24th July 1785, and is writ

ten by a brother of Bishop Sandford ; 66 Now, according to my usual custom, and that of the 20th of the following Į must give you an account of my past life and actions, regarding royal favours.

September exhibits their Majesties soon as the bitterness of winter was over, I in such an amiable light, that we must received the King and Queen's commands give it entire. to attend the Duchess of Portland to the “ The hurry that I have been in since Queen's House, at eight o'clock in the my arrival at this place, has prevented the evening : there was no company there but intelligence that I am sure my dear friend the five Princesses and Lady Charlotte would like to receive, and, indeed, 1 hardFinch. There was a concert of music in ly know how to recollect the many honours the next room, wbich (the door being and kindnesses I hourly receive in my preopen) we heard in a very agreeable man- sent situation. On Saturday, the 3d of

The King walked backwards and this month, one of the Queen's messengers

pp. 30–35.

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came and brought me the following letter sible for me to do justice to her great con. from her Majesty, written with her own descension and tenderness, which were alhand :

most equal to what I had lost. She re“ • My dear Mrs Delany will be glad to peated, in the strongest terms, her wish, hear that I am charged by the King to and the King's, that I should be as easy kummon her to her new abode at Windsor and as happy as they could possibly make for Tuesday next, where she will find all me; that they waved all ceremony, and the most essential parts of the house ready, desired to come to me like friends. The excepting some little trifles, which it will Qucen delivered me a paper from the King, be better for Mrs Delany to direct herself which contained the first quarter of L. 300 in person, or by her little deputy, Miss per annum, which his Majesty allows me Port. I need not, I hope, add, that I shall out of his Privy Purse. Their Majesties be extremely glad and happy to see so have drank tea with me five times, and the amiable an inhabitant in this our sweet re Princesses three. They generally stay two treat ; and wish, very sincerely, that my hours, or longer. In short, I have either dear Mrs Delany may enjoy every blessing seen

or heard from them every day. I amongst us that her merits deserve. That have not yet been at the Queen's Lodge, we may long enjoy her amiable company, though they have expressed an impatience Amen! These are the true sentiments of for me to come; but I have still so sad a my dear Mrs Delany's very affectionate drawback upon my spirits, that I must Queen,

decline the honour till i am better able to 666 CHARLOTTE. enjoy it; as they have the goodness not "Queen's Lodge, Windsor, Sept. 3, 1785. to press me. Their visits here are paid in

“6 P.S. I must also beg that Mrs the most quiet private manner, like those Delany will choose her own time of coming, of the most conseling and interested as will best suit her own convenience.' friends ; so that I may truly say, they are 66 MY ANSWER.- It is impossible to

a royal cordial, and I see very few people express how I am overwhelmed with your besides. They are very condescending in Majesty's excess of goodness to me. I shall, their notice of my niece, and think her a with the warmest duty and most humble fine girl. She is delighted, as is very narespect, obey a command that bestows such tural, with all the joys of the place. I honour and happiness on your Majesty's have been three times at the King's private most dutiful and most obcdient humble chapel at early prayers, eight o'clock, servant, and subject,

where the Royal Family constantly attend ; is. MARY DELANY,'” and they walk home to breakfast afterwards, " I received the Queen's letter at din. whilst I am conveyed in a very elegant ner, and was obliged to answer it instantly, new chair home, which the King has made with my own hand, without seeing a letter me a present of for that purpose. I wrote. I thank God I had strength my health, it is surprisingly good, con. enough to obey the gracious summons on

sidering the sufferings of my agitated spi. the day appointed. I arrived here about rits ; and that I was hardly recovered, when eight o'clock in the evening, and found his I came, of a putrid sore throat and fever. Majesty in the house ready to receive me. How thankful ought I to be to Providence I threw myself at his feet, indeed unable for the wonderful blessings I have receive to utter a word; he raised and saluted me, ed! How ungrateful must I be, not to and said he meant not to stay longer than endeavour to resign those withdrawn from to desire I would order every thing that me as I ought to do! It is a cordial comcould make the house comfortable and fort to me to receive a good account from agreeable to me, and then retired. you of your health and prosperity, and the “ Truly I found nothing wanting, as it

rest of my dear friends who have so kindly is as pleasant and commodious as I could felt for me. I cannot dictate a word more, wish it to be, with a very pretty garden, but believe me, unalterably and affectionwhich joins to that of the Queen's Lodge. ately, yours, The next morning her Majesty sent one of

6 M. DELANY." her Ladies to know how I had rested, and We have next as fine a picture of how I was in health, and whether her com- domestic happiness as has been ever ing would not be troublesome ?. You may either imagined or realized ; and albe sure 1 accepted the honour, and she though we quoted this and several came about

two o'clock. I was lame, and others of these passages before, yet we could not go down, as I ought to have do not hesitate to present them again done, to the door; but her Majesty came up stairs, and I received her on my knees. to our readers in one view. Our meeting was mutually affecting; she “ I have,” says the good old lady, well knew the value of what I had lost, “ been several evenings at the Queen's and it was some time after we were seated, Lodge, with no other company but (for she always makes me sit down,) before their own most lovely family. They sit we could either of us speak. It is impos. round a large table, on which are books, VOL. VAI

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