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work, pencils, and paper. The Queen has and speak to every body of consequence as the goodness to make me sit down next to they pass ; indeed, it is a delightful sight her, and delights me with her conversa to see so much beauty, dignity, and contion, which is informing, elegant, and descension, united as they are in the Royal pleasing, beyond description, whilst the Family. I come home to breakfast geneyounger part of the family are drawing and rally about nine o'clock : if I and the weaworking, &c. &c. the beautiful babe, Prin- ther are well enough, I take the air for two cess Amelia, bearing her part in the enter. hours. The rest of the morning is devot. tainment; sometimes in one of her sisters' ed to business, and the company of my laps ; sometimes playing with the King on particular friends. I admit no formal vi. the carpet; which, altogether, exhibits sitors, as I really have not time or spirits such a delightful scene, as would require for it, and every body here is very civil and an Addison's pen, or a Vandyke's pencil, very considerate. My afternoons I keep to do justice to. In the next room is the entirely to myself, that I may have no in. band of music, who play from eight o'clock terruption whenever my royal neighbours till ten.

The King generally directs them condescend to visit me; their usual time what pieces of music to play, chiefly Han- of coming is between six and seven o'clock, del's. Here I must stop, and return to and generally stay till between eight and my own house. Mr Dewes, from Wells- nine. They always drink tea here, and my bourn, came here on the 25th of October : niece has the honour of dealing it about to on the 28th their Majesties, five Princesses, all the Royal Family, as they will not suffer and thc youngest Princes, came at seven me to do it, (though it is my place, the o'clock in the evening to drink tea with me. Queen always placing me upon the sofa by All the Princesses and Princes had a com- her, and the King when he sits down, merce table. Miss Emily Clayton, daugh- which is seldom, sits next the sofa. Inter to Lady Louisa Clayton, and Miss Port, deed, their visits are not limited to the afdid the honours of it. It gave me a pleas- ternoons, for their Majesties often call on ing opportunity of introducing Mr Dewes me in a morning, and take me as they find to their Majesties: the King took gracious me, not suffering any body to give me nonotice of hinı ; and having heard that his tice of their being come. Great as my awe youngest brother, Mr John Dewes, wished is, their Majesties have such sweetness of to take the name of Granville, said to Mr manners, that it takes off painful sensaDewes, that he desired he might, from that tions.” pp. 67–69. time, be called by that name, and gave or. ders that his sign manual should be pre

In the same letter we are told of pared for that purpose, which has accord. Miss Burney's introduction to the seringly been done." pp. 63, 64.

vice of the Queen. This celebrated

novelist was very amiable, as well as In another letter, Mrs Delany men, highly endowed. The Queen's dresstions some improvements which had er was obliged to go to the country in been made in her house at Windsor, search of health, and the author of under the auspices of the King, with Evelina, &c. became her successor, the view of rendering it more com and was chosen by the Queen without modious to her, and she proceeds to any particular recommendation from say

any body. The next extract cannot • Indeed, it is now a most complete, liar interest.

fail, we think, to be read with pecuelegant, comfortable dwelling; and I am hourly receiving marks of attention and " It is impossible for me to enumerate kindness that cannot be expressed. The the daily instances I receive from my royal constant course of my living at present, friends; who seem unwearied in the purfrom which I vary very little, is as follows: suit of making me as happy as they can. I seldom miss going to early prayers at the I am sure you must be very sensible how King's chapel, at eight o'clock, where I thankful I am to Providence for the late never fail of seeing their Majesties and all wonderful escape of his Majesty from the the Royal Family. The common way of stroke of assassination : indeed, the horror going up to the chapel is through the great that there was a possibility that such an entrance into the castle, which is a large attempt woald be made, shocked me so room with stone pillars, at the corner of much at first, that I could hardly enjoy the which is a narrow winding staircase, which blessing of such a preservation. The King leads to the chapel ; but their Majesties, would not suffer any body to inform the with their usual goodness and indulgence, Queen of that event, till he could show have ordered that I should be adinitted himself in person to her. He returned to through the great staircase, which is a very Windsor as soon as the Council was over. casy ascent.

When chapel is over, all the When his Majesty entered the Queen's congregation make a line in the great por- dressing-room, he found her with the two tico till their Majesties have passed ; for eldest Princesses; and entering, in an ani. hey always walk io chapel and back again, mated manner, said, “ Here I am, safe and

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well!' The Queen suspected from this say “ I began this on Saturday, but found ing, that some accident had happened, on myself not equal to finish it, but being which he informed her of the whole affair. better in the evening I went to the Lodge, The Queen stood struck and motionless for to Miss Burney's apartments ; but had not some time, till the Princesses burst into been there a quarter of an hour before the tears, in which she immediately found re- King walked into the room, took me by lief by joining with them. Joy soon suc the hand, anii said, " Come along, Mrs ceeded this agitation of mind, on the as. Delany,' and ledl. me into the Queen's surance that the person was insane that had apartment, and placed me in the chair althe boldness to make the attack, which lotted for me, next to her Majessy, (which, took off all aggravating suspicion ; and it however, I am indebted to my deafness has been the means of showing the whole for,) where I spent two hours, not know. kingdom, that the King has the hearts of ing which gave me most delight, the hara his subjects. I must tell you a particularmony of the music, or that of the amiable gracious attention to me on the occasion : society. The two Princes were there. Their Majesties sent immediately to my Yesterday was the Prince of Wales's birth. house to give orders I should not be told day, and it being Sunday, the entertain. of it till the next morning, for fear the agi- ment that was to be given was put off till tation should give me a bad night. Down Monday, which was yesterday, for here I ager Lady Spencer was in the house with was interrupted, and am now come to me, and went with me to early prayers, Tuesday the 14th. next morning, at eight o'clock ; and after

The entertainment at the Castle, yes. chapel was over she separated herself from terday, was very superb indeed : there were me, and had a long conference with the above a hundred people of the first rank, King and Queen, as they stopped to speak Ministers of State, and foreigners invited to her on our coming out of chapel. When to come to the Castle. At seven o'clock, we returned to breakfast, I taxed her with and after the Drawing room was over, and having robbed me of an opportunity of all compliments paid and received on the hearing what their Majesties said to her, day, the company were conducted into the by standing at such a distance. She told music-room, where there was a very finc me, it was a secret ; but she had now their concert, chiefly of Mr Handel's music, and permission to tell me what it was, and then most exquisitely performed. When that informed me of the whole affair.” pp. 74– was over, which was about twelve o'clock, 76.

there was a supper prepared in St George's

Hall, which, for magnificence, exceeded We learn, from a subsequent letter, every thing that had been done before. that their Majesties, while at Kew, The company were not all dispersed till distinguished the family of a Mr Smelt two o'clock ; and are invited again to the with the same familiar and unceremo same entertainment on Thursday, which is nious visits as they did that of their the Duke of York's birth-ray. The youngvenerable protegée,-a circumstance er part of the company are in hopes of a which shows that she was no solitary ball.” p. 93, 94. instance of their kindness and condes

We are sure the following instance scension, but that these, and many of the Queen's attention to Mrs Deother qualities equally amiable, be- lany in her sickness, if it may be palonged to their character. At Wind- ralleled cannot easily be surpassed. The sor, when the weather permittel, the most sensible and affectionate daughter evenings were devoted to the terrace. could not have conducted herselt toThe Queen, with much consideration, wards a beloved mother either with as well as goodness, commanded Mrs greater judgment or delicacy. The Delany to come to the Lodge when- letter containing this valuable anecever it suited her convenience. She dote was written by a Mr Preston. generally went at half-past seven to Miss Burney's apartment, and, when 66 One little anecdote of the Queen struck the Royal party came from the ter me, as a stronger instance of her real tenrace, one of the Princesses, generally der feeling towards our dear old friend, Princess Amelia, just four years old, than all her bounties or honours. As soon came into the room, took the old as the Duchess of Portland died, Mrs Delady by the hand, and led her into lany got into a chaise to go to her own

house; the Duke followed her, begging to the drawing-room, where a chair was set for her at the Queen's left hand. To know what she would accept of, that bethese interesting particulars succeeds lected a bird that the Duchess always fed

longed to his mother; Mrs Delany recol. a statement which exhibits our late and kept in her own room, desired to have venerable Sovereign in the character it, and felt towards it, as you must suppose. of a Christian, a King, and a Parent. In a few days she gnt a bed fever, and the


bird died ; but for some hours she was too worth with the highest rank and suill even to recollect her bird. The Queen preme authority, exemplified in the had one of the same sort which she valued long life of their late Majesties, the extremely, (a weaver bird ;), she took it happy means of deepening that love with her own hands, and while Mrs Dela. of home, encouraging the growth of ny slept, had the cage brought, and put those family affections, and preserve her own bird into it, charging every one not to let it go so near Mrs Delany, as that ing that attention to the ordinances she could perceive the change, till she was

and the duties of religion for which enough recovered to bear the loss of her our countrymen have been long confirst favourite. This requires no comment, spicuous ainong the nations. And as it speaks strongly for itself." p. 99, 100. while the example of domestic, social, We have just one extract more to from the throne, penetrated through

and religious duty, so long emanating give, and it, too, contains an instance all the ranks in society, till it shed its of the Queen's goodness of heart above all praise. This is told by Mrs De- kindly influence even upon the cotlany herself.

tages of the peasantry, we are sure

that the best way to secure and con“ The day before I intended to leave firm the effects it has wrought, is to Windsor, when Mary Anne and I were give as wide a circulation as possible set down to our little dinner, one simple to its written record. dish of vcal.collops, without any notice, the Queen walked into the dining-room, and said, I must not be angry with my servant, for she would come in, and that my dinner smelt so well, she would partake of

( Concluded from p. 222.) it with me. I was both delighted and con

LETTER XII. fused with the honour conferred upon me. Miss Port very readily resigned her place, DEAR Jand became our attendant. The Queen honoured my humble board, not only by

In my last letter I

Amsterdam, partaking of it, (which she did to make me

gave you some account

Wednesday, of the strange customs go on with my dinner,) but commended it 13th August. which a short excursion very much. Soon after the clock struck into North Holland enabled me to four, her Majesty said she would resign her place : for she came to see me on pur- remark; but these I must still follow pose to prevent my venturing out in the

out a little further. Finding the evening, lest I should catch cold before my that we had only seen a gardener


town (Broek) so completely deserted journey." p. 103, 104.

sing some shrubbery, and a woman This worthy lady, the object of so much royal favour, of which she has another, our party expressed to our

who ran hastily from one house to given so pleasing an account, died on

guide a strong wish to enter into some the 15th day of April 1788. She was

of the houses and converse with the buried in St James's Church, and a stone was erected to her memory, dertook to procure admission into

people. The guide immediately unwhich concludes with these words:

the house of the notary or lawyer of “ She was a lady of singular ingenuity the town, where, in courtesy to the and politeness, and of unaffected piety: Emperor Alexander, when he visite! These qualities had endeared her through 'Broek in 1814, he had been permitted life to many noble and excellent persons, to walk out at the sacred door of the and made the close of it illustrious, by pro- shut up room! We were received curing for her many signs of grace and fa

very kindly by the landlady, though vour from their Majesties.”

rather against the wishes of her auIn giving these large extracts from stere husband. Upon entering the this cpistolary correspondence, we sacred room, she opened a small foldconceive ourselves to have performed ing piece in each of the window shutan important duty to our readers. ters, which shewed a very commodiFrom the constitution of our nature, ous apartment, remarkable for its the contemplation of the beauty of cleanliness, and for the antique style virtue is fitted to afford us a very pure and description of the furniture. On and ennobling species of pleasure. Our each side stood an antique glass-case, proneness to imitate the manners and filled, and indeed overloaded, with actions of our superiors must have much curious and valuable Chinamade the union of so much private ware, with silver coffee, tea, and table

equipage. In particular, there was a ed for this present life, and are not massive fish-plate, with a golden bote only shut up from the world, but aptom, with a curious silver fish-slice parently from one another, and have and fork. Every other article in the always before them the emblem of room was rare or valuable ; the care some great change in the state of hupet, for example, was an Indian mat- man life, without, perhaps, deriving ting, formed of reeds of various co- much comfort from the reflection. lours. The landlady politely lifted Saardam is, if possible, a greater one corner of it, and exposed a beau- curiosity than Broek, even in regard tifully tessellated pavement of Dutch to the retirement of the better sort of tyle, coloured chocolate and buff. Two houses, their fantastic parterres decoor three of these tyles she also lifted, rated with shells, which are painted, when we saw that they lay upon a having also, in several instances, a bed of pure white Holland sand. gilded sphere, supported upon a These she assured us were all lifted, pedestal of shells, descriptive, perwiped, and laid down again every Sa- haps, of their taste for navigation turday when the room was cleaned and astronomy. Some of their houses out. The bed of this room was no are also surrounded with water, to less a matter of curiosity. The bed- which you approach by means of a clothes were folded up and laid aside, wooden draw-bridge. Here the Dutch while the pillows and bedding might painter is allowed to sport with his be said to be lying in state. They brush in the deepest tinges of the. appeared to be filled with the very rainbow, in which he is not confined finest down of the Eider duck, for the to house work, but even extends his smallest touch of the hand sunk as colours to the shells which decorate into a fluid substance; the striped their walls, and even to the boughs and tick in which the down was inclosed branches of their trees. But this is was of silk and cotton, or, perhaps, certainly a more interesting place than wholly of a silk stuff. These, again, Broek, from its being more a comwere covered with slips of fine lawn mercial town. cloth, edged all around with Brussels

It was in this village that Peter the lace. Having seen every thing wor- Great resided while in Holland, and thy of notice in this and the other learned to work as a carpenter; and rooms, we retired by a back-door the cottage is still shewn in which he which passes through the kitchen, lodged, with his table and chair, &c. where we found the landlord smok- Here an album is kept, where strangers ing his pipe; but he retreated hastily insert their names. Over the chimas we approached. This having ra- ney there is painted, on a piece of ther disconcerted us, we immediate- wood, ly took leave after returning our best

6 Neits is den grooten thanks to the landlady. They seem Man te klein ;" ed to have no chimney in the kitchen, but burned their turf upon the floor, which is in English, “ Nothing is for on which was laid a plate of cast-iron a great man too little.” This cotfor a hearth: this was polished as tage is extremely mean, and being alsmooth and bright as piece of sil- most wholly of wood, like the other ver.

houses in Saardam, it has gone much It was impossible to walk through into decay. When the Emperor Alexthis town without feelings of melan- ander was in Holland in 1814, he vi. choly; the whole place seemed as if sited this cottage: and since that a it had been dispossessed, and the small slip of marble has been sunk gloomy aspect of the shut up or sa into the mantel-piece, with an inscripcred chambers conveyed an idea of tion to this effect: “ Alexander, Emtheir society, which was quite unin- peror, to Peter the Great.” To this viting. Here we naturally observe enigma, if I may be allowed to use that man is a social being, and it is freedom with this royal inscription, certainly a mistaken view of his hap- an explanation has been attempted in piness in this life, to become morose Dutch upon another piece of marble ; and distant. Among a happy and but from the translation given us of cheerful people, the inhabitants of it, it seemed to be little more definite the village of Broek, from their man- than the inscription itself. ners and customs, seem to be ill suite We visited the church of Saardam,

which is a neat and commodious place much the most interesting day we had of worship; on the roof there is a very spent in Holland ; and I always look large stork's nest, which is not un- back to it with renewed pleasure, common on the churches of Holland, whether I contemplate the variety or and is very generally met with on the strangeness of the objects which atprincipal farm houses. But the most tracted our attention, or think of the surprising thing here is a painting, agreeable society or easy friendship which is stuck up over the altar-piece, either of my honourable friend to representing, if I recollect rightly, the whose party I belonged, or of the portly person of a priest, who has learned and facetious companion with been tossed in the air by a bull, in whom we had that day the pleasure the view of a crowd of spectators; but of being associated. Returning in the the female sexton of the church could evening to Amsterdam, we did not give no distinct or consistent account neglect a bumper in honour of the of the matter. From the top of the birth-day of the Prince Regent. steeple of this church the sight is the

I now sit down to

Thursday, most extraordinary that is to be met

write with in Holland, or, perhaps, any

you in good ear14th August.

nest about Amsterdam, where. Within the limited boun- where the whole party are again met, dary of the township of Saardam, we and this day has been appointed for were assured that there were not fewe seeing the sights of this moist and er than 400 windmills, some grinding languid capital. Our very worthy corn, others sawing timber, others and learned friend the Doctor had becrushing linseed, making paint, &c.; fore been in Amsterdam, and knowand not a few were pumping wa- ing something of the Dutch language, ter. As it blew a fresh breeze, the he laid out the route for the day. A greater part of them were in motion, coach with wheels was accordingly orwhich, to be sure, was a most sin- dered to attend immediately after gular spectacle. Conceive to yourself breakfast, when we set off with our the formidable appearance that the commissaire on the box, acting as die few windmills at Newcastle had which rector to the coachman. Our first you have seen : another may think of visit was to the Rasp-house, down their appearance at Liverpool :~these a narrow street in a very close and seemed nothing to me after seeing contined part of the city, where the Amsterdam, where the windmills are carriage was not a little hampered very numerous indeed ; but all these by the meeting with one of those most dwindled to nothing on ascending to extraordinary looking carriages withthe top of Saardam steeple, where out wheels, being simply the body of they looked like a mighty forest way a coach fixed to two pieces of wood, ing in the air ; and had Cervantes and drawn by one horse with hempen transported his hero to this field, he traces, without a pole or shafts of any might have been excused in mistaking kind, so that the horse has but an awks this for the field of Mars, peopled with ward command of the vehicle. To pregiants. It also might have been mis- vent the pieces of wood or sledge on taken for the land of the Naiads, as which it is placed from firing from the the whole country for many miles is friction of the causeway, a small barrel regularly divided into canals of water of water is employed to drop upon the and ridges of land, the water bearing wood by a suitable contrivance, as dethe proportion of fully one-third to scribed at Rotterdam. But more the dry land. These waters are se- generally from the moisture of the parated from the waters of the Zui, streets and the number of canals in derzee, which seem to be about four Amsterdam, the Jager or driver carfeet higher than the surface of the ries along with him a piece of large Saardam waters, and are secured by flat rope, which he occasionally dips means of a regulating lock, which is into the canals, and causes this sledge very handsomely built with brick, and carriage to pass over it, by which means coped with marble, the front work be- the timber is moistened and the fricing painted in deep red colour, agree. tion for a time destroyed. It has been ably to the Dutch taste. This visit said, that the Dutch long objected to to Broek and' Saardam occupied the wheel-carriages at Amsterdam, as the whole day from seven in the morning city is built wholly upon piles, but till five in the afternoon, and was by the truth is, that they are very averse

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