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bursts of agony which nature prompts as public events occupied most of the an unfortunate sufferer to vent when attention, and excited the interest he has no witnesses to his conduct- more than any other of the members which the dignity of his character of the ancient republics, that, theremight prevent him from giving way fore, such representations were, of all to, when he is under the observation others, most suited to the taste of a of a fellow-creature; not to mention Greek or a Roman audience.-But to these which constitute our modern us there is not, in any degree, an insoliloquies, and which form in Shake- discriminate satisfaction in those pubspeare, particularly, some of the finest lic changes of fortune; and our poets passages in the play, how many exhi- are obliged to take upon themselves a bitions of passion are there, likewise, much more difficult task, and to exin which two or three people only amine the appearances of passion in may be concerned, and which it would all its stages, as well in its first and be quite absurd to introduce to the most secret beginnings, as in the unobservation of a multitude of gaping restrained fury of its full-grown spectators ! Secreeý, indeed, of some strength. sort or other, is necessary for the full I cannot, then, at all subscribe to display of passion, and it is very the opinion that a chorus is by any seldom that persons of any dig- means a part of the drama which nity of character allow the intemper. ought, on all, or on most occasions, to ance of their passions to be displayed be adopted. Whether or not, on some to the multitude. Were it not for occasions, in the case, for instance, this notorious fact in the human con- of public events, which we may nastitution, what need would there have turally suppose will call together many been for the Devil Asmodeus to have eager spectators to witness their cataspointed out to his disciple the retire- trophe, --whether something similar inent and secret actions of the citizens to the ancient chorus may not then of Madrid ? A dramatic poet should have a good effect, I will not positive perform, in fact, the part of this amus- ly determine. I am in doubts about ing lame devil, and we scarcely thank the musical part, and am afraid the him for the view of those representa- odes of the chorus are at all times untions, which pass in broad day, and natural, (there may, however, even before all the world.

here, be exceptions,) but that a set of The ancient poets, it is true, ma- spectators interested in the events naged their department with great may be supposed to look eagerly on, skill, and though the range of their sometimes bear a part in the representations was, from the reasons dialogue--and when the principal just stated, more limited than with characters withdraw, make natural reus, yet they made the most of the nare marks on what they have seen and row bounds within which they were what they expect; that some such confined. Although the scenes of dis- plan as this might occasionally be attress and passion which they exhibit- tended with a happy effect, I am raed were necessarily of a public nature, ther inclined to believe. We should, yet they always laid hold of those perhaps, feel ourselves interested in a fables into which some sudden and more lively way in the fortunes of the unexpected change of fortune was in- principal characters, if we saw men troduced, so that the leading person, who were little more connected with ages of the poem were taken at un- them than ourselves, yet appearing to awares, and off their guard, and might feel a lively interest in them, and exthus, without any violation of pro- pressing, in an apposite manner, what priety, be supposed to express them- may naturally be the feelings of our selves, even in public, with great de- own hearts. And if the unities be's monstrations of passion and emotion. matter of such importance, they might But even thus, the passions they pro- be preserved still

, on some occasions, duced were all brought forward at the by this method. same point of excitation ; and except But they appear to me to be cirin that high key, when it is not in cumstances of very little moment. I human nature to resist the display of will not argue against them, by saying them, it was not in the power of an that, in fact, the deception of the ancient dramatist to present them to theatre is very incomplete, and lays his audience. I have no doubt that, but a very feeble hold upon the mind.


It will still be maintained, that it is

MR BOWDICH'S REPLY TO THE QUARthe intention of the dramatist to render it as complete as he can.-I will

A FRIEND of Mr Bowdich, the rather say, on the other side, that it African traveller, having requestis a kind of deception into which, at all our attention to a pamphlet unonce, we are disposed to enter, and der this title, which has been latewith very little preparation on the ly printed in Lithography, and circupart of the poet, to give into with all lated at Paris, we have been much inour soul and interest. All we look terested by some parts of it, which we for in the poet, is a picture of nature shall take the liberty of laying before when he presents any thing to us at our readers. Unwilling as we are all;—he may break off the represen- to enter, ourselves, on a controversy tation as often as he finds it conve with any of our contemporaries, yet nient. I think it was the common when a man of merit appears to be usage in the ancient theatres to have wronged by any one of them, we are two or three plays performed in suc. ready to assist in procuring him a fair cession. Here was an evident proof hearing. that the audience could very speedily In the present case, this seems the restore their interest, not merely to

more necessary, as the general intellithe continuation of the same fiction, gence and information displayed in but to an entire new series of events. the Quarterly Review, in regard to Every act in a modern play ought to voyages and travels, have rendered it be looked upon in the light of a little with many persons an authority aldrama in itself-an incomplete one

most without appeal in regard to the to be sure—but yet such a series of characters of travellers. events as it is very natural to think

The Quarterly Reviewers, it will might be subjected to our observation, be remembered, at one time entertainwithout our being witness either to ed a very good opinion of Mr Bowany thing which preceded or was to dich, as the following sentences from follow. Is it not, indeed, the com- their account of the Congo expedimon case in real life, of which the tion (in their Number for June 1818) drama is supposed to be a copy, that will shew : we are spectators only of some detached part of a series of events, and from the Governor of Cape Coast Castle

“ In the course of last year, a mission that it is a mere chance that we shall

was sent to Zey Tootoo Quamina, King of ever be acquainted either with the Ashantee, consisting of Mr Bowdich, Mr causes of what we see, or shall have Hutchison, and Mr Tedlie. For some any opportunity of witnessing the time after their arrival in the capital, they consequences ? Every act of a drama, were kept in close confinement, owing to then, is itself a picture of as much of the jealousy instilled into the King's mind real life as we have generally any op- by some Moorish merchants, assisted by the portunity of witnessing in the course intrigues of the notorious Daendels, once of any one train of events,—and no the servile tool of Buonaparte, and now the thing is more natural, therefore, than representative of his Netherlandish Majesto find the whole scene vanish just ty on this part of the coast of Africa. Their when we are getting most warmly in- good conduct, however, enabled them to

overcome all difficulties; and the King was terested in its progress.

It is a natu

so well satisfied of the sincerity of tlieir ral disappointment, and we can easily views and declarations, that he concluded a acquiesce in the common accidents of treaty with them, and consented to send his humanity. We are delighted, how- children to be educated at Cape Coast Casever, when it is again presented to tle. us,—and the greater our interest was,

“ Mr Bowdich has been indefatigable in and the more our uneasiness from sus his endeavours to procure information repense—the more satisfaction do we specting Asilantee and the countries beyond feel when the whole interesting pic

it."- Quar. Rev. June 1818. ture is renewed. So that, according

Mr Bowdich adds, in the paper beto the modern method, while nothing fore us, “Mr Murray told me, at the takes place that is not quite natural, moment of the publication of my an additional source of enjoyment work, that the two principal contrilikewise is afforded us.

butors to the Quarterly Review (men

THESPIS. tioning their names) had declared to (To be continued.)

him, that nothing could be more in

3 v


structive or interesting; and that it quarters, with the brevet rank of captain appeared to them as if they had known in Africa, and manager of expeditions for nothing of Africa before.

discoveries in the interior, with liberty to Whether in consequence, as Mr' publish annual reports of all enterprises. Bowdich asserts, of an unlucky quar

This the Committee did not think fit to rel with Mr Murray the bookseller, comply with; but told him that L. 1000 or of some other unexplained cause, missions of discovery, and that he might

year * would be set apart for the expences of it appears that these gentlemen soon

resume his situation, and take his chance began to see the matter in a different with the governor (his uncle) and council light.

as to his appointment to conduct these 'In the review of the mission to missions; this did not suit him, and Ashantee, the following sentence is hinc ira et lacrymæ! He sets off for Paris, passed on the conduct of Mr Bow- offers his services to the French Institute, dich and his two associates in Ashan- and hurls his vengeance, in the shape of a tee, who, it will be remembered, took vituperative pamphlet, at the head of the upon themselves to supersede their “African Committee,' giving vent to his

spleen against all their establishments. He superior officer Vr James:

asserts that the officers of the service have “ We incline to think that the annals of neither character nor ability, that the diplomacy do not furnish such an instance governors are mere shop-keepers, that the of contempt and disobedience to a superior English uniform is disgraced, the flag officer as is here impudently avowed, in the insulted, the forts impotent, and the offface of the world, by the leader himself.

cers in league with the natives of the Headed by Mr Bowdich, these gentlemen waterside to cheat those of the inland in had evidently formed a conspiracy to get trade.”_Quar. Rev. Vol. XXII. p. 299. rid of Mr James, well knowing that he had And not content with all this ebulliit not in his power to take any steps against tion of wrath, he attacks him again, them with his wretched guard of two bative soldiers. They presumed, no doubt, in a note to an article in a subsequent on the near relationship of Mr Bowdich Number. "M. Dupuis (the gentle(nephew, we believe) to the Governor-in- man appointed by Government as ReChief, and the event justified their confi. sident at Coomassie) has at length dence.”-Quar. Rev. Jan. 1820.

proceeded to Ashantee, to endeavour A high character of Mr James, to repair the mischief occasioned by written by Sir James Yeo, is then the thoughtless conduct of Mr Bowquoted; and it is observed of the dich and his young companions, and treaty which Mr Bowdich concluded by his famous treaty which was to last with the King of Ashantee, that the for ever.”Ih. Vol. XXIII. p. 244. two principal articles were, permis

These are hard words; and when sion for a British officer to reside con- it is remembered that they are apstantly at Coomassie, and the engage- plied to a young man, who has no ment of the two Kings to commit their other possession than his character, children to the care of the Governor- and who had risked his life, in cirin-Chief, for education, at Cape Coast cumstances of imminent danger, in Castle ;-—that“ Mr Hutchison, who the performance of what he conceived had beer. left behind as Resident at to be a public service to his country, Coomassie, finding his situation irk we think no one can approve of their some and useless, soon deemed it pru- being employed, unless the opinion, dent to withdraw; and the King's so contiently expressed, rests ou very children were never sent.”

firm grounds. But if the facts are After some farther ridicule of Mr correctly stated in the document conBowdich's political enterprises, and of tained in the paper before us, (and his literary efforts, the Reviewer pro- the responsibility, as to the correctness ceeds to his Geography, which he of these statements, rests of course characterizes as “ wholly contrary to with Mr Bowdich,) we must take the the laws of nature.” He then follows liberty of saying, that they appear to Mr Bowdich to England, and thence us to have been very incorrectly stated to France, with unrelenting animosie in the Quarterly Review. ty.

Mr Bowdich tells us, that he was « On his arrival in England he

himself anxious to reply to the Quar

expected immediately to be appointed to a situa- terly Review as soon as it appeared; tion on the coast of Africa of his own cary

but' he adds, “ The generous solicia ing out a salary of £500 a year, with the appointments of a member of council, com It should be mentioned that this is manding officer of the troops at head. only L. 600 Sterling money.

tude of a man venerated throughout “ Extract from the Governor's Dispatch. Europe, who condescended to profess " Mr James being ordered to return here himself my admirer, when even the as soon as possible, will

, deliver you his inQuarterly Review smiled on me in structions, and you will immediately on rethe first moments of my successful ceipt of this letter, take upon yourself the debut as an African traveller, and management of the mission. I have every who hastened to prove

himself my

reliance on your prudence and discretion, friend when it became the fashion to and still firmly hope, that the termination slander and persecute me, influenced of the embassy will be attended with suc

cess, and that the sanguine expectations my silence by the following note:”

which we have entertained as to the result « Je ne sais, mon cher Monsieur, si vos of it will not be disappointed. amis d'Angleterre vous ont donné un con

“ The king has received a very erroneseil bien utile en vous engageant à écrire ous impression of the affair of the Fantee contre le Quart. Review.

notes, which I regret to hear was the cause “ Je verrai avec plaisir citer mon nom of a serious disturbance. I am glad, howchaque fois que je puisse vous donner un ever, to find that by your prompt mode of temoignage public de mon estime et de l'in- conduct, you were in some measure able to terêt qu'inspire votre noble, et courageux repress the unfavourable bias it seems to devouement. J'ai retardè ma reponse : j'ai have occasioned. voulu consulter une personne qui vous est

“ T. E. Bowdich, Esq. Coomassie. sincerement attachée, et qui comme moi, craint que votre reponse pourroit vous ar Extract from the Governor's Letter reter dans la carriere utile que vous voulez accompanying the Dispatch. suivre. M. Cuvier pense, comme moi, que " The fate of the mission was suspendl'on ne gagne jamais rien contre les jour. ed by a thread ; your decisive manner of naux qui agissent comme les troupes re- acting has, I am happy to find, extricated glées, comme des armées permanentes. it from the danger with which it was threatNous desirons votre repos, et des succès, ened. The zealousness with which you Monsieur, qui doivent recompenser un si are actuated in this very interesting cause, genereux devouement, des etudes si labo. is highly gratifying to me, and I have every rieuses. Veuillez bien excuser ma fran- confidence that your exertions will be the chise et agréer l'expression de ma haute et

means of accomplishing every object of the affectueuse consideration.

mission to the utmost of our expectations, (Signed) 1 HUMBOLDT. and to the honour and credit of yourself. Paris, ce 5 Mai 1820.”—Reply, p. 3. The public letter will inform you of Mr

James's recal. It was the subsequent note to the

66 T. E. Bowdich, Esq. Article on the Course of the Niger, Therefore, which called forth the re

" Extract from the Letter of the Viccply; of which we propose to state

President of the Council. the leading points.

“ I feel the fullest conviction that the The first charge is, that Mr Bow- chief objects of the mission will now be efdich, trusting to the favour of his re- fected, and thet it will terminate in a manlation the Governor, formed a con

ner highly creditable to yourself, and adspiracy against his superior officer, Mr vantageous to the public. With sincere James, interfered unnecessarily in the wishes for your success and safe return, I conference at Coomassie, and occasion- am, &c. ed much mischief doing. Mr

“T. E. Bowdich, Esq. Bowdich enters into a long statement regarding the character of Mr Hope “ Dispatch of the Governor and Council of Smith, the Governor, and of Messrs Cupe Coust Castle to the African Com. Hutchison and Tedlie, his compa

mittce. nions, to shew how improbable it is

" We cannot conciude this paragraph that these gentlemen should have act- without noticing the distinguished manner ed the base parts here assigned to in which the negotiaticn with our new al. them. But what is more to the pur- Bowdich. By his talents, energy, perse

lies, the Ashantees, was conducted by Mr pose, he then refers tò public documents, which shew, that his conduct verance, and prudence, obstacles that seem

ed invincible have been surmounted, and at Coomassie was fully approved and whatever may be the extent of our future sanctioned, and that he was particu- intercourse with the interior, the foundalarly recommended to the African Com- tion must certainly be attributed to him : mittee on account of it, not only by the to recommend him to your notice, would Governor, but by the four other mem be a reflection on your judgment.--Afri. bers of the council.

cun Committee, pp. 12-14.

These documents, it must be ob- angry messages, ") yet it must be observed, were printed in the pamphlet served, first, that the responsibility, on the African Committee, which was in regard to it, does not strictly rest on in the hands of the Reviewer who ac Mr Bowdich, but on the Governor cused Mr Bowdich of conspiracy. Mr and Council of Cape Coast Castle, who Bowdich adds,

not only sanctioned and confirmed,

but highly applauded it; and, se“ To the good opinion of the Vice-Pre. condly, we must admit that there the sident of the Council, who wrote the letter following remarks of Mr Bowdich are above quoted, I had only a public claim, of some weight. and the Ex-Governor in Chief, then at Cape Coast, while he cherished the impres

- Recollect the Ashantee army was presion that my evidence on the Committee had pared to butcher the whole of the remainunjustly tended to his recal, conscientiously ing Pantees when I negotiated my fadeclared to my friends, that, if he had been

mous treaty,' as the geographer calls it; in command, instead of my relative, he recollect that the path was opened, and a would have given me the first vacant fort free trade instituted ; that Mr Hutchison for my conduct. The other two members

was left as resident ; that Mr Dupuis still of the Council, which unanimously resolve enjoys a salary as such ; and it must be al. ed on Mr James's recal from Coomassie, lowed that a little was done for humanity : and who signed the dispatch recommend and I will prove in a week or two, if I have ing me to the Committee, wcre known to

not proved it already, that something was be my encmics."-Reply, p.

done for history and solid geography."

Reply, p. 64. We formerly found fault with Mr tinues, “ for the mischiefs which might

is Was I to be answerable,” he conBowelich for “ crowing too much over

result from a system of government on the poor Mr James," when it was unne- part of the African Committee, which I cessary; but when his own character had exposed, and entreated my country to is called in question, he may be allow- reform for the sake of that unhappy coned to state, or that Mr James,” after tinent ? Was I to expect that no misun. his recall, was condemned unani- derstanding might arise from substituting mously by these five members of coun Mr Dupuis, a merchant and vice-consul of cil; that it was resolved unanimously,Mogadore, without doubt an honourable so the public document runs,

« that man, but a total stranger to the Ashantees Mr James was guilty of all that was

and the country, for Mr Hutchison, the laid to his charge;" and it was ad- favourite of the king, and an ornament to

the cause ?"-Reply, p. 66. ded, “ that, in consideration of his state of mind and body at the time, In regard to the return of Mr Hut, he be displaced from his seat in coun- chison from Coor.assie, it will be obcil 'for twelve months, retaining his served, that the Quarterly Review and government of Accra.”

Mr Bowdich are at issue, the former We do not consider it necessary to asserting ilyat Mr Hutchison, “ findenter farther into the character of Mring his situation irksome and useless, James, but we think it must be ad- soon deemed, it prudent to with mitted, as a sufficient answer to the draw;" whereas Mr Bowdich says, charge of contempt and disobedience that, “ after fulfilling the arduous towards a superior officer, that the duties of Resident, to the admiration colleagues in office of that superior of the Governor, industriously acquirofficer themselves, and the persons who had delegated him on the em * The cause of these appears from a letbassy, considered the offence as justi- ter from Cape Coast Castle, quoted in Mr fied by the circumstances of the case; Bowdich's Reply, to have been as follows: and disgraced him, and strongly re

" The bearer of it declared in the public commended the junior officers on ac

hall, that the King had sworn to attack and count of their respective conduct in destroy Cape Coast Town; that he had no that affair. And although it be true paluver with the inhabitants of the Castie, that the treaty with the King of ret

, if the Castle opened upon his troops, be, Ashantee, like many other treaties height of the walls. The King's plea is,

thie King, advised the Governor to add to the with more civilized monarchs,

has not

that the Cape Coast people industriously been productive of perpetual peace and circulated that the King of Buntookeo had amity, (which, however, so far as the been victorious. Such a report, to my English are concerned, seem to have knowledge, was in circulution."--Reply, only been interrupted by one or two p. 66.

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