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ing the languages, and accommodating so; an officer resident here is sufficient to himself to every thing, he was super- settle all differences, and we wish to proseded and thrown back from a situa tect him to evince our fidelity.' In contion of L. 400 a-year, to a writership sequence of this representation, the king of L. 160, and that to benefit a stran

was reluctantly compelled to give up the ger to the service, Mr Dupuis.” The point, and the result was communicated to following extract which he gives from

me through Apokoo, who gave me the Mr Hutchison's last Dispatches from good wishes, but the measure they had

strongest assurances of the king's and chiefs' Coomassie, seems sufficient to shew, chosen was necessary to ensure their safety that the former account of the matter from intrigues and misrepresentation ; addis incorrect; and, at the same time, ing, in confidence, that their interest obligexplains the circumstance of the young ed them to cheat the king a little, which negro Princes never having arrived at they could not do if any of his children or Cape Coast.

followers were educated by Englishmen, “ Coomassie, 3d Feb. 1818.

and their incomes would be seriously in“ S1R,—The public letter of the 9th jured in consequence,—that they nrust ult. arrived on the 29th, with the articles prevent it for the same reason that they for the king therein mentioned, for which would support the residency.' Such a re

sult naturally led me to inquire whether his majesty desires me to return his ackrowledgments, and also for the clothing from being the organ of the supreme coun.

or not I might be considered as an intruder given to his people, with which he is extremely pleased.

cil to his majesty, but the chiefs are not “ I beg leave to state, that the gold sent

more jealous of their own princes than they down by the king as a pledge for powder

are anxious for the maintaining of a residenand guns was against my opinion, givency in this place, from the circunstance of at the desire of the king in the first in

presents, pay, or articles of trade from

the British forts being divided amongst stance, and afterwards persisted in by the them, which otherwise is embezzled by the council

, from their anxiety to prove their inferior messengers sent down for such honour in public transactions, which made

purposes. the request be repeated. I trust this explanation will be satisfactory.

“ Your wish to obtain any information Your public letter of the 26th ult. was

respecting the books or papers of the Eu. delivered me by the messenger when the

ropeans drowned in the Quolla, so anxious. king had left town, the contents of which ly expressed, made me use every effort to

secure it as far as possible,,in consequence I therefore communicated to Agay, he as

of which I gave the Shereef Brahima a sured me that his majesty had given up all thoughts of further interference, and had

note to receive at Cape Coast Castle from instructed the messengers on their depar- value of the books or papers produced. A

L.20 to L. 40 Sterling, according to the ture for Cape Coast, to announce to Adoo Bradie, that all further conmunication with messenger was dispatched early in JanuaBrew the slave trader must cease, in con

ry, and the Shereef assures me, that on his sequence of my positive statement that the sultan will enable him to collect what other

return to Boussa, his influence with the governor in chief could not deign again to enter into an affair so often agitated.

things were obtained by the people, and “ His majesty has been anxious all along

forward them to Cape Coast Castle. that some of his family should receive in council to pledge thut I would myself

" I was flattered by the king urging me an English education, that they might return uguin as resident ; but as such an maintain their influence in the empire, as,

assurance ccuid not be given by me, I refrom the order of succession, they must fall into the second rank after his decease.

ferred his majesty to you on that point. Preparations were, accordingly, made for shall be actuated by the same principles

Should my services be again required, I some of the princes to be sent to head

which have always governed me in Ashan. quarters, when the aristocracy and great chiefs repairing in a body, represented to

tee ; whether or not they merit approbation

is not for me to judge. the king their unwillingness that any inpovation should take place respecting the annihilation of the slave trade is insepara

" I need not repeat to you, Sir, that the established customs of the nation.

6 We

ble from the maintenance and improvement are willing,' said A pokoo, who stood forth as their speaker, to prove to your majes

of our new connection.

“ I received three ounce of gold ty our devotion to your person, by receivsacred oath that we will perform all your farther present of three periguins † for the ing your foot on our necks, and taking the presents from the king at the Adai cus

toms, and yesterday, on taking leave, a commands. Our gold, our slaves, and our lives are yours, and are ready to be delivered up at your command : The English are our friends, and we wish them to continue

+ L. 30.

as

L. 12 currency.

expence of my journey. I have the ho- son, of his demands having been repour to be, &c. &c.

fused in consequence of the exposures “ WILLIAM HUTCHISON."

made in his previous work. “HowAfter this evidence of the footing ever my conscientions exposures may on which this gentleman was, as Re- have incensed the Committee, my sident at Coomassie, we cannot find conduct and services have been very fault with Mr Bowdich's assertion, differently viewed by others.” that “ the field for Mr Dupuis's ex We conceive it to be but justice to ertions was opened by the labours and Mr Bowdich to give in his own words sufferings of Tedlie, Hutchison, and his ideas of the best mode of acquir. himself, and that he had merely to ing both commercial advantage and follow in the track which they had scientific information in Africa, with beaten.” The Quarterly Review does the material parts of which, it will be not precisely inform us, nor have we observed, that the Quarterly Reviewbeen able to learn, what the mischief ers themselves“ most cordially conwas which this gentleman went to cur." Coomassie to repair ; but one thing is certain, that the establishment of the interior of Africa, and to tranquillize

“ To become intimately acquainted with the office of Resident at Coomassie, it, are the first great steps towards coniwhich he went to fill, and which the mercial intercourse and civilization. Governor and Council at Cape Coast “ To place residents in situations to meCastle (and the Quarterly Review ite diate between the great contending king. self, in its moments of good humour) doms, and to originate commerce, is not considered to be an object of great im- only the most humane, the most prudent, portance, and of very difficult attain, and the most economical, but the only le ment, was accomplished by the exer- gitimate method of acquiring political intions of Mr Bowdich and his friends. fluence and power. We do not intend to, trouble our

“ Assured that benevolence is associated readers with the differences between with commerce in the views of the British Mr Bowdich and the Reviewer in government in Africa, it is desirable for the

happiness of the natives as well as our own geography, understanding that Mr interests, that we should be the first to exBowdich is about to publish a small plore and attach the interior powers ; the volume on the geography of Africa, views of other European scttlers on the in which, of course, he will fight his coast, wņo would anticipate us, being more own battle. Neither shall we meddle selfish, or simply commercial. with the personal dispute between Mr “ The address of residents would daily Bowdich and the African Committee, extend and strengthen the British influon which the Quarterly Review has ence, induce and preserve peace, originate pronounced so summary a judgment; municate encouraging impressions of the

and nurse commercial intercourse, com. but it does appear to us rather unge- British character to the more distant king, nerous to give him no credit for pub- doms, introduce or improve the arts and lic motives, and to ascribe entirely to habits connected with civilization, and by malice and revenge, his conduct in example and temperate reasoning gradually laying before the world the proceed- superinduce a disposition more congenial ings of that Company, when it is re to humanity, if not to the true religion. membered, that the justice of his re Residents would also collect for geograpresentations is fully admitted by the phers and naturalists the rare desiderata Reviewer; and that, in consequence of and novelties unattainable by travellers en the exposures which he made, and in passant, and pave the way for missions to conformity with the suggestions he more distant countries ; by a chain of threw out, the whole system of the which, the Committee may not only reach, administration of that colony is about but establish themselves on the Niger.” – to be changed by the government it

African Committee, p. 18, 19. self, and, of course, with the full ap To this we will add what he says probation of the Quarterly Review. in the paper before us, of the possible That his publishing statements inju- improvement of the Negroes. rious to the African Committee, was

" It appears to me that there are excep not merely the consequence of the re

tions only to the general character of the infusal of his demands, is sufficiently habitants of this part of Africa, whose obvious from this, that he complains minds would afford fruits to cultivation, in his second work, (on the African and whose hearts are sensibly alive to vir. Committee,) and apparently with rea tue and benevolence; but I can assure the

world that these exceptions are by no means of view in my own country, and thus jus. so rare as is imagined, and, if ever the ho. rify the neglect of my own government.". nourable views, the generous wishes, of the Reply, p. 10, 11. British nation are realized, civilization will, I am sure, mature and create very many

Ilaving thus selected from the work more. Indeed, we are not sufficiently ac before us what appears to us to be a quainted with the negroes of the interior satisfactory refutation of the only seto decide upon their characters en masse." rious charges brought against Mr Bow-Reply, p. 72.

dich by the Quarterly Review, we As to the accusation of Mr Bowdich must add, that the manner in which having " offered bis services to the that gentleman conducts his defence French Institute,” the following states is by no means commendable. We ment in his Reply will show, that the conceive, indeed, that the vigorous very reverse is the fact.

and energetic character of mind which

fits a man for enterprises of difficulty “ As to the offers of my services to the and danger, is hardly compatible with French, Baron Humboldt, Baron Cuvier, the caution and circumspection which Sir Sidney Smith, Biot, and all my friends know and will attest, that such a thing was

are required in the management of a never even suggested ; although, as one of

literary controversy. Mr Bowdich, the Secretaries of State of my own country feeling strongly what we must confess observed, I should have been perfectly jus. appear to us unmerited wrongs, has tified if I had. Unhappily for Mr Mur. been led to use such rash and aburay's geographer, I have a voucher to shew sive language, as cannot but offend that overtures were made to me, and, as the taste of the cool and dispassionate the friends before mentioned can prove, reader; and seems to us to stand declined, from a feeling which they com- somewhat in need of the warning of mended ; although others, equally zealous Lord Byron, that there is one subfor my interest, called it a foolish enthusiasm. I hope the continued neglect of and none agreeable.” The best thing

ject, on which all men are fluent, my own government will not give me reason to think so too. This voucher is the

we can say in his defence is, that if note of M. Dupin, a gentleman whose ac

he had possessed that coolness of temcount of his mission to England has lately per which would have enabled him to come under the notice of the Quarterly manage this controversy with more Review, and who, fortunately for me, is a address and judgment, we should have public character well known in both coun had less hopes than we now have, of tries.

his ultimately silencing all his enemies “ Paris Mercredi, 17 Novembre 1819. by successful enterprises on a theatre

“ MONSIEUR, -Son Excellence le Mi. where he need not fear their compenistre de la Marine et des Colonlés, qui tition. We understand, that under désire beaucoup vous connaitré, vous prie the friendly direction of the most ilde venir demain matin, avec moi, déjeuner lustrious traveller of the present day, chez lui.

and of the most distinguished scien“ Si vous voulez avoir la complaisance

tific men of Paris, he has been indusde venir me prendre à 10 heures précises,

triously fitting himself for making j'aurai le plaisir de vous conduire. “ Veuillez croire à tout le désir que j'ai

more scientific observations on his de vous étre, à la fois utile et agréable.

next journey in Africa, than any other J'ai l'honneur de vous saluer,

traveller has yet made in that Conti(Signed) • Cu. Dupin. nent. We cannot suppose, that after 6 I did not know M. Dupin's person

he has acquired all this knowledge, even, before he visited me on the part of long denied him; and we rejoice to

an opportunity of applying it will be that I might have a carte blanche given me find that he has friends on whom the for my scientific expeditions, that I should public may depend for procuring him be attached to the Senegal establishment, such an opportunity. The two foland for the twelve months or the period lowing letters, from two of our most preceding my sailing, be adjoined to the celebrated naval heroes, may well conColonial Board. M. Biot, who conversed sole a man of his enterprising spirit, with M. Dupin on the subject in my be- for the ill humour of many critics. half, can and will attest, that, expressing my sense of the compliment, I urged my “I reckon on you, as I have ever since aversion to undertake any thing inconsist. the first notice of your penetration into the ent with my feelings as an Englishman, or interior, as an instrument under Providence which might place me in an invidious point for the introduction of civilization and hu

manity amongst the barbarians that now hitherto for the sake of those whom it is grope their way towards amelioration in my duty to support and protect, and I will those respects, and the abolition of human struggle still: no privation, no persecu. sacrifices,--a crying abomination, which tion, no suffering, can drive me to despair. ought alone to animate Europe to that end. There is but one in the bitter catalogue of I have worked towards these objects with the necessities of life that appals me that Granville Sharp, and men like him, since of suing jor favour, for the means of exist. the year

I first observed the necessity and ence, from those who have slandered and the facility in Morocco in 1788. In this insulted me. If, as an Englishman, I can view, in concert with Mr Wilberforce, I by any possibility be reduced to this, I induced the Sovereigns and principal per- may, perhaps, forget myself as a Christian. sons assembled at Vienna to form the in. To drive me from the determination of restitution of Knights Liberators, of which turning to Africa is impossible, for that they were pleased to make me president would be to desert the cause to which I As such, I hereby offer to admit you as a have pledged my life ; to seal the triumph member, though not a knight, but worthy of my enemies ; and I hope, I pray, that so to become. I should be glad to know the benevolent feelings of the present memthe day this week, after to-morrow, that bers of the British Government may not be you may be free, to dine with me, and meet afflicted by the recollection that they have Admiral Barré, a worthy philanthropic been persuaded to be unjust to me, when it man, and brave antagonist in the long war, is too late to take me by the hand and tell who enters into your philanthropic views, me so; when a family which depends on and with whom I wish to make you per

my exertions for support will reply, that sonally acquainted.--Your's truly,

I have fallen in the interior of Africa, the (Signed) "6W. SIDNEY SMITH.'” victim of disinterested zeal and unsupport""T. E. Bowdich, Esq.'

ed enterprise.' Reply, pp. 42, 43.

“ But this must not be my conclusion :

it would look like seeking that pity which “ I mentioned in my letter a few days regard as little better than insult; rather since, that I had enclosed Mr Bowdich's pa

let me recal my firmness, my pride, and pers to my brother, and to-day I have them my disdain, to tell my enemies to pursue returned by him, with the following re

their honourable course, if it pleases them; mark, to use his own words :- I have

to unite against an unpatronized individual read all Mr Bowdich's letters, and I think who never injured them. I can ask a faas I did; the subject is very interesting, vour of them when I cannot ask one of my and he has been very ill used, and that our

friends—it is, to attack me openly : I am affairs Africa are in very bad hands. I ready to reply.”Reply, pp. 108, 109. was present at a Trinity House dinner with Lord Liverpool, when he spoke of Mr Bowdich's work in the highest terms, as the most interesting he had ever read, and the most extraordinary. Mr Bowdich will REV. H. H. MILMAN. have a very difficult task to get heard as he ought to be ; but he will succeed at last, Men of mediocrity and self-coneither here or in France. Truth and rea ceit have been heard to complain, that son are his own.'

it had fallen to their lot to live at too " You will carry all this back to my late a period of time to attain eminent friend.-Believe me, dear Madam, &c. distinction either as philosophers or as

(Signed) 66 S. PELLEW. " Mrs Bowdich."-Reply, pp. 43, 44.

poets. Discoveries, say they, in any

of the sciences, are no longer to be It were almost an insult to our coun

expected; the walks of literature have try to apprehend, that one of whom been all pre-occupied; and both the such men think so highly, can be subjects and the imagery of poetry doomed to so melancholy a destiny, as

have been all appropriated. The inthat which the neglect of his former ference, which persons of this descrippatrons has led his imagination to pic- --wish their hearers to draw from this

tion--and they are a numerous race ture.

mode of talking is, that, had they lived “My country has abandoned its inte at an earlier period, they would have rest in my life, and it is now my own. obtained a conspicuous niche in the My feelings are altered by injury and ad- Temple of Fame, and been revered versity ; they are become more indepen. by successive generations of posterity dent, and are prouder. I have struggled for the splendour and utility of their

REMARKS ON THE FALL OF JERUSA

LEM: A DRAMATIC POEM. BY THE

* Lord Exmouth.

* London : John Murray, 1820.

coes,

mental achievements. The vast ac And barren salt be sown on yon proud city. cessions of knowledge which, of late As on our olive crowned hill we stand, years, have rewarded investigation Where Kedron at our feet its scanty waters and enterprise, and still more the Distils from stone to stone with gentle truly « beautiful and sublime” dis

motion,

As through a valley sacred to sweet peace, plays of original genius, which are

How boldly doth it front us! how majes. daily appearing to charm and trans

tically! port all who have imaginations to cap- Like a luxurious vineyard, the hill side tivate, and hearts to feel, ought for Is hung with marble fabrics, line o'er line, ever to shame such persons into si. Terrace o'er terrace, nearer still, and nearer lence, and lead them to estimate their To the blue heavens. Here bright and limited talents more justly, The sumptuous palaces, names of Davy, Scott, Byron, and with cool and verdant gardens interspers'd; other gifted individuals, will here oc- Here towers of war that frown in massy cur to the recollection of our readers strength. -persons who have commanded the While over all hangs the rich purple eve, admiration and the gratitude of their As conscious of its being her last farewell countrymen, for the noble use their of light and glory to that fated city. genius has enabled them to make even And, as our clouds of battle dust and smoke

Are melted into air, behold the Temple, of the objects with which we are most In undisturb'd and lone serenity, familiar and daily conversant-who Finding itself a solemn sanctuary have constructed for themselves mo

In the profound of heaven! It stands benuments of deathless fame from ma

fore us terials deemed by men of ordinary A mount of snow fretted with golden pinminds too worthless or insignificant

nacles ! once to draw their regard. And yet, The very sun, as though he worshipp'd when we see so much made of them, there, we are apt to wonder why they could Lingers upon the gilded cedar roofs ; be so long overlooked.

The same

And down the long and branching porti. praise, we think, is due to Mr Mil- On every flowery sculptur'd capital man, who has been fortunate not

Glitters the homage of his parting beams. merely in the choice of a consecrated, By Hercules ! the sight might almost win an unappropriated, and withal a well The offended majesty of Rome to mercy. known theme, but has been equally happy in the execution of his design. Numerous and great as are the rivals against the devoted city by an over

Titus, however, feels himself borne must cope in his way to distinction, ly imagined, and justifiable, both by must cope in his way to distinction powering impulse, which, though finewe hesitate not to affirm, that, in point

à reference to the tenets of Paganism, of elevation of sentiment, dignity of and the predictions concerning the language, developement of character, destruction of Jerusalem, ought, we and, above all, the energy of the ly, think, to have been less perceptible to rical strains with which the piece is himself, and the commander of the diversified, the author of The Fall Roman legions might have been perof Jerusalem” is fully entitled to take mitted to feel that he retained his free his station in the first rank of poetical

agency. The resolute obstinacy with eminence.

which the Jews withstood the authoThe opening of this drama is well fitted to command attention. ed sufficient to account for his deter

rity of Rome might have been deemAt the close of the day, Titus, with mination to devote them, with their his officers around him, stands upon capital city, to destruction. the Mount of Olives with Jerusalem full in his view, und directs Caius

The exquisite beauty of the next

scene must pleac our excuse for giving Placidus to advance the cagles even to the walls of that “ rebellious city.” Javan, a Christian, who had left the

so long an extract.—The speakers are The description of the city is given in city, and Miriam, daughter of Simon, the following splendid strains.

surnamed the Assassin, one of the Tit. It must be

chief leaders of the Jews. And yet it moves ine, Romans ! it confounds The Fountain of Siloe.-Night. The counsels of my firm philosophy,

JAVAN. Sweet fountain, once again. I That Ruin's merciless ploughshare must

visit thee! pass o'er,

And thou art flowing on, and freshening still

3 x

pp. 7, 8.

VOL. VII.

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