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beds, and who goes round amongst in the name of one individual, instead them in courses of religious visitation of their being let by threes and fours There was nothing of all this in the in the name of the head or represenexperiment; nor were the Christian tative of a family; for, in this latter philanthropists who did go forth upon case, they may pass from one member the population, so firmly embodied of it to another, and, perhaps, descend under one head, or so strictly and of- to its next and its succeeding generaficially, attached to one locality, as fair- tions. The object of this last reguly to represent the operation of a stat- lation is, to secure a more rapid and ed minister, and, where possible, a abundant falling in of extra-parochial residing eldership. Above all, in so vacancies, which should be rigidly and wide and dispersed a locality in ques- unviolably offered to parishioners from tion, it was not by the marvellous do- one year to another, as they occur. ings of one year, that a great or visi- Under such a constitution, there may, ble change in the habits of the people at the outset of every new church, be ought to have been expected." The but a small proportion of parishioners descent of more than half a century attending it; but, with the removal will not be so easily or so speedily re- or the dying off of extra-parochial covered. Such an achievement as hearers, there will be a certain numthis can never be done without la- ber of vacancies to dispose among bour, and without the perseverance of them annually. Meanwhile, the inmen, willing to plod and to pioneer terest of the minister, in his new patheir way through the difficulties of a rish, will be gradually extending, and, whole generation.
with very ordinary attention on his This inay serve to guide our anti- part, may so keep pace with the discipations respecting the probable ef- appearance and decay of the exotics fect of new churches, built in places among his congregation, as will enaof the most crowded and unprovided ble him to replace them by parish appopulation. A given territory ought, plicants; and thus in the process of by all means, to be assigned to each time, will a home be substituted in of them; and, in letting the seats, a the place of a mixed congregation. It preference should be held ont to the were laying an impossibility upon a residents upon that territory. But clergyman,
at once to call in from a We should not be sanguine in our yet unbroken field, fifteen hundred hopes, of the preference being, to any ready and willing attendants upon great extent, actually taken by them his ministrations. But this, without in the first instance ; and this, if the any colossal energy at all, he might cause be not adverted to or counted do at the rate of fifty in the year. So on, may, for a time, damp and dis- that though he begins himself with a courage the whole speculation. On mixed auditory made out of hearers our first entrance upon new ground, from all the parishes of the city, there we must consider that there is a mi- may be such a silent process of subnority alrealy in possession of sittings stitution going forward during the elsewhere, and that, nearly up to the course of his incumbency, as shall existing taste for church-going; and enable him to transmit to his succesthat there is a majority in whom that sor an almost entirely parochial contaste must be formed and inspired, gregation. ere the church can be recruited out This is the way, in fact, in which of their numbers. A congregation, all our existing congregations might out of these, may be looked for in be at length parochialised. It should time, as the fruit and the reward of be done by an enactment of gradual perseverance; but it cannot be looked operation. Were they now broken for iramediately. The best rule of up, for the purpose of being new-inoseat-letting, in these circumstances, delled, and that instantly on the local is , to hold out a preference, in the principle, there would be violence first instance, to the inhabitants of done to the feelings of many an indithe new parish, and then, in as far as vidual. But, what is more, it would that preference is not taken, to expose also be found, that, after the disperthe remaining seats to the applications sion of our mixed congregations, there of the general public. It is of im- 'would be a very inadequate number portance, however, that each of the of applicants in the poorer parishes extra-parochial sitiings should be let ready to take the places which had
thus been dispossessed. It is much occasional Sabbath evening with the better if the existing arrangement can people, without any week-day movebe righted without the soreness of any ment amongst them all. But is there forced or unnatural separations, and not a greater likelihood of success, in such a way as that no actual sitter when the same attempt is made by can, on his own account, personally one minister in his own parish, in complain of it. Though he retain his conjunction, perhaps, with an assistright of occupation till death, the sub- ant equally bound to its locality with stitution of a home for a foreign con- himself? And what the influence of gregation will yet go on, and as rapid- a few private philanthropists, going ly, perhaps, as the parochial demand forth on so wide and populous a disfor seats can be stimulated. So that trict as the one we are alluding to, the sure result will at length be arrive could not accomplish by a transient ed at, of the parish and congregation effort, may at length be accomplished being brought within the limits of by persevering and reiterated efforts one influence, and reduced to the siin- on the part of an official body, raised, plicity of one management.
perhaps, into existence for the very There is a philanthropy more san- object of calling out a parochial conguine than it is solid, which, impa- gregation, and animated with a sense tient of delay, would think an opera- of the importance of achieving it. tion so tardy as this unworthy of be- Even with all these advantages, the ing suggested, and refuse to wait for strenuousness of an encounter with it. But it is the property of sound previous and established habits will legislation to look to distant results as be felt, an encounter which will rewell as to near ones—to be satisfied quire to be as assiduously met by mowith impressing a sure movement, ral suasion through the week as by though it should be a slow one-nor preaching on the Sabbath. At the does the wisdom of man ever make a same time, it is a very great mistake higher exhibition, than when apart to think that any other peculiar power from the impulse of a result that is is necessary for such an operation, either speedy or splendid, she calmly than peculiar pains-taking. It is not institutes an arrangement, the coming with rare and extraordinary talent benefit of which will not be fully conferred upon a few, but with harealized till after the lapse of our ex- bits and principles which may be culisting generation.
tivated by all, that are linked our best But it is not enough that the de- securities for the reformation of the mand of each parish for seats should world. This is a work which will be stimulated up to the extent of its mainly be done with every-day instrupresent accommodation. The truth ments operating upon every-day mais, that all our large towns have so terials ; and more, too, by the multifar outgrown the church establish- plication of labourers, than by the inent, that, though each church were gigantic labour of a small number of crowded, and with local congregations individuals. The arrangement now too, and each meeting-house already suggested may exemplify this. Let in existence were also filled to an over a Sabbath evening sermon be preachflow, there would still be a fearful ed in the church of a city parish to 2 body of the people in the condition of parochial congregation, distinct from outcasts from the ordinances of Christ- the day-hearers altogether. Let a ianity. The mere erection of addi- moderate seat-rent be exacted, and a tional fabrics will do nothing to re- preference for these seats be held out medy this, without an operation on to those in the locality, who have sit, the people who should fill them. It tings no where else. Some care and must be adınitted, that the Calton ex some perseverence will be necessary periment looks rather discouraging. to ensure the success of such an enBut still we think that certain ad. terprise. But there is nothing imverse ingredients may be removed practicable about it, and no such imfrom it, and certain favourable ingre- pediments in the way of its execudients be substituted in its place. It tion, as to stamp upon it the least dewas really not to be expected that gree of a visionary character. There much could be done by an indefinite need be no additional labour to the number of ministers, who each had minister, who may, in fact, take full the transient intercourse of a rare and relief to himself from an assistant.
There may, at length, be no addi ver have attended church, to become tional expence to the city, seeing that the members either of a day or an out of the produce of the seat-rents all evening congregation. But the comthe charges of the evening arrange- pliance
which cannot be won in manment will in time be defrayed. There hood, for attendance on a church, we will even be no additional fabrics to win in boyhood, for attendance on a build, in the first instance, which the school; and, when the boy becomes a people are not yet in readiness to fill, man, a second effort is not necessary; were they erected in any sensible proš It were, in fact, a far more congenial portion to the existing deficiency. transition for him to pass from the Thus, by a very cheap and simple are evening school to the evening church, rangement, may the number of ec- than if he never had attended school clesiastical labourers be doubled in at all; and far more congenial for the every city of our land ; and, with the member of an evening to become the distinctness of the day and evening member of a day congregation, than congregations, the number of sitters if, brought up in the
utter want of belonging to the establishment at congregational habits, he never had length be doubled also. We are not attended either the one or the other. aware of a speedier method for re- Thus it is that the Sabbath-school claiming the outcasts and wanderers system, which many regret as a deof a city population to congregational viation from the regularities of an eshabits ; nor can we think how an ap- tablishment, is the very best expe« proximation equally rapid, and, at the dient for feeding an establishment, same time, equally practicable, can be and making it at length commensumade in towns to the parochial system. rate with the moral and spiritual nem It would instantly improve the condi- cessities of our population. It contion of the minister as to his relation- nects the susceptibility of youth with ship with the parish, who will gain a result, which, but for the possession more by it, in point of recognition, of an element so manageable, might within his own locality, in a single never be arrived at. It appears like month, than he could do by preach- the first and the firmest step to a great ing to a mixed congregatiori for a moral renovation in our land. And a whole lifetime. And it would gra- parochial system, which might never dually extend a taste and a demand have been reared in towns, out of such for the services of Christianity, a- stubborn materials as the depraved inong a people who had no taste and and inveterate habits of our older, is no demand for them before. It is al- thus likely to be formed and extended together a chimerical apprehension, out of the softer materials' of our that it may only change day-sitters younger generation. pp. 114—124. into evening-sitters, and cause those who have now a full participation of ordinances to be satisfied with less. It would change total non-attendants into attendants upon an evening service, who, at length, not satisfied with
MR EDITOR, their deficiency from others, would As I can have no doubt that the have a demand for more. Instead of readers of the Edinburgh Magazine diminishing the taste which now is, have sincerely deplored the permission it would create the taste which must allowed by the American Congress to still be called into existence. Instead import slaves into the new state of of superseding the use of new churches Missouri, it will, I think, give them for the people, it would prepare a peo- some consolation to hear that the ple for the new churches, and turn measure is equally deprecated by all out to be the most effectual nursery our Transatlantic brethren in the norof their future congregations,
thern states. In proof of this I will And here let it be remarked, how transcribe for insertion in your reeffectually it is that Sabbath-evening spectable publication, some particuschools subserve the prospective ar- lars respecting that lamentable transrangement which we are now contem- action communicated to me in a letter, plating. It requires a much harder dated April 20, and which are unquesstruggle than most are aware of to tionably authentic. The gentleman prevail on grown-up people, who ne- from whom I received them, and who
EXTENSION OF THE SLAVE TRADE
does me the favour to correspond with less heard of the most distressing fire ine occasionally, is a minister of high ever known in this country, which character at Dorchester in Massachu- extended its ravages in Savannah, the setts, and in their University of Cam- capital of Georgia. A tender feeling bridge. Adverting to the execrable traf- of compassion for the sufferers called fic in slaves, my friend thus expresses out very liberal contributions for their himself: "The whole subject has lately relief, particularly in the northern passed in review before our Congress, states. In the city of New York, and a long session has been occupied the sum of twelve thousand dollars in its discussion. This has been oc was immediately subscribed and forcasioned by an application for the ad- warded, with a request that such mission of the Missouri territory as people of colour as were sufferers one of the United States, with the pere might participate in the distribution. mission to hold sluves. It was gene- This gave umbrage to the city-counrally believed that Congress could not cil of Savannah, who sent back the grant such an indulgence; that it money to the donation-committee of would be a violation of the bill of New York, because they considered rights on which our constitution was it as encumbered with a condition founded, as well as of the principles with which they were unwilling to of justice and humanity, and repug- comply. How strange, how passing nant to the very spirit of liberty which strange, that the pride of domination is the pride and boast of a professed over a humbled 'race of dependents nation of freemen.
Both in the se- should so operate and prevail, as to nate and congress the question was produce the rejection of a charity in agitated in warm debate, and in some which benevolence, to say nothing of most impressive speeches. All that justice and humanity, had hoped that learning, humanity, a regard to sound they might share! How apparent is policy, and a respect to our free go- it, that the possession of slaves provernment could adduce in favour of duces a hardened, nay cruel, disposirestricting slavery in the State, ex- tion in the master, and renders the hibited with the most powerful and heart insensible to the obligations of impressive eloquence, failed, alas ! of humanity, and even to the claims of effecting their benevolent purpose. compassion and mercy !". Their pleadings fell upon deafened Surely, Mr Editor, it is not too ears, and moved not hearts indurated much to hope, that these real patriots by selfishness. The bill for the ad- und more enlightened disciples of Aim mission of the Missouri into the whose object it was to introduce uniUnion passed the House of Represen- versal righteousness, "peace on earth, tatives without the restrictive clause and good will towards men,” although prohibiting slavery, though only by a hitherto unsuccessful, will at length majority of four votes. Against the be enabled effectually to counteract restriction 90—for it 86—so that and suppress the narrow sordid spirit Missouri is permitted to become a of their more southern neighbours, slave-holding state !!” My friend and to convince them that their own goes on to say, “ It is impossible to happiness would eventually be not describe the feelings of surprise and less essentially promoted by the supregret which this decision has occa- pression of slavery, than that of those sioned in all the New England States. suffering wretched people who are at The friends of humanity and freedom present its more immediate victims. are palsied with the shock. Not only As I am not at liberty to give the will this be the means of continuing name of my informant, without his and extending the most disgraceful permission, I am constrained, although practice of keeping slaves, but of probably quite unknown to the geopening a new mart for the sale, and nerality of your readers, to sign my thus furnish slave-traders and kid- own. nappers with inducements to procure,
CATHARINE CAPPE. * per fas aut nefas,' new supplies by York, June 27, 1820. importation." He then mentions the following fact, almost surpassing • This lady is distinguished, both for belief: In connection with this the intellectual energies and warm benelamentable result is another most volence of her own character, and as being painful occurrence. You have doubt the widow of a pious and eminent dissent,
this would disappoint my cousin John,
-at least it would burden him with No. V.
a widow's jointure, (though, to be Ose evening lately, feeling myself sure, my life is as good as her's ;) and a little out of humour, I took my hat it would break the heart of Mrs and stick, and sallied forth to drink Macnaughton, my, spherical house
keeper ; and-truth must out at last tea with my old friend Miss FSome may imagine that I chose not myself; and, if ever I do such a fool
-Miss F~ is a year older than the fittest time for visiting ;. but I ish thing as to marry—but enough did not go for the purpose of indulg- of this; I must not be more egotic ing my splenetic inclinations against than necessary. I have not yet menevery one whom chance should throw tioned that there reside with my friend in my way,-(as some of my married
Miss F. acquaintance, who shall be nameless, lively chat I sometimes think contri
two fair nieces, whose never fail to do,)-but I went with butes as much to dissipate my ill-huthe honest intention of shaking off, as speedily as possible, my trouble- I was rather disappointed, on this oc
mours as the old stories of their aunt. some and unwelcome visitors, the blue devils.
casion, to find that the young ladies My acquaintance with Miss F
were dining from home, and their commenced in those happy days when places supplied by an old widow lady we figured away as votaries of Terpsi- the least, un jeu passée. My entrance
and her daughter, who was, to say chore,—1, arrayed in a scarlet coat, seemed to produce a more agreeable with my hair powdered, and tied in a bag; she, decked out with a yellow sensation here than it did at Mrs
's. Miss F- looked at Mrs damask, embroidered with blue and green tulips. We used to be partners
G-, and Mrs G
at her daugh
How in a sort of dance, where the different ter, as much as to say,
aprocouples, after having marched for a pos!" I did not participate in their short while side by side, separated, a-tête well enough now and then, I
pleasure; for, although I like a têteand filed off in opposite directions, and, after having promenaded the never like to play cavalier seul in a length of the room in solitary sadness, party of ladies, particularly when they were, at last, upon reaching the far
are-not very young. Joy is not alther end of it, again united. Some- ceeded slowly for a few minutes after
ways talkative; the conversation prowhat like this has been the through the world of Miss F_and my entrance; Miss F- arranged myself. We parted in the morning the folds of' her gown; and Miss
the tea-cups; Mrs G arranged of life, and towards evening we have
G again met, both in nearly the same of a fine new head of huir. At length
arranged the luxuriant curls circumstances in which we were at our separation. We have each expe
we thought of starting a discussion
about whether it would rain or not rienced the vicissitudes of fortune, we have had our allotted portion of joy
rain. After a tolerably long debate, and grief; but the storms of passion: tive, (Mrs G
we were about to decide in the negaand the gales of hope, are subsided ;
- having hinted somethe heavy clouds, and the cheerful thing about a walk to St Bernard's sunshine, have both passed away, and Well after tea,) when a heavy shower now, in the calm twilight, we each coming on, put an end to all argufeel ourselves alone. A friend to whom ment on the subject. When tea was I lately made this remark suggested,
finished, Miss F-, first informing
Miss G that, to remedy this solitariness, and
that I was very fond of complete the analogy of the dance, music, begged her to favour us with Miss F
a tune. A tune! I shuddered at the and I ought to take each other, for better and worse. But
I was in no humour for Dainty Davie,” or “ Duncan Da
vidson.' “Oh !” said Mrs Ging clergyman, several of whose posthutous works she has published, and has
“ what a pity your nieces are not at Lately added a very valuable memoir of home, they play so much better! him, from which we propose, hereafter, to However, I am sure Betsy will not present our readers with some instructive refuse to oblige Mr M-as well as extracts. - Edit.
She always plays when she