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He believed it would not be necessary to serving the period for observation or deinsert the word brothers in the bill, as the bate until the second reading. On this brother of a peer must be also the son of a occasion, however, he wished to say a few peer. (Lord Melville signified his dissent words. The Noble Lord then briefly al. from this. ) -As Scotch Peers could not be luded to the several clauses of the act in created, it followed that the brother would question, arguing that it was calculated not be the son of a peer. It could not be only to create war abroad, but dissensions otherwise, unless the deceased peer had at home. If he was able to shew that the succeeded collaterally. He was fully of marriages of the descendants of George II. opinion that peers should make out their had been unhappy, it would then become daim before they assumed the right of vot a question, whether some measure ought ing; but there was another class of claim- not to be adopted by which the inconants beside those to which the bill ap- veniences of the Royal Marriage Act plied. Against two claimants of this de- might be obviated. The Earl of LIVERscription (he alluded to the cases of Ruther. POOL had not any objection to the bill ford and another) the House had passed being brought in, but expressed his decida resolution, directing the clerk register noted intention to oppose it in its subsequent to receive their votes until they made out stages. The bill was then brought in and their claims. He should, perhaps, on a read a first time. future occasion, take upon himself to pro HOUSE OF COMMONS. June 1.-Lord pose a resolution that no person should CASTLEREAGH moved for leave to bring pote until they made good their titles. in a bill to continue the provisions of the Lord MELVILLE, in explanation, observ- Alien Act. The motion was strongly oped, that the clause in the bill excepted the posed by Sir R. Wilson, Mr Baring Wall, ans and grandsons of peers: but he still and Sir J. Mackintosh ; and defended by thought that brothers ought also to be ex. the Solicitor General. The motion was cepted, because it might happen, from col. agreed to by a majority of 86. His Lord. lateral succession, that the brother of a de- ship then moved for, and obtained leave to stased peer was not the son of a peer. bring in, a bill to continue the Act for preThe LORD CHANCELLOR approved of venting Naturalization by purchasing Stock the bill. The provision in the law re- in the Bank of Scotland. He stated that specting Irish Peers was extremely salutary, it was not intended that the bill should and be thought it might be extended to possess retrospective powers, but merely to the Scotch. An English Peer must have prevent similar rights being so acquired in & writ before he appears to take his seat in future. that House. It was also necessary to prove
June 2.-The LORD ADVOCATE ob. that he was the legitimate son of his father, tained leave to bring in a bill for the better to whom he succeeded ; and, in cases in regulation of the Court of Admiralty in which there could not be the slightest Scotland, and certain proceedings in the doubt, this proof often required some time. Court of Session. It might be worth their Lordships' while June 14.-The Budget.- The CHANto consider whether a similar proof ought CELLOR of the Exchequer brought fornot to be required of persons claiming to ward his plan for providing for the public vate at the elections of Scotch Peers. The service of the year. The sum required is Pearl of LAUDERDALE remarked, that L. 20,723,000, of which the sinking fund such proof was not necessary in Scotland, supplies 12 millions-a loan five millions, from the nature of the law respecting mare and the remainder is furnished by annual page, The Noble and Learned Lord, he be. taxes, and a grant on the produce of the lieved, knew very well by what simple pro- temporary Excise duties, continued since ceeding marriage was conducted in Scot- the war. The interest on the funded and land. The LORD CHANCELLOR was unfunded debt amounts to nearly fifty mil. aware thal there were many modes of con- lions per annum, which, with the current tracting marriage in Scotland. He had expences of the Government, amounting heard, he believed, three or four hundred to above 20 millions, makes a sum of 70 pays pointed out by Counsel at their millions. . Deduct the money annually paid Lordships' bar, who descanted on subjects to the Commissioners for the sinking fund, as learnedly as if they had three or four amounting to 17 millions, and the
remainbundred wives themselves. The bill was der, 53 millions, is nearly about the sum then real a second time. Lord HOLLAND which must be annually raised in order rose to bring in a bill to repeal an act of that our revenue shall meet our expendi. Parliament which passed in the 12th year ture—whatever we have above is the real of his late Majesty's reign, commonly call. sinking fund which we have to trust to for ed the Royal Marriage Act. According to the redemption of our debt. the courtesy of the House, a bill was al. The following recapitulation will persays allowed to be brought in, and to be haps more fully display the tinancial plan read a first time as a matter of course, re- of the Right Hon. Gendeman :
annual expence at L. 100,000. After some Granted for
Estimate for complimentary observations from Lord 1819.
1820. CASTLEREAGE, Sir J. MACKINTOSH, Mr L. 8,782,470 Army L. 9,422,000 WILBERFORCE, and other leading Mem. 6,436,781 Navy
6,686,700 bers, leave was given to bring in a bill in 1,191,000 Ordnance 1,204,600 fartherance of the Learned Gentleman's 2,078,197 Miscellaneous 2,100,000 benevolent views; with an understanding,
however, that it should be printed, and 18,488,448 Total Supplies 10,313,300 stand over till next session. 1,570,000 Int. on Exch. Bills 1,000,000 June 30.---Lord CASTLEREAGH then 430,000 Sink. Fund on do. 410,000 appeared at the bar, and delivered a mes.
sage from his Majesty to the following ef20,488,448
20,723,300 feet :-" G. R.- The King acquaints the 10,500,000 Red. of Unf, Debt 9,000,000 House of Commons, that part of the proL. 30,988,448
L. 29,723,300 visions formerly made for the different
branches of the Royal Family ceased on WAYS AND MEANS.
the death of his late Majesty; the King, Granted for
Estimates for therefore, now recommends to the House 1819.
1820. of Commons to adopt such measures as L. 3,000,000 Annual Malt L. 3,000,000 will enable him to make such provision for
3,500,000 Ex. Duties con. 2,500,000 his royal brothers and sisters as would 240,000 Lottery
240,000 make their incomes equal to what they 334,000 Old Stores 260,000 were during the lifetime of his late Ma
jesty.” On the motion of Lord CASTLE7,074,000
6,000,000 READH, it was ordered that his Majesty's 12,000,000 Loan
5,000,000 message should be taken into considera 12,000,000 Sink. Fund Loan 12,000,000 tion on Monday. Fund. Exch. Bills 7,000,000 July 5. Lord A. HAMILTON moved
the reduction of the present tax on malt in L.31,074,000
L. 30,000,000 Scotland, and to regulate the duty on the
principle of the act of 1789, which provid. UNFUNDED DEBT-1819.
ed, that only half the duty should be levied Exch. Bills, 59 Geo. III. c.4 L. 20,000,000 on Scots malt as was paid upon that article
-D0.59 Geo. IlI. c. 131 16,500,000 in England. The motion was supported Irish Treasury Bills
2,000,000 by Sir G. Clerk, Sir J. Marjoribanks, Mr Bills issued for Aid to Manu.
Kennedy, Mr Boswell, and Mr K. Dou. facturers, Fisheries, &c. 57
glas. The CHANCELLOR of the EXCHEGeo. III. c. 34
1,000,000 QUER opposed the motion, but proposed a
reduction of 6d. per bushel on bigg, which L. 39,500,000 he thought would be of the greatest advan
tage to small distillers. On a division, the UNFUNDED DEBT-1820. motion was lost by a majority of 10there Exchequer Bills
L. 29,000,000 being 43 for, and 53 against it. On FriIrish Treasury Bills
1,500,000 day evening the CHANCELLOR of the Ex
CHEQUER proposed a duty of 2s. a bushel
30,500,000 on malt intended to be brewed into beer in By Reduct. of Unfunded Debt 9,000,000 Scotland, and made from a particular spe
cies of grain ; also a duty of 2s. Gd. a L. 39,500,000 bushel on malt made from barley and cer
tain other kinds of grain : both resolutions June 17.-A discussion took place upon were agreed to. the third reading of the Mutiny Bill, when The House, in a Committee on the Scots Lord Nugent moved that the army should Fisheries Act, agreed to a resolution for be reduced from 92,586 to 77,224 effec- taking off the existing bounties on cod fish tive officers and men.
To this amendment imported into Scotland, and granting others Colonel DAVIES moved another, that, in- in lieu thereof. stead of 92,586 officers and men, 80,479 July 7.-Lord CASTLEREAGH stated, be inserted. The first amendment was ne. in answer to a motion of Mr Beaumont regatived by a large majority, and the second specting the Coronation, that it had been was disposed of in silence.
determined to postpone that ceremony for June 28.-Mr BROUGHAM brought for the present. The period to which it is ward his promised motion on the educa. postponed, or the motive for the postponetion of the poor, and detailed his plan at ment, his Lordship did not explain; but considerable length. He stated the expence he declared, that the delay was not in any of building schools and houses for the respect connected with the prosecutiop of teachers at about half a million, and the the charges against the Queen.
Sutherland, Moray Street, on the same 19.-High Court of Justiciary. The night; and being habit and repute thieves. Court met this day, and proceeded to the The prisoners pleaded Not Guilty. The trial of James M.Coul, alias Moffat, alias witnesses were then examined, when the Martin, alias Wilson, accused of theft, in Jury retired, and after a short consultation, so far as he, along with other persons, his returned with a verdict, finding the house. accomplices, did,
on the night of Saturday breaking in Gayfield Square proven against the 13th, or early in the morning of Sun- all the prisoners ; the second charge, of day the 14th of July, 1811, forcibly enter the robbery in Moray Street, proven against the office occupied by the Paisley Banking M'Bean, and not proven against Morrison ; Company in Glasgow, and break open the and the aggravation of habit and repute safe, and steal therefrom a number of bank thieves proven against the whole of the notes of different banks, amounting to the prisoners. They were then sentenced to be value of L. 19,753, 48. and about L.100 in transported for life. gold and silver. The prisoner pleaded Not 13. High TREASON. A special com. guilty. A great body of evidence of a cir- mission of Oyer and Terminer having been cumstantial nature was produced. Most appointed for the trial of all treasons, of the witnesses brought forward in the cic and misprisions of treason, committed in Fil action (see Vol. VI. p. 571) were Scotland, the commission was opened at again adduced to give evidence in this re- Stirling on the 230 June, by the Lord markable trial, particularly the smith that President of the Court of Session, the made the key, who was brought to Edin- Lord Justice Clerk, the Lord Chief Baron burgh in custody of two Bow Street officers. of the Excliequer, the Lord Chief Com. The Jury, after a short consultation, re- missioner of the Jury Court, and Lords farned a verdict, finding the libel proven, Hermand and Gillies, attended by Mr with the exception of the aggravation of Knapp, the Clerk of Arraigns, the Lord habit and repute a thief not proven. The Advocate, Mr Home Drummond, Serjeant Lord Justice Clerk then passed the awful Hullock, and a crowd of young Counsentence of the law upon the unhappy man, sel. The commission having been read, and which was, that he should be executed at some minor forms gone through, a Grand the usual place of execution on the 26th of Jury was sworn in. The Lord President July. The prisoner was very attentive to addressed them in a speech replete with the protracted proceedings, and preserved ability and eloquence, in the course of which his fortitude after the verdict had left no he gave a comprehensive view of the law of doubt of his melancholy fate. Public in- creason as established at the Union, and terest had been strongly excited by this enlarged on the advantages which the subtrial, and the avenues to the Court were ject in Scotland has now acquired in quescrowded at an early hour. The trial was tions with the Crown by the institution of not over till past one o'clock next morning the Grand Jury, and other forms formerly JULY.
unknown to us. His Lordship carefully 3. The High Court of Justiciary met avoided all allusion to the cases at issue, for the trial of John M'Callum, Daniel and to the particular circunıstances of the Cameron, and Alex. Robertsob, accused of country, and warned the Jury to retire unstealing a pocket-book, containing eighteen prejudiced by what they might have seen one pound or guinea notes, in the house of or heard out of doors, and find their bills Robert Halliday, innkeeper at Queensferry, solely according to the evidence. The on the 22d of September. Only Cameron Grand Jury then retired into an adjoining appeared, M'Callum and Robertson having room, followed by Lieutenants Hodgson absconded from their bail. Cameron and Davidson, and a number of other wit. pleaded Not Guilty, and sentence of out- nesses : and after sitting in deliberation lawry was pronounced against the others. for nearly three hours, returned into Court After an examination of witnesses, the with true bills for High Treason against Jury, without leaving the Court, found the following persons, being the Radicals the prisoner Guilty, and he was sentenced who were apprehended on Bonnymuir imto be transported for fourteen years. mediately after the action on the 5th of
Daniel Morrison, John Alexander, and April, with a detachment of the 10th Hus. Alex. M.Bean, all young lads, were next sars and Stirlingshire Yeomanry Cavalry :placed at the bar, accused of breaking in. J. Baird, weaver in Condorrat; T. M'Cul. to the house of Mr Wm. Smith, Gayfield loch, stocking-weaver in Glasgow ; A. Square, and stealing several hats and great- Hardie, weaver there ; J. Barr, weaver edats, on the 1st of April ; of stealing a in Condorrat ; W. Smith, weaver there; coat and waistcoat from the house of John B. Moir, labourer in Glasgow ; A. Mur
chie, blacksmith there ; A. Latimer, other. The failure of this negotiation was anwise Lettimer, weaver there ; A. Johnston, nounced to both Houses of Parliament on weaver there; A. White, bookbinder there; Monday the 19th June, and the correspond. D. Thomson, weaver, there ; J. Wright, ence laid before it. In this situation, after tailor there ; W. Clackson, alias Clarkson, some further delays, with the view still shoemaker there ; T. Pike, otherwise Pink, leaving matters open for private arrangemuslin-singer there ; R. Gray, weaver ment, Mr Wilberforce brought forward amothere ; J. Clelland, smith there; A. Hart, tion on the subject on Thursday night in cabinet-maker there ; T. M'Farlane, wea one of the fullest houses ever known, there ver at Condorrat.
being above 500 members present. Mr W. Next day true bills were found against after adverting to the difficulties, which, nine other persons, from different parts of from the papers on the table, appeared to the county of Stirling The prisoners on a have frustrated the object of the recent nesubsequent day were brought up, and ar. gotiation, said, he was happy to observe raigned, when they all pleaded Not Guilty, that in those papers no angry feeling was and their trials were appointed to take to be found; and in the same spirit he enplace on the 13th July, (this day.) treated the house not to consider itself as
The Commission afterwards proceeded divided into two parties, but as called on to to Glasgow, Dumbarton, Paisley, and act in concert, if possible, in order to bring Ayr. At Glasgow true bills were found about an accommodation, of which the diffiagainst James Wilson, Peter M'Intyre, culties, although great, did not appear to William Campbell, and George Allan--at him insuperable. The obstacle with regard Dumbarton, against Patrick M'Devitt, to her Majesty's reception at Foreign William Blair, Robert Munro, George Courts might, he conceived, be got over, Munro, Richard Thomson, and William by agreeing to give her an introduction as M.Phie--at Paisley against James Spiers Queen at the Court of such country as she and John lang-at Ayr against Andrew might choose for her residence. If this arWyllie, Thomas Mackay, John Dickie, rangement should prove satisfactory, he and Hugh Wallace. Besides these, true trusted that the difficulty resulting from the bills were found against a number of other omission of her name in the Liturgy individuals who have absconded. Those would not prove an insuperable bar to an in custody were subsequently brought up, accommodation. He concluded with mov. and all of them pleaded Not Guilty, and ing a resolution for an address to her Ma: particular days appointed for their trials, jesty, in the following terms :
" Resolved, That this House has learned, CHARGES AGAINST THE QUEEN. with unfeigned and deep regret, that the Our last Number contained an account of late endeavours to franie an arrangement the arriyal of her Majesty the Queen from which might avert the necessity of a pub. the Continent, and the proceedings which lic inquiry into the information laid before had been suggested in Parliament, in con the two Houses of Parliament, have not sequence of certain charges brought against led to that amicable adjustment of the her by his Majesty's Ministers; stating existing differences in the Royal Family, also the wishes that had been expressed by which was so anxiously desired by Parliacertain members of the House of Com- ment and the nation. inons, that the investigation of these charges “ That this House, fully sensible of the should not be persisted in while any hope objections which the Queen might justly remained of effecting a compromise between feel to taking upon herself the relinquishe the royal parties by negotiation. The feel. ment of any points in which she might ings excited by the consequent proceedings have conceived her own dignity and honour have been such as to render every other to be involved ; yet, feeling the inestimable subject of national policy uninteresting. importance of an amicable and final ad
The Queen having, as stated in our last, justinent of the present unhappy differenagreed to receive proposals from ministers, ces, cannot forbear declaring its opinion, a correspondence took place between her that when such large advances have been Majesty and the Earl of Liverpool, the re- made towards that object, her Majesty, by sult of which was, that two individuals on yielding to the earnest solicitude of the the part of ministers, namely the Duke of House of Commons, and forbearing to Wellington and Lord Castlereagh, were press further the adoption of those proposiappointed to meet with Mr Brougham and tions on which any material difference of opiMr Denman on the part of the Queen. The pion is yet remaining, would by no means parties accordingly held several conferences. be understood to indicate any wish to shrink It was demanded on the part of her Ma- from inquiry, but would only be deemed jesty, that her name should be restored to to afford a renewed proof of the desire the Liturgy, or that, as an equivalent, she which her Majesty has been graciously should be recognized as Queen at foreign pleased to express, to submit her own courts. This was refused on the part of Mi. wishes to the authority of Parliament ; nisters ; and here the conferences broke off thereby entitling herself to the grateful acs
knowledgments of the House of Commons, But however strongly. I may feel the ne-
murmur, to every act of the sovereign aus
for the original motion, 391, the Queen :against it, 124 ; majority 267. The fola “ The Queen having been informed, lowing Members were then nominated to that proceedings are about to be instituted lay the resolution before her Majesty, Mr against her by the House of Lords ; feels Wilberforce, Mr Stuart Wortley, Sir T. it necessary to approach their Lordships in Ackland, and Mr Bankés.
the character of a petitioner, being advised, The address was accordingly presented that, according to the forms of the House, by these gentlemen on Saturday; and the no other mode of communication is pera House having met the same evening, prin- mitted. cipally for the purpose of receiving her Ma “ The Queen is ready to meet any jesty's answer, it was brought up by Mr charge brought against her affecting her Wilberforce and read, in substance as fol. character and honour, and challenges a
complete investigation into her conduct, "I am bound to receive with gratitude, but protests against any secret inquiry, every attempt on the part of the House of and against that proceeding which their, Commons, to interpose its high media. Lordships adopted, contrary to all the tion, for the purpose of healing those un principles of the constitution ; but even of happy differences in the Royal Family, such an inquiry she solemnly declares she which rio person has so much reason to de- has nothing to apprehend, unless such in. plore as myfelf; and with perfect truth I vestigation took place before the arrival of can declare, that an entire reconcilement her witnesses, by whom she pledges her, of those differences, effected by the autho- self to expose the whole business. rity of Parliament, on principles consist " She anxiously desires that no delay ent with the honour and dignity of all whatever may take place of instituting the parties, is still the object dearest to my inquiry, and, as far as her Majesty is con
cerned, she wishes that it may be curried, * I cannot refrain from expressing my on imma liately; but the Queen cannot deep sense of the affectionate language of suppose that their Lordships will admit so these resolutions. It shews the House of gross an act of injustice, as an inquiry into Commons to be the faithful representative her conduct in the absence of herself and of that generous people, to whom I owe a her witnesses, who, for some weeks, would debt of gratitude that can never be repaid. be unable to reach this country. I am sensible too that I expose myself to
“ Her Majesty therefore prays, that be, the risk of displeasing those who may soon fore their Lordships institute farther probe the Judges of my conduct; but i trust ceedings, she may have the honour of beto their candour, and their sense of honour, ing heard by counsel this day at the bar of confident that they will enter into the feel their Lordships' House." ings which alone influenced my determi On the motion of Lord Dacre, Messrs
Brougham and Denman, her Majesty's * It would ill become me to question counsel, were then heard at the bar supthe power of parliament, or the mode in port of the petition. Mt Brougham asked, which it may at any time be exercised : in her Majesty's name, a delay of two