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engraver, Fawcett Street, entitled "A Scheme of the new town of Sunderland, beginning at the east end of the town, and continued to the Chapel Hill, taken, divided, and set out in twelve equal parts, each part containing four hundred and three square yards, besides the banks, which are also divided and set out, as agreed to by twelve gentlemen to whom the said town belongeth, with their names, and numbers of reference to each gentleman's parcel of town and banks, as fell to their lot . By William Lewin, 27th June, 1715." The "Chapel Hill," which probably derived its name from the Chantry of the Blessed Virgin Mary having been erected thereon, pointed out on this plan or " Scheme," is on the west side of the Pottery Bank (anciently called Sandy Well Bank), adjoining the extreme easterly end of the High Street, Sunderland.
Here it is necessary to digress, in order to give the origin of the so-called "new town of Sunderland."
NAMES OF THE TWELVE GENTLEMEN, WITH THE NUMBERS OF THEIR PARCELS OR ALLOTMENTS, OF THE NEW TOWN OF SUNDERLAND AND BANKS, FROM THE "SCHEME."—
PARCELS OR ALLOTMENTS.
In the New On the
Mr. Stephen Waite, coal fitter, and one of) N0 1 N 1
the first vestrymen of Sunderland church,] "" 0 Mr. William Shippardson * one of the
first vestrymen of Sunderland church.
• At a Bylaw of the freemen, held May 8, 1707, William Shippardson was elected, first a stallinger in the place of Richard Norton, deceased, and then a freeman in the place of William Dent, deceased. At a Court Baron held 10th May, PARCELS OR ALLOTMENTS.
In the New On the
Mr. Henry Holmes,* tobacco pipe maker,
Mr. John Huntley,! one of the first vestry-
1707, ho was admitted and sworn before R. R. [Ralph Robinson, senescal] who has endorsed the following sums upon the back of the document electing him a freeman:—3s. 4d., 3s. 4d., In. Od. [total] 7s. 8d.; 6s. 8d., 10«. 0d., 2s. Od. [total] 18s. 8d.; making a grand total of £1 6s. 4d.—seemingly the amount of the Court fees paid on his admission. —Freemen's Election Book.
* At a Bylaw of the freemen held July 6, 1704, Henry Holmes wa3 elected a stollinger in the place of John Nesfield, deceased. Ho occurs as a freeman, Oct 13, 1711— Freemen's Flection Booh.
t At a Bylaw of the freemen held Aug. 27, 1700, John Huntley was elected a stallinger in the place of William Hincks (then newly elected a freemen) and on 26th July, 1704, he was elected a freeman in the place of Robert Barwicke, deceased. He resigned his trust as appears by the following stamped document:—
Bukous Dp. Sunderland. Know all men by these presents that I, John Huntley, gentleman, one of the twelve freemen of the said Burrough of Sunderland-by-the-Sea in the county of Durham, doe by these presents assigne surrender and make over unto the freemen of the said Burrough all that my office place and trust of a freeman of the said Burrough with all profitts and advantages thereto belonging or in anywise appertaining hereby disclaiming all and all manner of Right of Enter Common or Common of Pasture upon those three pastures called the Townc Moore, Intack, and Coney Warren, or any other franchise belonging or in anywise appertaining to me as a freeman. Therefore I doe hereby pray and desire the freemen of the said Burrough to elect and choose such other capable person to be a freeman in my room and place as they shall think fitt according to the eustome of the said Burrough. As witnesse my hand and seal this ninth day of August Ao. Dni. 1720.
Jno. Hcntlby, (L. S.)
Test. Ralph Stobart, Geo. Fulthorpe.
—Freemen's Flection Book.
X On this allotment, at the extreme east end of the north side of Bank Street, a house was built and occupied for many years as the custom house of the port of Sunderland. It is believed that the custom house was removed from its original PARCELS OR ALLOTMENTS.
In the New On the
Mr. Gawin Noble, of Noble's Quay, Sun-'
William Ettrick, Esq., of Silksworth,"
situation at the west end of the low quay, mentioned in page 64, to this house in Bank Street, from whence the business of the customs was again transferred, ia the year 1810, to the house built by Mr. Edward Browne, a member of the society of Friends, (one of the fitters for Thomas Smith, Esq., of Morton House, coal owner), in the year 1727, for his private residence, at the sout h end of Fitters' Row; he also built the adjoining houses still known as Fitters' Row, for the dwellings of the masters of his ships and keelmen, the cast of the whole being about £5,000. The beauties of Mr. Browne's house and grounds, which, in addition to the vacant ground now on its west and south sides, occupied tho ground now covered by the Sailors' Home, Thomas Street, and part of the east side of Silver Street, immediately adjoining, with extensive land and sea views, were much admired by the inhabitants of the town, by whom Mr. Browne was so much importuned for leavo to view his house and grounds, that at length he caused a board with tho words "Go about thy business," to be affixed at his entrance gates in Silver Street. Mr. Browne by speculating, over trading, some considerable losses in trade, and building, got embarrassed in his alTiirs, and being induced to give a bond for £3,000 or thereabouts, to Mr. Meaburn Smith (son of Thomas Smith, above named) coal owner, to whom ho was in arrears, that gentleman put it in almost immediate execution, the result of which was that Mr. Browne was deelared a bankrupt. He died in poverty at Cork, in Ireland, Aug. 27, 1730. His residence in Fitters' Row was subsequently in the possession of Mr. Meaburn Smith, and is now occupied by the Sunderland Ragged, Reformatory, and Industrial Schools. The business of the customs was again transferred from Fitters' Row, to the present custom house in tho Low Street, in the year 1838, and in 1835 the old custom house, in Bank Street, was pulled down for the passage of the Durham and Sunderland Railway, to the coal staiths in the Low Street, Sunderland.
PARCELS OR ALLOTMENTS.
In the New On the
Mr. Richard Robinson * the elder, of Mid-] die Herrington, and 31, Church Street, f Sunderland, malster, (seepage 130,)... J
Mr. Edward Robinson, coal-fitter,
Mb. Richabd Robinson, the younger, sur-' geon, son of Mr. Richard Robinson, above named, and one of the first vestrymen of •Sunderland church, (see pp. 117, 183,) ,
Mr. Thomas Hodgkin,| grandfather of Mr. Benjamin Hodgkin, solicitor, (see • p. 182,)
Mr. John Hodgshon, coal fitter, (see pp.] 117,182,) and one of the first vestrymen of Sunderland church, who acted as clerk to the freemen and stallingers,
Mr. Thomas Robinson^ coal fitter, and one of the first vestrymen of Sunderland church. He married Margaret, eldest surviving (laughter and co-heiress of William Ettrick, Esq., above named. Mr. Robinson died Feb. 5th, 1736, ...
• At a Bylaw of the freemen held April 19, 1716, Ralph Harrison was elected, first a stallinger in the place of William Pnowdon, deceased, and then freeman in
the place of Richard Robinson, senior, deceased. At a Court Ba
held 28 May,
1716, he was admitted and sworn pr Ra. Robinson, senescal -- Freemen's Election Book.
t At a Bylaw of the freemen hold November 12, 1717, John Reed was elected first a stallinger, in the place of John l'axton, attorney, resigned, and then a freeman in the place of Thomas Hodgkin, deceased. At a Court Baron held 6th May, 1718, he was admitted and sworn as a stallinger, and at another court, held 27th October, 1718, he was admitted and sworn a freeman, in both instances before J.I'. (John Paxton), senescal.—Freemen') Flection Book.
J At a Bylaw of the freemen held Nov. 16, 1704, Thomas Robinson was elected, first a stallinger in the place of George Bryan, resigned, and then a freeman in the place of William Uincks, deceased.—Freemen'e Election Book.