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of the Church of Rome, which terms this the greater Litany, and also, according to the custom of our forefathers, on the three days before the Ascension of our Lord, with fastings, &c.
In the Injunctions also made in the reign of Queen Elizabeth* it is ordered "That the Curate at certain and convenient places, shall admonish the people to give thanks to God, in the beholding of God's benefits, for the increase and abundance of his fruits, saying the 103rd Psalm, &c. At which time the minister shall inculcate these, or such sentences,—' Cursed be he which translated the bounds and doles of his neighbours,' or such orders of prayers as shall be hereafter."
proposed to be the limits of the said proposed new Division,—It is ordered that the said statement, under the hands of the said Andrew White, Joseph Simpson, Richard White, Walker Featherstonh.au gh, Ralph Carr, Richard Spoor, Richard Pemberton and Edward Backhouse, shall be, and the same is hereby adopted; and that the several Parishes, Townships, and Places enumerated in the same statement, shall be comprised within, and shall constitute, a new Division, to be called the "Sunderland Division," within which Special Sessions shall be holden,—And it is further ordered, that this order shall take effect upon, and from the third day of January next.
'By the Court, WHARTON.
• Injunction, 19 Eliz. By '* Advertisements partly for due Order in the publique Administration of Common Prayers, &«. by vertue of the Queene's Majesties Letters commanding the same, the 25th day of January (An. 7 Eliz.)" 4to., Lond. imp. by Reginalde Wolfe signat, B. 1, it was direoted, inter alia—" Item, that, in the Rogation D&ies of Procession, they singe or saye in English* the two Psalmes beginnyng 'Benedic Amima Mea,' &c. with the Letanye and suffrages thereunto, withe one homclye of thankesgevyng to God, already d»
What is related on this head in the Life of Hooker author of the Ecclesiastical Polity, is extremely interesting: "He would by no means omit the customary time of Procession, persuading all, both rich and poor, if they desired the preservation of love and their parish rights and liberties, to accompany him in his Perambulation; and most did so; in which perambulation he would usually express more pleasant discourse than at other times, and would then always drop some loving and facetious observations, to be remembered against the next year, especially by the boys and young people: still inclining them, and all his present Parishioners, to meekness and mutual kindnesses and love; because love thinks not evil, but covers a multitude of infirmities."
In Herbert's Country Parson, 12mo., Lond., 1652,
vised and divided into foure partes, without addition of any superstitious cereraonyes heretofore used."—" Brand's Popular Antiquities," i., 122, ed. 1841 Mr. Brand continues :—I find the following in Articles of Enquiry wilhin the Archdeaconry of Middlesex, A.D. 1662, "Doth your minister or Curate in Rogation Days go in Perambulation about your parish, saying and using the Psalms and Suffrages by law appointed, as viz, Psalms 103 and 104, the Letany and Suffrages, together with the Homily, set out for that end and purpose? Doth he admonish the people to give thanks to God, if they see any likely hopes of plenty, and to call upon him for his mercy, if there be any fear of scarcity; and do you, the Churchwardens, assist him in it?" In similar Articles for the Archdeaconry of Northumberland, 1662, the following occurs: "Doth your Parson or Vicar observe the three Rogation DayesP" In others for the Diocese of Chichester, 1637, is the subsequent: "Doth your minister yeerely, in Rogation Weeke, for the knowing and distinguishing of the bounds of parishes, and for obtaining God's blessing upon the fruites of the ground, walke the Perambulation, and say, or sing, in English, the Gospells, Epistles, Letanie, and other devout Prayer*; together with the 103rd and 104th Psalms f
p. 157, chi So, we are told: "The Country Parson is a lover of old Customs, if they be good and harmlesse. Particularly, he loves Procession and maintains it, because there are contained four manifest advantages. First, a blessing of God for the fruits of the field. Second, Justice in the preservation of bounds. Third, Charitie in loving, walking, and neighbourly accompanying one another, with reconciling of differences at that time, if there be any. Fourth, Mercie, in relieving the poor by a liberal distribution and largess, which at that time is or ought to be used. Wherefore he exacts of all to 1 ie present at the Perambulation, and those that withdraw and sever themselves from it he mislikes, and reproves as uncharitable and unneighbourly; and, if they will not reforme, presents them."*
Richard Barnes, Bishop of Durham (1577-87) who Barnes. appears to have had a pious horror
of certain hobdaysf was very anxious to carry out Queen Elizabeth's injunctions respecting parochial perambulations, &c, for in his Injunctions dated "Tewesdaie the first daie of October 1577" to the clergy of the diocese of " Duresme," we find "First we monishe & straitlie enjoyne & comaund that all & singler the queues majesties injunctions be in all respectes dulye & fully observed performed & fulfilled of all and singler parsons to whom the same doe the ap* "Brand's Popular Antiquities," i., 116-7, Lond. 1841.
t That no popishe abrogated hollydaies be kept hollydaies, nor any divine servise publiquely saide or celebrated on any such daie«, nor any superfluous faste be vsed as those called the Lady fast, sant
pertayne vnder the paynes and censures ecclesiasticali," and in his “Monicons especially given to the churchwardons," inter alia, “ we monish charge & comaunde the churchewardens of every parishe & chappell that they diligently & faithfully attend to the due execucon of all & every the Quenes majesties Injunctyons & theise our monicons, & faithefully at euery generall chapter present the names & surnames of all & singuler the violaters & transgressors of the same without parcialitie of what estate degre or callinge soever the same shall be."
. The first perambulation of the parish of Sunderland was made on the 3rd of September, 1811, by the Rev. John Hampson, M.A., rector, the Rev. John Hayton, curate, Mr. William Mounsey and Mr. William Chisman, churchwardens, Mr. George Wheatley and Mr. William Bulman, overseers ; Richard Markham, Esq., Lieut.-Col. Commandant of the Sunderland Volunteer Artillery ; Mr. William Brass, Mr. Thomas Satchell, Mr. William Haddock, senior, Mr. Gowland Summers, Mr. Avery Hornsby, Mr. William Robson, Mr. George Wood, assistant overseer, and others.
Previous to setting out on the perambulation, a resolution usual on such occasions was unanimously passed in the vestry—“ That in case any action or actions for trespass were brought against any person or persons concerned in perambulating the boundaries, such action or actions would be defended at the expence of the parish at large.”
The perambulators, under a merry peal from the old trinyons fast, the black faste, Saint Margaret fast or suche other invented by the devill to the dishonouringe of God, and damnacon of the sowles of idolatrous & superstitious persons.-Bishop Barness Injunctions.
five bells* of the parish cliurch, headed by the rector and the parish officers with their official -wands proceeded up Coronation Street (then called the "Back Lonin"f) at different parts of which and upon the boundary line adjoining Bishopwearraouth, " S.P." for .Sunderland Parish was for the first time painted up, and a plentiful supply of gingerbread nuts thrown away amongst the youngsters. They then passed down Sans Street and; Beggar Bank, (Russell Street,) at the foot of which several cobles were in waiting (steam boats at that time being unknown). There the party embarked and proceeded down the river to sea, where they took a good offing to claim the boundaries of the parish down to low water mark.
The perambulators landed from the cobles on the beach at the "way foot" in the dene at the south end of the Town Moor, led on by Mr. George Paxton, joiner, an aged man who well knew that part of the^ southern boundary of the parish from his father having been for many years the herd of the cattle stinted upon the Town Moor. They then passed up the middle of the small stream on the south side of the Octagon Cottage, then the land in dispute. In order that no part of the parish might be lost, here some boys "plodged" or waded under the
* It ia said that the sixth bell, intended to have completed the number ordered at the building of the church, was lost at sea on its passage from London. This is partly confirmed by the fact that the oak frame in which the five bells were hung in the steeple of the church was divided into six compartments; five of them were occupied by bells, and the sixth remained vacant, contrary to original intention.
t This name was changed to Coronation Street in 1821, in commemoration of the coronation of King George IV. The title deed* of some of the old houses in this street describe them as situated in the back lane.