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tance, and being divided into compartments, at intervals, by arched gateways. It is also bordered by many respectable buildings, chiefly connected with the palace or with government, as stables for elephants and camels, the riding-school, and still further on by houses built in the English style, many of which are inhabited by English gentlemen in the service of his Majesty; so that this part of the town has assumed a symmetrical appearance quite unusual to a Native city. This road is further continued to the palaces of Delgousha and Constantia.

Delgousha, or "the heart expanding," is one of the king's numerous country-houses, surrounded by a large park, in imitation of an English place. The house is large and well situated, near the river, and contains several good rooms, ornamented with rich furniture, and a profusion of pictures and engravings, some of which, and particularly the former, are by no means indifferent; but they are hung ill, and so high that they cannot be viewed with any comfort. The park possesses a pleasant variety of ground, and is well stocked with deer, antelopes, peacocks, partridge, and quail.

Constantia is a curiosity in its kind, perhaps as great as any in Lucnow: it was built by General Martine, a French gentleman in the service of the late Nawaub, and his predecessor Asoph u Dowlah.

Martine was a native of Lyons, and came to India as a private soldier, where he served under Count Lally, and from his own activity and merit, advanced rapidly to a considerable rank; but having been disgusted or alarmed at certain threats which his commander let fall in the course of a negotiation entrusted by him to Martine once during the siege of Pondicherry, he took the earliest opportunity of making his escape and throwing himself on the protection of Sir Eyre Coote, who, doubtless glad to obtain the services and information of a man who had been very confidentially employed by his enemy, received him with distinction, and soon procured him a commission in the English army, in which he rose rapidly to the rank of captain; after which his brevet rank was by special favour permitted to go on till he reached that of major-general.

He accompanied Sir Eyre Coote to Lucnow, where he soon was established in the service of Asoph u Dowlah; and being a very ingenious mechanic, as well as an excellent surveyor and general engineer, he made himself so useful to that prince, that he could do nothing without his assistance, and in a comparatively short time he accumulated a prodigious fortune. Among the last of his undertakings was the building of Constantia, which was a speculation (like most things he did) in the hope of effecting a sale of it at a great profit to Saadut Allee. The place perhaps did not, under Martine's superintendence, cost above four lacs of rupees, but he demanded twelve as its price; which was refused, and the old man was so indignant at what he termed the meanness of the Nawaub, that he swore it never should be an habitation for him, and gave directions that when he himself died, his remains should be deposited within it, thus converting it into a tomb, which alone would prevent any Mahometan from occupying it as a dwelling.

It soon became necessary to obey these directions: the general only lived to see his future tomb completed; he breakfasted in it one day only I believe, and was never after able to enter it. He died, and lies embalmed in a vault which he had constructed: it is said to contain

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specie. Lights are continually kept burning there, and two statues representing grenadiers, one at the head and one at the foot of the tomb, lean with their cheeks reclining upon the butts of their reversed musquets.


Martine was possessed of a very active and enterprising genius, and a strong and liberal mind; if we are to credit report, he was far from narrow or avaricious, although he accumulated immense wealth. traded and speculated in every possible way, but with so much judgment and knowledge of his subject, that he seldom failed of success. He was perfect master of the nature and rates of exchanges throughout the country, and united in large transactions of that description the shroffs and moneyed men in various quarters. He was an excellent judge of jewels; and extraordinary stories are related of the sagacity he displayed in his dealings in this line, and the great profits he acquired by them. There was nothing he failed of turning to account; and he was wont himself to declare, that were he turned adrift on the world without a shilling at the age of sixty, he would not despair of dying rich, if it pleased God to prolong his life to the usual age of man.

Neither the amount nor disposition of his wealth, I believe, is accurately known; the former was, however, certainly very great, and the latter partook a good deal of the eccentricity of the owner's character. About fifty thousand pounds were left to his native city; and he directed that the house of Constantia should be kept continually in repair, and that such strangers as should arrive at Lucnow unprovided with other quarters, should have the option of residing there for one month; or longer if not claimed by fresh arrivals. For this purpose, thirty thousand rupees annually are appropriated, and the expenditure of them was entrusted to a person of Portuguese family in the king's service. Martine left one son, born of a Native woman, to whom, though I never heard any thing amiss suspected, his father, by some strange inconsistency, left but the paltry allowance of one hundred rupees a month.

Constantia is a vast pile, situated on the banks of the Ghoomtee, overlooking a rich well-cultivated country, and in an extensive inclosure, well wooded with mango and other fruit-trees. Upon the portico of entrance may be seen the motto of the General, "Patientia et Constantia," to the spirit of which he fully conformed in his life. The building consists of a main body, and two wings rising in many stories of very fanciful architecture to a great height, and diminishing gradually to a fantastic look-out, resembling at a distance, the crownlike steeples of some old churches, upon which is erected a flag-staff. The walls of the wings, and of each story in the main building, are balustraded, and surmounted with gigantic statues representing human beings and animals, in such multitudes that they appear to cover the whole upper part of the building with a fringe of filagree work, and thus produce a very singular effect. These statues, cast in clay, and painted, mimic almost every living thing to be found on earth. Among them may be discovered copies of the most celebrated statues of antiquity, figures of men and women in the costumes of almost every country, with birds and animals of all sorts: and the arrangement of them is at least as bizarre as the quantity is confounding. A Venus de Medicis, an Antinoüs, or a Mercury, may be seen close to a Dutch dairymaid churning butter, a burgomaster, or a Swiss peasant; or a French

petit-maître, exchanging civilities with a Chinese mandarin, or a solemn brabmin. Yet the effect, though ludicrous, is not so offensive as might be supposed. Grandeur is indeed lost, but amusement and interest remain. It is after the rainy season that these groups cut an unhappy figure: the materials of which they are composed not being of

description to support moisture, they become miserably injured; legs, arms, and heads drop off, the paint is washed away, and the whole assumes a very curious appearance, until the annual repairs take place, after which the statues recover their lost limbs, and the mansion resumes its gay dress.

The ground floor of this building is calculated for coolness; the apartments are lofty and spacious; the floor is of marble; the high vaulted roof is fretted and adorned with cameo medallions, of white upon a blue ground: the walls are adorned with gold and silver work, mingled with various colours, in a rich and fanciful though somewhat tawdry style. There seems no end to the succession of chambers, small and great, of every form, and as variously fitted up, some with orchestra as for musicians, others with galleries all round. The second story is less lofty, but contains several apartments fitted up with fireplaces or stoves for the cold season, and more calculated for comfort; the major part is, however, divided into a wonderful number of multiform chambers, communicating with each other in extraordinary ways; and all carved, fretted, and painted like those below. The third story is in the same taste, but contains fewer rooms; and a succession of narrow staircases and ladders lead first to the balconies and terraced roofs, and thence to the lofty look-out above all.

The whole building is calculated to facilitate defence, and prevent surprises in case of attack in an insecure country, without carrying the appearance of a formal fortification: it is fire-proof, not having a piece of wood used in its whole construction; the roofs are all vaulted, and the doors and window-shutters are of iron. There is no grand staircase; a defect both in appearance and in convenience; but a vast additional means of security, for, the only means of communication between the stories being by narrow spiral staircases, a single man could defend them against an army. Many of the passages from one apartment to another have been made thus poor and narrow upon the same principle; and there are multitudes of secret places for concealment, formed in the thickness of the walls and in the corners of the house. It is indeed a place quite unique in its kind, and the grounds, considering the country, are almost as singularly laid out. A large garden in the old French taste, divided into numerous alleys, bordered with trees cut into various fantastic forms, stretches behind it; while in front has been excavated a large oval tank, in the centre of which rises a pillar more than one hundred feet in height, erected by direction and according to the plan left by the late General Martine, which serves as his


VOL. IX. No. 49.-1825.

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We carved a twelfth cake, and we drew king and queen;
These pastimes gave oil to Time's round-about wheel,
Before we began to be growing genteel:

'Twas all very well for a cockney or clown,
But nobody now spends his Christmas in Town.

At Brighton I'm stuck up in Donaldson's shop,
Or walk upon bricks, till I'm ready to drop;
Throw stones at an anchor, look out for a skiff,
Or view the Chain-pier from the top of the cliff.
Till winds from all quarters oblige me to halt,
With an eye full of sand, and a mouth full of salt.
Yet still I am suffering with folks of renown,
For nobody now spends his Christmas in Town.

In gallop the winds, at the full of the moon,
And puff up my carpet like Sadler's balloon;
My drawing room rug is besprinkled with soot,
And there is not a lock in the house that will shut.
At Mahomet's steam-bath I lean on my cane,
And murmur in secret-" Ah, Billiter-lane!"
But would not express what I think for a crown,
For nobody now spends his Christmas in Town.

The Duke and the Earl are no cronies of mine,
His Majesty never invites me to dine;

The Marquess won't speak, when we meet on the pier,
Which makes me suspect that I 'm nobody here.

If that be the case, why then welcome again
Twelfth-cake and snap-dragon in Billiter-lane.
Next winter I'll prove to my dear Mrs. Brown,
That Nobody now spends his Christmas in Town.


If little faults, proceeding on distemper,

Shall not be wink'd at, how shall we stretch our eye
When capital crimes, chewed, swallow'd and digested,

"SIR," said Dr. Longwind, beginning one of his usual periods with more than his customary pomposity, "No one can develope the inscrutable affinities which connect the moral and physical world, occasioning them perpetually to act and re-act upon one another: how do you explain, you who pretend to explain every thing, the mysterious union of mind and matter, whereby "That is a matter which I have no mind to investigate," cried Mr. Snapton, interrupting him, "though I have no objection to attempt it, if you will expound the connexion between volition and muscular action, and tell me why, if I had a wish to tweak you by the nose, my finger and thumb would instantly prepare themselves for the execution of my purpose."-" Sir !" exclaimed the Doctor, drawing back his nose to a safe distance, "this is an illustration which I do not understand." "If I am only to talk of what you understand," cried Mr. Snapton tartly, "I shall not often be reproached with loquacity."-" Sir," resumed the Doctor, bristling with offended dignity, "your observation is rude without being witty.""Then it has nothing but its truth to distinguish it from yours," retorted Mr. Snapton.

Now came the supercilious leer,
The scornful gibe, the taunting jeer,

The bitter bickering and wrangle,
Of those fierce casuists, who since
They cannot conquer or convince,

Resolve at least to tease and mangle,
Solving deep points of all complexions
By dogmatising interjections,

Such as Psha! Stuff and nonsense! Pooh!
Why zooks! I say it isn't so.

"You set the matter right? what you!"
"Sir, you'll confess I ought to know.”-
"You ought," the other cries, "I own't;
The more's the wonder that you don't."
"Good Heavens! I really haven't patience
To see how soon, on such occasions,
Some folks forget all moderation,
And talk themselves into a passion."

Without participating in the irritable Mr. Snapton's amazement, we may be allowed to remark, that there is a more intimate sympathy between body and mind than is generally apprehended, and that our pathologists might do more good, in some instances, by considering the mental than the corporeal pulsations. We know that an impression received through the eye, may occasion such a sudden nausea as to reverse the whole economy of nature; but we do not sufficiently consider that the system may be equally deranged, without the external interference of the senses, by the invisible operation of the mind. This effect will of course be more sensibly felt in the immediate head-quarters of the intellectual faculty, than in the remoter parts; and in order that we may direct our attention to the proper region, it is necessary to apprise

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