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LONDON JUNE 1, 1823.
PUBLISHED BY CUMMINGS, HILLIARD AND CO. 134 WASHINGTON STREET.
FOR N. HALE.
Press of the North American Review.
1. R. BUTTS, PRINTER.
I. Manuscript of Earl Bothwel
II. Valentine. Canto III.
III. London Minstrelsy
IV. The Withered Leaf, or Melancholy
V. The Family Journal, No. VII.-Conversation of Pope, &c.
VI. Stanzas from the Italian
VII. Letters from the East, No. XVI-Jerusalem
VIII. The Coronation at Rheims
IX. Joint Stock Companies
X. The Triumph of Science
XI. John Kemble and the British Stage
XII. Stanzas-The Home-bound Ship XIII. Present French Prose Literature XIV. Stanzas
XV. Project for a new Joint-Stock Company for Binding Books
XVI. Old Pages and Old Times, No. IV.
XVII. Sonnet-To the Mocking Bird
XVIII. Hints for the Advancement of Brevity in Speaking and Writing
XX. Grimm's Ghost, Letter XXV.-Men of the Middle Ages
THE NEW MONTHLY MAGAZINE will be, from this date, republished by N. HALE, to whom it is requested all communications may be addressed relating to it.
The subscriber has transferred to NATHAN HALE all his interest in the American edition of the New Monthly Magazine, together with all claims on account of the same. Subscribers to the Magazine and Agents indebted for it, are requested to remit the sums due to him, he being duly authorized to receive the same. OLIVER EVERETT.
BOSTON, Nov. 1, 1824.
MANUSCRIPT OF EARL BOTHWEL.
WE have been favoured, through the medium of an eminent literary friend, with a copy of an original MS. of Earl Bothwel, in old French, of which the following is a careful translation. It was written during his captivity in Denmark, and the original is at present in the royal library at Drottningholm. From this a copy was taken by M. Backman, an officer in the Swedish service, through permission of Count Wetterstadt, the minister, and transmitted (duly authenticated, as may be seen at the end) to this country in August last. It is a most valuable addition to our collections belonging to an interesting period of Scottish history; and nothing of the kind, that we are aware of, was ever suspected to exist. In order to give a clearer view of this MS. as a whole, we insert the following extract of a letter respecting it, from M. Granberg, historiographer to the present King of Sweden.
"In the latter part of the 16th century, the Chevalier de Dantzay was residing in the North of Europe, as Ambassador from France to the Courts of Sweden and Denmark. During the time of his abode in the latter country, the Earl of Bothwel arrived there together with his followers, on board several vessels, having fled from Scotland. Being unable to land, and driven by contrary winds, the Earl was thrown on the coast of Norway, and was there taken by some Danish seamen, who carried him as a prisoner into Denmark, where he was confined during a long time. He wrote, while in prison, an account of the adventures he had met with in Scotland; and as he was not able to get the Manuscript conveyed into the hands of the King of Denmark, he applied to the French minister, M. de Dantzay, who took the requisite measures in his behalf.
"It is said that this document was given to King Gustavus III. who had it deposited among his valuable collection in the Castle of Drottningholm. The Latin inscription at the commencement testifies that it was given to the Royal Library of Copenhagen by a Doctor Plumius (see note below); and it was probably carried away from that institution, or from some place in Zealand, by one of the Swedes, when Charles X. made a descent upon that island. From the descendants of this Swede, it must have passed into the hands of King Gustavus III."
The MS is labelled "Affairs of Earl Bothwel (Boduel) anno 1568," and commences with the title "Declaration of the Earl of Bothwel."
"In order that the King of Denmark and the council of his kingdom may be better and more clearly informed of the wickedness and treachery of my accusers hereunder named, I have (as summarily as I am able) explained and truly declared the causes of the troubles and commotions which have occurred of which they alone have been the principal authors and promoters from the year 1559 to the present time.
I have similarly declared their calumnies, and the mischief and detriment they have occasioned to myself: which statement I can and will maintain to be true, as (with God's assistance) any one may clearly see and understand.
At Copenhagen, the eve of Twelfth day, 1568.
* At the head of the manuscript, and on the first page, is the following Latin inscription:
Ex donatione Excellentissimi viri DNI CLAUDII PLUMII, J. V. Doctoris, et in Regia Academia Hafniensi Professoris. Anno Messia, Regis æterni, clɔ lɔ CXLIV. die xvIII Augusti.
VOL. IX. No. 54.-1825.
Here follow the names of the principal chiefs and authors of all the troubles and seditions in question.
Also those who have joined the above-named in these latter troubles.
The Mayor of Edinburgh,
The above-named, tired of the obedience and fidelity which they owed to their superior, began to concert measures and hold secret assemblies in all parts of the kingdom, in order to excite the common people to favour their views. And the better to persuade them that their cause was just and good, they put forth the pretext of desiring to uphold religion; and thus the conspiracy they had formed against their Queen (I shall forbear to mention many other offences of which they are guilty) commenced by laying siege to the town of Leith, and their efforts continued to be directed against her Majesty, the members of her council, and her other faithful subjects in the said town. Also they persecuted those who were scattered over the country at their different residences, and who had refused to join their party, doing them all the mischief in their power, by pillaging their houses and castles, and caused infinite detriment to many worthy persons in all parts of the kingdom, notwithstanding the Queen, with the nobility and others of her subjects, had previously resolved to reform the said religion and put it in good order, without however subjecting them to any restraints.
Moreover, not content with this, they persevered in their wicked machinations, and prepared the way for new troubles by giving free ingress to the English, our ancient enemies; uniting themselves in secret alliance with them against the Queen and those of her kingdom. They renewed the siege of the town of Leith (which they had been forced to abandon) in order to expel the French, who were in possession of the town, and defending it against our ancient enemies aforesaid.
The most Christian king had, a short time before, married the young Queen of Scotland; in consequence of which event the nobility and others of the subjects of the kingdom made him certain promises, and even sent letters by special messengers to his Majesty in France, tendering him their allegiance, as became good subjects: but I am ignorant of the cause that induced them to do so.
In the mean time, in consequence of reinforcements from England, the said town had surrendered, agreeably to a treaty between
*In thi orthography we have adhered to the original manuscript.