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by circlets enclosing the names of the fonr friends of the Prophet, the intermediate spaces being filled in with their titles.
Bo verse, octagonal rose scalloped lozenge, with narrow margin.
etc. ^jl&w IL****'1 *(;U»J|
Muazamabad (the great city), A.h.?
Col. Guthrie has a gold piece of type No. 8, size vii. and a half, weighing 158 grains. The coin is inferior in execution to the ordinary silver money. The letters are badly formed, and the marginal legend is altogether obliterated.!
Fhuzabad, A. n. 781, 782, 783, 784, 785, 786, 787. Typo No. 9. Obverse, circular area, with a broad margin, broken
* M. Reinaud interpreted the word as o>j* Defensor (Journal Aaiatique, 1823, p. 272), in which ho is followed by Marsdoa (ii. p. 567). Sayud Ahmad again, in his transcript of 'Ala-ud-din's Inscription of 710 A. H., reproduces the title as yjjJU.^Jl j V£j>*, which, in effect, carries a nearly identical meaning
(Asar-ul-sunadid, p. 58).
+ The only othor Bengal gold coins I am at present able to refer to are a wellpreserved piece of JdldUud din Fatah Shah bin Alahmud (dated A. H. 8UO), now in the possession of Colonel Guthrie, weighing 161.4 grains, and a coin in the li.M. assigned to 'Ala-ud-din Kusain (a. Ii, 005-927) which weighs 159.5 grains.
by small shields containing the names of the four companions of the Prophet; the intermediate spaces are filled in with titles which occasionally pertain to the king, but at times exclusively belong to the Imams.* Reverse, hexagonal field ; narrow margin.
( ) i^^Jl A*Jii ( wl»ie ) J^yi (^** ) ^J/i (j&yt ) ruvi
X.—A'AZAM SHAH. The accession of Ghms-nd-dm Aazam Shah was disgraced by rebellion against his own father and coincident open war, in the course of which Sikandar fell in a general action between his own and his son's troops. Native historians are more than ordinarily obscure in the narration of these incidents, and the dates relied upon are singularly untrustworthy, when brought to the test of numismatic facts. Aazam's initial revolt is admitted to have gained force chiefly in Eastern Bengal, where his coinage substantially proves his administrative supremacy, whether as nominally subordinate or covertly resistant to paternal authority, dating from 772 A. H.,—an increase of power seems to be associated with the mint record of a hold over Satgaon in 790 A. H., and a real or pretended occupancy of a portion of the territory of Pandua in 791, though the final eclipse of the royal titles of the father is delayed till 792 A. H.f
* (JJIjJl >n many instances is replace J by
while p£ix+)\ follows
tho name of li^U-i* .
t Stewart supposes that Sikandar met his death in 769 A. H (p. 89); and an even more patent error places tho decease of A'azani in 775 A H. (p. 93). Tho Tabakut-i-Akbari, which devotes a special section to the history of Bengal, implies an amiable and undisturbed succession in this instance
Ghias-ud-din Aazam Shah, bin Sikandar Shah.
MuazamGbSd, A. H. 772, 775, 776.
Type No. 1. Obverse, square area occupying nearly the whole surface of the coin, as in the old Dehli pattern.
Reverse, scalloped lozenge, forming an eight-pointed but contracted star.
Obverse Margin: On the upper edge, j^3^ ; on the left, ;in consecutive reading at the foot, Ujuic j and on the right, Reverse Margin,
Variety A. In one instance J3L». e>j^xs?. supplies the place of
There is a doubt about the reading of the word "being humble;" the v& "Oculns" of Marsden would certainly be preferable in point of sense, but the forms of the letters of the word scarcely justify such a rendering, unless we admit of an unusual degree of even Bengali imperfection in the fashioning these dies.
On two examples of this mintage in silver, the marginal legend bears the words Juj<x/| «i* in clearly cut letters; but I imagine this seeming anomaly to have arisen from a fortuitous use of the dies for gold coins, which, in device, were identical with those employed for the silver money.
Jannatabâd, A. n. 790.
Variety A. Similar obverse with circular reverse.
Type No. 2. There is a subordinate class of coins, following the devices of Type No. 1 (in size vii. and upwards), struck from less expanded dies, and generally of very inferior execution in the outlining of the letters. Theso are also from the mint of Mnazamabad, and are dated in bungled and almost illegible words_>*-» _jiLij 4jl*x»» L>l>j Aa-I , Li Li ,—which may be designed to stand for 770 odd, 778, 780, and 781 respectively.
Finizabad, A. n. 791, 792, 793, 794, 795, 796, 797, 798, 799.
wlkLJf ^ Ohcerse Margin, a^Jlij ujllaJLJi
The Reverse marginal records vary in the prefix to the name of the mint from the Kasbah above given, <_j» and ij.'^ ^
being occasionally used.
Satgaon, A. H. 795, 798.
No. 37. Satgaon, A. ii. 790, 795, 796. Type No. 4. Obverse, area, a square, with a looped semicircle at each of the sides, forming a kind of amalgamation of the margin with the central device.
Reverse, area, a four-pointed star-shaped lozenge; the outside being filled in with the marginal legend. Obv.
Type No. 5. Size, v. Weight, 160 grains.
The singular orthography adopted in the rendering of the term AbdaUah, and the substitution of an initial ! alif in lieu of the grammatical ^ ain, affords another instance of the ignorance of the local mint officials, and their tendency to reproduce the approximate sounds of words, without regard to the true powers of the letters employed.
A vacant space in the final setting up of this article invites me to extend it so far as to notice a limited series of coins which have hitherto