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Shorea robusta, Roxb.
Baujqnia Vahlii, W. A.
Mucuna imbrieata, D. C.
Termiualia Bellerica, Roxb.
Fuirona ciliaris, R. Br.
Cassia fistula, Linn.
Bassia latifolia, Roxb.
Buchanania latifolia, Roxb. Mangifera Indica, Linn.
Spondias mangifera, Pers. Zi}yphus jujuba, Lam,
List of Jungle products used as articles of food.
Much used by the Sonthals;occasionally roasted and eaten alone, but more frequently boiled up with tho dried flowers of mhowa.
Sometimes stored, but more frequently roasted and eaten close to the spot where found.
Kernels if eaten in excessive quantity are said to produce in-
Seeds of this used as a sort of meal and aro probably sometimes
ground into flour before use.
Seeds eaten in the same way as those of Sal.
The fruit is dried in the sun and eaten in times of scarcity, and
Tree occasionally found wild in the jungle j use of fruit well
Fruit eaton raw when ripe;pickled when unripe.
Is dried and stored. A cultivated variety [yields a much larger fruit.
A small black fruit having a slightly tart taste.
Are much eaten in time of scarcity by the very poorest Sonthals and Coles.
Is capable of much improvement by cultivation.
Fruit is collected and 'old in the ba■ars.
Chiefly used for making sherbet, but are also prepared in other
Dried and exported in large quantities.
Used for making pickles.
Acrid, except when perfectly ripe.
Base of stem and young shoots are eaten. The native
given are those of the stem, not of the plant itself.
These roots furnish considerable nutriment and are extensively used throughout the country.
| These are capable of being ground up into a useful flour.
Kashmir, the Western Himalaya and the Afghan Mountains, a— A Geological paper, by
Albert M. Verchere, Esq. M. D.
Bengal Medical Service, with a note on the fossils by
Merabre de l'Acad£mie des Sciences, Paris.
Chapteb IV.—General Remarks, Geognostic History, and Conclusion.
81. In the preceding chapters I have often insisted on the parallelism of the several chains of the Himalaya; this parallelism is at once evident by reference to the map. Between the great parallels, we have seen that smaller, catenated chains make their appearance, filling np, as it were, with their spurs and branches, the great troughs formed by the principal parallel ridges. All the peaks and sinuosities of these catenated chains appear to present the same arrangement, viz. a highly crystalline and porphyritic variety of volcanic rock, passing gradually into others less crystalline, such as Trachyte, Felstone and Greenstone, and finally covered by ash, cinders, agglomerate, laterite, and compact azoic slate: these beds of ejecta, together with their interstratified layers of slate and sandstone, are all conformable to the fossiliferous strata by which they are covered, and have behaved like those at the final upheaval of the great system. But the more crystalline rocks, the several porphyries, the hornblende rocks, &c. do not appear to have been displaced laterally in any way to the same extent as the stiatified layers; they rather seem to have been upheaved from underground as a solid mass, breaking through the beds of superficial trap and of volcanic ejecta. A similar disposition is likewise usual in granitic mountains, the granite supporting gneiss, schist, metamorphic slate and marble, and these being covered by fossiliferous rocks.
To explain the cause of this arrangement, let us consider what is the section of a volcano, as far as it is known at present from a study of active and extinct ones. We have under the surface of the country, in which the volcano occurs, enormous masses of trachyte, Becoming more and more crystalline and prophyritic as we proceed deeper, and probably passing gradually into granite. In some