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THE

ANTHROPOLOGICAL
REVIEW.

VOL. VI.

1868.

LONDON:

TRUBNER & CO., 60, PATERNOSTER ROW.

1868.

INDEX TO VOL. VI.

\nthropological Conference at Dundee, 71

Correspondence, 215

News, 116, 220, 323

Review, the origin of in

connection with the Anthropological Society of London, 431 Anthropology at the British Association, 88

Irchaic Anthropology, by Gastaldi

and Keller, 114 the International

Congress of, 203

3rain of a Negro of Guinea, the, 279

tiroca, Dr. Paul, on Anthropology (concluded from vol. v, p. 204), 35

Report of the Transactions

of the Anthropological Society bf Paris during 1865-1867, 225

On ancient cave men, 408

I'rania Britannica, by J. Barnard Davis, M.D., and John Thurnam, M.D., 52

Davis, Dr. J. Barnard, on cranioscopy, 387

a letter from, on Anthropology and Ethnology, 394

:ker, Prof. Alex., form of the female skull, 350

Grecian Anthropology, 154

Hunt, Dr. James, on the localisation of the functions of the brain, 329

Inman, Thomas, M.D., on theological

philology, 379 Intelligence in relation to Instinct,

translated from the French of M. Coudereau, 399 Jackson, J. W., Iran and Turan, 121,

286

Knox, Dr., on the Celtic Race, 175 on the Saxon Race, 257

Lesley, T. P., on the origin and destiny of man, 356

Lubbock, Sir John, Bart, the early condition of man, 1

Nilsson, Prof., on the stone age in Scandinavia, 191

Owen, Prof., on comparative anatomy and physiology, 301

Page, Dr. David, on man, in his natural history relations, 109

Paris Anthropological Society, proceedings of, 104

Physio-Anthropology at Edinburgh, 64

Pike, L. Owen, What is a Teuton ? 246 Polak, Dr. J., the descriptive Anthropology of Persia, 27

Rolle, Dr. Fnedrich, on Darwinism in Germany, 21

Schaaffhausen, Prof. Hermann, Hon.

P.A.S.L., on the primitive form of

the human skull, 412 Slavery in Brazil, the extinction of, 57 Sproat, Gilbert Malcolm, studies of

savage life, 366

Wake, C. S., chapters on man, 316 Wyman, Jefferies, M.D., on the measurement of crania, 345

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THE

ANTHROPOLOGICAL REVIEW.

No. XX.

JANUARY, 1868.

THE EARLY CONDITION OF MAN.*

By Sir JOHN LUBBOCK, Bart., F.E.S., President of the Entomological

Society.

In addition to the different opinions which have always been held as to whether man constitutes one or many species, there are two very different views as to the primitive condition of the first men, or first beings, worthy to be so called. Many writers have considered that man was at first a mere savage, and that our history has on the whole been a steady progress towards civilisation, though at times, and at some times for centuries, the race has been stationary, or even has retrograded. Other authors of no less eminence have taken a diametrically opposite view. According to them, man was from the commencement pretty much what he is at present: if possible, even more ignorant of the arts and sciences than now, but with mental qualities not much inferior to our own. Savages they consider to be the degenerate descendants of far superior ancestors. Of the recent supporters of this theory, the late Archbishop of Dublin was amongst the most eminent. In the present memoir I propose briefly to examine the reasons which led Dr. Whately to this conclusion, and still more briefly to notice some of the facts which seem to me to render it untenable. Dr. Whately enunciates his opinions in the following words:—" That we have no reason to believe that any community ever did, or ever can, emerge, unassisted by external helps, from a state of utter barbarism, into anything that can be called civilisation. Man has not emerged from the savage state; the progress of any

* Read before the British Association at Dundee, 1867. VOL. VI.—NO. XX. B

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