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provided by discretionary appropriations1075 or direct spending1076 law.

,1077

(3) The term "breach" means, for any fiscal year, the amount (if any) by which new budget authority or outlays 1078 for that year (within a category107 of discretionary appropriations1080) is above that category's discretionary spending limit081 for new budget authority or outlays for that year, as the case may be.

(4) The term "category" means:

(A) For fiscal years 1991, 1992, and 1993, any of the following subsets of discretionary appropriations: defense, international, 1084

1082

1083

or domestic, 1085

1075 Section 250(c)(7) defines "discretionary appropriations." See infra p. 375.

1076

Section 250(c)(8) defines "direct spending." See infra p. 376.

1077

Section 250(c)(1) (see supra p. 372) defines "budget authority" and "new budget authority" at least in part by reference to the definitions of section 3(2) of the Congressional Budget Act. See supra pp. 11-13.

This reference to "new budget authority" means new budget authority as measured pursuant to the baseline requirements of section 257. See infra pp. 529-541.

1078

Section 250(c)(1) (see supra p. 372) defines "outlays" at least in part by reference to the definition of section 3(1) of the Congressional Budget Act. See supra p. 11.

1079

Section 250(c)(4) defines "category." See infra p. 373.

1080

Section 250(c)(7) defines "discretionary appropriations." See infra p. 375.

1081

Section 250(c)(1) of Gramm-Rudman-Hollings (see supra p. 372) defines "discretionary spending limit" by adopting the definition of section 501(a)(2) of the Congressional Budget Act (see supra pp. 254-256) as adjusted under sections 251 and 253 of Gramm-Rudman-Hollings. See infra pp. 403-429, 457-473.

1062 Section 250(c)(7) defines "discretionary appropriations." See infra p. 375.

1083

For the list of such accounts that appears in the joint statement of managers accompanying the Budget Enforcement Act, see infra pp. 384-385.

1084

For the list of such accounts that appears in the joint statement of managers

Discretionary appropriations in each of the three categories shall be those so designated in the joint statement of managers accompanying the conference report on the Omnibus Budget Reconciliation Act of 1990.

1086 New accounts or activities shall be categorized in consultation with the Committees on Appropriations and the Budget of the House of Representatives and the Senate.

1087

(B) For fiscal years 1994 and 1995, all discretionary appropriations.

1088

Contributions to the United States to offset the cost of Operation Desert Shield 1089 shall not be counted within any category.

(5) The term "baseline" means the projection (described in section 2571090) of current-year1091 levels

of new budget authority, outlays, 19 receipts, and the surplus or

1092

1085

1085 (...continued)

For the list of such accounts that appears in the joint statement of managers accompanying the Budget Enforcement Act, see infra pp. 387-401.

1086

See infra pp. 384-401.

1087

Section 250(c)(11) defines "account." See infra p. 377.

1088 Section 250(c)(7) defines "discretionary appropriations." See infra p. 375.

1089

Note that section 251(b)(2)(D)(i) defines "emergency Desert Shield costs." See infra p. 423.

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1091

Section 250(c)(13) defines "current year." See infra p. 377.

1092

Section 250(c)(1) (see supra p. 372) defines "budget authority" and "new budget authority" at least in part by reference to the definitions of section 3(2) of the Congressional Budget Act. See supra pp. 11-13.

1093

Section 250(c)(1) (see supra p. 372) defines "outlays" at least in part by reference to the definition of section 3(1) of the Congressional Budget Act. See supra p. 11.

deficit 1094 into the budget year1095 and the outyears.

(6) The term "budgetary resources" means -

(A) with respect to budget year1097 1991, new budget authority;109 unobligated balances; new loan guarantee commitments or limitations; new direct loan obligations, commitments, or limitations; direct spending10% authority; and obligation limitations; or

1101

(B) with respect to budget year1100 1992, 1993, 1994, or 1995, new budget authority; unobligated balances; direct spending 102 authority; and obligation limitations.

(7) The term "discretionary appropriations" means budgetary resources (except to fund direct-spending

1094

Section 250(c)(1) (see supra p. 372) defines "deficit" at least in part by reference to the definition of section 3(6) of the Congressional Budget Act. See supra p. 16.

1095 Section 250(c)(12) defines "budget year." See infra p. 377.

1096

Section 250(c)(14) defines "outyear." See infra p. 377.

1097

Section 250(c)(12) defines "budget year." See infra p. 377.

1098

Section 250(c)(1) (see supra p. 372) defines "budget authority" and "new budget authority" at least in part by reference to the definitions of section 3(2) of the Congressional Budget Act. See supra pp. 11-13.

1099

Section 250(c)(8) defines "direct spending." See infra p. 376.

1100

Section 250(c)(12) defines "budget year." Şee infra p. 377.

1101

Section 250(c)(1) (see supra p. 372) defines "budget authority" and "new budget authority" at least in part by reference to the definitions of section 3(2) of the Congressional Budget Act. See supra pp. 11-13.

1102

Section 250(c)(8) defines "direct spending." See infra p. 376.

programs) provided in appropriation Acts.1104

(8) The term "direct spending" means

(A) budget authority1105 provided by law other than appropriation Acts;

(B) entitlement authority;"

1106

and

(C) the food stamp program.

(9) The term "current" means, with respect to OMB1107 estimates included with a budget submission under section 1105(a) of title 31, United States Code, the estimates consistent with the economic and technical assumptions underlying that budget and with respect to estimates made after submission of the fiscal year 1992 budget that are not included with a budget submission, estimates consistent with the economic and technical

1104

Does the language of this definition mean that changes to entitlement law provided by appropriations acts (notwithstanding rules 15 and 16 of the Standing Rules of the Senate) will be credited against spending within the discretionary spending caps (under section 251, see infra pp. 403-429) and not against the pay-as-you-go ledger (under section 252, see infra pp. 433-454)? Scorekeeping rule number 3 (see infra note 1162), referred to in sections 251(a)(7) (see infra pp. 407-408) and 252(d) (see infra pp. 436-437), and set forth in the joint statement of managers accompanying the conference report on the Budget Enforcement Act, supports that position, and the Office of Management and Budget has reportedly reached that conclusion. But see section 252(a) infra p. 433, which states that "[t]he purpose of this section is to assure that any legislation ... affecting direct spending or receipts that increases the deficit ... will trigger an offsetting sequestration." (emphasis added).

1105

Section 250(c)(1) (see supra p. 372) defines "budget authority" at least in part by reference to the definition of section 3(2) of the Congressional Budget Act. See supra pp. 11-13.

1106

Section 3(9) of the Congressional Budget Act (see supra p. 18) defines "entitlement authority" to mean (at least for purposes of that Act) the authority described in section 401(c)(2)(C) of that Act (see supra p. 204). Section 250(c)(18) (see infra p. 378) provides that all references to entitlement authority shall include the mandatory appropriations accounts listed infra note 1162.

1107

Section 250(c)(15) defines "OMB" to mean "the Director of the Office of

assumptions underlying the most recently submitted President's budget.

(10) The term "real economic growth", with respect to any fiscal year, means the growth in the gross national product during such fiscal year, adjusted for inflation, consistent with Department of Commerce definitions.

(11) The term "account" means an item for which appropriations are made in any appropriation Act and, for items not provided for in appropriation Acts, such term means an item for which there is a designated budget account identification code number in the President's budget.

(12) The term "budget year" means, with respect to a session of Congress, the fiscal year of the Government that starts on October 1 of the calendar year in which that session begins.

(13) The term "current year" means, with respect to a budget year, the fiscal year that immediately precedes that budget year.

1108

1109

(14) The term "outyear" means, with respect to a budget year,

any of the fiscal years that follow the budget year through fiscal year 1995.

(15) The term "OMB" means the Director of the Office of Management and Budget.

(16) The term "CBO" means the Director of the Congressional Budget Office.

(17) For purposes of sections 252 and 253, legisla

1108

Sectioa 250(c)(12) defines "budget year." See supra p. 377.

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