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Oct. 28, Presidential statement.

LEGISLATIVE HISTORY: P.L. 93-254

HOUSE REPORT:

No. 93-568 (Comm. on Merchant Marine & Fisheries).
SENATE REPORT:

No. 93-726 (Comm. on Commerce).
CONGRESSIONAL RECORD:
Vol. 119 (1973):

Oct. 16, considered and passed House.
Vol. 120 (1974):

Mar. 8, considered and passed Senate.

LEGISLATIVE HISTORY: P.L. 93-472

HOUSE REPORT:

No. 93-1269 (Comm. on Merchant Marine & Fisheries).
SENATE REPORT:

No. 93-1279 (Comm. on Commerce).
CONGRESSIONAL RECORD:
Vol. 120 (1974):

Aug. 19, considered and passed House.
Oct. 15, considered and passed Senate.

LEGISLATIVE HISTORY: P.L. 94-62

HOUSE REPORT:

No. 94-217 (Comm. on Merchant Marine & Fisheries).
SENATE REPORT:

No. 94-271 (Comm. on Commerce).
CONGRESSIONAL RECORD:
Vol. 121 (1975):

May 19, considered and passed House.
July 11, considered and passed Senate.

LEGISLATIVE HISTORY: P.L. 94-326

SENATE REPORT:

No. 94-860 (Comm. on Commerce).
CONGRESSIONAL RECORD:
Vol. 122 (1976):

May 21, 25, considered and passed House.
June 17, considered and passed House.

LEGISLATIVE HISTORY: P.L. 95-153

HOUSE REPORTS:

No. 95-325. pt. 1 (Comm. on Merchant Marine & Fisheries) and
No. 95-325, pt. 2 (Comm. on Science & Technology).
SENATE REPORTS:
No. 95-216 accompanying S. 1425

(Comm. on Commerce, Science & Transportation) and
No. 95-189 accompanying S. 1527 (Comm. on Environment & Public Works).
CONGRESSIONAL RECORD:
Vol. 123 (1977):

Oct. 6, 11, 14, considered and passed House.

Oct. 20, considered and passed Senate.
WEEKLY COMPILATION OF PRESIDENTIAL DOCUMENTS:
Vol. 13, No. 45:

No. 4, Presidential statement.

T. Marine Resources and Engineering Development Act of 1966, Includ

ing Title III, Coastal Zone Management Act of 1972, Public Law 89-454, 80 Stat. 203, June 17, 1966 (33 USC 1101-1108; 16 USC 1461-1464), as amended by: Public Laws 89-670, 80 Stat. 931, October 15, 1966; 89-688, 80 Stat. 998, October 15, 1966; 90-242, 81 Stat. 780, January 2, 1968; 91-15, 83 Stat. 10, May 23, 1969; 91-414, 84 Stat. 865, September 25, 1970; 92-583, 86 Stat. 1280, October 27, 1972; 93-612, 88 Stat. 1974, January 2, 1975; 94-370, 90 Śtat. 1013, July 26, 1976; and 95-372, 92 Stat. 629, September 18, 1978. Title II, National Sea Grant College Program, is omitted.

An Act

To provide for a comprehensive, long-range, and coordinated national program in marine science, to establish a National Council

on Marine Resources and Engineering Development, and a Commission on Marine Science, Engineering and Resources, and for other purposes. Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled,

TITLE I–MARINE RESOURCES AND ENGINEERING DEVELOPMENT

Short Title

Section 1. This title may be cited as the “Marine Resources and Engineering Development
Act of 1966".

Citation of title I.

(As amended by P.L. 89-688, 80 Stat. 998, October 15, 1966)

Declaration of Policy and Objectives

Sec. 2.

(a) It is hereby declared to be the policy of the United States to develop, encourage, and maintain a coordinated, comprehensive, and long-range national program in marine science for the benefit of mankind to assist in protection of health and property, enhancement of commerce, transportation, and national security, rehabilitation of our commercial fisheries, and increased utilization of these and other resources.

(b) The marine science activities of the United States should be conducted so as to contribute to the following objectives:

(1) The accelerated development of the resources of the marine environment.
(2) The expansion of human knowledge of the marine environment.

(3) The encouragement of private investment enterprise in exploration, technological development, marine commerce, and economic utilization of the resources of the marine environment.

(4) The preservation of the role of the United States as a leader in marine science and resource development.

(5) The advancement of education and training in marine science.

(6) The development and improvement of the capabilities, performance, use, and efficiency of vehicles, equipment, and instruments for use in exploration, research, surveys, the recovery of resources, and the transmission of energy in the marine environment.

(7) The effective utilization of the scientific and engineering resources of the Nation, with close cooperation among all interested agencies, public and private, in order to avoid unnecessary duplication of effort, facilities, and equipment, or waste.

(8) The cooperation by the United States with other nations and groups of nations and international organizations in marine science activities, when such cooperation is in the national interest.

The National Council on Marine Resources and Engineering Development

Sec. 3.

(a) There is hereby established, in the Executive Office of the President, the National Council on Marine Resources and Engineering Development (hereinafter called the "Council") which shall be composed of

(1) The Vice President, who shall be Chairman of the Council.
(2) The Secretary of State.
(3) The Secretary of the Navy:
(4) The Secretary of the Interior.

(5) The Secretary of Commerce.
(6) The Chairman of the Atomic Energy Commission.
(7) The Director of the National Science Foundation.
(8) The Secretary of Health, Education, and Welfare.

(9) The Secretary of Transportation.
(b) The President may name to the Council such other officers and officials as he deems
advisable.

(c) The President shall from time to time designate one of the members of the Council to preside over meetings of the Council during the absence, disability, or unavailability of the Chairman.

(d) Each member of the Council, except those designated pursuant to subsection (b), may designate any officer of his department or agency appointed with the advice and consent of the Senate to serve on the Council as his alternate in his unavoidable absence.

(e) The Council may employ a staff to be headed by a civilian executive secretary who shall be appointed by the President and shall receive compensation at a rate established by the President at not to exceed that of level II of the Federal Executive Salary Schedule. The executive secretary, subject to the direction of the Council, is authorized to appoint and fix the compensation of such personnel, including not more than seven persons who may be appointed without regard to civil service laws or the Classification Act of 1949 and compensated at not to exceed the highest rate of grade 18 of the General Schedule of the Classification Act of 1949, as amended, as may be necessary to perform such duties as may be prescribed by the President.

(f) The provisions of this Act with respect to the Council shall expire June 30, 1971. (As amended by P.L. 90-242,

81 Stat. 780, January 2, 1968; P.L. 91-15, 83 Stat. 10, May 23, 1969; and P.L. 91-414, 84 Stat. 865, September 25, 1970)

78 Stat. 416.
5 USC 2211.
63 Stat. 954.
5 USC 1071
note.
79 Stat. 1111.
5 USC 1113.

Responsibilities

Sec. 4.

(a) In conformity with the provisions of section 2 of this title, it shall be the duty of the President with the advice and assistance of the Council to

(1) survey all significant marine science activities, including the policies, plans, programs, and accomplishments of all departments and agencies of the United States engaged in such activities;

(2) develop a comprehensive program of marine science activities, including, but not limited to, exploration, description

and prediction of the marine environment, exploitation and conservation of the resources of the marine environment, marine engineering, studies of air-sea interaction, transmission of energy, and communications, to be conducted by departments and agencies of the United States, independently or in cooperation with such non-Federal organizations as States, institutions and industry;

(3) designate and fix responsibility for the conduct of the foregoing marine science activities by departments and agencies of the United States;

(4) insure cooperation and resolve differences arising among departments and agencies of the United States with respect to marine science activities under this Act, including differences as to whether a particular project is a marine science activity;

(5) undertake a comprehensive study, by contract or otherwise, of the legal problems arising out of the management, use, development, recovery, and control of the resources of the marine environment;

(5) undertake a comprehensive study, by contract or otherwise, of the legal problems arising out of the management, use, development, recovery, and control of the resources of the marine environment;

(6) establish long-range studies of the potential benefits to the United States economy, security, health, and welfare to be gained from marine resources, engineering, and science, and the costs involved in obtaining such benefits; and

(7) review annually all marine science activities conducted by departments and agencies of the United States in light of the policies, plans, programs, and priorities developed pursuant to this Act.

(b) In the planning and conduct of a coordinated Federal program the President and the Council shall utilize such staff, interagency, and non-Government advisory arrangements as they may find necessary and appropriate and shall consult with departments and agencies concerned with marine science activities and solicit the views of non-Federal organizations and individuals with capabilities in marine sciences. (As amended by P.L. 89-688, 80 Stat. 998, October 15, 1966)

Commission on Marine Science, Engineering, and Resources

Sec. 5.

(a) The President shall establish a Commission on Marine Science, Engineering, and Resources (in this title referred to as the "Commission"). The Commission shall be composed of fifteen members appointed by the President, including individuals drawn from Federal and State governments, industry, universities, laboratories and other institutions engaged in marine scientific or technological pursuits, but not more than five members shall be from the Federal Government. In addition the Commission shall have four advisory members appointed by the President from among the Members of the Senate and the House of Representatives. Such advisory members shall not participate, except in an advisory capacity, in the formulation of the findings and recommendations of the Commission. The President shall select a Chairman and Vice Chairman from among such fifteen members. The Vice Chairman shall act as Chairman

in the latter's absence.

(b) The Commission shall make a comprehensive investigation and study of all aspects of marine science in order to recommend an overall plan for an adequate national oceanographic program that will meet the present and future national needs. The Commission shall undertake a review of existing and planned marine science activities of the United States in order to assess their adequacy in meeting the objectives set forth under section 2(b), including but not limited to the following:

(1) Review the known and contemplated needs for natural resources from the marine environment to maintain our expanding national economy.

(2) Review the surveys, applied research programs, and ocean engineering projects required to obtain the needed resources from the marine environment.

(3) Review the existing national research programs to insure realistic and adequate support for basic oceanographic research that will enhance human welfare and scientific knowledge.

(4) Review the existing oceanographic and ocean engineering programs, including education and technical training, to determine which programs are required to advance our national oceanographic competence and stature and which are not adequately supported.

(5) Analyze the findings of the above reviews, including the economic factors involved, and recommend an adequate national marine science program that will meet the present and future national needs without unnecessary duplication of effort.

(6) Recommend a Governmental organizational plan with estimated cost. (c) Members of the Commission appointed from outside the Government shall each receive $100 per diem when engaged in the actual performance of duties of the Commission and reimbursement of travel expenses, including per diem in lieu of subsistence, as authorized in section 5 of the Administrative Expenses Act of 1946, as amended (5 U.S.C. 73b-2), for persons employed intermittently. Members of the Commission appointed from within the Government shall serve without additional compensation to that received for their services to the Government but shall be reimbursed for travel expenses, including per diem in lieu of subsistence, as authorized in the Act of June 9, 1949, as amended (5 U.S.C. 835-842).

(d) The Commission shall appoint and fix the compensation of such personnel as it deems advisable in accordance with the civil service laws and the Classification Act of 1949, as amended. In addition, the Commission may secure temporary and intermittent services to the same extent as is authorized for the departments by section 15 of the Administrative Expenses Act of 1946 (60 Stat. 810) but at rates not to exceed $100 per diem for individuals. (e) The Chairman of the Commission shall be responsible for

(1) the assignment of duties and responsibilities among such personnel and their continuing supervision, and

(2) the use and expenditures of funds available to the Commission. In carrying out the provisions of this subsection, the Chairman shall be governed by the general policies of the Commission with respect to the work to be accomplished by it and the timing thereof.

(f) Financial and administrative services (including those related to budgeting,accounting, financial reporting, personnel, and procurement) may be provided the Commission by the General Services Administration, for which payment shall be made in advance, or by reimbursement from funds of the Commission in such amounts as may be agreed upon by the chairman of the Commission and the Administrator of General Services: Provided, That the regulations of the General Services Administration for the collection of indebtedness of personnel resulting from erroneous payments (5 U.S.C. 46d) shall apply to the collection of erroneous payments made to or on behalf of a Commission employee, and regulations of said Administrator for the administrative control of funds (31 U.S.C. 665(g)) shall apply to appropriations of the Commission: And provided further, That the Commission shall not be required to prescribe such regulations.

60 Stat. 808; 75 Stat. 339, 340.

63 Stat. 166.

63 Stat. 954.
5 USC 1071
note.
5 USC 55a.

68 Stat. 482.

64 Stat. 767.

(g) The Commission is authorized to secure directly from any executive department, agency, or independent instrumentality of the Government any information it deems necessary to carry out its functions under this Act; and each such department, agency, and instrumentality is authorized to cooperate with the Commission and, to the extent permitted by law, to furnish such information to the Commission, upon request made by the Chairman.

(h) The Commission shall submit to the President, via the Council, and to the Congress not later than twenty-four months after the establishment of the Commission as provided in subsection (a) of this section, a final report of its findings and recommendations. The Commission shall cease to exist thirty days after it has submitted its final report.

Report to
President
and Congress.

(As amended by P.L. 89-688, 80 Stat. 998, October 15, 1966; and P.L. 90-242, 81 Stat. 780, January 2, 1968)

International Cooperation

Sec. 6. The Council, under the foreign policy guidance of the President and as he may request, shall coordinate a program of international cooperation in work done pursuant to this Act, pursuant to agreements made by the President with the advice and consent of the Senate.

Reports

Sec. 7.

(a) The President shall transmit to the Congress in January of each year a report, which shall include

(1) a comprehensive description of the activities and the accomplishments of all agencies and departments of the United States in the field of marine science during the preceding fiscal year, and

(2) an evaluation of such activities and accomplishments in terms of the objectives set forth pursuant to this Act.

(b) Reports made under this section shall contain such recommendations for legislation as the President may consider necessary or desirable for the attainment of the objectives of this Act,

and shall contain an estimate of funding requirements of each agency and department of the United States for marine science activities during the succeeding fiscal year.

Definitions

Sec. 8. For the purposes of this title the term “marine science" shall be deemed to apply to
oceanographic and scientific endeavors and disciplines, and engineering and technology in and
with relation to the marine environment; and the term "marine environment” shall be deemed
to include

(a) the oceans,
(b) the Continental Shelf of the United States,
(c) the Great Lakes,

(d) seabed and subsoil of the submarine areas adjacent to the coasts of the United States to the depth of two hundred meters, or beyond that limit, to where the depths of the superjacent waters admit of the exploitation of the natural resources of such areas,

(e) the seabed and subsoil of similar submarine areas adjacent to the coasts of islands which comprise United States territory, and

(f) the resources thereof.

(As amended by P.L. 89-688, 80 Stat. 998, October 15, 1966)

Authorization

Sec. 9. There are hereby authorized to be appropriated such sums as may be necessary to carry
out this title but sums appropriated for any one fiscal year shall not exceed $1,200,000.
(As amended by P.L. 89-688, 80 Stat. 998, October 15, 1966; and P.L. 91-15, 83 Stat. 10, May 23,
1969)

TITLE II–NATIONAL SEA GRANT COLLEGE PROGRAM

(This Title is omitted)

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