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Periodic and Special Reports

Periodic and special reports.

15 USC 7171

Items to be included.

Sec. 10.

(a) Every natural-gas company shall file with the Commission such annual and other periodic or special reports as the Commission may by rules and regulations or order prescribe as necessary or appropriate to assist the Commission in the proper administration of this act. The Commission may prescribe the manner and form in which such reports shall be made, and require from such natural-gas companies specific answers to all questions upon which the Commission may need information. The Commission may require that such reports shall include, among other things, full information as to assets and liabilities, capitalization, investment and reduction thereof, gross receipts, interest due and paid, depreciation, amortization, and other reserves, cost of facilities, cost of maintenance and operation of facilities for the production, transportation, or sale of natural gas, cost of renewal and replacement of such facilities, transportation, delivery, use, and sale of natural gas. The Commission may require any such natural-gas company to make adequate provision for currently determining such costs and other facts. Such reports shall be made under oath unless the Commission otherwise specifies.

(b) It shall be unlawful for any natural-gas company willfully to hinder, delay, or obstruct the making, filing, or keeping of, any information, document, report, memorandum, record, or account required to be made, filed, or kept under this act or any rule, regulation, or order thereunder:

Willfully hindering the making and filing of any information, etc., unlawful.

State Compacts; Reports On

State compacts.

15 USC 717j.

Assembling of
pertinent
information
relative to,
by Commission.
Report and
recommenda-
tions
to Congress.
Pertinent
information
to be kept
current, etc.

Sec. 11.

(a) In case two or more States propose to the Congress compacts dealing with the conservation, production, transportation, or distribution of natural gas it shall be the duty of the Commission to assemble pertinent information relative to the matters covered in any such proposed compact, to make public and to report to the Congress information so obtained, together with such recommendations for futher legislation as may appear to be appropriate or necessary to carry out the purposes of such proposed compact and to aid in the conservation of natural-gas resources within the United States and in the orderly, equitable, and economic production, transportation, and distribution of natural gas.

(b) It shall be the duty of the Commission to assemble and keep current pertinent information relative to the effect and operation of any compact between two or more States heretofore or hereafter approved by the Congress, to make such information public, and to report to the Congress, from time to time, the information so obtained together with such recommendations as may appear to be appropriate or necessary to promote the purposes of such compact.

(c) In carrying out the purposes of this act, the Commission shall, so far as practicable, avail itself of the services, records, reports, and information of the executive departments and other agencies of the Government, and the President may, from time to time, direct that such services and facilities be made available to the Commission.

Assistance of Federal agencies.

Officials Dealing in Securities

Officials dealing
in securities.
15 USC 717k.

Sec. 12. It shall be unlawful for any officer or director of any natural-gas company to receive for his own benefit, directly or indirectly, any money or thing of value in respect to the negotiation, hypothecation, or sale by such natural-gas company of any security issued, or to be issued, by such natural-gas company, or to share in any of the proceeds thereof, or to participate in the making or paying of any dividends, other than liquidating dividends, of such natural-gas company from any funds properly included in capital account.

Complaints Sec. 13. Any State, municipality, or State commission complaining of anything done or omitted to be done by any natural-gas company incontravention of the provisions of this act may apply to the Commission by petition, which shall briefly state the facts, whereupon a statement of the complaint thus made shall be forwarded by the Commission to such natural-gas company, which shall be called upon to satisfy the complaint or to answer the same in writing within a reasonable time to be specified by the Commission.

Complaints. 15 USC 7171.

etc.

Investigation by Commission; Attendance of Witnesses; Depositions Sec. 14.

Investigations (a) The Commission may investigate any facts, conditions, practices, or matters which it

by Commission, may find necessary or proper in order to determine whether any person has violated or is about

Violations of to violate any provision of this act or any rule, regulation, or order thereunder, or to aid in the

Act, etc. enforcement of the provisions of this act or in prescribing rules or regulations thereunder, or in

15 USC 717m. obtaining information to serve as a basis for recommending further legislation to the Congress. The Commission may permit any person to file with it a statement in writing, under oath or Written otherwise, as it shall determine, as to any or all facts and circumstances concerning a matter statements which may be the subject of investigation. The Commission, in its discretion, may publish in the permitted. matter authorized by section 312 of the Federal Power Act, and make available to State

49 Stat. 859. commissions and municipalities, information concerning any such matter. (b) The Commission may, after hearing, determine the adequacy or inadequacy of the gas

16 USC Supp. reserves held or controlled by any natural-gas company, or by anyone on its behalf, including its III, 825k. owned or leased properties or royalty contracts; and may also, after hearing, determine the

Gas reserves, propriety and reasonableness of the inclusion in operating expenses, capital, or surplus of all determination delay rentals or other forms of rental or compensation for unoperated lands and leases. For the of adequacy purposes of such determinations, the Commission may require any natural-gas company to file or inadequacy. with the Commission true copies of all its lease and royalty agreements with respect to such gas reserves.

Evidence. (c) For the purpose of any investigation or any other proceeding under this act, any member of the Commission, or any officer designated by it, is empowered to administer oaths and affirmations, subpoena witnesses, compel their attendance, take evidence, and require the production of any books, papers, correspondence, memoranda, contracts, agreements, or other records which the Commission finds relevant or material to the inquiry. Such attendance of Attendance of witnesses and the production of any such records may be required from any place in the United witnesses, etc. States or at any designated place of hearing. Witnesses summoned by the Commission to appear before it shall be paid the same fees and mileage that are paid witnesses in the courts of the United States. (d) In case of contumacy by, or refusal to obey a subpoena issued to, any person, the

Contumacy, etc. Commission may invoke the aid of any court of the United States within the jurisdiction of which such investigation or proceeding is carried on, or where such person resides or carries on business in requiring the attendance and testimony of witnesses and the production of books, papers, correspondence, memoranda, contracts, agreements, and other records. Such court may Court orders. issue an order requiring such person to appear before the Commission or member or officer designated by the Commission, there to produce records, if so ordered, or to give testimony touching the matter under investigation or in question; and any failure to obey such order of the

Service of court may be punished by such court as a contempt thereof. All process in any such case may be

process. served in the judicial district whereof such person is an inhabitant or wherever he may be found or may be doing business. Any person who willfully shall fail or refuse to attend and testify or to Penalty answer any lawful inquiry or to produce books, papers, correspondence, memoranda, contracts, provision. agreements, or other records, if in his or its power so to do, in obedience to the subpoena of the Commission, shall be guilty of a misdemeanor and upon conviction shall be subject to a fine of not more than $1,000 or to imprisonment for a term of not more than one year, or both.

(e) The testimony of any witness may be taken at the instance of a party, in any proceeding or Testimony by investigation pending before the Commission, by deposition at any time after the proceeding is deposition. at issue. The Commission may also order testimony to be taken by deposition in any proceeding or investigation pending before it at any stage of such proceeding or investigation. Such depositions may be taken before any person authorized to administer oaths not being of counsel or attorney to either of the parties, nor interested in the proceeding or investigation. Reasonable Notice. notice must first be given in writing by the party or his attorney proposing to take such deposition to the opposite party or his attorney of record, as either may be nearest, which notice shall state the name of the witness and the time and place of the taking of his deposition. Any

Compulsory person may be compelled to appear and depose, and to produce documentary evidence, in the

appearance, same manner as witnesses may be compelled to appear and testify and produce documentary evidence before the Commission, as hereinbefore provided. Such testimony shall be reduced to writing by the person taking deposition, or under his direction, and shall, after it has been

Taking reduced to writing, be subscribed by the deponent.

depositions in a (f) If a witness whose testimony may be desired to be taken by deposition be in a foreign

foreign country. country, the deposition may be taken before an officer or person designated by the Commission, or agreed upon by the parties by stipulation in writing to be filed with the Commission. All depositions must be promptly filed with the Commission.

(g) Witnesses whose depositions are taken as authorized in this act, and the person or officer Witness fees. taking the same, shall be entitled to the same fees as are paid for like services in the courts of the United States.

etc.

(As amended by P.L. 91-452, 84 Stat. 922, October 15, 1970.)

Hearings; Rules of Procedure

Hearings.

15 USC 717n.

Admission of
State, etc.,
as a party.

Rules of procedure.

Sec. 15.

(a) Hearings under this act may be held before the Commission, any member or members thereof, or any representative of the Commission designated by it, and appropriate records thereof shall be kept. In any proceeding before it, the Commission in accordance with such rules and regulations as it may prescribe, may admit as a party any interested State, State commission, municipality or any representative of interested consumers or security holders, or any competitor of a party to such proceeding, or any other person whose participation in the proceeding may be in the public interest.

(b) All hearings, investigations, and proceedings under this act shall be governed by rules of practice and procedure to be adopted by the Commission, and in the conduct thereof the technical rules of evidence need not be applied. No informality in any hearing, investigation, or proceeding or in the manner of taking testimony shall invalidate any order, decision, rule, or regulation issued under the authority of this act.

Administration Powers of Commission; Rules, Regulations, and Orders Sec. 16. The Commission shall have power to perform any and all acts, and to prescribe, issue, make, amend, and rescind such orders, rules, and regulations as it may find necessary or appropriate to carry out the provisions of this act. Among other things, such rules and regulations may define accounting, technical, and trade terms used in this act; and may prescribe the form or forms of all statements, declarations, applications, and reports to be filed with the Commission, the information which they shall contain, and the time within which they shall be filed. Unless a different date is specified therein, rules and regulations of the Commission shall be effective thirty days after publication in the manner which the Commission shall prescribe. Orders of the Commission shall be effective on the date and in the manner which the Commission shall prescribe. For the purposes of its rules and regulations, the Commission may classify persons and matters within its jurisdiction and prescribe different requirements for different classes of persons or matters. All rules and regulations of the Commission shall be filed with its secretary and shall be kept open in convenient form for public inspection and examination during reasonable business hours.

Administrative
powers of
Commission.
15 USC 7170.
Rules and
regulations.

Orders. Classification of persons and matters.

Availability of rules and regulations.

Use of Joint Boards; Cooperation with State Commissions

Reference of
matters to joint
boards.
15 USC 717p.

Cooperation with State commissions, regarding rate structures, costs, etc.

Sec. 17.

(a) The Commission may refer any matter arising in the administration of this act to a board to be composed of a member or members, as determined by the Commission, from the State or each of the States affected or to be affected by such matter. Any such board shall be vested with the same

power and be subject to the same duties and liabilities as in the case of a member of the Commission when designated by the Commission to hold any hearings. The action of such board shall have such force and effect and its proceedings shall be conducted in such manner as the Commission shall by regulations prescribe. The Board shall be appointed by the Commission from persons nominated by the State commission of each State affected, or by the Governor of such State if there is no State commission. Each State affected shall be entitled to the same number of representatives on the board unless the nominating power of such State waives such right. The Commission shall have discretion to reject the nominee from any State, but shall thereupon invite a new nomination from that State. The members of a board shall receive such allowances for expenses as the Commission shall provide. The Commission may, when in its discretion sufficient reason exists therefor, revoke any reference to such a board.

(b) The Commission may confer with any State commission regarding rate structures, costs, accounts, charges, practices, classifications, and regulations of natural-gas companies; and the Commission is authorized, under such rules and regulations as it shall prescribe, to hold joint hearings with any State commission in connection with any matter with respect to which the Commission is authorized to act. The Commission is authorized in the administration of this act to avail itself of such cooperation, services, records, and facilities as may be afforded by any State commission.

(c) The Commission shall make available to the several State commissions such information and reports as may be of assistance in State regulation of natural-gas companies. Whenever the Commission can do so without prejudice to the efficient and proper conduct of its affairs, it may, upon request from a State commission, make available to such State commission as witnesses any of its trained rate, valuation, or other experts, subject to reimbursement of the compensation and traveling expenses of such witnesses. All sums collected hereunder shall be credited to the appropriation from which the amounts were expended in carrying out the provisions of this subsection.

Joint hearings.

Cooperation by
State agencies.

Availability
of information
to State
commissions.
Crediting of
sums collected.

Appointment of Officers and Employees Sec. 18. The Commission is authorized to appoint and fix the compensation of such officers, Appointment of attorneys, examiners, and experts as may be necessary for carrying out its functions under this officers and act, without regard to the provisions of other laws applicable to the employment and employees. compensation of officers and employees of the United States; and the Commission may, subject 15 USC 7174. to civil-service laws, appoint such other officers and employees as are necessary for carrying out such functions and fix their salaries in accordance with the Classification Act of 1923, as 5 USC 661-674; amended. (15 U.S.C. 7179]

Supp. III,

673-673c. Rehearing; Court Review of Orders

Sec. 19.

Rehearings. (a) Any person, State, municipality, or State commission aggrieved by an order issued by the

15 USC 717r. Commission in a proceeding under this act to which such person, State, municipality, or State commission is a party may apply for a rehearing within thirty days after the issuance of such order. The application for rehearing shall set forth specifically the ground or grounds upon which such application is based. Upon such application the Commission shall have power to grant or deny rehearing or to abrogate or modify its order without further hearing. Unless the Commission acts upon the application for rehearing within thirty days after it is filed, such application may be deemed to have been denied. No proceeding to review any order of the Commission shall be brought by any person unless such person shall have made application to the Commission for a rehearing thereon. Until the record in a proceeding shall have been filed in a court of appeals, as provided in subsection (b), the Commission may at any time, upon reasonable notice and in such manner as it shall deem proper, modify or set aside, in whole or in part, any finding or order made or issued by it under the provisions of this Act.

Review of orders (b) Any party to a proceeding under this act aggrieved by an order issued by the Commission by circuit courts in such proceeding may obtain a review of such order in the circuit court of appeals of the United of appeals, etc. States for any circuit wherein the natural-gas company to which the order relates is located or has its principal place of business, or in the United States Court of Appeals for the District of Court of Columbia, by filing in such court, within sixty days after the order of the Commission upon the Appeals for application for rehearing, a written petition praying that the order of the Commission be District of modified or set aside in whole or in part. A copy of such petition shall forthwith be transmitted Columbia. by the clerk of the court to any member of the Commission and thereupon the Commission shall file with the court the record upon which the order complained of was entered, as provided in Jurisdiction section 2112 of title 28, United States Code. Upon the filing of such petition such court shall conferred. have jurisdiction, which upon the filing of the record with it shall be exclusive, to affirm, modify, or set aside such order in whole or in part. No objection to the order of the Commission shall be considered by the court unless such objection shall have been urged before the Commission in the application for rehearing unless there is reasonable ground for failure so to do. The finding of the Commission as to the facts, if supported by substantial evidence, shall be conclusive. If any party shall apply to the court for leave to adduce additional evidence, and shall show to the satisfaction of the court that such additional evidence is material and that there were

Evidence. reasonable grounds for failure to adduce such evidence in the proceedings before the Commission, the court may order such additional evidence to be taken before the Commission and to be adduced upon the hearing in such manner and upon such terms and conditions as to the court may seem proper. The Commission may modify its findings as to the facts by reason of the additional evidence so taken, and it shall file with the court such modified or new findings, which if supported by substantial evidence, shall be conclusive, and its recommendation, if any, for the modification or setting aside of the original order. The judgment and decree of the court,

Review by U.S. affirming, modifying, or setting aside, in whole or in part, any such order of the Commission,

Supreme Court. shall be final, subject to review by the Supreme Court of the United States upon certiorari or certification as provided in (former sections 239 and 240 of the Judicial Code, as amended

28 USC 346, (U.S.C., title 28, sec. 1254).

(c) The filing of an application for rehearing under subsection (a) shall not, unless specifically ordered by the Commission, operate as a stay of the Commission's order. The Application for commencement of proceedings under subsection (b) of this section shall not, unless specifically rehearing ordered by the court, operate as a stay of the Commission's order.

not a stay of

Commission's (As amended by P.L. 85-791, 72 Stat. 941, August 28, 1958)

order.

347.

Enforcement of Act; Regulations and Orders

Enforcement
of Act.
Injunctions, etc.
15 USC 7178.

Sec. 20.

(a) Whenever it shall appear to the Commission that any person is engaged or about to

Writs of mandamus.

engage in any acts or practices which constitute or will constitute a violation of the provisions of this act, or of any rule, regulation, or order thereunder, it may in its discretion bring an action in the proper district court of the United States, the District Court of the United States for the District of Columbia, or the United States courts of any Territory or other place subject to the jurisdiction of the United States, to enjoin such acts or practices and to enforce compliance with this act or any rule, regulation, or order thereunder, and upon a proper showing a permanent or temporary injunction or decree or restraining order shall be granted without bond. The Commission may transmit such evidence as may be available concerning such acts or practices or concerning apparent violations of the Federal antitrust laws to the Attorney General, who, in his discretion, may institute the necessary criminal proceedings.

(b) Upon application of the Commission the district courts of the United States, the District Court of the United States for the District of Columbia, and the United States courts of any Territory or other place subject to the jurisdiction of the United States shall

have jurisdiction to issue writs of mandamus commanding any person to comply with the provisions of this act or any rule, regulation, or order of the Commission thereunder.

(c) The Commission may employ such attorneys as it finds necessary for proper legal aid and service of the Commission or its members in the conduct of their work, or for proper representation of the public interest in investigations made by it, or cases or proceedings pending before it, whether at the Commission's own instance or upon complaint, or to appear for or represent the Commission in any case in court; and the expenses of such employment shall be paid out of the appropriation for the Commission.

Employment of attorneys.

General Penalties

General
penalties.
15 USC 717t.

Sec. 21.

(a) Any person who willfully and knowingly does or causes or suffers to be done any act, matter, or thing in this act prohibited or declared to be unlawful, or who willfully and knowingly omits or fails to do any act, matter, or thing in this act required to be done, or willfully and knowingly causes or suffers such omission or failure, shall, upon conviction thereof, be punished by a fine of not more than $5,000 or by imprisonment for not more than two years, or both.

(b) Any person who willfully and knowingly violates any rule, regulation, restriction, condition, or order made or imposed by the Commission under authority of this act, shall, in addition to any other penalties provided by law, be punished upon conviction thereof by a fine of not exceeding $500 for each and every day during which such offense occurs.

Jurisdiction of Offenses; Enforcement of Liabilities and Duties

Jurisdiction
of offenses.
15 USC 717u.

Enforcement of
liabilities
and duties.

Sec. 22. The District Courts of the United States, the District Court of the United States for the District of Columbia, and the United States courts of any Territory or other place subject to the jurisdiction of the United States shall have exclusive jurisdiction of violations of this act or the rules, regulations, and orders thereunder, and of all suits in equity and actions at law, brought to enforce any liability or duty created by, or to enjoin any violation of, this act or any rule, regulation, or order thereunder. Any criminal proceeding shall be brought in the district wherein any act or transaction constituting the violation occurred. Any suit or action to enforce any liability or duty created by, or to enjoin any violation of, this act or any rule, regulation, or order thereunder may be brought in any such district or in the district wherein the defendant is an inhabitant, and process in such cases may be served wherever the defendant may be found. Judgments and decrees so rendered shall be subject to review as provided in (former] sections 128 and 240 of the Judicial Code, as amended (U.S.C., title 28, secs. 225 and 347). No costs shall be assessed against the Commission in any judicial proceeding by or against the Commission under this act.

28 USC 225,
347.
No court costs
against
Commission.

Separability of Provisions

Separability of
provisions.
15 USC 717v.

Sec. 23. If any provision of this act, or the application of such provision to any person or
circumstance, shall be held invalid, the remainder of the act, and the application of such
provision to persons or circumstances other than those as to which it is held invalid, shall not be
affected thereby.
Sec. 24. This act may be cited as the "Natural Gas Act.”

Short title.
15 USC 717w.

Approved June 21, 1938.

Amendments approved February 7, 1942; July 25, 1947; March 27, 1954; August 28, 1958; May

21, 1962; October 15, 1970; and November 9, 1978.

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