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Report to
President and
Congress.

Hearings.

(J) administration,
(K) legal expenses,

(L) the feasibility and desirability of a uniform system of reporting information concerning job-related injuries and diseases and the operation of workmen's compensation laws,

(M) the resolution of conflict of laws, extraterritoriality and similar problems arising from claims with multistate aspects,

(N) the extent to which private insurance carriers are excluded from supplying workmen's compensation coverage and the desirability of such exclusionary practices, to the extent they are found to exist,

(O) the relationship between workmen's compensation on the one hand, and old-age, disability, and survivors insurance and other types of insurance, public or private, on the other hand,

(P) methods of implementing the recommendations of the Commission. (2) The Workmen's Compensation Commission shall transmit to the President and to the Congress not later than July 31, 1972, a final report containing a detailed statement of the findings and conclusions of the Commission, together with such recommendations as it deems advisable. (e) (1) the Workmen's Compensation Commission or, on the authorization of the Workmen's Compensation Commission, any subcommittee or members thereof, may, for the purpose of carrying out the provisions of this title, hold such hearings, take such testimony, and sit and act at such times and places as the Workmen's Compensation Commission deems advisable. Any member authorized by the Workmen's Compensation Commission may administer oaths or affirmations to witnesses appearing before the Workmen's Compensation Commission or any subcommittee or members thereof.

(2) Each department, agency, and instrumentality of the executive branch of the Government,

including independent agencies, is authorized and directed to furnish to the Workmen's Compensation Commission, upon request made by the Chairman or Vice Chairman, such information as the Workmen's Compensation Commission deems necessary to carry out its functions under this section.

(f) Subject to such rules and regulations as may be adopted by the Workmen's Compensation Commission, the Chairman shall have the power to

(1) appoint and fix the compensation of an executive director, and such additional staff personnel as he deems necessary, without regard to the provisions of title 5, United States Code, governing appointments in the competitive service, and without regard to the provisions of chapter 51 and subchapter III of chapter 53 of such title relating to classification and General Schedule pay rates, but at rates not in excess of the maximum rate for GS-18 of the General Schedule under section 5332 of such title, and

(2) procure temporary and intermittent services to the same extent as is authorized by section 3109 of title 5, United States Code.

(g) The Workmen's Compensation Commission is authorized to enter into contracts with Federal or State agencies, private firms, institutions, and individuals for the conduct of research or surveys, the preparation of reports, and other activities necessary to the discharge of its duties.

(h) Members of the Workmen's Compensation Commission shall receive compensation for each day they are engaged in the performance of their duties as members of the Workmen's Compensation Commission at the daily rate prescribed for GS-18 under section 5332 of title 5, United States Code, and shall be entitled to reimbursement for travel, subsistence, and other necessary expenses incurred by them in the performance of their duties as members of the Workmen's Compensation Commission.

(i) there are hereby authorized to be appropriated such sums as may be necessary to carry out the provisions of this section. (j) On the

ninetieth day after the date of submission of its final report to the President, the Workmen's Compensation Commission shall cease to exist.

80 Stat. 378. 5 USC 101.

5 USC 5101,
5331.
Ante, p. 198-1.

80 Stat. 416. Contract authorization.

Compensation; travel expenses.

Appropriation.

Termination.

Economic Assistance to Small Businesses

72 Stat. 387; 83 Stat. 802. 15 USC 636.

Sec. 28.
(a) Section 7(b) of the Small Business Act, as amended, is amended-

(1) by striking out the period at the end of "paragraph (5)” and inserting in lieu thereof "and"; and

(2) by adding after paragraph (5) a new paragraph as follows:

((6) to make such loans (either directly or in cooperation with banks or other lending institutions through agreements to participate on an immediate or deferred basis) as the Administration may determine to be necessary or appropriate to assist any small business

concern in effecting additions to or alterations in the equipment, facilities, or methods of
operation of such business in order to comply with the applicable standards promulgated
pursuant to section 6 of the Occupational Safety and Health Act of 1970 or standards adopted
by a State pursuant to a plan approved under section 18 of the Occupational Safety and
Health Act of 1970, if the Administration determines that such concern is likely to suffer
substantial economic injury without assistance under this paragraph.”

(b) The third sentence of section 7(b) of the Small Business Act, as amended, is amended by striking out "or (5)” after "paragraph (3)" and inserting a comma followed by “(5) or (6)”.

(c) Section 4(c)(1) of the Small Business Act, as amended, is amended by inserting "7(b)(6),” after "7(b)(5),".

(d) Loans may also be made or guaranteed for the purposes set forth in section 7(b)(5) of the Small Business Act, as amended, pursuant to the provisions of section 202 of the Public Works and Economic Development Act of 1965, as amended.

80 Stat. 132. 15 USC 633.

79 Stat. 556. 42 USC 3142.

Paz

(As amended by P.L. 93-237, 87 Stat. 1023, January 2, 1974)

Additional Assistant Secretary of Labor

75 Stat. 338.

Sec. 29.

(a) Section 2 of the Act of April 17, 1946 (60 Stat. 91) as amended (29 U.S.C.553) is amended by

(1) striking out "four" in the first sentence of such section and inserting in lieu thereof five"; and

(2) adding at the end thereof the following new sentence, "One of such Assistant Secretaries shall be an Assistant Secretary of Labor for Occupational Safety and Health.”

(b) Paragraph (20) of section 5315 of title 5, United States Code, is amended by striking out "(4)” and inserting in lieu thereof “(5)”

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80 Stat. 462.

Additional Positions

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Sec. 30. Section 5108(c) of title 5, United States Code, is amended by

(1) striking out the word "and" at the end of paragraph (8);

(2) striking out the period at the end of paragraph (9) and inserting in lieu thereof a
semicolon and the word "and"; and

(3) by adding immediately after paragraph (9) the following new paragraph:
"(10) (A) the Secretary of Labor, subject to the standards and procedures prescribed by
this chapter, may place an additional twenty-five positions in the Department of Labor
in GS-16, 17, and 18 for the purposes of carrying out his responsibilities under the
Occupational Safety and Health Act of 1970;

"(B) the Occupational Safety and Health Review Commission, subject to the
standards and procedures prescribed by this chapter, may place ten positions in GS-16,
17,

and 18 in carrying out its functions under the Occupational Safety and Health Act of 1970.”

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Sec. 31. Section 601 of the Federal Aviation Act of 1958 is amended by inserting at the end thereof a new subsection as follows:

72 Stat. 775. 49 USC 1421.

"Emergency Locator Beacons

"(d) (1) Except with respect to aircraft described in paragraph (2) of this subsection,
minimum standards pursuant to this section shall include a requirement that emergency
locator beacons shall be installed

"(A) on any fixed-wing, powered aircraft for use in air commerce the manufacture
of which is completed, or which is imported into the United States, after one year
following the date of enactment of this subsection; and

"(B) on any fixed-wing, powered aircraft used in air commerce after three years following such date.

"(2) The provisions of this subsection shall not apply to jet-powered aircraft; aircraft used in air transportation (other than air taxis and charter aircraft); military aircraft; aircraft used solely for training purposes not involving flights more than twenty miles from its base; and aircraft used for the aerial application of chemicals.”

Separability Sec. 32. If any provision of this Act, or the application of such provision to any person or circumstance, shall be held invalid, the remainder of this Act, or the application of such provision to persons or circumstances other than those as to which it is held invalid, shall not be affected thereby.

Appropriations Sec. 33. There are authorized to be appropriated to carry out this Act for each fiscal year such sums as the Congress shall deem necessary.

Effective Date

Sec. 34. This Act shall take effect one hundred and twenty days after the date of its enactment.

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Approved December 29, 1970.

Amendments Approved January 2, 1974; and March 27, 1978.

LEGISLATIVE HISTORY: P.L. 91-596

HOUSE REPORTS:

No. 91-1291 accompanying H.R. 16785 (Comm. on Education & Labor) and

No. 91-1765 (Comm. of Conference).
SENATE REPORT:

No. 1-1282 (Comm. on Labor & Public Welfare).
CONGRESSIONAL RECORD:
Vol. 116 (1970):

Oct. 13, Nov. 16, 17, considered and passed Senate.
Nov. 23, 24, considered and passed House, amended, in lieu of H.R. 16785.
Dec. 16, Senate agreed to conference report.
Dec. 17, House agreed to conference report.

LEGISLATIVE HISTORY: P.L. 93-237

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CONGRESSIONAL RECORD:
Vol. 119 (1973):

Sept. 28, considered and passed Senate.
Dec. 17, considered and passed House, amended.
Dec. 19, Senate agreed to House amendment with an amendment.
Dec. 20, House agreed to Senate amendment.

LEGISLATIVE HISTORY: P.L. 95-251

HOUSE REPORT:

No. 95-321 (Comm. on Post Office & Civil Service).
SENATE REPORT:

No. 95-697 (Comm. on Governmental Affairs).
CONGRESSIONAL RECORD:
Vol. 123 (1977):

July 18, considered and passed House.
Vol. 124 (1978):

Mar. 14, considered and passed Senate.

DD. Outer Continental Shelf Lands Act, Public Law 83-212, 67 Stat. 462, August 7,

1953 (43 USC 1331-1356), as amended by: Public Laws 93-627,88 Stat. 2126, January 3,
1975; and 95-372, 92 Stat. 629, September 18, 1978.

An Act

To provide for the jurisdiction of the United States over the submerged lands of the outer Continental Shelf, and to authorize the Secretary of the Interior to lease such lands for certain purposes.

Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in
Congress assembled, That this Act may be cited as the "Outer Continental Shelf Lands Act.” Outer

Continental
Definitions

Shelf

Lands Act. Sec. 2. When used in this Act

(a) The term "outer Continental Shelf” means all submerged lands lying seaward and Ante, p. 29. outside of the area of lands beneath navigable waters as defined in section 2 of the Submerged Lands Act (Public Law 31, Eighty-third Congress, first session), and of which the subsoil and seabed appertain to the United States and are subject to its jurisdiction and control;

(b) The term "Secretary” means the Secretary of the Interior, except that with respect to functions under this Act transferred to, or vested in, the Secretary of Energy or the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission by or pursuant to the Department of Energy Organization Act (42 U.S.C. 7101 et seq.), the term "Secretary" means the Secretary of Energy, or the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission, as the case may be;

(c) The term "lease” means any form of authorization which is issued under section 8 or 43 USC 1337, maintained under section 6 of this Act and which authorizes exploration for, and development 1335. and production of, minerals;

(d) The term "person" includes, in addition to a natural person, an association, a State, a political subdivision of a State, or a private, public, or municipal corporation;

(e) The term "coastal zone” means the coastal waters (including the lands therein and thereunder), and the adjacent shorelands (including the waters therein and thereunder), strongly influenced by each other and in proximity to the shorelines of the several coastal States, and includes islands, transition and intertidal areas, salt marshes, wetlands, and beaches, which zone extends seaward to the outer limit of the United States territorial sea and extends inland from the shorelines to the extent necessary to control shorelands, the uses of which have a direct and significant impact on the coastal waters, and the inward boundaries of which may be identified by the several coastal States, pursuant to the authority of section 305 (b) (1) of the Coastal Zone Management Act of 1972 (16 U.S.C. 1454 (b)(1));

(f) The term "affected State” means, with respect to any program, plan,lease sale, or other activity, proposed, conducted, or approved pursuant to the provisions of this Act, any State

(1) the laws of which are declared, pursuant to section 4(a)(2) of this Act, to be the law of the United States for the portion of the outer Continental Shelf on which such activity is, or is proposed to be, conducted;

(2) which is, or is proposed to be, directly connected by transportation facilities to any artificial island or structure referred to in section 4(a)(1) of this Act;

43 USC 1333. (3) which is receiving, or in accordance with the proposed activity will receive, oil for processing, refining, or transshipment which was extracted from the outer Continental Shelf and transported directly to such State by means of vessels or by a combination of means including vessels;

(4) which is designated by the Secretary as a State in which there is a substantial probability of significant impact on or damage to the coastal, marine, or human environment, or a State in which there will be significant changes in the social, governmental, or economic infrastructure, resulting from the exploration, development, and production of oil and gas anywhere on the outer Continental Shelf; or

(5) in which the Secretary finds that because of such activity there is, or will be, a significant risk of serious damage, due to factors such as prevailing winds and currents to the marine or coastal environment in the event of any oilspill, blowout, or release of oil or gas from vessels, pipelines, or other transshipment facilities;

(g) The term "marine environment” means the physical, atmospheric, and biological components, conditions, and factors which interactively determine the productivity, state, condition, and quality of the marine ecosystem, including the waters of the high seas, the contiguous zones, transitional and intertidal areas, salt marshes and wetlands within the coastal zone and on the outer Continental Shelf;

(h) The term "coastal environment” means the physical atmospheric, and biological

components, conditions, and factors which interactively determine the productivity, state, condition, and quality of the terrestrial ecosystem from the shoreline inward to the boundaries of the coastal zone;

(i) The term "human environment” means the physical, social, and economic components, conditions, and factors which interactively determine the state, condition and quality of living conditions, employment, and health of those affected, directly or indirectly, by activities occurring on the outer Continental Shelf;

(j) The term "Governor” means the Governor of a State, or the person or entity designated by, or pursuant to, State law to exercise the powers granted to such Governor pursuant to this Act; (k) The term "exploration” means the process of searching for minerals, including

(1) geophysical surveys where magnetic, gravity, seismic, or other systems are used to detect or imply the presence of such minerals, and

(2) any drilling whether on or off known geological structures, including the drilling of a well in which a discovery of oil or natural gas in paying quantities is made and the drilling of any additional delineation well after such discovery which is needed to delineate any reservoir and to enable the lessee to determine whether to proceed with development and production;

(1) The term "development” means those activities which take place following discovery of minerals in paying quantities, including geophysical activity, drilling, platform construction, and operation of all onshore support facilities, and which are for the purpose of ultimately producing the minerals discovered;

(m) The term "production” means those activities which take place after the successful
completion of any means for the removal of minerals, including such removal, field operations,
transfer of minerals to shore, operation monitoring, maintenance, and work-over drilling;
(n) The term "antitrust law” means-

(1) the Sherman Act (15 U.S.C. 1 et seq.);
(2) the Clayton Act (15 U.S.C. 12 et seq.);
(3) the Federal Trade Commission Act (15 U.S.C. 41 et seq.);
(4) the Wilson Tariff Act (15 U.S.C. 8 et seq.); or

(5) the Act of June 19, 1936, chapter 592 (15 U.S.C. 13, 13a, 13b, and 21a);
(o) The term "fair market value” means the value of any mineral

(1) computed at a unit price equivalent to the average unit price at which such mineral was sold pursuant to a lease during the period for which any royalty or net profit share is accrued or reserved to the United States pursuant to such lease, or

(2) if there were no such sales, or if the Secretary finds that there were an insufficient number of such sales to equitably determine such value, computed at the average unit price at which such mineral was sold pursuant to other leases in the same region of the outer Continental Shelf during such period, or

(3) if there were no sales of such mineral from such region during such period, or if the Secretary finds that there are an insufficient number of such sales to equitably determine such value, at an appropriate price determined by the Secretary;

(p) The term "major Federal action” means any action or proposal by the Secretary which is subject to the provisions of section 102(2)(C) of the National Environmental Policy Act of 1969 (42 U.S.C. 4332 (2)(C)); and

(q) The term "minerals” includes oil, gas, sulphur, geopressured-geothermal and associated resources, and all other minerals which are authorized by an Act of Congress to be produced from "public lands” as defined in section 103 of the Federal Land Policy and Management Act of 1976.

43 USC 1702.

(As amended by P.L. 95-372, 92 Stat. 629, September 18, 1978)

National Policy for the Outer Continental Shelf

Sec. 3. It is hereby declared to be the policy of the United States that,

(1) the subsoil and seabed of the outer Continental Shelf appertain to the United States and are subject to its jurisdiction, control, and power of disposition as provided in this Act;

(2) this Act shall be construed in such a manner that the character of the waters above the outer Continental Shelf as high seas and the right to navigation and fishing therein shall not be affected;

(3) the outer Continental Shelf is a vital national resource reserve held by the Federal Government for the public, which should be made available for expeditious and orderly development, subject to environmental safeguards, in a manner which is consistent with the maintenance of competition and other national needs;

(4) since exploration, development, and production of the minerals of the outer Continental Shelf will have significant impacts on coastal and non-coastal areas of the

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