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141. Freedmen's Bureau. March 3, 1865

142. Freedom for Soldiers' Families. March 3, 1865

490

143. Proclamation appointing a Governor for North Carolina. May 29,

1865 .

491

144. Thirteenth Amendment. Dec. 18, 1865

494

145. First Civil Rights Act. April 9, 1866

494

146. Restoration of Tennessee. July 24, 1866

498

147. Franchise in the District of Columbia. Jan. 8, 1867

499

148. Elective Franchise in the Territories. Jan. 31, 1867

500

149. First Reconstruction Act. March 2, 1867

500

150. Tenure of Office Act. March 2, 1867

504

151. Command of the Army. March 2, 1867

507

152. Second Reconstruction Act. March 23, 1867

153. Treaty with Russia for the Cession of Alaska. March 30, 1867 511

154. Third Reconstruction Act. July 19, 1867

514

155. Articles of Impeachment. March 2/3, 1868

518

156. Fourth Reconstruction Act. March 11, 1868

529

157. Act admitting Arkansas to Representation in Congress. June 22,

1868.

530

158. Act admitting North Carolina, South Carolina, Louisiana, Georgia,

Alabama, and Florida to Representation in Congress. June 25,

1868.

532

159. Oath of Office. July 11, 1868

534

160. Joint Resolution excluding Electoral Votes of the Late Rebellious

States. July 20, 1868

535

161. Fourteenth Amendment to the Constitution. July 28, 1868 .

162. Provisional Governments of Virginia, Texas, and Mississippi.

Feb. 18, 1869

163. Act to strengthen the Public Credit. March 18, 1869

539

164. Submission of the Constitutions of Virginia, Mississippi, and Texas.

April 10, 1869

540

165. Reconstruction of Georgia. Dec. 22, 1869

542

166. Admission of Virginia to Representation in Congress. Jan. 26,

544

167: Fifteenth Amendment to the Constitution. March 30, 1870.

168.
Act to enforce the Fifteenth Amendment. May 31, 1870

547

169. Act for refunding the National Debt. July 14, 1870

551

170.

Act for the Restoration of Georgia. July 15, 1870

553

171. Supplementary Act to enforce the Fifteenth Amendment. Feb. 28,

554

172. Act to enforce the Fourteenth Amendment. April 20, 1871 .

560

173. Act removing Political Disabilities. May 22, 1872

564

.

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DOCUMENTARY SOURCE BOOK

OF AMERICAN HISTORY

No. 1.

First Charter of Virginia

April 10/20, 1606

The region included in the Virginia grant was claimed by Spain, but the close of the war between Spain and England, in 1604, left the latter free to extend the area of its occupation in America. Various plans for settlement and trade were brought forward soon after the return of Weymouth, in July, 1605. A petition for a charter, signed by Sir Thomas Gates, Sir George Somers, Hakluyt, and others, was favorably considered by James I., and in April, 1606, the charter passed the seals. The first draft of the charter, accompanying the petition, was probably drawn by Sir John Popham, lord chief justice, but the final form was the work of Sir Edward Coke, attorneygeneral, and Sir John Dodderidge, solicitor-general. Royal orders and instructions for the government of the two colonies and the conduct of their affairs were issued Nov. 20/30 and Dec. 10/20, 1606. An ordinance and constitution of March 9/ 19, 1607, increased the membership of the council and enlarged its authority.

REFERENCES. — Text in Stith's History of Virginia (Sabin's ed., 1865), Appendix I. Invaluable documentary material for the early history of Virginia, to 1616, is set forth in Brown's Genesis of the United States; see also the same author's First Republic in America, 1–71. Important contemporary accounts are: John Smith's A True Relation (Deane's ed., 1866, with notes), and General Historie (Arber's reprint); Wingfield's A Discourse of Virginia (Deane's ed., with notes, in Archæologia Americana, IV., 67–163); and A True Declaration of the Estate of the Colonie in Virginia (in Force's Tracts, III.). See further: Neill's Virginia Company; Sainsbury's Calendar of State Papers, Colonial, I.

I. JAMES, by the Grace of God, King of England, Scotland, France, and Ireland, Defender of the Faith, &c. WHEREAS our loving and well-disposed Subjects, Sir Thomas Gates, and Sir George Somers, Knights, Richard Hackluit, Clerk, Prebendary of Westminster, and Edward-Maria Wingfield, Thomas Hanham, and Ralegh Gilbert, Esqrs. William Parker, and George Popham, Gentlemen, and divers others of our loving Subjects, have been humble Suitors unto us, that we would vouchsafe unto them our Licence, to make Habitation, Plantation, and to deduce a Colony of sundry of our People into that Part of America, commonly

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