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The Burmese, amounting, it is supposed, to ten thousand men, advanced on Ramoo, from the Ruttnapullung road, and encamped on the south side of the river the 13th instant ; on the following evening, being within gun-shot, and advancing apparently with the intention of fording the river, a party, with two six-pounders, under the command of Captain Trueman, was detached for the purpose of annoying the enemy, and frustrating
any attempt to cross ; this our troops effected. On the 15th, however, the enemy at eight A. M. advanced, and commenced entrenching themselves about three hundred yards in front of our position, the right flank of which was protected by the river and by a tank, about sixty paces in advanee, this being surrounded by a high embankment, serving as a breast-work, was occupied by the picquet, who opened and kept up, without intermission, a fire on the enemy during the whole day and following night. Our position was strengthened in the rear by a similar tank to that in front, for the defence of which a strong detachment from the
provincial battalion and Mug levy was allotted. On the morning of the 16th it was discovered that the enemy had during the night opened trenches on our left flank, and had considerably advanced those in front. A desultory fire was continued during the next twenty-four hours from each tank, but with little effect on either side. By day-break on the 17th, the enemy had carried on their trenches to within twelve paces of the picquet, and had also approached to within a short distance of the tank in our rear ; they gained possession of the latter about ten A. M. the troops defending it having quitted their post and fled with precipitation. The consternation caused by this quickly spread, and they were almost immediately followed by the remainder of the Mug levy, The elephants (on one of which Lieutenant Scott, who had been - Seseverely wounded, was tied) were alarmed at the tumult and fled.
Shortly after this (our rear being now undefended) Captain Noton ordered a retreat, which was effected in good order for about half a mile, the two six-pounders being from necessity abandoned; the enemy's cavalry, however, pressing hard upon the rear of the column, a square was ordered to be formed, but in consequence of the excessive fatigue and deprivation which the troops had previously undergone, which rendered them absolutely incapable of offering any effectual resistance to the overpowering masses of the enemy pouring in on them on every side, the utmost exertions of the Officers to preserve discipline were unavailing, and on our arrival at the river the sepoys dispersed in every direction, and individual safety became the primary object of each. Under these lamentable circumstances Ensigns Codrington and Campbell, having seen the other Officers cut to pieces by the enemy, together with the greater part of the detachment, and deeming all further chance of resistance hopeless, escaped, the former, closly pursued, to Coxe's Bazar, and thence by water to Chittagong, and the latter, who was slightly wounded, by a circuitous route through the hills to the same place.
We have, &c.
J. W. SCOTT, Lieut. Artillery.
Ertract from a Letter from the Governor-General in Council to the Secret Committee of the Court of Directors, dated Fort William, 2d June 1824.
WE avail ourselves of the immediate departure of a ship for England, to transmit to your Honourable Committee copies of dispatches received this day from Brigadier-General Sir Archibald Campbell, announcing the capture of Rangoon” on the 11th ultimo, and beg leave to offer to your Homourable Committee our congratulations on this highly interesting and important event. We are happy to inform your Honourable Committee that, by the latest accounts from Chittagong, it appears that the Burmese troops had not ventured to advance from the intrenchments thrown up by them at Ramoo, after the defeat of our detachment at that place ; that the temporary alarm occasioned by that disaster was rapidly subsiding, and that the reinforcements approaching Chittagong would speedily place the troops at that station in a condition to undertake offensive operations against the enemy, should the season still admit of our advance. to the southward. More than one half of the sepoys of the Ramoo detachment, reported to have ..been cut off in the action of the 16th, had returned, to Chittagong unhurt, but we regret to say, that of the six Officers stated to have been killed no hope remains that any of them survive.
* The detailed report of this affair was published in the supplement to the London Gazette of Tuesday the 23d Nevenuber.
LONDON GAZETTE of DECEMBER 11, 1824.
Admiralty-Office, December 11, 1824.
A LETTER has been received from Commodore Grant, C. B. commanding His Majesty's ships in the East Indies, addressed to John Wilson Croker, Esq and dated on board His Majesty's ship Liffey, off Rangoon, the 20th of May last, in which the Commodore reports the occupation of that place by the land forces, under the command of Brigadier-General Sir Archibald Campbell, and the proceedings of a detachment sent up the river from the Liffey, under the orders of Lieutenant James Wilkinson, of that ship, accompanied by one hundred men of the grenadier company of the 38th regiment, under Captain Beach, for the purpose of destroying some stockades formed by the enemy on the banks of the river.
This service was effectually performed, the detachment landing in one instance immediately in face of the principal stockade; the enemy was dislodged from the several positions, the stockades destroyed, and the villages burnt: and the Commodore expresses his sense of the zeal and gallantry displayed by the Officers and men employed on the occasion.
The following is a return of the persons wounded in the performance of the above service:
Lieutenant James Wilkinson: William Austin, seaman, since dead. 1824. Q q Robert
Robert Sim, seaman.
LONDON GAZETTE of DECEMBER 18, 1824.
Whitehall, December 14, 1824.
THE King has been graciously pleased to constitute and appoint Joshua Henry Mackenzie, Esq., one of the Lords of Session, to be a Lord of Justiciary in Scotland, in the room of Sir Archi
bald Campbell, Bart. resigned.
December 10, 1824.
His Royal Highness the Duke of York has been pleased to appoint Dr. MacMichael, of London, to be one of the Physicians to His Royal Highness's Household.