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to forward, by all possible means, their | ring in the fullest manner in the sentirespective interests.
ments of his Britannic Majesty with reHis Britannic Majesty and his Catholic spect to the injustice and inhumanity of Majesty declare, however, that in drawing the traffic in slaves, will take into consicloser the ties so happily subsisting be- deration, with the deliberation which the tween them, their object is by no means state of his possessions in America deto injure any other state.
mands, the means of acting in conformity Art.-2.—The present alliance shall in with those sentiments. His Catholic Mano way derogate from the treaties and jesty promises,' moreover, to prohibit his alliances which the high contracting par. subjects from engaging in the Slave Trade, ties may have with other powers, it being for the purpose of supplying any islands understood that the said treatics are not or possessions excepting those appertaincontrary to the friendship and good un- ing to Spain, and to prevent likewise, by: derstanding, which it is the object of the effectual measures and regulations, the present treaty to cement and perpetuate. protection of the Spanish flag being given
Art. 3.-It having been agreed by the to foreigners who may engage in this treaty signed at London on the 14th day traffic, whether subjects of his Britannic of January, 1809, to proceed to the nego Majesty or of any other state or power. ciation of a treaty of commerce between Art. 3.-His Britannic Majesty being Great Britain and Spain, as soon as it anxious that the troubles and disturbances should be practicable so to do, and the which unfortunately prevail in the domi. two high contracting parties desiring mu- nions of his Catholic Majesty in America tually to protect and extend the commerce should entirely cease, and the subjects of between their respective subjects, promise those provinces should return to their to proceed without delay to the formation obedience to their lawful sovereign, enof a definitive arrangement of commerce. gages to take the most effectual measures
Art. 4.- In the event of the commerce for preventing his subjects from furnishing of the Spanish American possessions being arms, ammunition, or any other warlike opened to foreign nations, his Catholic article to the revolted in America. Majesty promises that Great Britain shall The present additional Articles shall be admitted to trade with those posses. form an integral part of the Treaty of sions as the most favoured nation.
Friendship and Alliance signed on the 5th Art. 5.--The present treaty shall be day of July, and shall have the same force ratified, and the ratifications shall be ex. and validity as if they were inserted word changed within forty days, or sooner if for word, and shall be ratified within forty possible.
days, or sooner, if possible. . In witness whereof, we the undersigned
In witness whereof, we the undersigned plenipotentiaries have signed, in virtue of Plenipotentiaries, in virtue of our respecrespective full powers, the present treaty tive full powers, have signed the present of friendship’and alliance, and have sealed additional Articles, and have sealed them it with the seals of our arms.
with the seals of our arms. Done in Madrid, this 5th day of July, Done at Madrid, this 28th day of 1814. (L. S.) H. WellesLEY.
August, 1814. Three Additional Articles to the Treaty
(L. S.) of Friendship and Alliance between his Majesty and his Catholic Majesty
CONGRESS AT Vienna.] Lord Castlereagh Ferdinand the 7th, signed at Madrid, requested the right hon. baronet whose August 28, 1814.
motion respecting the Alien Act stood for
that evening, to postpone it. Art. 1.-It is agreed that, pending the Sir J. Newport consented to the postnegociation of a new Treaty of Commerce, ponement of his motion until Tuesday. Great Britain shall be admitted to trade Mr. Whitbread said, that he had a motion with 'Spain upon the same conditions as respecting the case of Mr. Correa, which those which existed previously to the stood for that evening, and which he year 1796. All the Treaties of Commerce should also postpone. He should mention, which at that period subsisted between that in the absence of the noble lord he the two nations being hereby ratified and had postponed his motion respecting the confirmed.
proceedings of the Congress at Vienna to Art, 2.-His Catholic Majesty concur. Monday next; he wished to know whe.
ther that day was convenient to the noble Powers; and he was not aware that any lord, or whether the noble lord, by some thing bad occurred to induce it to change, communication on the part of the Prince that line of policy which had been so uniRegent, would prevent the necessity of versally approved of. With respect to that motion ? At the time when he had the general advice of the bon. meinber, given notice of his motion, he had thought he trusted the House would leave that it extraordinary that no such communica- question to the responsible discretion of tion was to be made on the part of the his Majesty's ministers; and as to the noble lord; but now, after the events opinion or remonstrance of the hon. gen., which bad recently happened, it was still tleman, he trusted the House would feel more extraordinary that it had not been that it could not, and without meaning any. thought expedient to make the fullest dis. disrespect to the hon. gentleman, he would closure which could be made consistently say it ought not to have any influence with the public service, of the proceedings upon their conduct whatever. He trusted which had taken place at the Congress, 7 the hon. gentleman would not object to without its being coupled with the fact the universal feeling which pervaded the that it was drawn forth by the motion of House on the subject of the present situaan individual member of the House of tion of France. The policy of this GoveraCommons. He could not, as he saw the ment never had been to interfere in the noble lord in his place, refrain from pro- internal concerns of that country; at the testing-as he bad before done at a time same time they could not but feel, in when the noble lord was not present for common with the other nations of Europe, himself, as an individual, against concur- deeply interested in supporting a governring in any measures which might impli- ment which had contributed to give peace cate Great Britain in the civil war which to the world, in opposition to that powermight now have begun in France, on ac- which now aimed at its subversion. He count of the landing of Buonaparte in that presumed the hon. gentleman himself was
country, for any object in which the inte. not an exception to this general feeling. rests of Great Britain were not immediately As to what measures the government of concerned.
ibis country might think proper to take Lord Castlereagh observed, that not under circumstances which now threatened being in possession of the nature of the again to disturb the state of universal hon. member's motion, he could not offer peace, he was sure the House would not any opinion as to the propriety or impro- pardon him, if he were so far to forget his priety of postponing a discussion upon it. duty, as to hazard any opinion on them. : For his own part, he had no wish that it Mr. Whitbreud said, he had no objection should be postponed ; indeed, he saw no to state the nature of his intended motion;' reason for postponing it at all. He had it was for an Address to the Prince Regent, only requested its being deferred to Wed. for a communication of such part of the nesday, on account of his health; and he proceedings at Vienna, as could be made should be glad of an opportunity to give known without injury to the public service. any information which he could afford He still thought it extraordinary that the consistently with his public duty. He noble lord, on his return from an impor-, should therefore be happy to meet the tant mission, would not make any comhon. gentleman on this ground, as soon as munication to the House until he was, as possible. He was not aware of any thing it were, arraigned before them. In bringwhich this country bad done to preçlude ing forward his motion he should not him from bringing down such papers as be neglect to bring before the House ih-se; bad alluded to, and accompanying them facts by which imputation had been cast with any explanations that ought to be on the honour and good faith of the councommunicated. This he thought would try, which the noble bord would refute if be more agreeable to the House than he could. If the noble lord succeeded in bringing down such papers as from the justifying himself, be (Mr. W.) should be present state of things could not possibly he first to acknowledge the error into be complete, and laying them on the table which he had been led by publications without any explanation at all. As to which bore the semblance of authority. the conduct of this Government, he was As to the affairs of France, he had not conscious that it would not deviate from alluded to them with any idea that he that spirit of good faith which had ever should have been attended to, but to progaided it in all its transactions with foreign test, and he again protested, against any
interference in the affairs of that country, that his Majesty's Government have con. on behalf of one or other of the contend- sented to a remission of the time of 5001. ing parties.
and a reduction of the sureties to half the Lord Castlereagh said, that nothing could amount ordered by the court, and to take be more unobjectionable than the motion the petitioner's recognizance for 1,0001.; of the hon. member, and the course which and that he is impressed with a due sense he meant to pursue. He appealed to the of this lenity shown to him; but has still House, whether the communication being the misfortune to declare, that, owing to withheld was not less extraordinary, than the heavy losses sustained during his Jong would have been a communication on the imprisonment, he is still unable to give the part of the Crown, made before the Con- sureties required, except so far as relates gress bad ended? Was it not most extraor to his own recognizance of 1,000l.; and dinary that such a communication could that the petitioner still continues to labour have been expected ? It was proper also under severe attacks of disease, and his · to remark, though he meant not to com- general health is much impaired; and he plain of the conduct of the hon. member, therefore again appeals to the justice and that more questions had been put during humanity of the House to afford him such the progress of the negociations at Vienna, further relief as to them shall seem fit, for, than it had ever been the habit of parlia. without such interference, the petitioner ment on any former occasion.
expects to terminate his existence within Mr. Whitbread said, that one of the ex the walls of his prison.” traordinary features in the case was the Mr. Addington stated, that the fine had noble lord's appearance in his place. If | been already remitted, and the sum rethe affairs of the Congress had not termi. quired from the two sureties reduced from nated, why had the noble lord returned ? 5001. to 250l. each, at the solicitation of a Or if his presence there was not necessary, worthy member (Mr. Alderman Atkins.) why had be gone thither? If nothing had Mr. Whitbread said, that the petition transpired on the subject of the Congress, acknowledged the lenity of the Crown, no questions would have been heard from but the petitioner was unable to find even him. His questions had been founded on the sureties now required. He hoped his public documents, naturally the subjects Majesty's Government would extend full of animadversion; and those documents mercy to this unhappy man, who had he should bring forward on Monday, as suffered a severe sentence, and a great matters of charge against the noble lord, aggravation of it. wbo, if it was possible, might refute them. Mr. Alderman Atkins joined in the
Mr. Ponsonby said, that unless the noble humane intreaties of Mr. Whitbread, and lord thought proper to disclose the whole stated the distressed circumstances of Mr. of the case, he should not be prepared to Lorell. He had communicated to Mr. give his opinion upon it. He must protest Lovell the intentions of the Government. against the House being called upon for He had, however, tried all his friends, and an opinion, unless they were put in pos. could not get any two persons to step forsession of the whole of the case. He must ward in the security of 250l. each. There consider himself bound not to give his were many gentlemen who would rather approbation on a mere partial statement. pay down the money, than give their
Lord Castlereagh applauded the reserve names as sureties under such circumstances. with which the right hon. gentleman ex · Mr. A. Browne expressed himself satispressed himself on the present occasion ; fied with the conciliatory disposition of and he could have wished that the same his Majesty's Government, and hoped the reserve had been more extensively eme mercy of the Crown would be still further ployed upon former occasions.
extended to Mr. Lorell.
Mr. Bathurst thought that the public PETITION OF MR. LOVELL THE PRO was entitled to some security, and that it
• The STATESMAN.”] Mr. was extraordinary that any man of suffiWhitbread presented a Petition from Mr. cient character to conduct a newspaper Lovell, the proprietor of The Statesman,” should not be able to find two sureties in taking notice of his former Petition 'pre- the sum of 250l. each. sented to the House on the 23d of Novem. Mr. Whitbread stated, that he had taken ber last; and setting forth:
occasion to visit Mr. Lovell in Newgate, “ That, since the same was presented, and that he should not have presented this the petitioner has been officially informed, petition, if he was not fully satisfied of
the truth of the allegations it contained. Sir J. Newport thought the continuance The right hon. gentleman who spoke last, of the petitioner in confinement furnished appeared not to have recollected the state. demonstrative proof of bis incapacity to ment of the worthy alderman who had procure bail, and he was therefore asbehaved so meritoriously in this transac- ionished at the doubt expressed upon that tion, and according to whose observation, point. many individuals would be ready to sub Mr. J. P. Grant concurred in the opiscribe the sum required for Mr. Loveli's nion of the right hon. baronet; for, four surety, who would yet be indisposed to months having elapsed since the fine im. put iheir names forward as bail for that posed upon the petitioner was remitted, gentleman. The motives of that indispo- and his security was mitigated, it' was sition were indeed obvious. As to the obvious that he would not have so long right hon. gentleman's observation upon remained in prison, if he were not unable the petitioner's character, which, accord- to procure bail. ing to that right hon. gentleman's opinion, Mr. Whitbread repeated his hope that could not be respectable, because he found ministers would accede to the petitioner's himself unable to procure bail, it ought to prayer : it was evident, from the extreme have occurred to him that the petitioner length of the petitioner's imprisonment, was placed in very peculiar circumstances, that the ends of justice could in no degree in no degree affecting his general charac. suffer by the grant of mercy on this occater, although naturally creating an obstacle sion; for this was indeed an extreme case, to the attainment of bail,--that being in which could not be drawn into precedent, prison he was under the necessity of com- while the punishment suffered by the petimitting his publication to other hands, by tioner, was surely sufficient to make a due whom he had already been betrayed into impression upon his own mind and upon farther misfortune. The suffering of the the mind of others also. petitioner then was, in a great measure, The petition was ordered to lie on the attributable to the misconduct of others ; table. but this very circumstance must operate to augment the difficulty of procuring
HOUSE OF LORDS. bail; for persons would naturally reflect, that they would have to become security,
Friday, March 17. not only for the petitioner himself, but for
LONDON PETITION AGAINST THE CORN those to whom he was liable to commit Bill.] Lord Grenville said, that before the conduct of his paper. Hence the the order of the day was moved for the petitioner miglit feel a great difficulty in commiital of the Bill now depending in procuring bail, without any imputation their lordships House for imposing a duty upon his general character. He was un on the importation of foreign corn, he was willing to make any statements whatever anxious to call the particular attention of that could serve to inflame the mind of the House to the petition from the Corpoany one upon this subject; but in fact, the ration of London, which be had presented most effectual way of inflaming the public the other day, praying to be heard by mind, as to the fate of the petitioner, counsel at their lordships bar; and he would be to reject the prayer of his peti- requested that the petition might be read. tion, and let him die in prison. This, how- [The petition being read, his lordship reever, he hoped and trusted would not be sumed.] Under all the circumstances of the conduci of ministers, but that feeling for the case, the motion which he was about the unfortunate situation of the petitioner, to submit to their lordships on the subject and seeing his inability to procure bail, of this petition, appeared to be one so they would allow him to be liberated upon little liable to objection, that he could his own recognizance.
hardly conceive how any doubt could Mr. Buthurst disclaimed the intention exist as to whether or not it ought to be of saying any thing injurious to the private agreed to. He was totally at a loss to character of the petitioner, of which he understand what parliamentary regulations really knew nothing; but added, that he or forms could stand in the way of the could not conceive how any individual or petitioners, when they prayed that on this individuals could deem themselves liable question, where their interests were so to an imputation in paying the sum re- deeply concerned, they might be perquired for the petitioner's security, if such mitted to state their case by counsel at a disposition existed,
their lordships bar; but as, on a former t
day, some doubt had been suggested, whe-, time which had elapsed since he had prether the petitioners could be regularly sented this petition, he had endeavoured, heard, he should shortly lay before the as far as he could, to ascertain whether House, the grounds on which it appeared there existed any parliamentary rules to to him that their lordships were bound to stand in the way of their lordships 'com-' comply with the prayer of the petitioners. pliance with this application. From all In doing this, it was by no means bis in the researches which he had been enabled tention to enter into a fresh statement of to make, and all the information which in those arguments respecting the general so short a space of time it had been in his principle on which he had on a former power to procure, his belief was, that. occasion, perhaps at too great length, there was no order of their lordships dilated-arguments, however, which as he House, no general practice or rule that thought had met with no satisfactory answer could operate against complying with the at the time, and still remained unrefuted. prayer of this petition. There was cerBut the particular point here, related not tainly nothing against it in their orders; so much to the mischief, generally speak. he believed nothing against it in their pracing, which, in their opinion and in his, tice; and, indeed, it was not easy to conwould result from this mode of legislation, ceive how any general rule could be as to the mischievous effects which it must adopted, to settle precisely in what cases have on their particular interests. Their petitioners should be admiited to be heard lordships had already, by the second at their bar, and in what cases they should reading of the Bill, decided that the sub. not be heard. He need not, surely, ject ought to be entertained. They had remind their lordships, that they did not decided, generally, that it was fitting to confine this privilege of being heard, to legislate respecting the importation and individuals who prayed to be heard for price of corn; but surely on all parlia- their own private and particular interests. mentary grounds, the petitioners might On the contrary, counsel bad been heard come to their lordships bar to show that at their bar on matters of the highest there was no necessity for legislating on public interest, as affecting large classes the subject at this particular time. It of the community, but in which the innever, surely, could be presumed that the terests of one class were not more particorporate body of the city of London cularly involved than those of other could not enlighten their judgment and classes ; and surely it could not now be inform their minds on points with which contended, if parties were to be heard for many of their lordships might be unac. their own peculiar interests, that because quainted, though upon these points even it so chanced that they had interests most the principle adopted by the supporters important 10 them, but which happened of this measure must in a great measure at the same time to be of importance to rest. If, then, most valuable information other classes of the community, they must on this important question could be ob. therefore be excluded from all opportunity tained from the petitioners, was the cppor- of stating their objections. Was it the tunity of furnishing that information to rule of the House, that parties must not be denied them? In the rapid, not to call appear at their lordships bar for their it precipitate, mode in which this business interests because they had a double claim had been conducted, he had felt that to be there heard ? The petitioners in the personal inconvenience which resulted present instance requested to state to their from the want of sufficient time adequately lordships for consideration, the manner in to discharge bis duty. It would ill become which ihis measure would affect their own any individual indeed to complain of local and peculiar interests. But at any Jabour or personal inconvenience, when rate, the metropolis must feel whatever he could by that means materially pro affected the general state of manufactures mote the interests of any number of his and trade all over the country; and even fellow-subjects, and particularly of large if they had not been directly or immeclasses of the community. But such was diately concerned, they ought still to be the effect of the precipitate manner, if he heard. If the measure now in progress in might so call it, in which they had pro- their lordships' House was calculated to ceeded with this measure, that he felt it produce greai and extensive mischief in impossible to devote the time and labour every quarter of the country, as the petito the subject which its vast importance tioners thought, and he thought it was, so peculiarly required. During the short how could the metropolis escape from its