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EXPORTS AND IMPORTS OF DENMARK.

The total of exports and imports for 1862 amounted to 3,124 060,003 pounds, of an official value of 105,047,776 rix-dollars, or 50,724,797 pounds, with a value of 725,403 rix-dollars less than in 1861.

IMPORTATIONS.

The importations amounted to 2,089,171,868 pounds, of the value of 66,387,560 rix-dollars, whilst in 1861 the importations amounted to 2,044,827,774 pounds, at a value of 66,460,888 rix-dollars; also in weight greater by 44,344,094 pounds, but nevertheless in value 73,258 rix-dollars less than in 1861.

The exports, which in 1861 amounted to 1,129,957,026 pounds, at an official valuation of 39,312,361 rix-dollars, amounted in 1862 only to 1,034,388,135 pounds, at an official valuation of 38,660,216 rix-dollars; also in weight, 95,068,891 pounds, and an official valuation of 652,145 rix-dollars less than in 1861.

This trade has been divided between the different divisions of the country as follows:

Pounds.

Value. Imports to the kingdom (proper) 1, 302, 862, 416 38, 968, 870 rix-dollars. · Exports.......

543, 580, 229 17, 722, 484

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Of some of the principal articles of exportation the shipments in 1862 have been considerably over those of the year 1861, viz: 12,000 cattle ; 13,000 barrels of butter; 75,500 barrels of rape-seed ; 994,000 lbs. wool; 421,000 lbs. oils; 1,047,000 lbs. bread; 7,100 barrels flax-seed.

The reason why the exportation as a whole has been less than in 1861 arises from the great diminution in the export of grain, which

Barrels.

Value. In 1861 amounted to...... ... 3, 611, 454 16, 111, 512 rix-dollars. In 1862 it only amounted to ....... 2, 946, 638 1 2, 132, 324

Showing a decrease of...

664, 816

3,979, 188

On the other hand, the importation of grain has been less in 1862 than in 1861. In 1861...

........ 774, 247 barrels. In 1862............................................ 657, 499

Showing a decrease of............... ....... 116, 748

Comparative tabular statement of the principal urticles exported from Denmark, with their quantities and values in rix-dollars, during the years 1861 and 1862.

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Bread ...

Horses......

Animal bones ............ pounds.. 5,866, 703 58, 666 6,887,503
Beans, (horse)............ barrels.. 27,376 136, 880 55,567
Beef, (salted) ............ pounds.. 2,644,066 311, 809 2,685, 726

.........do.... 2, 390, 681 143, 412 1,343, 318 Bricks ...

...number.. 6,443, 330 52, 829 6, 470, 963 Batter ...... ...... barrels.. 99,687

4,984, 350 86,726 Cheese ........

..... pounds.. 1,440, 377 144, 038 1, 256, 628 Grain.......

.. barrels.. 2,946, 638 12, 132, 324 3,611, 454 Hogs and pigs..

48, 848

486, 095 47,523 13, 755 1,031, 625

14, 430 Horned cattle....

52, 297 3, 137, 820 40, 289 Celye

13, 323 213, 168 11,881 Linne

.. barrels.

25, 178 41, 544 18, 420 Linseed ...... ......do.... 9, 455

61, 459

2, 354 Oil-cake..... ........ pounds..

931, 094 338, 623 22, 001, 303 ............do.... 1,406, 837 214,779 985, 612 Pork.

3,797, 884 455, 748 4,858,958 Potatoes ................. barrels.. 110, 690 110, 691 95, 848 Rags ................... pounds.. 600, 621 36, 038 957, 744 Rape-seed...... .......... barrels..

253, 226 2,025, 808 177, 739 Sheep, lambs, and goats ........... 46,709 140, 127 • 45, 079 Skins and hides .......... pounds../ 3,810, 547 | 1, 198, 067 | 4, 176, 789 Spirits.................. gallons.. 219, 359 292, 476 260, 625 Wool .......

....... pounds.. 4,587, 668 753, 835 3,593, 988

68, 876 277, 835 315, 898 80,598

54, 174 4,336, 300

125, 663 16, 111,512

473, 277 1,082, 250 2, 417, 340 190,096 30, 393

15, 302 440, 028 150, 376 583, 072

95, 848

57, 464 1,421, 912

135, 237 1, 224,794

347,500 586,713

Oils .......

do...

Total........................

28,502, 241

30,022,458

The importations had an official value of ........... 66, 387, 560 rix-dollars. Exportations.....

38, 660, 216

27,727, 244

This great difference is accounted for in the official valuation of tbe articles exported, which is considerably less than the actual market price. * * *

From this it will be seen that the great disparity between the value of exportations and importations lies in the official valuation of the exported articles, while the value of the imported articles is taken from the invoice prices.

The whole exportation of grain in 1862 was 664,816 barrels, or 18 per cent. less than in 1861; of this, wheat fell off 51 per cent.; rye 28 per cent.; barley 6 per cent; oats 4 per cent., and buckwheat 4 per cent. The exportation of rapeseed was considerably larger in 1862 than in 1861, an increased exportatiou of 42 per cent.

IMPORTATIONS.

The importations in 1862 were about 44,000,000 pounds more than in 1861, but with a value of 73,000 rix-dollars less. Less grain also was imported in 1862 than in 1861. The importations of grain for the last five years have been

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The transit trade or exportation of foreign articles has been better than in 1861, although the importation of a few articles has been less. Of coffee, 1,600,000 pounds less were imported than in 1861, but the exportations were nevertheless 2,000,000 more. Of rice, there were imported 1,600,000 pounds less, but the exportations were 300,000 pounds more. And of wool, the importations were 140,000 pounds less, but the exportation 1,000,000 pounds more than in 1861.

Comparatire tabular statement showing the quantities of articles of consumption imported into the kingdom af Denmark during the years 1858, 1859, 1860, 1861, and 1862.

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874, 922

Cotton goods.

2, 144, 287 2,502, 955 Cotton yarn...... lbs. 3, 226, 112 4,556, 109 Linen goods..... .Ibs. 1,552, 774 1,969, 109 Linen yarn...... lbs. 565, 978 607, 279 Silk and silk goods lbs. 90, 278 107, 559 Woollen goods.... lbs. 1, 205, 337 1,557, 288 Wool ............ lbs. 1, 026, 354 950, 574 Coffee ...........Ibs.

... lbs. 15, 988, 436 17,506, 218 Rice..........

8,524, 062 9,741, 555 Sugar, sirup, and molasses.......... lbs. 46, 740,773 / 55, 133, 126

55, 133, 126 Tea ............ lbs. 530, 615 587, 705 Woollen yarn.....lbs. 222, 629 256, 450

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2, 002, 120 3, 207, 508 2, 485, 637

112,078 1,810, 499

1, 129, 920 19, 871, 347 10, 754, 249

lbs.

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Comparative tabular statement showing the quantities of articles of consumption esported from the kingdom of Denmark during the years 1858, 1859, 1860, 1861, and 1862.

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Cotton goods.....Ibs
Cotton yarn...... lbs.
Linen goods...... lbs.
Linen yarn....... lbs
Silk and silk goods lbs.
Woollen goods ... lbs.
Woollen yarn....Ibs
Wool............ lbs.)
Coffee .......... lbs.
Sigar and sirup .. lbs.

....... lbs. Tea .............Ibs.

31,786 30, 426 267,521

3, 252

1, 190
117, 228

251
3,546, 745 )
3, 149, 316
5,858,982
2, 233, 680

139,553

36,912 47,727 282, 659 2,032

586 112, 118

761 2,646, 104 4,020, 853 3,648, 221 2,391, 078

115, 255

69, 791 88, 883 321, 573 2,768

855 131, 369 · 11,554

3,674, 367 4,635, 897 3, 704, 696 3,004, 946

70,988

76, 208 56, 821 290, 480 3, 299

652 144.769

11,944 3,593, 988 3, 607, 261 5, 694,499 2, 201,508

400, 985

57, 018 47, 996 338, 670

2,963

1, 343 109, 428

864 4,587, 668 5,608, 617 8,517,487 2,539, 092

134, 966

Rice.

Comparative tabular statement of the value in rix-dollars of the import and export trade of Denmark with foreign countries, her colonies, and with Lubeck and Hamburg, for the year 1862.

IMPORTS.

EXPORTS.

Countries.

Value.

Value.

Il

Hamburg ........
England ...
Altoona and Waudsbeck..
Sweden........
Norway..........
Prussia.......
Lubeck..
Russia...
Danish West India islands ..
Holland.......
Foreign West India islands ...
South America...
Bremen........
Iceland...
Hanover .......
East India, China, and the Pacific....
Greenland .............
France.....
Belgium......
Meeklenburg....
Faroe islands ......
Mediterranean and Black sea ..................
Spain......
Portugal and Madeira.....
Lunenburg.........
Danish fisheries ........
North America ..........
Africa........
Other countries.......

24,097,551
12,012, 739
3, 652, 220
3,191,983
2, 188,787
3, 476,593
2,004,78€
2,687, 892
2,585, 987
1,001, 893
2, 155, 380
1,867,961
1, 495, 166

494, 000
354, 626
604, 937
522, 358
413, 955
280, 195
108, 167
238, 035
199, 471
194, 229
88,918
53, 252
89, 349
11, 821

6, 950 308, 357

11,797, 489 10,047, 014 3,502, 438 3, 208, 849 3, 149, 578 1,005, 683 1, 195, 223

189, 661

274, 025 1,620, 580

7,591 31, 193

73, 446 635, 749 355, 892 62, 483 106, 605

93, 566 215, 581 326,513 94, 165 4,759 4,594 98, 493 72, 048 16, 308 2, 069

1, 214 467, 407

Total..

66, 387,560

38, 660, 216

The statistical tables do not give the direct trade with the United States, but with North America, and the value of the importations from there is only 11,821 rix-dollars, and the export is only 2,063 rix-dollars. Of the 8,388,908 pounds of tobacco imported, only 4,780 pounds came direct from the United States.

NAVIGATION.

The number of vessels entered and cleared in the year 1862 (exclusive of steamboats and vessels passing) were 130,823, with a tonnage of 1,566,6743 commercial lasts, or 3,417 vessels more than in 1861, with a tonnage of 3,851 commercial lasts, but which carried 10,5034 commercial lasts less than in 1861. The reason given for this is the great decrease in the exportation of grain, and the increase of steamboats carrying freights.

In the coasting trade there were engaged 2,121 more vessels than in 1861, being 82,431 against 80,310; and in the foreign trade 1,296 vessels more (48,392 against 47,096)-departures and arrivals.

The tonnage of the vessels in the coasting trade in 1862 was 706,274 commercial lasts, against 709,227 commercial lasts in 1861; that in the foreign trade 860,503 commercial lasts in 1862, against 853,696 commercial lasts in 1861.

Of the 82,431 vessels engaged in the coasting trade in 1862, 81,862 (99.3 per cent.) were Danish. Of the 48,392 vessels in the foreign trade, 30,342 (62.7 per cent.) were Danish. Tabular statement of the total number of arrivals at and departures from the ports of Denmark of foreign vessels for the year 1862, exclusive of steamers.

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Of these, there entered and cleared only two American vessels.

The number of arrivals and departures of steamers, and the amount of freight carried by them, has been on a steady increase for the last ten years, as will be seen by the following statement of arrivals and departures of steamers : Years.

No. Tonnage in com'l lasts.

......... 3, 867 44, 416 1862....

.. 13, 384 125, 831

1853.

Of these, 2,683 were engaged in the coasting trade in 1853, and in 1862 9,975. In the foreign trade in 1853, 1,184 against 3,409 in 1862.

The commercial navy of Denmark in 1862 consisted of 5,727 vessels, with a tonnage of 124,157 commercial lasts—an increase of forty-eight vessels, with a tonnage of 1,1004 commercial lasts. Of these, 3,742 vessels with a tonnage under 15 commercial lasts; 1,262 vessels with a tonnage between 15 and 50 commercial lasts ; 723 vessels with a tonnage over 50 commercial lasts.

Of these, Copenhagen had 326 vessels, of which 160 were over 50 commercial lasts ; 94 had a tonnage of from 15 to 50 commercial lasts; and less than onefourth (72) were under 15 commercial lasts.

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