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THE HARBOR OF ELSINORE.

The improvements of the harbor, which were commenced some years since, have been completed; by the finishing of the patent slip or railway dock, a few weeks since, vessels of 1,000 tons burden can with facility be taken upon the same. It will be of great benefit to vessels standing in need of repairs, and its great utility has already been tested.

ALTONA-W. MARSH, Consul.

FEBRUARY 12, 1863. The accompanying are the only statistics of trade, at this port I shall be able to make, as it is the only record kept and published relating to shipping, and, therefore, comprises only the entries with the amount of cargoes, without setting forth what their cargoes consist of or their value.

The total number of vessels which entered the port of Altona during the year 1862 was 1,457, of a burden of 59,544; commercial lasts, equivalent to 163,747 tons. Deducting from these figures 342 vessels, belonging to the duchies of Holstein and Schleswig, and 68 vessels from Denmark, of a burden of 4,339 commercial lasts, equivalent to 11,932 tons, it leaves the number of foreign ships 1,047, the total burden of which would be 55,205 commercial lasts, or 151,815 tons.

Altona is a free port of entry, the only impost on shipping being that of port charges ; otherwise, goods and foreign products of all kinds are stored here without paying any duty. Hence the merchants of Altona are in a position to compete with their neighbors in Hamburg, with whom an extensive business is done. Rents are much cheaper in Altona than Hamburg, the difference being one-half in favor of Altona. This is a considerable item, and the result is some hundreds of Hamburg merchants reside in and around Altona. The trade and commerce of this place are considerably on the increase. There are four shipyards here in full employ, two of them wholly engaged on new ships, the others confined mostly to repairs. There are also several large flouring mills, breweries, iron foundries; also cake mills, furniture shops, and large dyeing establishments, with an infinite number of cigar manufactories, and several piano and cordial manufactories. The latter have done a considerable business with the southern States, but at this time can do nothing on account of the blockade. The authorities of Holstein are cleansing, enlarging, and generally improving the port of Gluckstadt, also, with a view to make it accommodate large ships and steamers during the winter months, when the river above is full of ice or frozen over. These improvements give new importance to Gluckstadt.

Statement showing the number of vessels entered the port of Altona during the

year 1862.

Where from.

Number of

vessels.

Lasts.

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Duchies of Denmark ........
England ...........
Nether Elbe ...........
Hamburg ..........
Norway..........
Denmark .......
Hanoverian coast ....
Brazil ..............
West Indies .........
Bremen ...........:
Harburg, (Hanover).
Holland.......
Helgoland.....
Prussia .........
West coast of America*
Italy ........
West coast of Africa....
East coast of Africa..
Bengal........
Iceland .....
Greenland....
St. John's..
Belgium ....
Russia ......
Spain .......
East Indies....
Sweden ......

Total.

3, 6341 25, 064 2, 4954 3, 238 2, 8234

577 7, 0154 5, 924

8917 1, 3293 6781 395

3423 1, 463 607 508

2561 1, 045

881 81 49

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There are small craft, as follows: 433 fishing smacks, of 2,7377 lasts burden; 54 turf boats, 7094 lasts burden ; 3,005 small river crafts, 19, 044 lasts from the Upper Elbe; 767 small rivee craft, 9, 0364 lasts owned by Hamburg and Harburg. The Danish commercial last is 2,74 ton; America.

OCTOBER 26, 1863. The trade between this port and the United States direct is small, but via Hamburg considerable.

The exports for the current year to New York and San Francisco will amount to over a million marks banco. * * * For the year 1862 only two American ships visited Altona. Both were laden with rice from Akyab. The following tables are the only ones published at this port relative to commercial statistics. Fifteen hundred and nineteen ships of all nations entered and cleared from this port, of a measurement of 67,999 commercial lasts.

fi A large business is done by Altona merchants and manufacturers with the United States, the carrying of which is mainly monopolized by the Hamburg and American Steamship Company. The nearness of Altona to Hamburg operates to the disadvantage of this consulate.

The city of Altona continues to improve very fast; two hundred houses have been built since the month of June, 1862, and the population is now fifty thousand. Trade, manufactures, and commerce generally are on the increase.

*Two of these are from the United States. One of them was in port when I made out my December report.

A commercial last is 200 pounds Danish.

If a war should break out between the German states and Denmark, (which at present is likely,) this, as well as the port of Hamburg, will be immediately blockaded, and all commerce westward cease. The blockading fleet would occupy the mouth of the Elb, near Cuxhaven, and stop all communication with Hamburg and Altona.

Tabular statement, showing the foreign and Danish vessels arrived at the port of Altona, with their measurement in commerz lasts,for the year ended Derember 31, 1862.

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December 26, 1863. Tbe enclosed report of the commerce of Gluckstadt is furnished by Mr. Schenek, my consular agent at that port. It is carefully copied from the Danish government reports, and I believe it to be a reliable document, and of icient value to form a chapter in our annual commercial report.

H. Ex. Doc. 41- 19

Tabular statement showing the imports of Gluckstadt from over sea, for the year 1862, in commercial lasts.

Commercial lasts. Coals......

27, 158, 730 Sugar, not refined .....

13, 936, 789 Iron bars..............

235, 000 Iron sheets and plates...

75, 000 Iron sheets and plates..

279, 703 Cement, 338 casks....

136, 200 Chickory root, dried.....

121, 958 Bark for tanning .....

78, 600 Wine, 3,161 quarter casks..

56, 898 Spirits.........

16, 960 Flag-stones, 1,374..

27, 480 Seal oil...

23, 280 Sealskins.....

6, 538 Hides, (salted)......

15, 103 Wheai, 269 sacks......

53, 800 Pigs, 2.......

300 Total amount of commercial lasts

42, 221, 339

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Tabular statement showing in commercial lasts the coastwise imports of Gluck. stadt, for the year 1862.

Commercial lasts. Potash......

54, 657 Coffee.........

108, 718 Chickory root, (dried)..

129, 755 Hemp oil..

43, 000 Palm oil..

10, 100 Cocus oil

8, 070 Rice.........

41, 519 Tobacco.

25, 135 Molasses.............................

73, 073

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Total of goods imported coastwise......

494, 027

Total of foreign and coastwise........

42, 715, 366

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Tabular statement showing in commercial lasts the exports of Gluckstadt, for the year 1862.

Commercial lasts. Sugar, refined..

170, 939 Molasses ........

932, 440 Oil cake........

998, 880 Rapeseed, 6,378 sacks, averaging 200 pounds to the sack Wheat, 1,240 Buckwheat, 330 Oats, 180 Beans, 50

1,635, 600 Butter, 25 casks.

2, 300 Beef, (smoked)....

200 Iron (bars)........ ................................

3, 200 Sum total of goods exported .........

3,743, 559

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Commercial lasts. Quantity of goods in transit........

.. 4, 049, 208 Quantity of goods forwarded on the railroad to and from ...... 12, 624, 463

and five horses. The increase of inward-bound shipping in 1862.over 1861...... 6,630 The increase in outward-bound, (caused chiefly by the increased imports of sugar and coal).......

5, 5541

Comparative tabular statement showing the arrivals and departures, together

toith the number, tonnage, and amount of cargoes, of all vessels, both sailing and steamers, engaged in the foreign and domestic commerce of the port of Gluckstadt, for the years 1862, 1861, and 1860.

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