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boilery at Berchtesgaden; a boilery and refinery at Reichenhall; and boileries at Traunstein and Rosenheim ; 2 in Unterpanken, (Wurzburg district,) Kissingen and Orb; and 1 in the Pfalz, at Durkheim; the last three having boiling apparatus and refineries.

According to an average of several years the annual product of salt from these sources is 920,980 zoll-centner, of which over 800,000 zoll-centner are brought to market as kitchen or common salt.

The remainder, being the waste or coarse products of these establishments, is sold for agricultural purposes, and is used as manure and for the feeding of cattle. Tobacco culture in Bavaria reached its height in 1857, when it occupied 20,179 tagwerks (or Bavarian acres,) and produced 152,9754 Bavarian hundred weight. From this time declining prices and a diminished foreign demand have reduced the breadth of land planted at an average annual rate of 2,500 tagwerks. In 1861 only 9,096 tagwerks were planted, the product being 56,2663 Bavarian cwt. The increasing inquiry and advancing prices occasioned by this diminished product caused a slight increase in 1862, when 10,067 tagwerks were planted, producing 83,538 Bavarian cwt. This was an average product of 8.03 Bavarian cwt. to the tagwerk, the most fruitful year since 1856.

This culture is found mostly in the Pfalz and Mittelfranken (the Nuëmberg district,) 60 per cent. of the land devoted to it being in the Pfalz, and 30 per cent. in Mittelfranken. The average prices per Bavarian cwt. for the best and poorest tobacco of the crop of 1862 were :

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The entire crop produced f. 1,198,604, being f. 560,000 more than the crop of 1861. The following table will present a general view of the tobacco culture in Bavaria, and its product for the last seven years :

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The amount of land devoted to tobacco in the Zollverein in 1861 was 55,885 Prussian morgen, (1 Prussian morgen = 0.74 Bavarian tagwerks,) yielding 354,335 zoll-centner of cured leaves.

The latest general report of the agricultural statistics of Bavaria was published in 1857; but even these were made up in 1854 from data of 1853. In other words, the following agricultural statistics are ten ycars old, but are the latest of the kind obtainable, or even extant !

NOTE.-1 Bavarian tagwerk = 0.842 (0.84198472) acre, (English.) 1 Bavarian cwt. = 100 Bavarian pounds = 123.459 pounds. avoirdupois. 1 zoll-centner = 89.28574 Bavarian pounds = 110.231 pounds avoirdupois.

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Number of proprietors, 879,850; number of parcels, 13,085,110. In possesion of corporations, foundations, &c., 611,573.44 tagwerks. In possession of the state, of districts, &c., 88,244.32 tag werks. Forest, 7,358,844.25 tagwerks; wood produced, 2,692,178 klafters. Forest in private hands, 3,630,559.1 tagWerks. Number of proprietore, 315,039. Forest in possession of corporations, de 1,157,949.27 tagwerks. Forest in possession of the state, district, &c., 2,570,335.86 tagwerks. House-lots and yards, 124,522.13 tagwerks. Streets, roads and ways, 369,738.92 tagwerks. Rivers, lakes and waters, 350,825.55 tagwerks. Rock and waste lands, 594,548.23 tagwerks.

Total area of Bavaria, 22,248,842.38 tag werks, equal to 29,261.63 square miles (English.)

Product of the mines and quarries of Bavaria for 1861.

No. of mines Produce in zoll- Value at point of No. of laand quar centner. production. | borers emries.

ployed.

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Gold, (washed)...
Iron ore......
Lead ore........
Mercury ore......
Fablerz ore ...
Antimony ore....
Magnetic and sulphur pyrites.
Ochre and dye earth....
Coal, (bard and soft,) brown,

bituminous.....
Graphite ......
Porcelain clay......
Emery .......
Potter's clay...
Steatite........
Gypsum......
Slate, (tablet and roof)...
Barytes.........
Quartz and feldspar, fluor, spar

or blue ...............: Fluate of lime, (fluss-spath)..

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Total..........

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4,217

Products of furnaces, forges, and smelting houses in Bavaria for the year 1861.

Description.

No. of works.

Product in zoll.

centner.

Value at point
of product'n.

No. of laborers

employed.

1,400

112

Iron, in pigs..................
Iron castings from ore at furnace...
Iron castings from pigs......
Bar and rolled iron ............
Sheet iron ...........
Iron wire....................
Steel ..............
Lead products .......
Antimony* ........
Alum ..............
Vitriol, green ........
Vitriol, mixed ........

584,980
110, 849

75, 676
578, 100
53, 802
11,116

622
247

419 1,611

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f. 1, 769, 465

690, 547

586, 887
4, 202, 356

238, 769
102, 962
43, 600
2, 470

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5, 570
1,502

19, 853
11, 957

Total...

148

........

7,669, 2583,648

* The ore was sold in a raw condition. NOTE.—1 scheffel = 6.1175 bushels. 1 eimer (Bavaria) = 60 Bavarian mass=14.117348 English imperial gallons. 1 English imperial gallon=4.25009 Bavarian mass. 1 Bavarian mass = 0.94115654 quart. 1 Bavarian tagwerk = 0.842 (0.84198472) acre, (English.)

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Shawls ....

Oi''.::....

2 hand looms...
306, of which 241 are hand looms..........

323

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Ribbons, fringes, &c.....
Carrots introduced since

1847....
Hosiery ......
Net and point lace, new,

since 1847.
Yarn bleachery
Cloth bleachery ......
Turkey-red dyeing
Co ton and wou, en yain
Silk dyeing and finishing..
Other dyeing and finishing
Cloth printeries......
Oil-cloth ...
Iron works......
Wie works .....
Steel
Lead .......

dyeing .....

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Zinc........

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Copper ....
Brass........

pipes ..

356

Tin, arsenic, sulphur, vitriol, alum, niercury, antimony, bismuth, cobalt, nickel, and gold-in all.

110

Manufactures of Bavaria fc.,—Continued.

Number of Number of Description.

factories. workmen.

Machinery .....

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Hatchels, combs, cards, looms, and stocking machine....
Railroad cars and other vehicles...........
Scythe, chain, anchor, screw, nail, tack and sheet-iron goods...
Heating and cooking apparatus........
Muskets and side arms.......................
The Royal Armory at Hamburg employs...........
Powder mills, shot, balls, percussion caps............
Needles, (78 factories in 1847 employed 694 hands)............
Pins, knitting needles, bair-pins, &c.......
Gold and silver ware and their imitations..........
Copper, bronze, and brass galvanized and composition goods...

1,717

547 756 671 570

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There are in Bavaria 889 steam-engines of all kinds, possessing 77,889 horsepower, or 1 horse-power to each 500 inhabitants ; 45 of these engines, of 13,385 horse-power, are used in navigation ; 353 of these engines, of 55,136 horsepower, are used upon railroads ; and 491 of these engines, of 9,368 borse-power, are used for all other purposes.

This shows a large increase upon 1847, when there were but 132 steamengines in Bavaria, possessing 5,333 horse-power.

Bavaria possesses 16 railroads, whose united length is 1,134.6 miles (Eng.

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