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a) The Corporatimation collected before th

(C) the country in which the project is located, and the eco

nomic sector involved in the project. No proprietary information may be disclosed under this paragraph.

(c)(1) 317 * * * [Repealed—1988]
(d) The Corporation shall maintain as part of its records-

(1) all information collected in preparing the report required by subsection (c) (as in effect before the enactment of the Overseas Private Investment Corporation Amendments Act of 1988),318 whether the information was collected by the Corporation itself or by a contractor; and

(2) a copy of the analysis of each project analyzed in preparing the reports required by either subsection (b) or (c) (as in effect before the enactment of the Overseas Private Investment

Corporation Amendments Act of 1988).318 (e) 319 Each annual report required by subsection (a) shall include an assessment of programs implemented by the Corporation under section 234A(a), including the following information, to the extent such information is available to the Corporation:

(1) The nature and dollar value of political risk insurance provided by private insurers in conjunction with the Corporation, which the Corporation was not permitted to provide under this title.

(2) The nature and dollar value of political risk insurance provided by private insurers in conjunction with the Corporation, which the Corporation was permitted to provide under this title.

(3) The manner in which such private insurers and the Corporation cooperated in recovery efforts and claims management. (f) 319 Subsections (b) and (e) do not require the inclusion in any report submitted pursuant to those subsections of any information which would not be required to be made available to the public pursuant to section 552 of title 5, United States Code (relating to freedom of information). SEC. 240B.320 PROHIBITION ON NONCOMPETITIVE AWARDING OF IN

SURANCE CONTRACTS ON OPIC SUPPORTED EXPORTS. (a) REQUIREMENT FOR CERTIFICATION.

(1) IN GENERAL.—Except as provided in paragraph (3), the investor on whose behalf insurance, reinsurance, guaranties, or other financing is provided under this title with respect to a

317 Sec. 240A(c) was repealed by sec. 110(bX1) of the OPIC Amendments Act of 1988, S. 2757, enacted into law by reference in the Foreign Operations, Export Financing, and Related Programs Appropriations Act, 1989 (Public Law 100-461; 102 Stat. 2268). Subsec. (c) had required that OPIC submit to Congress not later than December 31, 1987, a report analyzing the actual effects, as of September 30, 1986, on employment in the United States of all projects with respect to which any insurance, reinsurance, or guaranty issued by the Corporation was in effect on September 30, 1986, or with respect to which repayments on direct loans by the Corporation were being made as of that date.

318 Sec. 110(b)(2) of the OPIC Amendments Act of 1988, S. 2757, enacted into law by reference in the Foreign Operations, Export Financing, and Related Programs Appropriations Act, 1989 (Public Law 100-461; 102 Stat. 2268), added the parenthetical text following "(c)”.

319 Sec. 105(b) of the OPIC Amendments Act of 1988, S. 2757, enacted into law by reference in the Foreign Operations, Export Financing, and Related Programs Appropriations Act, 1989 (Public Law 100-461; 102 Stat. 2268), amended Sec. 240A by redesignating subsec. (e) as (f) and inserting a new subsec. (e).

320 22 U.S.C. 2200b. Sec. 109 of the Jobs Through Exports Act of 1992 (Public Law 102-549; 106 Stat. 3654) added sec. 240B. Previously, sec. 240B addressed the return of appropriated funds by the Corporation to the general fund of the Treasury.

project shall be required to certify to the Corporation that any contract for the export of goods as part of that project will include a clause requiring that United States insurance companies have a fair and open competitive opportunity to provide insurance against risk of loss of such export.

(2) WHEN CERTIFICATION MUST BE MADE.-The investor shall be required, in every practicable case, to so certify before the insurance, reinsurance, guarantee, or other financing is provided. In any case in which such a certification is not made in advance, the investor shall include in the certification the reasons for the failure to make a certification in advance.

(3) EXCEPTION.—Paragraph (1) does not apply with respect to an investor who does not, because of the nature of the investment, have a controlling interest in fact in the project in ques

tion. (b) REPORTS BY THE UNITED STATES TRADE REPRESENTATIVE. — The United States Trade Representative shall review the actions of the Corporation under subsection (a) and, after consultation with representatives of United States insurance companies, shall report to the Congress in the report required by section 181(b) of the Trade Act of 1974 with respect to such actions. (c) DEFINITIONS.—For purposes of this section(1) the term “United States insurance company” includes

(A) an individual, partnership, corporation, holding company, or other legal entity which is authorized, or in the case of a holding company, subsidiaries of which are authorized, by a State to engage in the business of issuing insurance contracts or reinsuring the risk underwritten by insurance companies; and

(B) foreign operations, branches, agencies, subsidiaries, affiliates, or joint ventures of any entity described in sub

paragraph (A); (2) United States insurance companies shall be considered to have had a “fair and open competitive opportunity to provide insurance” if they

(A) have received notice of the opportunity to provide insurance; and

(B) have been evaluated on a nondiscriminatory basis; and (3) the term “State" includes the District of Columbia and any commonwealth, territory, or possession of the United States.

Title V—Disadvantaged Children in Asia 321 Sec. 241.322 Assistance to Certain Disadvantaged Children in Asia.—a) The Congress recognizes the humanitarian needs of disadvantaged children in Asian countries where there has been or continues to be a heavy presence of United States military and re

321 Sec. 116 of the International Development and Food Assistance Act of 1978 (Public Law 95-424; 92 Stat. 952) struck out the title heading “Development Research” and added this new heading for title V.

322 27 U.S.C. 2201. This new sec. 241 was added by sec. 116 of the International Development and Food Assistance Act of 1978 (Public Law 95-424; 92 Stat. 952). Previously, sec. 241 had contained the general authority under title V but had been repealed by Public Law 94–161 (89 Stat. 849).

lated personnel in recent years. Moreover, the Congress finds that inadequate provision has been made for the care and welfare of such disadvantaged children, particularly those fathered by the United States citizens.

(b) Accordingly, the President is authorized to expend up to $3,000,000 323 of funds made available under chapter 1 of this part, in addition to funds otherwise available for such purposes, to help meet the needs of these disadvantaged children in Asia by assisting in the expansion and improvement of orphanages, hostels, day care centers, school feeding programs, and health, education, and welfare programs. Assistance provided under this section shall be furnished under the auspices of and by international organizations or private voluntary agencies operating within, and in cooperation with, the countries of Asia where these disadvantaged children reside.

Title VI–Alliance for Progress 324 * * * [Repealed—1978]

Title VII—Evaluation of Programs 325 * * * [Repealed—1978] Title VIII—Southeast Asia Multilateral and Regional Programs 326 * * *

(Repealed-1978) Title K–Utilization of Democratic Institutions in Development 327 Sec. 281.328 Utilization of Democratic Institutions in Development.-(a) 329 In carrying out programs authorized in this chapter and chapter 1,330 emphasis shall be placed on assuring maximum participation in the task of economic development on the part of the people of the developing countries, through the encouragement of democratic private and local governmental institutions.

(b) 329 In order to carry out the purposes of this title, programs under this chapter and chapter 1 330 shall

(1) recognize the differing needs, desires, and capacities of the people of the respective developing countries and areas;

(2) use the intellectual resources of such countries and areas in conjunction with assistance provided under this Act so as to encourage the development of indigenous institutions that meet their particular requirements for sustained economic and social progress; and

(3) support civic education and training in skills required for effective participation in governmental and political processes

essential to self-government. (c) 329 In the allocation of funds for research under this chapter and chapter 1,330 emphasis shall be given to research designed to

323 Sec. 903(a) of the International Security and Development Cooperation Act of 1985 (Public Law 99-83; 99 Stat. 190) increased the authorization of funds from $2,000,000 to $3,000,000.

324 Title VI, as added by the FA Act of 1962, was repealed by sec. 102(g)(1)(A) of the International Development and Food Assistance Act of 1978 (Public Law 95–424; 92 Stat. 942).

325 Title VII, as added by the FA Act of 1963, was repealed by sec. 102(g)(1)(A) of the International Development and Food Assistance Act of 1978 (Public Law 95-424; 92 Stat. 942).

326 Title VIII, as added by the FA Act of 1966, was repealed by sec. 102(g)(1)(A) of the International Development and Food Assistance Act of 1978 (92 Stat. 942).

327 Title IX was added by sec. 106 of the FA Act of 1966.
328 22 U.S.C. 2218. Sec. 281 was added by sec. 106 of the FA Act of 1966.

329 Subsec. designation “(a)" and subsecs. (b), (c) and (d) were added by sec. 108, of the FA Act of 1967.

330 The words “and chapter 1” were added by sec. 102(g)(2XA) of the International Development and Food Assistance Act of 1978 (Public Law 95—424; 92 Stat. 942).

examine the political, social, and related obstacles to development in countries receiving assistance under part I of this Act. In particular, emphasis should be given to research designed to increase understanding of the ways in which development assistance can support democratic, social and political trends in recipient countries.331

(d) 329 Emphasis shall also be given to the evaluation of relevant past and current programs under part I of this Act and to applying this experience so as to strengthen their effectiveness in implementing the objectives of this title.

(e) 332 In order to carry out the purposes of this title, the agency primarily responsible for administering part I of this Act, shall develop systematic programs of inservice training to familiarize its personnel with the objectives of this title and to increase their knowledge of the political and social aspects of development. In addition to other funds available for such purposes, not to exceed 1 per centum of the funds authorized to be appropriated for grant assistance under this chapter and chapter 1 330 may be used for carrying out the objectives of this subsection. Title X-Programs Relating to Population Growth 333 * * * [Repealed—1978] Title XI—Food Production Targets and Reports 334 * * * (Repealed—1978]

Title XII–Famine Prevention and Freedom From Hunger 335 Sec. 296.335 General Provisions.—a) 336 The Congress declares that, in order to achieve the mutual goals among nations of ensuring food security, human health, agricultural growth, trade expansion, and the wise and sustainable use of natural resources, the United States should mobilize the capacities of the United States land-grant universities, other eligible universities, and public and private partners of universities in the United States and other countries, consistent with sections 103 and 103A of this Act, for: (1) global research on problems affecting food, agriculture, forestry, and fisheries; (2) improved human capacity and institutional resource development for the global application of agricultural and related environmental sciences; (3) agricultural development and trade research and extension services in the United States and other countries to support the entry of rural industries into world markets; and (4) providing for the application of agricultural sciences to solving food, health, nutrition, rural income, and envi

331 The last sentence was added by sec. 106(a) of the FA Act of 1968. 332 Subsec. (e) was added by sec. 106(b) of the FA Act of 1968.

333 Title X, as added by the FA Act of 1967, was repealed by sec. 104(b) of the International Development and Food Assistance Act of 1978 (Public Law 95-424; 92 Stat. 947).

334 Title XI. as added by the FA Act of 1967, was repealed by sec. 502(d)(1) of the International Development and Food Assistance Act of 1978 (Public Law 95-424; 92 Stat. 959).

335 22 U.S.C. 2220a. Sec. 312 of Public Law 94-161 (89 Stat. 849) added title XII and new sec. 296.

336 Sec. 2(a)(1) of the Famine Prevention and Freedom From Hunger Improvement Act of 2000 (Public Law 106–373; 114 Stat. 1427) amended and restated the first sentence of subsec. (a). The sentence formerly read as follows:

"The Congress declares that, in order to prevent famine and establish freedom from hunger, the United States should strengthen the capacities of the United States land-grant and other eligible universities in program-related agricultural institutional development and research, consistent with sections 103 and 103A, should improve their participation in the United States Government's international efforts to apply more effective agricultural sciences to the goal of increasing world food production, and in general should provide incre

vide increased and longer term support to the application of science to solving food and nutrition problems of the developing countries.". 337 Sec. 2(aX2XA) of the Famine Prevention and Freedom From Hunger Improvement Act of 2000 (Public Law 106–373; 114 Stat. 1427) redesignated paras. (1) through (7) as subparas. (A) through (G), respectively. Sec. 2(a)(2XE) of that Act struck out newly redesignated subparas. (E) and (G), which had read as follows:

ronmental problems, especially such problems in low-income, food deficit countries. The Congress so declares because it finds

(A) 337 that the establishment, endowment, and continuing support of land-grant universities in the United States by Federal, State, and county governments has led to agricultural progress with and through the private sector in this country and to understanding processes of economic development; 338

(B) 339 that land-grant and other universities in the United States have demonstrated over many years their ability to cooperate with international agencies, educational and research institutions in other countries, the private sector, and nongovernmental organizations worldwide, in expanding global agricultural production, processing, business and trade, to the benefit of aid recipient countries and of the United States;

(C) 340 that, in a world of growing populations with rising expectations, increased food production and improved distribution, storage, and marketing in the developing countries is necessary not only to prevent hunger and ensure human health and child survival, but to build the basis for economic growth and trade, and the social security in which democracy and a market economy can thrive, and moreover, that the greatest potential for increasing world food supplies and incomes to purchase food is in the developing countries where the gap between food need and food supply is the greatest and current incomes are lowest;

(D) 337 that increasing and making more secure the supply of food is of greatest benefit to the poorest majority in the developing world;

"(E) that research, teaching, and extension activities, and appropriate institutional development therefor are prime factors in increasing agricultural production abroad (as well as in the United States) and in improving food distribution, storage, and marketing;

"(G) that universities need a dependable source of Federal funding, as well as other financing, in order to expand, or in some cases to continue, their efforts to assist in increasing agricultural production in developing countries.".

338 Sec. 2(aX2XB) of the Famine Prevention and Freedom From Hunger Improvement Act of 2000 (Public Law 106–373; 114 Stat. 1427) struck out “in this country” and inserted in lieu thereof "with and through the private sector in this country and to understanding processes of economic development”.

339 Sec. 2(a)(2XC) of the Famine Prevention and Freedom From Hunger Improvement Act of 2000 (Public Law 106–373; 114 Stat. 1427) amended and restated subpara. (B). It formerly read as follows:

"(B) that land-grant and other universities in the United States have demonstrated over many years their ability to cooperate with foreign agricultural institutions in expanding indigenous food production for both domestic and international markets;”.

340 Sec. 2(a)2X(D) of the Famine Prevention and Freedom From Hunger Improvement Act of 2000 (Public Law 106–373; 114 Stat. 1428) amended and restated subpara. (C). It formerly read as follows:

"(C) that, in a world of growing population with rising expectations, increased food production and improved distribution, storage, and marketing in the developing countries is necessary not only to prevent hunger but to build the economic base for growth, and moreover, that the greatest potential for increasing world food supplies is in the developing countries where the gap between food need and food supply is the greatest and current yields are lowest;".

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