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part of the United States contribution shall be used to furnish assistance to any refugee who is receiving military training as a member of the so-called Palestine Liberation Army or any other guerrilla type organization or who has engaged in any act of terrorism.

(d) 402 In any case in which a fund established solely by United States contributions under this or any other Act is administered by an international organization under the terms of an agreement between the United States and such international organization, such agreement shall provide that the Comptroller General of the United States shall conduct such audits as are necessary to assure that such fund is administered in accordance with such agreement. The President shall undertake to modify any existing agreement entered into before the date of enactment of this subsection to conform to the requirements of the preceding sentence. The Comptroller General shall report simultaneously to the Congress and the President the results of the audit conducted under this subsection. 403

(e) 404 (1) In the case of the United Nations and its affiliated organizations, including the International Atomic Energy Agency, the President shall, acting through the United States representative to such organizations, propose and actively seek the establishment by the governing authorities of such organizations of external, professionally qualified groups 405 of appropriate size for the purpose of providing an independent and continuous program of selective examinations, review, evaluation, and audits 406 of the programs and activities of such organizations. Such proposal shall provide that such groups 405 shall be established in accordance with such terms of reference as such governing authority may prescribe and that the reports of such groups 405 on each examination, review, evaluation or audits 406 shall be submitted directly to such governing authority for transmittal to the representative of each individual member nation. Such proposal shall further include a statement of auditing and reporting standards, as prepared by the Comptroller General of the United States, for the consideration of the governing authority of the international organization concerned to assist in formulating terms of reference for such review and evaluation

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(2) In the case of the International Bank for Reconstruction and Development and the Asian Development Bank, the President shall, acting through the United States representative to such organizations, propose and actively seek the establishment by the governing authorities of such organizations professionally qualified groups of appropriate size for the purpose of providing an independent and continuous program of selective examination, review, evaluation, and audits 406 of the programs and activities of such or

402 Subsec. (d) was added by sec. 110(a) of the FA Act of 1967.

403 This sentence was added by sec. 701(a) of the International Security and Development Cooperation Act of 1980 (Public Law 96-533; 94 Stat. 3156).

404 Subsec. (e) was added by sec. 9(1) of the FA Act of 1973.

405 The reference to external groups was inserted in lieu of a reference to a single group by sec. 702(b) of the International Security and Development Cooperation Act of 1980 (Public Law 96-533; 94 Stat. 3156). All other references in subsec. (e) to these groups were also made plural by sec. 702(b).

406 The reference to an audit was added by sec. 702(b) of the International Security and Development Cooperation Act of 1980 (Public Law 96-533; 94 Stat. 3156).

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ganizations. Such proposal shall provide that such groups shall be established in accordance with such terms of reference as such governing authorities may prescribe, and that the reports of such groups on each examination, review, evaluation, or audit 406 shall be submitted directly to such governing authority for transmittal to the representative of each individual member nation. Such proposal shall further include a statement of auditing and reporting standards, as prepared by the Comptroller General of the United States, for the consideration of the governing authority of the international organization concerned to assist in formulating terms of reference for such review and evaluation groups.

(3) 407 * * * [Repealed—1981]

(f) 408 The President is hereby authorized to permit United States participation in the International Fertilizer Development Center and is authorized to use any of the funds made available under this part for the purpose of furnishing assistance to the Center on such terms and conditions as he may determine.

(g) 409 It is the sense of the Congress that the President should instruct the appropriate representatives of the United States to the United Nations to encourage the specialized agencies of the United Nations to transfer the funding of technical assistance programs carried out by such agencies to the United Nations Development Program.

(h) 410 The President is authorized to permit the United States to participate in and to use any of the funds made available under this part after the date of enactment of this subsection for the purpose of furnishing assistance (on such terms and conditions as the President may determine) to the International Food Policy Research Institute.

Sec. 302.411 Authorization.(a)(1) There are authorized to be appropriated to the President $270,000,000 for fiscal year 1986 and $236,084,000 for fiscal year 1987 412 for grants to carry out the pur

407 Par. (3), as added by sec. 9(1) of the FA Act of 1973 and amended by sec. 702(b)(6) of Public Law 96-533, was repealed by sec. 734(a)(1) of the International Security and Development Cooperation Act of 1981 (Public Law 97-113; 95 Stat. 1560). Par. (3) had required that the U.S. representatives to these international organizations submit any reports they received under this subsection to the President for transmittal to Congress and the Comptroller General. The Comptroller General was also directed to periodically review these reports and submit any appropriate suggestions to the Congress and the President.

408 Subsec. (f) was added by sec. 313(c) of Public Law 94–161 (89 Stat. 849).

409 Subsec. (g) was added by sec. 117(d) of the International Development and Food Assistance Act of 1978 (Public Law 95-424; 92 Stat. 953).

410 Subsec. (h) was added by sec. 311(a) of the International Security and Development Cooperation Act of 1981 (Public Law 97-113; 95 Stat. 1560).

41122 U.S.C. 2222.

412 The amount $236,084,000 was substituted in lieu of the amount $275,000,000 by sec. 404 of Public Law 99–529 (100 Stat. 3010).

The authorization figures and earmarkings for fiscal years 1986 and 1987 were added by sec. 402(a) of the International Security and Development Cooperation Act of 1985 (Public Law 9983; 99 Stat. 190).

Authorizations under sec. 302 during recent years included the following: fiscal year 1975$165,000,000; fiscal year 1976_$195,500,000; fiscal year 1977-$219,900,000; fiscal year 1978$252,000,000; fiscal year 1979–$285,450,000; fiscal year 1980–$267,280,000; fiscal year 1981$233,350,000; fiscal year 1982–$218,600,000; fiscal year 1983–$218,600,000; fiscal year 1984$266,214,000; fiscal year 1985-no authorization; fiscal years 1988 through 2000—no authorization. No general authorization for fiscal year 2001; see, however, subsec. (k); fiscal year 2002— no authorization.

Congress did not enact an authorization for fiscal year 2002. Instead, the Kenneth M. Ludden Foreign Operations, Export Financing, and Related Programs Appropriations Act, 2002 (Public Law 107-115), waived the requirements for authorization, and title IV of that Act (at 115 Stat. 2138) provided the following:

Continued

poses of this chapter, in addition to funds available under other Acts for such purposes. Of the amount appropriated for each of the fiscal years 1986 and 1987 pursuant to these authorizations

(A) 59.65 percent shall be for the United Nations Development Program;

(B) 19.30 percent shall be for the United Nations Children's Fund;

(C) 7.20 percent shall be for the International Atomic Energy Agency, except that these funds may be contributed to that Agency only if the Secretary of State determines (and so reports to the Congress) that Israel is not being denied its right to participate in the activities of that Agency;

(D) 5.44 percent shall be for Organization of American States development assistance programs;

(E) 3.51 percent shall be for the United Nations Environment Program;

(F) 0.70 percent shall be for the World Meteorological Organization;

(G) 0.70 percent shall be for the United Nations Capital Development Fund;

(H) 0.35 percent shall be for the United Nations Education and Training Program for Southern Africa;

(I) 0.18 percent shall be for the United Nations Voluntary Fund for the Decade for Women;

(J) 0.07 percent shall be for the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species;

(K) 0.70 percent shall be for the World Food Program;

(L) 0.18 percent shall be for the United Nations Institute for Namibia;

(M) 0.12 percent shall be for the United Nations Trust Fund for South Africa;

(N) 0.04 percent shall be for the United Nations Voluntary Fund for Victims of Torture;

(O) 0.07 percent shall be for the United Nations Industrial Development Organization;

(P) 0.55 percent shall be for the United Nations Development Program Trust Fund To Combat Poverty and Hunger in Africa;

(Q) 0.97 percent shall be for contributions to international conventions and scientific organizations;

(R) 0.18 percent for the United Nations Center on Human Settlements (Habitat); and

“INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATIONS AND PROGRAMS “For necessary expenses to carry out the provisions of section 301 of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961, and of section 2 of the United Nations Environment Program Participation Act of 1973, $208,500,000: Provided, That none of the funds appropriated under this heading may be made available to the Korean Peninsula Energy Development Organization (KEDO) or the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA): Provided further, That not less than $6,000,000 should be made available to the World Food Program,”.

See also paragraph in title II on nonproliferation, anti-terrorism, demining and related programs; sec. 515, relating to notification requirements; sec. 516, relating to limiting the availability of funds for international organizations and programs; sec. 522, relating to child survival and health activities; sec. 523, relating to prohibiting indirect funding to certain countries; sec. 542, relating to prohibiting payments to U.N. members; sec. 565, relating to the Korean Peninsula Energy Development Organization, and sec. 576. relating to contributions to

to contributions to the U.N. Population Fund.

(S) 0.09 percent shall be for the World Heritage Fund.413 (2) 414 The Congress reaffirms its support for the work of the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights. To permit such Commission to better fulfill its function of insuring observance and respect for human rights within this hemisphere, not less than $357,000 of the amount appropriated for fiscal year 1976 and $358,000 of the amount appropriated for fiscal year 1977, for contributions to the Organization of American States, shall be used only for budgetary support for the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights.

(3) 415 * * * [Repealed—1981]

(b)(1) 416 There is authorized to be appropriated to the President for loans for Indus Basin Development to carry out the purposes of this section, in addition to funds available under this or any other Act for such purposes, for use beginning in the fiscal year 1969, $61,220,000.417 Such amounts are authorized to remain available until expended.

(2) 416 There is authorized to be appropriated to the President for grants for Indus Basin Development, in addition to any other funds available for such purposes, for use in the fiscal year 1974, $14,500,000,418 and for use in the fiscal year 1975, $14,500,000,418 and for use beginning in the fiscal year 1976, $27,000,000,419 which amounts shall remain available until expended. The President shall not exercise any special authority granted to him under section 610(a) or 614(a) of this Act to transfer any amount appropriated under this paragraph to, and to consolidate such amount with, any funds made available under any other provisions of this Act. 420

(c) None of the funds available to carry out this chapter shall be contributed to any international organization or to any foreign government or agency thereof to pay the costs of developing or operating any volunteer program of such organization, government, or agency relating to the selection, training, and programing of volunteer manpower.

413 Sec. 117(e) of the International Development and Food Assistance Act of 1978 (Public Law 95-424; 92 Stat. 953) also provided an authorization of $1,000,000 for contribution to the World Assembly on Aging.

414 Par. (2) was added by sec. 313(a)(1)(C) of Public Law 94–161 (89 Stat. 849)

415 Par. (3), which had prohibited the use of funds under this subsection for the U.N. Institute for Namibia during fiscal year 1979 unless the President determined that such funds would not be used to support the military or paramilitary activities of the South-West African Peoples Organization, was repealed by sec. 734(a) of the International Security and Development Cooperation Act 1981 (Public Law 97-113; 95 Stat. 1560).

416 Paragraph designation "(1)” and par. (2) were added by sec. 108(c) of the FA Act of 1969.

417 Sec. 313(a)(2) of Public Law 94–161 (89 Stat. 849) inserted “$61,220,000” in lieu of "$51,220,000".

FA Appropriations Act, 1976: “Indus Basin Development Fund, loans: For expenses authorized by section 302(b)(1) $10,000,000, to remain available until expended: Provided, That no other funds appropriated or made available under this Act shall be used for the purposes of such section during the current fiscal year."

418 Sec. 9(3) of the FA Act of 1973 inserted “for use in the fiscal year 1974, $14,500,000, and for use in the fiscal year 1975, $14,500,000,” in lieu of “for use in the fiscal year 1972, $15,000,000, and for use in the fiscal year 1973, $15,000,000”.

419 The words to this point beginning with "and for use beginning * * *” were added by sec. 313(aX3) of Public Law 94-161 (89 Stat. 849).

The Foreign Assistance Appropriations Act, 1977, provided the following: "For necessary expenses to carry out the provisions of section 302(b)(2), $15,750,000.".

420 The last sentence was added by sec. 107(b)(2) of the FA Act of 1971.

(d)-(h) 421 * * * (Repealed-1978)

(i) 422 In addition to amounts otherwise available under this section there are authorized to be appropriated for fiscal year 1976 $1,000,000 and for fiscal year 1977 $2,000,000 to be available only for the International Atomic Energy Agency to be used for the purpose of strengthening safeguards and inspections relating to nuclear missile facilities and materials.423 Amounts appropriated under this subsection are authorized to remain available until expended.

(j) 424 In addition to amounts otherwise available under this section for such purposes, there are authorized to be appropriated to the President $3,000,000 for fiscal year 1989 to be available only for United States contributions to multilateral and regional drug abuse control programs. Of the amount authorized to be appropriated by this subsection

(1) $2,000,000 shall be for a United States contribution to the United Nations Fund for Drug Abuse Control;

(2) $600,000 shall be for the Organization of American States (OAS) Inter-American Drug Abuse Control Commission (CICAD) Legal Development Project, except that the proportion which such amount bears to the total amount of contributions to this specific project may not exceed the proportion which the United States contribution to the budget of the Organization of American States for that fiscal year bears to the total contributions to the budget of the Organization of American States for that fiscal year; and

(3) $400,000 shall be for the Organization of American States (OAS) Inter-American Drug Abuse Control Commission (CICAD) Law Enforcement Training Project, except that the proportion which such amount bears to the total amount of contributions to this specific project may not exceed the proportion which the United States contribution to the budget of the Organization of American States for that fiscal year bears to the total contributions to the budget of the Organization of

American States for that fiscal year. (k) 425 In addition to amounts otherwise available under this section, there is authorized to be appropriated to the President

421 Subsecs. (d), (e), (f), (g), and (h) of sec. 302 were repealed by sec. 604 of the International Development and Food Assistance Act of 1978 (Public Law 95-424; 92 Stat. 961).

422 Subsec. (i) was added by sec. 505 of the International Security Assistance and Arms Export Control Act of 1976 (Public Law 94-392).

423 The Supplemental Appropriations Act, 1977 (Public Law 95–26; 91 Stat. 66), provided the following:

“For an additional amount for "International organizations and programs", $31,000,000: Provided, That of the funds appropriated under this paragraph, $3,000,000 shall be allocated for a contribution to the International Atomic Energy Agency to strengthen the Agency's safeguards program.”.

424 Sec. 4107 of Public Law 100-690 (102 Stat. 4266) added sec. (j).

425 Sec. 112(a) of the Global AIDS and Tuberculosis Relief Act of 2000 (Public Law 106-264; 114 Stat. 753) added subsecs. (k) and (1). Sec. 112(b) of that Act provided the following:

"(b) REPORT.-At the close of fiscal year 2001, the President shall submit a report to the appropriate congressional committees on the effectiveness of the Global Alliance for Vaccines and Immunizations and the International AIDS Vaccine Initiative during that fiscal year in meeting the goals of

"(1) improving access to sustainable immunization services;

"(2) expanding the use of all existing, safe, and cost-effective vaccines where they address a public health problem; "(3) accelerating the development and introduction of new vaccines and technologies;

"(4) accelerating research and development efforts for vaccines needed primarily in developing countries; and

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