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not to exceed 10 per centum of the funds made available for any
provision of this Act (except funds made available pursuant to title
IV of chapter 2 of part I or for section 23 of the Arms Export Con-
trol Act)827 may be transferred to, and consolidated with, the funds
made available for any 827 provision of this Act, (except funds made
available under chapter 2 of part II of this Act) 828 and may be
used for any of the purposes for which such funds may be used, ex-
cept that the total in the provision for the benefit of which the
transfer is made shall not be increased by more than 20 per cen-
tum of the amount of funds made available for such provision.

(b) 826 The authority contained in this section and in sections 451, 506,829 and 614 shall not be used to augment appropriations made available pursuant to sections 636(g)(1) and 637 or used otherwise to finance activities which normally would be financed from appropriations for administrative expenses. 830

(c) 831 Any funds which the President has notified Congress pursuant to section 653 that he intends to provide in military assistance to any country may be transferred to, and consolidated with, any other funds he has notified Congress pursuant to such section that he intends to provide to that country for development assistance purposes.

Sec. 611.832 Completion of Plans and Cost Estimates.(a) No agreement or grant which constitutes an obligation of the United States Government in excess of $500,000 833 under section 1501 of title 31, United States Code,834 shall be made for any assistance authorized under chapter I of part I, title II of chapter 2 of part I, or chapter 4 of part II— 835

(1) if such agreement or grant requires substantive technical or financial planning, until engineering, financial, and other plans necessary to carry out such assistance, and a reasonably firm estimate of the cost to the United States Government of providing such assistance, have been completed; and

in this Act, unless the President, prior to the exercise of any authority cont Assistance Act of 1961 to transfer funds, consults with and provides a writte to the Committees on Appropriations of the House of Representatives anc

827 The parenthetical phrase was added by sec. 301 of the FA Act of 1969. Sec. 10(a) of the International Narcotics Control Act of 1990 (Public Law 101-623; 104 Stat. 3356) inserted reference to sec. 23 of the Arms Export Control Act, but, in an enrolling error, this text was inserted inside the parenthesis. Should probably read “* * * for any provision of this Act (except funds made available pursuant to title IV of chapter 2 of part I) or for section 23 of the Arms Export Control Act may be transferred to * * *". Sec. 10 also struck out “other” at the place noted and provided that “(b) The amendments made by subsection (a) apply with respect to funds made available for fiscal year 1991 or any fiscal year thereafter."

828 The parenthetical phrase was added by sec. 19(a)(1) of the FA Act of 1974. 829 Sec. 301(c) of the FA Act of 1967 inserted “506” for “510”.

830 The final sentence of subsec. (b), which had been amended by the FA Act of 1966, was repealed by sec. 100b (2) of the International Security Assistance Act of 1978 (Public Law 95– 424; 92 Stat. 735). It formerly read as follows:

"Not to exceed $9,000,000 of the funds appropriated under section 402 of this Act for any fiscal year may be transferred to and consolidated with appropriations made under section 637(a) of this Act for the same fiscal year, subject to the further limitation that funds so transferred shall be available solely for additional administrative expenses incurred in connection with programs in Vietnam.".

831 Subsec. (c) was added by sec. 19(a)(2) of the FA Act of 1974. 832 22 U.S.C. 2361.

833 Sec. 1208 of the International Security and Development Cooperation Act of 1985 (Public Law 99-83; 99 Stat. 278), raised this amount from $100,000.

834 This reference to 31 U.S.C. 1501 replaced an earlier reference to 31 U.S.C. 200. 835 The words “chapter 1 of part I, title II of chapter 2 of part I, or chapter 4 of part II” were inserted in lieu of "titles I, II, and VI of chapter 2 and chapter 4 of part 1” by sec. 102(g)(2XD) of the International Development and Food Assistance Act of 1978 (Public Law 95–424; 92 Stat.

(2) if such agreement or grant requires legislative action within the recipient country, unless such legislative action may reasonably be anticipated to be completed in time to permit the orderly accomplishment of the purposes of such agreement or

grant. (b) Plans required under subsection (a) of this section for any water or related land resource construction project or program shall include a computation of benefits and costs made insofar as practicable in accordance with the principles, standards, and procedures established pursuant to the Water Resources Planning Act 836 (42 U.S.C. 1962, et seq.) or acts amendatory or supplementary thereto.

(c) To the maximum extent practicable, all contracts for construction outside the United States made in connection with any agreement or grant subject to subsection (a) of this section shall be made on a competitive basis.

(d) Subsection (a) of this section shall not apply to any assistance furnished for the sole purpose of preparation of engineering, financial, and other plans.

(e) 837 In addition to any other requirements of this section, no assistance authorized under chapter 1 of part I, title II of chapter 2 of part I, or chapter 4 of part II 838 shall be furnished with respect to any capital assistance project estimated to cost in excess of $1,000,000 until the head of the agency primarily responsible for administering part I of the Act has received and taken into consideration a certification from the principal officer of such agency in the country in which the project is located as to the capability of the country (both financial and human resources) to effectively maintain and utilize the project taking into account among other things the maintenance and utilization of projects in such country previously financed or assisted by the United States.

Sec. 612.839 Use of Foreign Currencies.-(a) Except as otherwise provided in this Act or other Acts, foreign currencies received either (1) as a result of the furnishing of nonmilitary assistance under the Mutual Security Act of 1954, as amended, or any Act repealed thereby and unobligated on the date prior to the effective date of this Act, or (2) on or after the effective date of this Act, as a result of the furnishing of nonmilitary assistance under the Mutual Security Act of 1954, as amended, or any Act repealed thereby, or (3) as a result of the furnishing of assistance under part I, which are in excess of the amounts reserved under authority of section 105(d) of the Mutual Educational and Cultural Exchange Act of

836 The reference to this Act was added by sec. 1208(2) of Public Law 99-83 (99 Stat. 278), and replaced an earlier reference to a document entitled: “Principles and Standards for Planning Water and Related Land Resources, dated October 25, 1973.". The reference to the 1973 document was substituted in lieu of a reference of the "Memorandum of the President dated May

sec. 117 of the International Development Cooperation Act of 1979 (Public Law 96-53; 93 Stat. 365). Previously, sec. 301(c) of the FA Act of 1963 had substituted the reference to the 1962 memorandum in lieu of a reference to "circular A47 of the Bureau of the Budget.”.

837 Subsec. (e) was added by sec. 301(d) of the FA Act of 1967.

838 The words "chapter 1 of part I, title 2 of chapter 2 of part I, or chapter 4 of part II” were inserted in lieu of "titles I, II, or VI of chapter 2 or chapter 4 of part I" by sec. 102(g)(2)(E) of the International Development and Food Assistance Act of 1978 (Public Law 95-424; 92 Stat. 943).

839 22 U.S.C. 2362. Subsection designation "(a)" in sec. 612 was added by sec. 301(dX(1) of the FA Act of 1963. See also sec. 529 of the Kenneth M. Ludden Foreign Operations, Export Financing.and Related Programs Appropriations Act, 2002 (Public Law 107-115; 115 Stat. 2148; 22 U.S.C. 2362 note), relating to separate accounts.

1961 or any other Act relating to educational and cultural exchanges, may be sold by the Secretary of the Treasury to agencies of the United States Government for payment of their obligations outside the United States, and the United States dollars received as reimbursement shall be deposited into miscellaneous receipts of the Treasury. Foreign currencies so received which are in excess of the amounts so reserved and of the requirements of the United States Government in payment of its obligations outside the United States, as such requirements may be determined from time to time by the President, shall be available for the authorized purposes of part I in such amounts as may be specified from time to time in appropriation Acts.

(b) 840 Any Act of Congress making appropriations to carry out programs under this or any other Act for United States operations abroad is hereby authorized to provide for the utilization of United States-owned excess foreign currencies to carry out any such operations authorized by law.

841 As used in this subsection, the term “excess foreign currencies” means foreign currencies or credits owned by or owed to the United States which are, under applicable agreements with the foreign country concerned, available for the use of the United States Government and are determined by the President to be excess to the normal requirements of departments and agencies of the United States for such currencies or credits and are not prohibited from use under this subsection by an agreement entered into with the foreign country concerned.

The President shall take all appropriate steps to assure that, to the maximum extent possible, United States-owned foreign currencies are utilized in lieu of dollars. Dollar funds made available pursuant to this Act shall not be expended for goods and services when United States-owned foreign currencies are available for such purposes unless the administrative official approving the voucher certifies as to the reason for the use of dollars in each case.842

(c) 843 In addition to funds otherwise available, excess foreign currencies, as defined in subsection (b), may be made available to friendly foreign governments and to private, nonprofit United States organizations to carry out voluntary family planning programs in countries which request such assistance. No such program shall be assisted unless the President has received assurances that in the administration of such program the recipient will take reasonable precautions to insure that no person receives any family planning assistance or supplies unless he desires such services. The excess foreign currencies made available under this subsection shall not, in any one year, exceed 5 per centum of the aggregate of all excess foreign currencies. As used in this subsection, the term “voluntary family planning program” includes, but is not

840 Subsec. (b) was added by sec. 301(c) of the FA Act of 1964. Originally added as subsec. (c), it was redesignated by sec. 301(c) of the FA Act of 1964 and former subsec. (b) was redesignated as sec. 104(t) of Public Law 480 (the latter has subsequently been transferred in part to sec. 103(m) of Public Law 480).

841 The first sentence of this paragraph was struck out by sec. 301(b) of the FA Act of 1965. It read as follows: "The President shall take all appropriate steps to assure that, to the maximum extent possible, United States-owned excess foreign currencies are utilized in lieu of dollars.".

H42 This paragraph was added by sec. 301(b) of the FA Act of 1965. 84.3 Subsec. (c) was added by sec. 301(e) of the FA Act of 1966.

limited to, demographic studies, medical and psychological research, personnel training, the construction and staffing of clinics and rural health centers, specialized training of doctors and paramedical personnel, the manufacture of medical supplies, and the dissemination of family planning information, medical assistance, and supplies to individuals who desire such assistance.

(d) 844 In furnishing assistance under this Act to the government of any country in which the United States owns excess foreign currencies as defined in subsection (b) of this section, except those currencies generated under the Agricultural Trade Development and Assistance Act of 1954, as amended, 845 the President shall endeavor to obtain from the recipient country an agreement for the release, on such terms and conditions as the President shall determine, of an amount of such currencies up to the equivalent of the dollar value of assistance furnished by the United States for programs as may be mutually agreed upon by the recipient country and the United States to carry out the purposes for which new funds authorized by this Act would themselves be available.

Sec. 613.846 Accounting, Valuation, Reporting, and Administration of Foreign Currencies. 847—(a) Under the direction of the President, the Secretary of the Treasury shall have responsibility for valuation and central accounting with respect to foreign credits (including currencies) owed to or owned by the United States. In order to carry out such responsibility the Secretary shall issue regulations binding upon all agencies of the Government.

(b) The Secretary of the Treasury shall have sole authority to establish for all foreign currencies or credits the exchange rates at which such currencies are to be reported by all agencies of the Government.

(c) 848 * * * [Repealed—1981]

(d) 849 In cases where assistance is to be furnished to any recipient country in furtherance of the purposes of this or any other Act on a basis which will result in the accrual of foreign currency proceeds to the United States, the Secretary of the Treasury shall issue regulations requiring that agreements, in respect of such assistance, include provisions for the receipt of interest income on the foreign currency proceeds deposited in authorized depositories: Provided, That whenever the Secretary of State determines it not to be in the national interest to conclude arrangements for the receipt of interest income he may waive the requirement thereof: Provided further, That the Secretary of State, or his delegate, shall promptly make a complete report to the Congress on each such determination and the reasons therefor.

844 Subsec. (d) was added by sec. 302 of the FA Act of 1969.
845 For text, see Legislation on Foreign Relations Through 2001, vol. I-B.

846 22 U.

847 Sec. 301(c)(1) of the FA Act of 1965 inserted "Accounting, Valuation, Reporting, and Administration of Foreign Currencies” for “Accounting, Valuation, and Reporting of Foreign Currencies".

848 Subsec. (c), as amended by sec. 46 of Public Law 94-273, was repealed by sec. 734(a)(1) of the International Security and Development Cooperation Act of 1981 (Public Law 97-113; 95 Stat. 1560). Subsec. (c) had required a semiannual report to the Congress on the amount of all foreign currencies acquired without payment of dollars on hand for each foreign country. Such information is now required on an annual basis as part of the report required under sec. 634(a) of this Act.

849 Subsec. (d) was added by sec. 301(c)2) of the FA Act of 1965.

Sec. 614.850 Special Authorities.—a) 851 (1) The President may authorize the furnishing of assistance under this Act without regard to any provision of this Act, the Arms Export Control Act, any law relating to receipts and credits accruing to the United States, and any Act authorizing or appropriating funds for use under this Act, in furtherance of any of the purposes of this Act, when the President determines, and so notifies in writing the Speaker of the House of Representatives and the chairman of the Committee on Foreign Relations of the Senate, that to do so is important to the security interests of the United States.852

(2) The President may make sales, extend credit, and issue guarantees under the Arms Export Control Act, without regard to any provision of this Act, the Arms Export Control Act, any law relating to receipts and credits accruing to the United States, and any Act authorizing or appropriating funds for use under the Arms Export Control Act, in furtherance of any of the purposes of such Act, when the President determines, and so notifies in writing the Speaker of the House of Representatives and the chairman of the Committee on Foreign Relations of the Senate, that to do so is vital to the national security interests of the United States.

(3) Before exercising the authority granted in this subsection, the President shall consult with, and shall provide a written policy justification to, the Committee on Foreign Affairs 853 and the Committee on Appropriations of the House of Representatives and the

850 22 U.S.C. 2364. In the Foreign Operations, Export Financing, and Related Programs Appropriations Act, 2001 (H.R. 5526, as introduced on October 24, 2000, enacted by reference in sec. 101(a) of Public Law 106-429; 114 Stat. 1900)), see also sec. 502, prohibiting bilateral funding for international financial institutions, and sec. 598, related to population planning funds.

851 Subsec. (a), as amended by the FA Act of 1966 and the FA Act of 1967, was further amended and restated by sec. 117(a) of the International Security and Development Cooperation Act of 1980 (Public Law 96–533; 94 Stat. 3140), and by sec. 128 of the International Security and Development Cooperation Act of 1985 (Public Law 99–83; 99 Stat. 209). It formerly read as follows:

"(a) The President may authorize in each fiscal year the use of funds made available for use under this Act and the furnishing of assistance under section 506 in a total amount not to exceed $250,000,000 and the use of not to exceed $100,000,000 of foreign currencies accruing under this Act or any other law without regard to the requirements of this Act, any law relating to receipts and credits accruing to the United States, any Act appropriating funds for use under this Act, or the Mutual Defense Assistance Control Act of 1951 (22 U.S.C. 1611 et seq.), in furtherance of any of the purposes of such Acts, when the President determines that such ization is important to the security of the United States. Not more than $50,000,000 of the funds available under this subsection may be allocated to any one country in any fiscal year. The limitation contained in the preceding sentence shall not apply to any country which is a victim of active Communist or Communist-supported aggression. The authority of this section shall not be used to waive the limitations on transfers contained in section 610(a) of this Act.”.

852 In a memorandum of July 4, 2001, the President determined “that it is important to the security interests of the United States to furnish up to $20 million in funds made available under the title II (Nonproliferation, Anti-Terrorism, Demining and Related Programs) of the Foreign Operations, Export Financing, and Related Programs Appropriations Act, 2001 (Public Law 106_429), for assistance for KEDO without regard to any provision of law within the scope of section 614(a)(1). I hereby authorize the furnishing of this assistance." (Presidential Determination No. 2001-21; 66 F.R. 37111).

In a memorandum of September 28, 2001, the President determined "that it is important to the security interests of the United States to furnish up to $50 million for Pakistan without regard to any provision of law within the scope of section 614(a)(1) of the Act. I hereby authorize the furnishing of such assistance." (Presidential Determination No. 2001-31; 66 F.R. 51293).

In a memorandum of October 16, 2001, the President determined again "that it is important to the security interests of the United States to furnish up to $50 million for Pakistan without regard to any provision of law within the scope of section 614(a)(1) of the Act. I hereby authorize the furnishing of such assistance." (Presidential Determination No. 2002–02; 66 F.R. 53503).

853 Sec. 1(a)(5) of Public Law 104-14 (109 Stat. 186) provided that references to the Committee on Foreign Affairs of the House of Representatives shall be treated as referring to the Committee on International Relations of the House of Representatives.

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