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of port Co. Act aused both

Committee on Foreign Relations and the Committee on Appropriations of the Senate.

(4) 854 (A) The authority of this subsection may not be used in any fiscal year to authorize

(i) more than $750,000,000 in sales to be made under the Arms Export Control Act;

(ii) the use of more than $250,000,000 of funds made available for use under this Act or the Arms Export Control Act; and

(iii) the use of more than $100,000,000 of foreign currencies accruing under this Act or any other law. (B) If the authority of this subsection is used both to authorize a sale under the Arms Export Control Act and to authorize funds to be used under the Arms Export Control Act or under this Act with respect to the financing of that sale, then the use of the funds shall be counted against the limitation in subparagraph (A)(ii) and the portion, if any, of the sale which is not so financed shall be counted against the limitation in subparagraph (A)(i).

(C) Not more than $50,000,000 of the $250,000,000 limitation provided in subparagraph (A)(ii) may be allocated to any one country in any fiscal year unless that country is a victim of active 855 aggression, and not more than $500,000,000 of the aggregate limitation of $1,000,000,000 provided in subparagraphs (A)(i) and (A)(ii) may be allocated to any one country in any fiscal year.

(5) The authority of this section may not be used to waive the limitations on transfers contained in section 610(a) of this Act.

(b) Whenever the President determines it to be important to the national interest, he may use funds available for the purposes of chapter 4 of part I in order to meet the responsibilities or objectives of the United States in Germany, including West Berlin, and without regard to such provisions of law as he determines should be disregarded to achieve this purpose.

(c) The President is authorized to use amounts not to exceed $50,000,000 of the funds made available under this Act pursuant to his certification that it is inadvisable to specify the nature of the use of such funds, which certification shall be deemed to be a sufficient voucher for such amounts.856 The President shall fully inform the chairman and ranking minority member of the Committee on Foreign Affairs 853 of the House of Representatives and the chairman and ranking minority member of the Committee on Foreign Relations of the Senate of each use of funds under this subsection prior to the use of such funds.857

854 Subsec. (a)(4) was amended and restated by sec. 128 of the International Security and Development Cooperation Act of 1985 (Public Law 99-83; 99 Stat. 206). It formerly read as follows:

"(4) The authority of this subsection may not be used to authorize the use of more than $250,000,000 of funds made available for use under this Act or the Arms Export Control Act, or the use of more than $100.000.000 of foreign currencies accruing under this Act law, in any fiscal year. Not more than $50,000,000 of the funds available under this subsection may be allocated to any one country in any fiscal year, unless such country is a victim of active Communist or Communist-supported aggression.".

855 Sec. 705(2) of the FRIENDSHIP Act (Public Law 103–199; 107 Stat. 2317) struck out "Communist or Communist-supported” at this point.

856 See also secs. 624(d/7) (repealed-1978; see note) and 636(a)(8) of this Act.

857 The last sentence was added by sec. 30(g) of the FA Act of 1966. This sentence was amended and restated by sec. 8 of the Anti-Terrorism and Arms Export Amendments Act of 1989 (Public Law 101-222; 103 Stat. 1899). It formerly read as follows: "The President shall promptly and

Continued

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Sec. 615.858 Contract Authority.-Provisions of this Act authorizing the appropriation of funds shall be construed to authorize the granting in any appropriation Act of authority to enter into contracts, within the amounts so authorized to be appropriated, creating obligations in advance of appropriations.

Sec. 616.859 Availability of Funds.-Except as otherwise provided in this Act, funds shall be available to carry out the provisions of this Act as authorized and appropriated to the President each fiscal year. SEC. 617.860 TERMINATION EXPENSES.

(a) IN GENERAL.-Funds made available under this Act and the Arms Export Control Act, may remain available for obligation for a period not to exceed 8 months from the date of any termination of assistance under such Acts for the necessary expenses of winding up programs related to such termination and may remain available until expended. Funds obligated under the authority of such Acts prior to the effective date of the termination of assistance may remain available for expenditure for the necessary expenses of winding up programs related to such termination notwithstanding any provision of law restricting the expenditure of funds. In order to ensure the effectiveness of such assistance, such expenses for orderly termination of programs may include the obligation and expenditure of funds to complete the training or studies outside their countries of origin of students whose course of study or training program began before assistance was terminated.

(b) LIABILITY TO CONTRACTORS.-For the purpose of making an equitable settlement of termination claims under extraordinary contractual relief standards, the President is authorized to adopt as a contract or other obligation of the United States Government, and assume (in whole or in part) any liabilities arising thereunder, any contract with a United States or third-country contractor that had been funded with assistance under such Acts prior to the termination of assistance.

(c) TERMINATION EXPENSES.-Amounts certified as having been obligated for assistance subsequently terminated by the President, or pursuant to any provision of law, shall continue to remain available and may be reobligated to meet any necessary expenses arising from the termination of such assistance.

fully inform the Speaker of the House of Representatives and the chairman and ranking minority member of the Committee on Foreign Relations of the Senate of each use of funds under this subsection.".

858 22 U.S.C. 2365. 859 22 U.S.C. 2366.

860 22 U.S.C. 2367. Sec. 302 of the Global AIDS and Tuberculosis Relief Act of 2000 (Public Law 106-264; 114 Stat. 760) amended and restated sec. 617. It previously read, as amended, as follows:

“Sec. 617. Termination of Assistance.--Assistance under any provision of this Act may, unless sooner terminated by the President, be terminated by concurrent resolution. Funds made available under this Act shall remain available for a period not to exceed eight months from the date of termination of assistance under this Act for the necessary expenses of winding up programs related thereto. In order to ensure the effectiveness of assistance under this Act, such expenses for orderly termination of programs may include the obligation and expenditure of funds to complete the training or studies outside their countries of origin of students whose course of study or training program began before assistance was terminated. Such expenses for orderly termination of programs under the Arms Export Control Act may include the obligation and expenditure of funds to complete the training or studies outside the countries of origin of students whose course of study or training program began before assistance was terminated, as long as the origin country's termination was not a result of activities beyond default of financial responsibilities.".

(d) GUARANTY PROGRAMS.—Provisions of this or any other Act requiring the termination of assistance under this or any other Act shall not be construed to require the termination of guarantee commitments that were entered into prior to the effective date of the termination of assistance.

(e) RELATION TO OTHER PROVISIONS.—Unless specifically made inapplicable by another provision of law, the provisions of this section shall be applicable to the termination of assistance pursuant to any provision of law.

Sec. 618.861 Use of Settlement Receipts. * * * [Repealed 1978) Sec. 619.861 Assistance to Newly Independent Countries.

* [Repealed-1978]

861 Secs. 618 and 619 were repealed by sec. 604 of the International Development and Food Assistance Act of 1978 (Public Law 95—424; 92 Stat. 961).

Sec. 620.862 Prohibitions Against Furnishing Assistance.863—(a)(1) 864 No assistance shall be furnished under this Act to the present government of Cuba.865 As an additional means of implementing and carrying into effect the policy of the preceding

862 22 U.S.C. 2370. Sec. 204 of the Cuban Liberty and Democratic Solidarity (LIBERTAD) Act of 1996 (Public Law 104–114; 110 Stat. 810; 22 U.S.C. 6064) provided the following:

"SEC. 204. TERMINATION OF THE ECONOMIC EMBARGO OF CUBA.

"(a) PRESIDENTIAL ACTIONS.-Upon submitting a determination to the appropriate congressional committees under section 203(c)(1) that a transition government in Cuba is in power, the President, after consultation with the Congress, is authorized to take steps to suspend the economic embargo of Cuba and to suspend the right of action created in section 302 with respect to actions thereafter filed against the Cuban Government, to the extent that such steps contribute to a stable foundation for a democratically elected government in Cuba.

"(b) SUSPENSION OF CERTAIN PROVISIONS OF LAW.- In carrying out subsection (a), the President may suspend the enforcement of

"(1) section 620(a) of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 (22 U.S.C. 2370(a));

"(2) section 620(f) of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 (22 U.S.C. 2370(1)) with respect to the “Republic of Cuba";

“(3) sections 1704, 1705(d), and 1706 of the Cuban Democracy Act of 1992 (22 U.S.C. 6003, 6004(d), and 6005);

"(4) section 902(c) of the Food Security Act of 1985; and "(5) the prohibitions on transactions described in part 515 of title 31, Code of Federal Regulations. "(c) ADDITIONAL PRESIDENTIAL ACTIONS.—Upon submitting a determination to the appropriate congressional committees under section 203(0/3) that a democratically elected government in Cuba is in power, the President shall take steps to terminate the economic embargo of Cuba, including the restrictions under part 515 of title 31, Code of Federal Regulations.

"(d) CONFORMING AMENDMENTS.--On the date on which the President submits a determination under section 203(c)(3)

“(1) section 620(a) of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 (22 U.S.C. 2370(a)) is repealed;

"(2) section 620(f) of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 (22 U.S.C. 2370(0) is amended by striking “Republic of Cuba”;

"(3) sections 1704, 1705(d), and 1706 of the Cuban Democracy Act of 1992 (22 U.S.C. 6003, 6004(d), and 6005) are repealed; and

“(4) section 902(c) of the Food Security Act of 1985 is repealed. "(e) REVIEW OF SUSPENSION OF ECONOMIC EMBARGO.

“(1) REVIEW.-If the President takes action under subsection (a) to suspend the economic embargo of Cuba, the President shall immediately so notify the Congress. The President shall report to the Congress no less frequently than every 6 months thereafter, until he submits a determination under section 203(c)(3) that a democratically elected government in Cuba is in power, on the progress being made by Cuba toward the establishment of such a democratically elected government. The action of the President under subsection (a) shall cease to be effective upon the enactment of a joint resolution described in paragraph (2).

JOINT RESOLUTIONS.---For purposes of this subsection, the term joint resolution' means only a joint resolution of the 2 Houses of Congress, the matter after the resolving clause of which is as follows: "That the Congress disapproves the action of the President under section 204(a) of the Cuban Liberty and Democratic Solidarity (LIBERTAD) Act of 1996 to suspend the economic embargo of Cuba, notice of which was submitted to the Congress on

., with the blank space being filled with the appropriate date. “(3) REFERRAL TO COMMITTEES.Joint resolutions introduced in the House of Representatives shall be referred to the Committee on International Relations and joint resolutions introduced in the Senate shall be referred to the Committee on Foreign Relations.

"(4) PROCEDURES.-(A) Any joint resolution shall be considered in the Senate in accordance with the provisions of section 601(b) of the International Security Assistance and Arms Export Control Act of 1976.

"(B) For the purpose of expediting the consideration and enactment of joint resolutions, a motion to proceed to the consideration of any joint resolution after it has been reported by the appropriate committee shall be treated as highly privileged in the House of Representatives.

"(C) Not more than 1 joint resolution may be considered in the House of Representatives and the Senate in the 6-month period beginning on the date on which the President notifies the Congress under paragraph (1) of the action taken under subsection (a), and in each 6– month period thereafter.”. 863 Sec. 301(d)(1) of the FA Act of 1965 inserted “Prohibitions Against Furnishing Assistance.—” for “Prohibitions Against Furnishing Assistance to Cuba and Certain Other Countries.-”.

864 Sec. 301(e)(1)(A) of the FA Act of 1963 inserted "(1)” after subsec. (a).

865 The phrase, “; nor shall any such assistance be furnished to any country which furnishes assistance to the present government of Cuba unless the President determines that such assistance is in the national interest of the United States", which formerly appeared at this point, was struck out by sec. 123(a)(1) of the International Development and Food Assistance Act of 1977 (Public Law 95-88: 91 Stat. 541).

sentence, the President is authorized to establish and maintain a total embargo upon all trade between the United States and Cuba.

(2) 866 Except as may be deemed necessary by the President in the interest of the United States, no assistance shall be furnished under this Act to any government of Cuba, nor shall Cuba be entitled to receive any quota authorizing the importation of Cuban sugar into the United States or to receive any other benefit under any law of the United States, until the President determines that such government has taken appropriate steps according to international law standards to return to United States citizens, and to entities not less than 50 per centum beneficially owned by United States citizens, or to provide equitable compensation to such citizens and entities for property taken from such citizens and entities on or after January 1, 1959, by the Government of Cuba.

(b) 867 * * * [Repealed—1981)

(c) 868 No assistance shall be provided under this Act to the government of any country which is indebted to any United States citizen or person for goods or services furnished or ordered where (i) such citizen or person has exhausted available legal remedies, which shall include arbitration, or (ii) the debt is not denied or contested by such government, or (iii) such indebtedness arises under an unconditional guaranty of payment given by such government, or any predecessor government, directly or indirectly, through any controlled entity: Provided, That the President does not find such action contrary to the national security.

(d) No assistance shall be furnished on a loan basis under chapter 1 of part I 869 of this Act for construction or operation of any productive enterprise in any country where such enterprise will compete with United States enterprise unless such country has agreed that it will establish appropriate procedures to prevent the exportation for use or consumption in the United States of more than 20 per centum of the annual production of such facility during the life of the loan. In case of failure to implement such agreement by the other contracting party, the President is authorized to establish necessary import controls to effectuate the agreement. The restrictions imposed by or pursuant to this subsection may be waived by the President where he determines that such waiver is in the national security interest.

866 Pars. (2) and (3) were added by sec. 301(e)(1)(B) of the FA Act of 1963. Paragraph (3), restricting shipments to Cuba, was subsequently repealed by sec. 123(a)2) of the International Development and Food Assistance Act of 1977 (Public Law 95–88; 91 Stat. 541).

867 Subsec. (b) was repealed by sec. 734(a)(1) of the International Security and Development Cooperation Act of 1981 (Public Law 97-113; 95 Stat. 1560). It previously read as follows:

"B) No assistance shall be furnished under this Act to the government of any country unless the President determines that such country is not dominated or controlled by the international Communist movement.”.

B6% Subsec. (c) was amended by sec. 301(d)(2) of the FA Act of 1962. It formerly read as follows:

"(c) No assistance shall be provided under this Act to the government of any country which is indebted to any United States citizen for goods or services furnished, where such citizen has exhausted available legal remedies and the debt is not denied or contested by such government.".

869 The words “on a loan basis under chapter 1 of part I” were inserted in lieu of “under section 201" by sec. 102(g)(2XF) of the International Development and Food Assistance Act of 1978 (Public Law 95–424; 92 Stat. 943).

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