페이지 이미지
PDF
ePub

(n) 891 * * * [Repealed-1977)

(0) 892 In determining whether or not to furnish assistance under this Act, consideration shall be given to excluding from such assistance any country which hereafter seizes, or imposes any penalty or sanction against, any United States fishing vessel on account of its fishing activities in international waters. The provisions of this subsection shall not be applicable in any case governed by international agreement to which the United States is a party.

(p) 893 * * * (Repealed-1974]

(q) 894 No assistance shall be furnished under this Act to any country which is in default, during a period in excess of six calendar months, in payment to the United States of principal or interest on any loan made to such country under this Act, unless such country meets its obligations under the loan or unless the President determines that assistance to such country is in the national interest and notifies the Speaker of the House of Representatives and the Committee on Foreign Relations of the Senate of such determination.

(r) 894 No recipient of a loan made under the authority of this Act, any part of which is outstanding on or after the date of enactment of this subsection, shall be relieved of liability for the repayment of any part of the principal of or interest on such loan.

(s) 895 (1) In order to restrain arms races and proliferation of sophisticated weapons, and to ensure that resources intended for economic development are not diverted to military purposes, the President shall take into account before furnishing development loans, Alliance loans or supporting assistance to any country under this Act, and before making sales under the Agricultural Trade Development and Assistance Act of 1954, as amended: 896

(A) the percentage of the recipient or purchasing country's budget which is devoted to military purposes; and

891 Subsec. (n), as added by sec. 301(dX4) of the FA Act of 1965 and amended by the FA Act of 1966, 1967, and 1974, was repealed by sec. 123(b) of the International Development and Food Assistance Act of 1977 (Public Law 95-88; 91 Stat. 541). It formerly read as follows:

"(n) No loans, credits, guaranties, or grants or other assistance shall be furnished under this or any other Act, and no sales shall be made under the Agricultural Trade Development and Assistance Act of 1954, to any country which sells or furnishes to North Vietnam, or which permits ships or aircraft under its registry to transport to or from North Vietnam, any equipment, materials, or commodities, so long as the regime in North Vietnam gives support to hostilities in South Vietnam, unless the President determines that such loans, credits, guaranties, grants, other assistance, or sales are in the national interest of the United States.".

892 Subsec. (o) was added by sec. 301(dX4) of the FA Act of 1965.

893 Subsec. (p), as added by sec. 301(h)(5) of the FA Act of 1966, and related to assistance to the United Arab Republic, was repealed by Sec. 44 of the FA Act of 1974.

894 Subsecs. (q) and (r) were added by sec. 301(h)(5) of the FA Act of 1966.

The Kenneth M. Ludden Foreign Operations, Export Financing, and Related Programs Appropriations Act, 2002 (Public Law 107-115; 115 Stat. 2141), provided the following:

“LIMITATION ON ASSISTANCE TO COUNTRIES IN DEFAULT "SEC. 512. No part of any appropriation contained in this Act shall be used to furnish assistance to any country which is in default during a period in excess of one calendar year in payment to the United States of principal or interest on any loan made to the government of such country by the United States pursuant to a program for which funds are appropriated under this Act unless the President determines, following consultations with the Committees on Appropriations, that assistance to such country is in the national interest of the United States.".

See also in that Act: sec. 551-Special Debt Relief for the Poorest (115 Stat. 2157).

896 Subsec. (s), as added by sec. 301(f)(4) of the FA Act of 1967, was amended and restated by sec. 303(a) of the FA Act of 1969.

896 For text, see Legislation on Foreign Relations Through 2001, vol. I-B.

(B) the degree to which the recipient or purchasing country is using its foreign exchange or other 897 resources to acquire military equipment. (2) 898 The President shall report annually to the Speaker of the House of Representatives and the Committee on Foreign Relations of the Senate his actions in carrying out this provision.

(t) 899 No assistance shall be furnished under this or any other Act and no sales shall be made under the Agricultural Trade Development and Assistance Act of 1954, in or to any country which has severed or hereafter severs diplomatic relations with the United States or with which the United States has severed or hereafter severs diplomatic relations, unless (1) diplomatic relations have been resumed with such country and (2) agreements for the furnishing of such assistance or the making of such sales, as the case may be, have been negotiated and entered into after the resumption of diplomatic relations with such country.

(u) 899 In any decision to provide or continue to provide any program of assistance to any country under the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961, as amended, there shall be taken into account the status of the country with respect to its dues, assessments, and other obligations to the United Nations; and where such country is delinquent with respect to any such obligations for the purposes of the first sentence of Article 19 of the United Nations Charter, the President shall furnish the Committee on Foreign Relations of the Senate and the Speaker of the House of Representatives a report setting forth the assurance given by the government of the country concerned of paying all of its arrearages and of placing its payments of such obligations on a current basis, or a full explanation of the unusual or exceptional circumstances which render it economically incapable of giving such assurance.

(v) 900 * * * [Repealed-1974] (W) 901 * * * [Repealed—1978]

(x) 902 (1) All military assistance, all sales of defense articles and services (whether for cash or by credit, guaranty, or any other means), and all licenses with respect to the transportation of arms, ammunitions, and implements of war (including technical data relating thereto) to the Government of Turkey, shall be suspended on

897 Sec. 734(b) of the International Security and Development Cooperation Act of 1981 (Public Law 97-113; 95 Stat. 1560) added the words or other” in subpar. (B) and repealed subpar. (C). Subpar. (C) formerly read as follows:

"(C) the amount spent by the recipient or purchasing country for the purchase of sophisticated weapons systems, such as missile systems and jet aircraft for military purposes, from any coun

try.

898 Sec. 3003(a)(1) of the Federal Reports Elimination and Sunset Act of 1995 (Public Law 104-66; 31 U.S.C. 1113 note), as amended, provided that “each provision of law requiring the submittal to Congress (or any committee of the Congress) of any annual, semiannual, or other regular periodic report specified * * * shall cease to be effective, with respect to that requirement, May 15, 2000.", and is applicable to this paragraph.

ecs. (t) and (u) were added by sec. 301(704) of the FA Act of 1967 900 Subsec. (v) as added by sec. 301 of the FA Act of 1971 was repealed by sec. 24 of the FA Act of 1974. Former subsec. (v) concerned assistance to Greece.

901 Subsec. (w), as added by the FA Act of 1971, concerning suspension of aid to Pakistan, was repealed by sec. 502d 1) of the International Development and Food Assistance Act of 1978 (Public Law 95-424; 92 Stat. 959).

902 Subsec. (x) was added by sec. 22 of the FA Act of 1974. Sec. 13(a) of the International Security Assistance Act of 1978 (Public Law 95-384; 92 Stat. 737) specified that subsec. (x) would be of no further force and effect once the President had determined and certified to the Congress that resumption of aid to Turkey was in the national interest as well as in the interest of NATO and that Turkey was acting in good faith toward achieving a peaceful settleme problem. The President made such a determination, dated September 26, 1978.

or

the date of enactment of this subsection unless and until the President determines and certifies to the Congress that the Government of Turkey is in compliance with the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961, the Foreign Military Sales Act,903 and any agreement entered into under such Acts, and that substantial progress toward agreement has been made regarding military forces in Cyprus: Provided, That for the fiscal year 1978 904 the President may suspend the provisions of this subsection and of section 3(c) of the Arms Export Control Act with respect to cash sales and extensions of credits and guaranties under such Act for the procurement of such defense articles and defense services as the President determines are necessary to enable Turkey to fulfill her defense responsibilities as a member of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization, except that during the fiscal year 1978 905 the total value of defense articles and defense services sold to Turkey under such Act, either for cash financed by credits and guaranties, shall not

not exceed $175,000,000.906 Any such suspension shall be effective only so long as Turkey observes the cease-fire on Cyprus, does not increase its military forces or its civilian population on Cyprus, and does not transfer to Cyprus any United States supplied arms, ammunition, or implements of war. The determination required by the proviso in the first sentence of this paragraph shall be made, on a caseby-case basis, with respect to each cash sale, each approval for use of credits, and each approval for use of a guaranty for Turkey. Each such determination shall be reported to the Congress and shall be accompanied by a full and complete statement of the reasons supporting the President's determination and a statement containing the information specified in clauses (A) through (D) of section 2(c)(4) of the Act of October 6, 1975 (Public Law 94-104).907 In any case involving the sale of significant combat equipment on the United States Munitions List in which the congressional review provisions of section 36(b) of the Arms Export Control Act do not apply, the President may not issue the letter of offer or approve the use of the credits or guaranty, as the case may be, until the end of the thirty-day period beginning on the date on which the report required by the preceding sentence is submitted to the Congress.908 (2) 909 The President shall submit to the Congress within 60 days after the enactment of this paragraph 910 and at the end of such succeeding sixty-day period, a report on progress made during such period toward the conclusion of a negotiated solution of the Cyprus conflict.

year 1978.

903 Renamed the Arms Export Control Act.

904 Sec. 22(d)(1) of the International Security Assistance Act of 1977 (Public Law 95-92; 91 Stat. 624) struck out the references to fiscal years 1976 and 1977 and added the references to fiscal 905 Sec. 22(

22) of the International Security Assistance Act of 1977 (Public Law 95–92; 91 Stat. 624) added the words “during the fiscal year 1978”, and struck out the following that had previously appeared at this point:

"A) during the fiscal year 1976 and the period beginning July 1, 1976, and ending September 30, 1976, the total value of defense articles and defense services sold to Turkey under such Act, either for cash or financed by credits and guaranties, shall not exceed $125,000,000, and (B) during the fiscal year 1977..

906 The figure, “$175,000,000”, was inserted in lieu of “$125,000,000" by sec. 22(d/3) of the International Security Assistance Act of 1977 (Public Law 95-92; 91 Stat. 624).

907 For text, see Legislation on Foreign Relations Through 2001, vol. 1-B.

908 Sec. 403 of the International Security Assistance and Arms Export Control Act of 1976 (Public Law 94-329; 90 Stat. 757) amended sec. 620(xX(1) beginning with the words Provided, That for the fiscal year * * *”. Sec. 6200x)(1) formerly read as follows: Provided, That the President is authorized to suspend the provisions of this section and such acts if he determines that such suspension will further negotiations for a peaceful solution of the Cyprus conflict. Any such suspension shall be effective only until February 5, 1975, and only if, during that time, Turkey shall observe the ceasefire and shall neither increase its forces in Cyprus nor transfer to Cyprus any U.S. supplied implements of war.”.

(y) 911 (1) Except as provided in paragraph (2), the President shall withhold from amounts made available under this Act or any other Act and allocated for a country for a fiscal year an amount equal to the aggregate value of nuclear fuel and related assistance and credits provided by that country, or any entity of that country, to Cuba during the preceding fiscal year.

(2) The requirement to withhold assistance for a country for a fiscal year under paragraph (1) shall not apply if Cuba

(A) has ratified the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons (21 UST 483) or the Treaty of Tlatelelco, and Cuba is in compliance with the requirements of either such Treaty;

(B) has negotiated and is in compliance with full-scope safeguards of the International Atomic Energy Agency not later than two years after ratification by Cuba of such Treaty; and

(C) incorporates and is in compliance with internationally accepted nuclear safety standards.

909 Par. (2) was added by sec. 2(a)(2) of Public Law 94-104.

910 Par. (2) did not become effective until enactment of the International Security Assistance and Arms Export Control Act of 1976 on June 30, 1976. See sec. 2(c)(5) of Public Law 94-104, in Legislation on Foreign Relations Through 2001, vol. I-B, for explanation of the effective date of par. (2).

$11 Sec. 2810(a) of the Foreign Relations Authorization Act, Fiscal Years 1998 and 1999 (sub division B of division G of Public Law 105-277: 112 Stat. 2861), added subsec. (y). Subsec. (b) of that section provided that the amendment "* * * shall apply with respect to assistance pro vided in fiscal years beginning on or after the date of the enactment of this Act.”.

(3) The Secretary of State shall prepare and submit to the Congress each year a report containing a description of the amount of nuclear fuel and related assistance and credits provided by any country, or any entity of a country, to Cuba during the preceding year, including the terms of each transfer of such fuel, assistance, or credits.

Sec. 620A.912, 913 Prohibition on Assistance to Governments Supporting International Terrorism.

912 22 U.S.C. 2371. Sec. 6(j) of the Export Administration Act (Public Law 96–72; 50 U.S.C. app. 2405(j)) similarly requires the Secretary of State to determine whenever a country is found to support acts of international terrorism. Most recently, in Department of State Public Notice 1878 of August 12, 1993, (58 F.R. 52523), the Secretary of State stated: “In accordance with section 6(j) of the Export Administration Act (50 U.S.C. App. 2405(j)), I hereby determine that Sudan is a country which has repeatedly provided support for acts of international terrorism. The list of 6() countries as of this time therefore includes Cuba, Iran, Iraq, Libya, North Korea, Sudan, and Syria.".

Sec. 40A of the Arms Export Control Act (Public Law 90-629; 22 U.S.C. 2781) similarly requires the President to determine whenever a country is not cooperating fully with United States antiterrorism efforts. Pursuant to that requirement, on May 15, 2002, the Deputy Secretary of State determined and certified, "that the following countries are not cooperating fully with United States antiterrorism efforts: Cuba; Iran; Iraq; Libya; North Korea; Sudan; and Syria” (Department of State Public Notice No. 3054; 64 F.R. 26474). A determination published in 1999 had included these countries and Afghanistan.

913 Section 620A was added by sec. 303 of the International Security Assistance and Arms Export Control Act of 1976 (Public Law 94–329; 90 Stat. 753). It was amended and restated by sec. 503(a) of the International Security and Development Cooperation Act of 1985 (Public Law 99-83; 99 Stat. 220). It was further amended and restated by sec. 5 of the Anti-Terrorism and Arms Export Amendments Act of 1989 (Public Law 101-222; 103 Stat. 1897).

Section 10 of the Anti-Terrorism and Arms Export Amendments Act of 1989 (Public Law 101222; 103 Stat. 1900) provided the following in relation to the amendment of sec. 620A: "SEC. 10. SELF-DEFENSE IN ACCORDANCE WITH INTERNATIONAL LAW.

"The use by any government of armed force in the exercise of individual or collective self-defense in accordance with applicable international agreements and customary international law shall not be considered an act of international terrorism for purposes of the amendments made by this Act.".

The Kenneth M. Ludden Foreign Operations, Export Financing, and Related Programs Appropriations Act, 2002 (Public Law 107–115; 115 Stat. 2147, 2153, 2155), provided the following:

"PROHIBITION ON BILATERAL ASSISTANCE TO TERRORIST COUNTRIES "SEC. 527. (a) Funds appropriated for bilateral assistance under any heading of this Act and funds appropriated under any such heading in a provision of law enacted prior to the enactment of this Act, shall not be made available to any country which the President determines

"(1) grants sanctuary from prosecution to any individual or group which has committed an act of international terrorism; or

"(2) otherwise supports international terrorism. "b) The President may waive the application of subsection (a) to a country if the President determines that national security or humanitarian reasons justify such waiver. The President shall publish each waiver in the Federal Register and, at least 15 days before the waiver takes effect, shall notify the Committees on Appropriations of the waiver (including the justification for the waiver) in accordance with the regular notification procedures of the Committees on Appropriations.

"ELIGIBILITY FOR ASSISTANCE "SEC. 537. (a) ASSISTANCE THROUGH NONGOVERNMENTAL ORGANIZATIONS.--Restrictions contained in this or any other Act with respect to assistance for a country shall not be construed to restrict assistance in support of programs of nongovernmental organizations from funds appropriated by this Act to carry out the provisions of chapters 1, 10, 11, and 12 of part I and chapter 4 of part II of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961, and from funds appropriated under the heading 'Assistance for Eastern Europe and the Baltic States': Provided, That the President shall take into consideration, in any case in which a restriction on assistance would be applicable but for this subsection, whether assistance in support of programs of nongovernmental organizations is in the national interest of the United States: Provided further, That before using the authority of this subsection to furnish assistance in support of programs of nongovernmental organizations, the President shall notify the Committees on Appropriations under the regular notification procedures of those committees, including a description of the program to be assisted, the assistance to be provided, and the reasons for furnishing such assistance: Provided further, That nothing in this subsection shall be construed to alter any existing statutory prohibitions against abortion or involuntary sterilizations contained in this or any other Act.

Continued

« 이전계속 »