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to the Congress, or to any committee or officer of either House of Congress, concerning any finding or determination under any provision of this Act, the Foreign Military Sales Act, or the Foreign Assistance and Related Programs Appropriation Act for each fiscal year, that finding or determination shall be reduced to writing and signed by the President.

(b) No action shall be taken pursuant to any such finding or determination prior to the date on which that finding or determination has been reduced to writing and signed by the President.

(c) Each such finding or determination shall be published in the Federal Register as soon as practicable after it has been reduced to writing and signed by the President. In any case in which the President concludes that such publication would be harmful to the national security of the United States, only a statement that a determination or finding has been made by the President, including the name and section of the Act under which it was made, shall be published.

(d) No committee or officer of either House of Congress shall be denied any requested information relating to any finding or determination which the President is required to report to the Congress, or to any committee or officer of either House of Congress, under any provision of this Act, the Foreign Military Sales Act, or the Foreign Assistance and Related Programs Appropriation Act for each fiscal year, even though such report has not yet been transmitted to the appropriate committee or officer of either House of Congress. SEC. 655.1113 ANNUAL MILITARY ASSISTANCE REPORT.

(a) REPORT REQUIRED.—Not later than February 1 of each year, the President shall transmit to the Congress an annual report for the fiscal year ending the previous September 30.

(b) 1114 INFORMATION RELATING TO MILITARY ASSISTANCE AND MILITARY EXPORTS.—Each such report shall show the aggregate dollar value and quantity of defense articles (including excess defense articles), defense services, and international military education and training activities authorized by the United States and of such articles, services, and activities provided by the United States, excluding any activity that is reportable under title V of the National Security Act of 1947, to each foreign country and inter

1113 22 U.S.C. 2415. Sec. 1324(c) of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 1996 (Public Law 104-106; 110 Stat. 481) added a new sec. 655, requiring an annual report on military assistance, military exports, and military imports for each of 1996 and 1997. Sec. 148 of Public Law 104-164 (110 Stat. 1435) amended and restated sec. 655, requiring a report annually for each fiscal year.

An earlier sec. 655—Limitations Upon Assistance to or for Cambodia—was added by the FA Act of 1971, and was repealed by sec. 604 of the International Development and Food Assistance Act of 1978 (Public Law 95–424; 92 Stat. 961).

1114 Sec. 1306(a) of the Arms Control, Nonproliferation, and Security Assistance Act of 1999 (division B of the Admiral James W. Nance and Meg Donovan Foreign Relations Authorization Act, Fiscal Years 2000 and 2001 (H.R. 3427, enacted by reference in sec. 1000(aX7) of Public Law 106-113; 113 Stat. 1536), amended and restated subsec. (b), which formerly read as follows:

"(b) INFORMATION RELATING TO MILITARY ASSISTANCE AND MILITARY EXPORTS.-Each such report shall show the aggregate dollar value and quantity of defense articles (including excess defense articles), defense services, and international military education and training authorized by the United States, excluding that which is pursuant to activities reportable under title V of the National Security Act of 1947, to each foreign country and international organization. The report shall specify, by category, whether such defense articles

"(1) were furnished by grant under chapter 2 or chapter 5 of part II of this Act or under any other authority of law or by sale under chapter 2 of the Arms Export Control Act; or

"(2) were licensed for export under section 38 of the Arms Export Control Act.”.

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national organization. The report shall specify, by category, whether such defense articles,

(1) were furnished by grant under chapter 2 or chapter 5 of part II of this Act or under any other authority of law or by sale under chapter 2 of the Arms Export Control Act;

(2) were furnished with the financial assistance of the United States Government, including through loans and guarantees; or

(3) were licensed for export under section 38 of the Arms Export Control Act and, if so, a specification of those defense articles that were exported during the fiscal year covered by the

report. 1115 (c) INFORMATION RELATING TO MILITARY IMPORTS.-Each such report shall also include the total amount of military items manufactured outside the United States that were imported into the United States during the fiscal year covered by the report. For each country of origin the report shall show the type of item being imported and the total amount of the items.

(d) 1116 AVAILABILITY ON INTERNET.—All unclassified portions of such report shall be made available to the public on the Internet through the Department of State. SEC. 656.1117 ANNUAL FOREIGN MILITARY TRAINING REPORT.

(a) ANNUAL REPORT.-Not later than January 31 of each year, the Secretary of Defense and the Secretary of State shall jointly prepare and submit to the appropriate congressional committees a report on all military training provided to foreign military personnel by the Department of Defense and the Department of State during the previous fiscal year and all such training proposed for the current fiscal year.

(b) CONTENTS.—The report described in subsection (a) shall include the following:

(1) For each military training activity, the foreign policy justification and purpose for the activity, the number of foreign military personnel provided training and their units of operation, and the location of the training.

(2) For each country, the aggregate number of students trained and the aggregate cost of the military training activities.

(3) With respect to United States personnel, the operational benefits to United States forces derived from each military

ICS.

1115 Sec. 702 of the Security Assistance Act of 2000 (Public Law 106–280; 114 Stat. 861) added "and, if so, a specification of those defense articles that were exported during the fiscal year covered by the report".

1116 Sec. 1306(b) of the Arms Control, Nonproliferation, and Security Assistance Act of 1999 (division B of the Admiral James W. Nance and Meg Donovan Foreign Relations Authorization Act, Fiscal Years 2000 and 2001 (H.R. 3427, enacted by reference in sec. 1000(aX7) of Public Law 106-113; 113 Stat. 1536), added subsec. (d).

1117 22 U.S.C. 2416. Sec. 1307 of the Arms Control, Nonproliferation, and Security Assistance Act of 1999 (division B of the Admiral James W. Nance and Meg Donovan Foreign Relations Authorization Act, Fiscal Years 2000 and 2001 (H.R. 3427, enacted by reference in sec. 1000(a)(7) of Public Law 106-113; 113 Stat. 1536), added sec. 656. See also sec. 564 of the Kenneth M. Ludden Foreign Operations, Export Financing, and Related Appropriations Act, 2002 (Public Law 107-115; 115 Stat. 2163).

An earlier sec. 656-Limitations on United States Personnel and Personnel Assisted by United States in Cambodia-was added by Public Law 92-226 (86 Stat. 20), and was repealed by sec. 604 of the International Development and Food Assistance Act of 1978 (Public Law 95– 424; 92 Stat. 961).

training activity and the United States military units involved

in each activity. (c) FORM.—The report described in subsection (a) shall be in unclassified form but may include a classified annex.

(d) AVAILABILITY ON INTERNET.-All unclassified portions of the report described in subsection (a) shall be made available to the public on the Internet through the Department of State.

(e) DEFINITION.—In this section, the term “appropriate congressional committees” means

(1) the Committee on Appropriations and the Committee on International Relations of the House of Representatives; and

(2) the Committee on Appropriations and the Committee on Foreign Relations of the Senate. Sec. 657.1118 Annual Report on Military Assistance and Military Exports. * * * [Repealed-1981)

Sec. 658.1119 Limitations on Use of Funds. * * * [Repealed1978]

Sec. 659.1120 Access to Certain Military Bases Abroad. * * * [Repealed—1981)

Sec. 660.1121 Prohibiting Police Training.-(a) On and after July 1, 1975, none of the funds made available to carry out this

1118 Sec. 657, as added by the FA Act of 1971, was repealed by sec. 502(d)(1) of the International Development and Food Assistance Act of 1978 (Public Law 95-424; 92 Stat. 959). Subsequently, sec. 14 of the International Security Assistance Act of 1978 (Public Law 95-384; 92 Stat. 739) added a new sec. 657. Sec. 657 was again repealed by sec. 734(aX1) of the International Security and Development Cooperation Act of 1981 (Public Law 97-113; 95 Stat. 1560). Some of the information previously required annually under sec. 657 on military assistance and military exports is now required by sec. 634(a)(10) of this Act and sec. 25(a) of the Arms Export Control Act.

1119 Sec. 658, as added by the FA Act of 1971, was repealed by sec. 604 of the International Development and Food Assistance Act of 1978 (Public Law 95-424; 92 Stat. 961).

1120 Sec. 659, as added by sec. 20(a) of the FA Act of 1974, was repealed by sec. 734(a)(1) of the International Security and Development Cooperation Act of 1981 (Public Law 97-113; 95 Stat. 1560). It formerly read as follows:

"Sec. 659. Access to Certain Military Bases Abroad.-None of the funds authorized to be appropriated for foreign assistance (including foreign military sales, credit sales, and guaranties) under this Act may be used to provide any kind of assistance to any foreign country in which a military base is located if

"(1) such base was constructed or is being maintained or operated with funds furnished by the United States;

(2) personnel of the United States carry out military operations from such base: and

"(3) unless and until the President has determined that the government of such country has, consistent with security, authorized access, on a regular basis, to bona fide news media correspondents of the United States to such military base.".

1121 22 U.S.C. 2420. Sec. 660 was added by sec. 30(a) of the FA Act of 1974.

The Kenneth M. Ludden Foreign Operations, Export Financing, and Related Programs Appropriations Act, 2002 (Public Law 107-115; 115 Stat. 2152, 2173), provided the following:

"ADMINISTRATION OF JUSTICE ACTIVITIES "SEC. 536. Of the funds appropriated or otherwise made available by this Act for 'Economic Support Fund', assistance may be provided to strengthen the administration of justice in countries in Latin America and the Caribbean and in other regions consistent with the provisions of section 534(b) of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961, except that programs to enhance protection of participants in judicial cases may be conducted notwithstanding section 660 of that Act. Funds made available pursuant to this section may be made available notwithstanding section 534(c) and the second and third sentences of section 534(e) of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961.

"COMMUNITY-BASED POLICE ASSISTANCE "SEC. 587. (a) AUTHORITY.–Of the funds made available to carry out the provisions of chapter 1 of part I and chapter 4 of part II of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961, up to $1,500,000 may be used, notwithstanding section 660 of that Act, to enhance the effectiveness and accountability of civilian police authority in Jamaica through training and technical assistance in internation

Continued Act, and none of the local currencies generated under this Act, shall be used to provide training or advice, or provide any financial support, for police, prisons, or other law enforcement forces for any foreign government or any program of internal intelligence or surveillance on behalf of any foreign government within the United States or abroad. (b) Subsection (a) of this section shall not apply

(1) with respect to assistance rendered under section 515(c) of the Omnibus Crime Control and Safe Streets Act of 1968 1122 with respect to any authority of the Drug Enforcement Administration or the Federal Bureau of Investigation which relates to crimes of the nature which are unlawful under the laws of the United States, or with respect to assistance authorized under section 482 of this Act;

(2) to any contract entered into prior to the date of enactment of this section with any person, organization, or agency of the United States Government to provide personnel to conduct, or assist in conducting, any such program;

(3) 1123 with respect to assistance, including training, in maritime law enforcement and other maritime skills; 1124

(4) 1125 with respect to assistance provided to police forces in connection with their participation in the regional security system of the Eastern Caribbean states; or 1124

ally recognized human rights, the rule of law, strategic planning, and through the promotion of civilian police roles that support democratic governance including programs to prevent conflict and foster improved police relations with the communities they serve.

"(b) REPORT.—Twelve months after the initial obligation of funds for Jamaica for activities authorized under subsection (a), the Administrator of the United States Agency for International Development shall submit a report to the appropriate congressional committees describing the progress the program is making toward improving police relations with the communities they serve and institutionalizing an effective community-based police program.

"(c) NOTIFICATION.-Assistance provided under subsection (a) shall be subject to the regular notification procedures of the Committees on Appropriations.".

Sec. 104 of the International Narcotics Control Corrections Act of 1994 (Public Law 103–447; 108 Stat. 4691; 22 U.S.C. 2420 note) provided the following exemption:

"SEC. 104. EXEMPTION OF NARCOTICS-RELATED MILITARY ASSISTANCE FOR FISCAL YEAR 1995 FROM PROHIBITION ON ASSISTANCE FOR LAW ENFORCEMENT AGENCIES.

"(a) EXEMPTION.-For fiscal year 1995, section 660 of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 (22 U.S.C. 2420) shall not apply with respect to

“(1) transfers of excess defense articles under section 517 of that Act (22 U.S.C. 2321k); "(2) funds made available for the Foreign Military Financing Program' under section 23 of the Arms Export Control Act (22 U.S.C. 2763) that are used for assistance provided for narcotics-related purposes; or

"(3) international military education and training under chapter 5 of part II of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 (22 U.S.C. 2347 and following) that is provided for narcotics

related purposes. "(b) NOTIFICATION TO CONGRESS.-At least 15 days before any transfer under subsection (aX1) or any obligation of funds under subsection (aX2) or (aX3), the President shall notify the appropriate congressional committees (as defined in section 481(e) of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 (22 U.S.C. 2291(e)) in accordance with the procedures applicable to reprogramming notifications under section 634A of that Act (22 U.S.C. 2394).

"(c) COORDINATION WITH INTERNATIONAL NARCOTICS CONTROL ASSISTANCE PROGRAM.-Assistance provided pursuant to this section shall be coordinated with international narcotics control assistance under chapter 8 of part 1 of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 (22 U.S.C. 2291 et seq.).".

1122 Public Law 90–351 (82 Stat. 197), approved June 19, 1968. Such sec. 515(c) was redesignated as sec. 515(b) by sec. 124 of Public Law 94-503.

1123 Clause (3) was added by sec. 127(b) by Public Law 99–83 (99 Stat. 205).

1124 Sec. 540Ad) of the Foreign Operations, Export Financing, and Related Programs Appropriations Act, 1996 (Public Law 104-107; 110 Stat. 737), struck out “; or” at the end of para. (3); added "; or” at the end of para. (4), and added new paras. (5) and (6).

1125 Sec. 594 of the Foreign Operations, Export Financing, and Related Programs Appropriations Act, 1991 (Public Law 101-513; 104 Stat. 2060), added paragraph (4).

(5) 1124 with respect to assistance, including training, relating to sanctions monitoring and enforcement;

(6) 1124 with respect to assistance provided to reconstitute civilian police authority and capability in the post-conflict restoration of host nation infrastructure for the purposes of supporting a nation emerging from instability, and the provision of professional public safety training, to include training in internationally recognized standards of human rights, the rule of law, anti-corruption, and the promotion of civilian police roles that support democracy; 1126

(7) 1126 with respect to assistance provided to customs authorities and personnel, including training, technical assistance and equipment, for customs law enforcement and the improve

ment of customs laws, systems and procedures. Notwithstanding clause (2), subsection (a) shall apply to any renewal or extension of any contract referred to in such paragraph entered into on or after such date of enactment.

(c) 1127 Subsection (a) shall not apply with respect to a country which has a longstanding democratic tradition, does not have standing armed forces, and does not engage in a consistent pattern of gross violations of internationally recognized human rights.

(d) 1127, 1128 Notwithstanding the prohibition contained in subsection (a), assistance may be provided to Honduras or El Salvador for fiscal years 1986 and 1987 if, at least 30 days before providing assistance, the President notifies the Committee on Foreign Affairs 1129 of the House of Representatives and the Committee on Foreign Relations of the Senate, in accordance with the procedures applicable to reprogramming notifications pursuant to section 634A of this Act, that he has determined that the government of the recipient country has made significant progress, during the preceding six months, in eliminating any human rights violations including torture, incommunicado detention, detention of persons solely for the non-violent expression of their political views, or prolonged detention without trial. Any such notification shall include a full description of the assistance which is proposed to be provided and of the purposes to which it is to be directed. SEC. 661.1130 TRADE AND DEVELOPMENT AGENCY.

(a) PURPOSE.— The Trade and Development Agency shall be an agency of the United States under the foreign policy guidance of the Secretary of State. The purpose of the Trade and Development Agency is to promote United States private sector participation in development projects in developing and middle-income countries,

1126 Sec. 574 of the Foreign Operations, Export Financing, and Related Programs Appropriations Act, 2000 (H.R. 3422, enacted by reference in sec. 1000(aX2) of Public Law 106-113; 113 Stat. 1535), struck out a period at the end of para. (6), inserted in lieu thereof a semicolon, and added a new para. (7).

1127 Subsecs. (c) and (d) were added by sec. 711 of the International Security and Development Cooperation Act of 1985 (Public Law 99-83; 99 Stat. 244).

1128 See Presidential Determination No. 86–2 of October 29, 1985 (50 F.R. 48073), in which the President delegated authority to the Secretary of State to provide any future report required by sec. 660(d).

1129 Sec. 1(a)(5) of Public Law 104-14 (109 Stat. 186) provided that references to the Committee on Foreign Affairs of the House of Representatives shall be treated as referring to the Committee on International Relations of the House of Representatives.

1130 22 U.S.C. 2421. Sec. 201 of the Jobs Through Exports Act of 1992 (Public Law 102–549; 106 Stat. 3655) amended and restated sec. 661. It was originally added by sec. 31 of the FA Act of 1974, as “Reimbursable Development Programs”.

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