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and title to property, freedom of speech and association, and an end to the lawlessness, violence, and intimidation sponsored, condoned, or tolerated by the Government of Zimbabwe, the ruling party, and their supporters or entities.
(2) ELECTION OR PRE-ELECTION CONDITIONS.—Either of the following two conditions is satisfied:
(A) PRESIDENTIAL ELECTION.—Zimbabwe has held a presidential election that is widely accepted as free and fair by independent international monitors, and the presidentelect is free to assume the duties of the office.
(B) PRE-ELECTION CONDITIONS.—In the event the certification is made before the presidential election takes place, the Government of Zimbabwe has sufficiently improved the pre-election environment to a degree consistent with accepted international standards for security and freedom of
movement and association. (3) COMMITMENT TO EQUITABLE, LEGAL, AND TRANSPARENT LAND REFORM.—The Government of Zimbabwe has demonstrated a commitment to an equitable, legal, and transparent land reform program consistent with agreements reached at the International Donors' Conference on Land Reform and Resettlement in Zimbabwe held in Harare, Zimbabwe, in September 1998.
(4) FULFILLMENT OF AGREEMENT ENDING WAR IN DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC OF CONGO.—The Government of Zimbabwe is making a good faith effort to fulfill the terms of the Lusaka, Zambia, agreement on ending the war in the Democratic Republic of Congo.
(5) MILITARY AND NATIONAL POLICE SUBORDINATE TO CIVILIAN GOVERNMENT.—The Zimbabwean Armed Forces, the National Police of Zimbabwe, and other state security forces are respon
sible to and serve the elected civilian government. (e) WAIVER.-The President may waive the provisions of subsection (b)(1) or subsection (c), if the President determines that it is in the national interest of the United States to do so. SEC. 5. SUPPORT FOR DEMOCRATIC INSTITUTIONS, THE FREE PRESS
AND INDEPENDENT MEDIA, AND THE RULE OF LAW. (a) IN GENERAL.-The President is authorized to provide assistance under part I and chapter 4 of part II of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 to
(1) support an independent and free press and electronic media in Zimbabwe;
(2) support equitable, legal, and transparent mechanisms of land reform in Zimbabwe, including the payment of costs related to the acquisition of land and the resettlement of individuals, consistent with the International Donors' Conference on Land Reform and Resettlement in Zimbabwe held in Harare, Zimbabwe, in September 1998, or any subsequent agreement relating thereto; and
(3) provide for democracy and governance programs in Zimbabwe. (b) FUNDING.–Of the funds authorized to be appropriated to carry out part I and chapter 4 of part II of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 for fiscal year 2002
(1) $20,000,000 is authorized to be available to provide the assistance described in subsection (a)(2); and
(2) $6,000,000 is authorized to be available to provide the assistance described in subsection (a)(3). (c) SUPERSEDES OTHER LAWS.—The authority in this section supersedes any other provision of law. SEC. 6. SENSE OF CONGRESS ON THE ACTIONS TO BE TAKEN AGAINST
INDIVIDUALS RESPONSIBLE FOR VIOLENCE AND THE
BREAKDOWN OF THE RULE OF LAW IN ZIMBABWE. It is the sense of Congress that the President should begin immediate consultation with the governments of European Union member states, Canada, and other appropriate foreign countries on ways in which to
(1) identify and share information regarding individuals responsible for the deliberate breakdown of the rule of law, politically motivated violence, and intimidation in Zimbabwe;
(2) identify assets of those individuals held outside Zimbabwe;
(3) implement travel and economic sanctions against those individuals and their associates and families; and
(4) provide for the eventual removal or amendment of those sanctions.
d. Afghan Women and Children Relief Act of 2001 Public Law 107–81 (S. 1573), 115 Stat. 811, approved December 12, 2001 AN ACT To authorize the provision of educational and health care assistance to the
women and children of Afghanistan. Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, SECTION 1.1 SHORT TITLE.
This Act may be cited as the “Afghan Women and Children Relief Act of 2001”. SEC. 2. FINDINGS. Congress makes the following findings:
(1) In Afghanistan, Taliban restrictions on women's participation in society make it nearly impossible for women to exercise their basic human rights. The Taliban restrictions on Afghan women's freedom of expression, association, and movement deny women full participation in society and, consequently, from effectively securing basic access to work, education, and health care.
(2) Afghanistan has one of the highest infant (165 of 1000) and child (257 of 1000) mortality rates in the world.
(3) Only 5 percent of rural and 39 percent of urban Afghans have access to safe drinking water.
(4) It is estimated that 42 percent of all deaths in Afghanistan are due to diarrheal diseases caused by contaminated food and water.
(5) Over one-third of Afghan children under 5 years of age suffer from malnutrition, 85,000 of whom die annually.
(6) Seventy percent of the health care system in Afghanistan is dependent on foreign assistance.
(7) As of May 1998, only 20 percent of hospital medical and surgical beds dedicated to adults were available for women, and thousands of Afghan women and girls are routinely denied health care.
(8) Women are forbidden to leave their homes without being escorted by a male relative. This prevents many women from seeking basic necessities like health care and food for their children. Doctors, virtually all of whom are male, are also not permitted to provide certain types of care not deemed appropriate by the Taliban.
(9) Before the Taliban took control of Kabul, schools were coeducational, with women accounting for 70 percent of the teaching force. Women represented about 50 percent of the civil service corps, and 40 percent of the city's physicians were women. Today, the Taliban prohibits women from working as teachers, doctors, and in any other occupation.
122 U.S.C. 2374 note.
(10) The Taliban prohibit girls and women from attending school. In 1998, the Taliban ordered the closing of more than 100 privately funded schools where thousands of young women and girls were receiving education and training in skills that would have helped them support themselves and their families.
(11) Of the many tens of thousands of war widows in Afghanistan, many are forced to beg for food and to sell their possessions because they are not allowed to work.
(12) Resistance movements courageously continue to educate Afghan girls in secrecy and in foreign countries against
(a) IN GENERAL.-Subject to subsection (b), the President is authorized, on such terms and conditions as the President may determine, to provide educational and health care assistance for the women and children living in Afghanistan and as refugees in neighboring countries.
(b) IMPLEMENTATION.-(1) In providing assistance under subsection (a), the President shall ensure that such assistance is provided in a manner that protects and promotes the human rights of all people in Afghanistan, utilizing indigenous institutions and nongovernmental organizations, especially women's organizations, to the extent possible.
(2) Beginning 6 months after the date of enactment of this Act, and at least annually for the 2 years thereafter, the Secretary of State shall submit a report to the Committee on Appropriations and the Committee on Foreign Relations of the Senate and the Committee on Appropriations and the Committee on International Relations of the House of Representatives describing the activities carried out under this Act and otherwise describing the condition and status of women and children in Afghanistan and the persons in refugee camps while United States aid is given to displaced Afghans.
(c) AVAILABILITY OF FUNDS.–Funds made available under the 2001 Emergency Supplemental Appropriations Act for Recovery from and Response to Terrorist Attacks on the United States (Public Law 107–38), shall be available to carry out this Act.
e. Pakistan-Exemption of Foreign Assistance Prohibitions
Public Law 107–57 (S. 1465), 115 Stat. 403, approved October 27, 2001 AN ACT To authorize the President to exercise waivers of foreign assistance restric
tions with respect to Pakistan through September 30, 2003, and for other purposes.
Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, SECTION 1. EXEMPTIONS AND WAIVER OF APPROPRIATIONS ACT PRO
HIBITIONS WITH RESPECT TO PAKISTAN. (a) FISCAL YEAR 2002 AND PRIOR FISCAL YEARS.
(1) EXEMPTIONS.-Any provision of the foreign operations, export financing, and related programs appropriations Act for fiscal year 2002, or any provision of such Act for a prior fiscal year, that prohibits direct assistance to a country whose duly elected head of government was deposed by decree or military coup shall not apply with respect to Pakistan.
(2) PRIOR CONSULTATION REQUIRED.—Not less than 5 days prior to the obligation of funds for Pakistan under paragraph (1), the President shall consult with the appropriate congres
sional committees with respect to such obligation. (b) FISCAL YEAR 2003.
(1) WAIVER.-The President is authorized to waive, with respect to Pakistan, any provision of the foreign operations, export financing, and related programs appropriations Act for fiscal year 2003 that prohibits direct assistance to a country whose duly elected head of government was deposed by decree or military coup, if the President determines and certifies to the appropriate congressional committees that such waiver
(A) would facilitate the transition to democratic rule in Pakistan; and
(B) is important to United States efforts to respond to, deter, or prevent acts of international terrorism. (2) PRIOR CONSULTATION REQUIRED.—Not less than 5 days prior to the exercise of the waiver authority under paragraph (1), the President shall consult with the appropriate congres
sional committees with respect to such waiver. SEC. 2. INCREASED FLEXIBILITY IN THE EXERCISE OF WAIVER AU.
THORITY OF MTCR AND EXPORT ADMINISTRATION ACT
SANCTIONS WITH RESPECT TO PAKISTAN. Any waiver under 73(e) of the Arms Export Control Act (22 U.S.Č. 2797b(e)), or under section 11B(b)(5) of the Export Administration Act of 1979 (50 U.S.C. App. 24106(b)(5)) (or successor statute), with respect to a sanction that was imposed on foreign persons in Pakistan prior to January 1, 2001, may be exercised
(1) only after consultation with the appropriate congressional committees; and