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institutions in the Western Hemisphere, and to commemorate the 500th anniversary of the discovery of the Americas by Christopher Columbus through the establishment of an institution of higher education, which shall be known as the “International University for the Americas”.
(b) ESTABLISHMENT.—The Secretary of State, in consultation with other governments in the Western Hemisphere, shall determine the most appropriate location for the International University for the Americas. In making that determination, the Secretary shall ensure that
(1) the location chosen is in the Americas and is easily accessible to all peoples in the region; and (2) the relevant government
(A) has demonstrated a commitment to economic integration and democratic values though its policies and programs; and
(B) has expressed an interest in that location being chosen as a site and has agreed to contribute some amount of assistance, either in cash or kind, toward the costs of de
veloping the institution. (c) FACULTY, STUDENTS, AND CURRICULUM.—In developing the bylaws of the International University for the Americas, the Secretary of State shall ensure that they contain provisions to ensure that faculty and students are drawn from all the nations in the Western Hemisphere, and that the curriculum is designed to develop expertise in fields that will promote the economic integration of the Americas and the consolidation of democracy throughout the Hemisphere.
(d) ANNUAL REPORT.-The annual reports submitted pursuant to section 614 of the Agricultural Trade Development and Assistance Act of 1954 (7 U.S.C. 1738mm) shall include a progress report on the selection of a site and design for the establishment of the International University for the Americas.
(e) FUNDING.-Of the funds that are allocated for assistance for Latin America and the Caribbean under chapter 1 of part I of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 (relating to development assistance) and chapter 4 of part II of that Act (relating to the economic support fund), $500,000 may be made available to carry out the site location and design phase of the International University for the Americas.
TITLE VII–TRADE PROMOTION EXPANSION SEC. 701. INCREASE IN COMMERCIAL SERVICE OFFICERS IN CERTAIN
COUNTRIES. (a) AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.—In addition to amounts otherwise available, there are authorized to be appropriated $5,000,000 for each of the fiscal years 1993 and 1994 for use by the Assistant Secretary of Commerce and Director General of the United States and Foreign Commercial Service in accordance with subsection (b).
(b) USE OF FUNDS.-Amounts appropriated pursuant to subsection (a) shall be available only for placing and maintaining 20 additional Commercial Service Officers abroad. The Secretary of Commerce, acting through the Assistant Secretary of Commerce and Director General of the United States and Foreign Commercial Service, may place such additional Commercial Service Officers
(1) in countries with which the United States has the largest trade deficit, and
(2) in newly emerging market economy countries, with democratically elected governments, in Central and Eastern Europe
and elsewhere. (c) REPORT TO CONGRESS.—The Secretary of Commerce, acting through the Assistant Secretary of Commerce and the Director General of the United States and Foreign Commercial Service, shall, not later than December 31, 1994, submit to the Committee on Foreign Affairs of the House of Representatives and the Committee on Banking, Housing, and Urban Affairs of the Senate on the implementation of subsection (b). Each report shall specify
(1) in what countries the additional Commercial Service Officers were placed, and the number of such officers placed in each such country; and
(2) the effectiveness of the presence of the additional Commercial Service Officers in increasing United States exports to the countries in which such officers were placed.
TITLE VIII–GENERAL PROVISIONS
No funds made available to carry out any provision of this Act or the amendments made by this Act may be obligated or expended for any financial incentive to a business enterprise currently located in the United States for the purpose of inducing such an enterprise to relocate outside the United States, if such incentive or inducement is likely to reduce the number of employees in the United States because United States production is being replaced by such enterprise outside the United States. SEC. 802.14 INTERNATIONALLY RECOGNIZED WORKER RIGHTS.
No funds made available to carry out any provision of this Act or the amendments made by this Act may be obligated or expended for any project or activity that contributes to the violation of internationally recognized workers rights, as defined in section 502(a)(4) of the Trade Act of 1974, of workers in the recipient country, including any designated zone in that country.
14 22 U.S.C. 2151 note.
h. Overseas Private Investment Corporation Amendments
Act of 1988
Partial text of S. 2757, enacted into law by reference in sec. 555, Public Law
100_461 (H.R. 4637), 102 Stat. 2268-36, approved October 1, 1988 1
TITLE I-OVERSEAS PRIVATE INVESTMENT
CORPORATION SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE.
This Act may be cited as the “Overseas Private Investment Corporation Amendments Act of 1988”.
* SEC. 109. SMALL AND MINORITY-OWNED BUSINESSES. (a) FINDINGS.—The Congress finds that,
(1) the Overseas Private Investment Corporation has a consistent record of encouraging United States business investment in the world's developing countries;
(2) 62 percent of the open projects supported by the Corporation during fiscal year 1987 were located in the poorest of developing countries; and
(3) United States small businesses participated in 34 percent of the open projects supported by the Corporation during fiscal
year 1987. (b) SENSE OF CONGRESS.—It is the sense of the Congress that,
(1) the Overseas Private Investment Corporation should continue to encourage United States small businesses to invest in the world's developing countries; and
(2) the Corporation should continue to encourage United States small businesses that are minority-owned to invest in the world's developing countries as these businesses are well suited to the economic and social development needs of such countries. * * * *
* SEC. 111. OPIC PROGRAMS IN HAITI.
Prohibitions on United States assistance for Haiti during fiscal year 1988 shall not be construed to apply with respect to the Overseas Private Investment Corporation unless the prohibition specifi
1 Sec. 555 of the Foreign Operations, Export Financing, and Related Programs Appropriations Act, 1989 (Public Law 100-461; 102 Stat. 2268–36), enacted into law by reference title I of H.R. 5263, as passed by the House of Representatives on September 20, 1988, and provided further:
"That notwithstanding any other provision of this Act, titles I and III of S. 2757 as reported by the Senate Committee on Foreign Relations on September 7, 1988, are hereby enacted into law”.
Title I of H.R. 5263 and title I of S. 2757, in large part, amended chapter 2, title IV of the FA Act of 1961. Sections 109 and 111, shown here, were freestanding provisions and were identical in both bills.
For text of title III of S. 2757 (concerning certain USIA programs), see Legislation on Foreign Relations Through 2000, vol. II, sec. E.
i. Special Foreign Assistance Act of 1986 Partial text of Public Law 99–529 (S. 1917), 100 Stat. 3010, approved October
24, 1986; amended by Public Law 105–277 (Foreign Relations Authorization Act, Fiscal Years 1998 and 1999 (division G, subdivision B); H.R.
4328), 112 Stat. 2681, approved October 21, 1998 AN ACT To promote immunization and oral rehydration in developing countries, to
promote democracy in Haiti, to protect tropical forests and biological diversity in developing countries, to authorize increased funding for the Child Survival Fund and for international narcotics control assistance, and for other purposes.
Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, SECTION 1.1 SHORT TITLE.
This Act may be cited as the “Special Foreign Assistance Act of 1986”.
TITLE I-PROMOTING IMMUNIZATION AND ORAL
REHYDRATION IN DEVELOPING COUNTRIES
SEC. 101. FINDINGS.
(1) the United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF) reports that 3.5 million children die annually because they have not been immunized against the six major childhood diseases: polio, measles, whooping cough, diphtheria, tetanus, and tuberculosis;
(2) at present less than 20 percent of children in the developing world are fully immunized against these diseases;
(3) each year more than five million additional children are permanently disabled and suffer diminished capacities to contribute to the economic, social, and political development of their countries because they have not been immunized;
(4) ten million additional childhood deaths from immunizable and potentially immunizable diseases could be averted annually by the development of techniques in biotechnology for new and cost-effective vaccines;
(5) the World Health Assembly, the Executive Board of the United Nations Children's Fund, and the United Nations General Assembly are calling upon the nations of the world to commit the resources necessary to meet the challenge of universal access to childhood immunization by 1990;
(6) at the 1984 “Bellagio Conference” it was determined that the goal of universal childhood immunization by 1990 is indeed achievable; and
(7) the Congress has expressed its expectation that the Agency for International Development will set as a goal the immu
122 U.S.C. 2151 note.