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(A) one or more categories of aliens who are or were nationals and residents of an independent state of the former Soviet Union or of Estonia, Latvia, or Lithuania 11 and who share common characteristics that identify them as targets of persecution in that state 12 on account of race, religion, nationality, membership in a particular social group, or political opinion, and

(B) one or more categories of aliens who are or were nationals and residents of Vietnam, Laos, or Cambodia and who share common characteristics that identify them as targets of persecution in such respective foreign state on

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(2)(A) Aliens who are (or were) nationals and residents of an independent state of the former Soviet Union or of Estonia, Latvia, or Lithuania 11 and who are Jews or Evangelical Christians shall be deemed a category of alien established under paragraph (1)(A).

(B) Aliens who are (or were) nationals of an independent state of the former Soviet Union or of Estonia, Latvia, or Lithuania 11 and who are current members of, and demonstrate public, active, and continuous participation (or attempted participation) in the religious activities of, the Ukrainian Catholic Church or the Ukrainian Orthodox Church, shall be deemed a category of alien established under paragraph (1)(A).

(C) Aliens who are (or were) nationals and residents of Vietnam, Laos, or Cambodia and who are members of categories of individuals determined, by the Attorney General in accordance with “Immigration and Naturalization Service Worldwide Guidelines for Overseas Refugee Processing" (issued by the Immigration and Naturalization Service in August 1983) shall be deemed a category of alien established under paragraph (1)(B).

(3) Within the number of admissions of refugees allocated for each of fiscal years 1990, 1991, and 1992 13 for refugees who are nationals of the Soviet Union under section 207(a)(3) of the Immigration and Nationality Act and within the number of such admissions allocated for each of fiscal years 1993, 1994, 1995, 1996, 1997, 1998, 1999, 2000, 2001, and 2002 14 for refu

11 Sec. 582(b)(1)(A) of Public Law 102-391 (106 Stat. 1686) struck out “of the Soviet Union” each place it appeared in pars. (1)(A), (2)(A), and (2)B), and inserted in lieu thereof “of an independent state of the former Soviet Union or of Estonia, Latvia, or Lithuania”. Sec. 905(b)(1)(A) of the FREEDOM Support Act (Public Law 102-511; 106 Stat. 3356) made the same amendment.

12 Sec. 582(b)(1)(B) of Public Law 102–391 (106 Stat. 1686) struck out “in the Soviet Union" and inserted in lieu thereof “in that state”. Sec. 905(b)(1)(B) of the FREEDOM Support Act (Public Law 102-511; 106 Stat. 3356) made the same amendment.

13 Sec. 598(a)(1) of the Foreign Operations, Export Financing, and Related Programs Appropriations Act, 1991 (Public Law 101-513; 104 Stat. 2063), struck out “fiscal year 1990” and inerted in lieu thereof "for each of fiscal years 1990, 1991, and 1992".

14 Sec. 512(1)(A) of the Foreign Relations Authorization Act, Fiscal Years 1994 and 1995 (Public Law 103-236; 108 Stat. 466) struck out “1993 and 1994" and inserted in lieu thereof “1993, 1994, 1995, and 1996”. Sec. 575(1)(A) of the Foreign Operations, Export Financing, and Related Programs Appropriations Act, 1997 (sec. 101(c) of title I of the Omnibus Consolidated Appropriations Act, 1997; Public Law 104-208; 110 Stat. 3009) further extended this to include 1997. Sec. 101(1)(A) of Public Law 104-319 (110 Stat. 3864) made the same amendment as Public Law 104–208. Sec. 57411XA) of the Foreign Operations, Export Financing, and Related Programs Appropriations Act, 1998 (Public Law 105-118; 111 Stat. 2432), struck out "and 1997" and inserted in lieu thereof “1997, and 1998". Sec. 705(1)(A) of the Departments of Labor, Health and Human Services, and Education, and Related Agencies Appropriations Act, 1999 (division A, sec. 101(f),

Continued

gees who are nationals of the independent states of the former Soviet Union, Estonia, Latvia, and Lithuania under such section, 15 notwithstanding any other provision of law, the President shall allocate one thousand of such admissions for such fiscal year to refugees who are within the category of aliens de

scribed in paragraph (2)(B). (c) WRITTEN REASONS FOR DENIALS OF REFUGEE STATUS.—Each decision to deny an application for refugee status of an alien who is within a category established under this section shall be in writing and shall state, to the maximum extent feasible, the reason for the denial.

(d) PERMITTING CERTAIN ALIENS WITHIN CATEGORIES TO REAPPLY FOR REFUGEE STATUS.—Each alien who is within a category established under this section and who (after August 14, 1988, and before the date of the enactment of this Act) was denied refugee status shall be permitted to reapply for such status. Such an application shall be determined taking into account the application of this section. (e) PERIOD OF APPLICATION.

(1) Subsections (a) and (b) shall take effect on the date of the enactment of this Act and shall only apply to applications for refugee status submitted before October 1, 2002.16

of Public Law 105–277; 112 Stat. 2681) struck out “1997, and 1998” and inserted in lieu thereof “1997, 1998, and 1999". Sec. 214(1)(A) of the Department of Health and Human Services Appropriations Act, 2000 (title II of H.R. 3424, enacted by reference in sec. 1000(aX4) of Public Law 106-113; 113 Stat. 1535), struck out “1997, 1998, and 1999”, and inserted in lieu thereof “1997, 1998, 1999, and 2000”. Sec. 212(1)(A) of the Departments of Labor, Health and Human Services, Education, and Related Agencies Appropriations Act, 2001 (H.R. 5657, introduced on December 14, 2000, as enacted in sec. l(a(1) of Public Law 106-554; 114 Stat. 2763), struck out “1997, 1998, 1999, and 2000” and inserted in lieu thereof “1998, 1999, 1999, 2000, and 2001". Sec. 213(1 A)

of Labor, Health and Human Services, Education, and Related Agencies Appropriations Act, 2002 (Public Law 107-116; 115 Stat. 2200), struck out “1997, 1998, 1999, 2000, and 2001" and inserted in lieu thereof “1997, 1998, 1999, 1999, 2000, 2001, and

2002"

15 Sec. 582(a)(1)(A) of Public Law 102–391 (106 Stat. 1686) inserted "and within the number of such admissions allocated for each of fiscal years 1993 and 1994 for refugees who are nationals of the independent states of the former Soviet Union, Estonia, Latvia, and Lithuania under such section” after “Act”.

Sec. 905(a)(1) of the FREEDOM Support Act (Public Law 102–511; 106 Stat. 3356) made the same amendment.

16 Sec. 598(a)(2) of the Foreign Operations, Export Financing, and Related Programs Appropriations Act, 1991 (Public Law 101-513; 104 Stat. 2063), struck out “October 1, 1990” each place it appeared in subsec. (e), and inserted in lieu thereof “October 1, 1992”.

Subsequently, sec. 582(a)(1)(B) of Public Law 102-391 (106 Stat. 1686) extended this date to October 1, 1994. Sec. 905(a)2) of the FREEDOM Support Act (Public Law 102-511; 106 Stat. 3356) made the same amendment. Sec. 512(1)(B) of the Foreign Relations Authorization Act, Fiscal Years 1994 and 1995 (Public Law 103-236; 108 Stat. 466) further extended this date to October 1, 1996. Subsequent to that amendment, sec. 575(1)(b) of the Foreign Operations, Export Financing, and Related Programs Appropriations Act, 1997 (sec. 101(c) of ti of the Omnibus Consolidated Appropriations Act, 1997; Public Law 104-208; 110 Stat. 3009) extended the date to October 1, 1997. Sec. 101(1)(B) of Public Law 104-319 (110 Stat. 3864) made the same amendment as Public Law 104–208. Sec. 574(1)(B) of the Foreign Operations, Export Financing, and Related Programs Appropriations Act, 1998 (Public Law 105-118; 111 Stat. 2432), extended the date to October 1, 1998. Sec. 705(1)(B) of the Departments of Labor, Health and Human Services, and Education, and Related Agencies Appropriations Act, 1999 (division A, sec. 101(f), of Public Law 105–277; 112 Stat. 2681) extended the date to October 1, 1999. Sec. 214(1)(B) of the Department of Health and Human Services Appropriations Act, 2000 (H.R. 3424, enacted by reference in sec. 1000(a)(4) of Public Law 106–113; 113 Stat. 1535), extended the date to October 1, 2000. Sec. 212(1)(B) of the Departments of Labor, Health and Human Services, Education, and Related Agencies Appropriations Act, 2001 (H.R. 5657, introduced on December 14, 2000, as enacted in sec. l(a)(1) of Public Law 106–554; 114 Stat. 2763), extended the date to October 1, 2001. Sec. 213(1)(B) of the Departments of Labor, Health and Human Services, Education, and Related Agencies Appropriations Act, 2002 (Public Law 107-116; 115 Stat. 2200), extended the date to October 1, 2002.

(2) Subsection (c) shall apply to decisions made after the date of the enactment of this Act and before October 1, 2002.16

(3) Subsection (d) shall take effect on the date of the enactment of this Act and shall only apply to reapplications for refu

gee status submitted before October 1, 2002.16 ADJUSTMENT OF STATUS FOR CERTAIN SOVIET AND INDOCHINESE

PAROLEES SEC. 599E.17 (a) IN GENERAL.—The Attorney General shall adjust the status of an alien described in subsection (b) to that of an alien lawfully admitted for permanent residence if the alien

(1) applies for such adjustment,

(2) has been physically present in the United States for at least 1 year and is physically present in the United States on the date the application for such adjustment is filed,

(3) is admissible to the United States as an immigrant, except as provided in subsection (c), and

(4) pays a fee (determined by the Attorney General) for the processing of such application. (b) ALIENS ELIGIBLE FOR ADJUSTMENT OF STATUS.—The benefits provided in subsection (a) shall only apply to an alien who

(1) was a national of an independent state of the former Soviet Union, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, 18 Vietnam, Laos, or Cambodia, and

(2) was inspected and granted parole into the United States during the period beginning on August 15, 1988, and ending on

September 30, 2002,19 after being denied refugee status. (c) WAIVER OF CERTAIN GROUNDS FOR INADMISSIBILITY.—The provisions of paragraphs (4), (5), and (7)(A) 20 of section 212(a) of the Immigration and Nationality Act shall not apply to adjustment of status under this section and the Attorney General may waive any other provision of such section (other than paragraph (2)(C) or sub

178 U.S.C. 1255 note.

18 Sec. 582(b)(2) of Public Law 102–391 (106 Stat. 1686) struck out “of the Soviet Union," and inserted in lieu thereof "of an independent state of the former Soviet Union, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania,”. Sec. 905(b)(2) of the FREEDOM Support Act (Public Law 102-511; 106 Stat. 3356) made the same amendment.

19 Sec. 598(b) of the Foreign Operations, Export Financing, and Related Programs Appropriations Act, 1991 (Public Law 101-513; 104 Stat. 2063), struck out “September 30, 1990” at this point and inserted in lieu thereof “September 30, 1992". Subsequently, sec. 582(a)(2) of Public Law 102–391 (106 Stat. 1686) extended the date to September 30, 1994. Sec. 512(2) of the Foreign Relations Authorization Act, Fiscal Years 1994 and 1995 (Public Law 103–236; 108 Stat. 466) further extended this date to September 30, 1996. Sec. 575(2) of the Foreign Operations, bort. Financing and Related Programs Appropriations

opriations Act, 1997 (sec. 101(c) of title I of the Omnibus Consolidated Appropriations Act, 1997; Public Law 104–208; 110 Stat. 3009) further extended the date to September 30, 1997. Sec. 101(2) of Public Law 104–319 (110 Stat. 3864) made the same amendment as Public Law 104-208. Sec. 574(2) of the Foreign Operations, Export Financing, and Related Programs Appropriations Act, 1998 (Public Law 105-118; 111 Stat. 2432) extended the date to September 30, 1998. Sec. 705(2) of the Departments of Labor, Health and Human Services, and Education, and Related Agencies Appropriations Act, 1999 (division A, sec. 101(f), of Public Law 105–277; 112 Stat. 2681) extended this date to September 30, 1999. Sec. 214(2) of the Department of Health and Human Services Appropriations Act, 2000 (H.R. 3424, enacted by reference in sec. 1000(a)(4) of Public Law 106-113; 113 Stat. 1535), extended this date to September 30, 2000. Sec. 212(2) of the Departments of Labor, Health and Human Services, Education, and Related Agencies Appropriations Act, 2001 (H.R, 5657, introduced on December 14, 2000, as enacted in sec. l(a(1) of Public Law 106-554; 114 Stat. 2763), extended the date to September 30, 2001. Sec. 213(2) of the Departments of Labor, Health and Human Services, Education, and Related Agencies Appropriations Act, 2002 (Public Law 107-116; 115 Stat. 2200), extended the date to September 30, 2002.

20 Sec. 603(a)(22) of Public Law 101-649 (104 Stat. 5084) struck out "(14), (15), (20), (21), (25), (28) (other than subparagraph (F)), and (32)” and inserted in lieu thereof “(4), (5), and (7A)".

paragraph 21 (A), (B), (C), or (E) of paragraph (3)) 22 with respect to such an adjustment for humanitarian purposes, to assure family unity, or when it is otherwise in the public interest.

(d) DATE OF APPROVAL.–Upon the approval of such an application for adjustment of status, the Attorney General shall create a record of the alien's admission as a lawful permanent resident as of the date of the alien's inspection and parole described in subsection (b)(2).

(e) No OFFSET IN NUMBER OF VISAS AVAILABLE.—When an alien is granted the status of having been lawfully admitted for permanent residence under this section, the Secretary of State shall not be required to reduce the number of immigrant visas authorized to be issued under the Immigration and Nationality Act.

*

This Act may be cited as the “Foreign Operations, Export Financing, and Related Programs Appropriations Act, 1990”.

21 Sec. 219(bb) of the Immigration and Nationality Technical Corrections Act of 1994 (Public Law 103-416; 108 Stat. 4319) struck out “and subparagraphs” and inserted in lieu thereof “or subparagraph”.

22 Sec. 307(1)9) of Public Law 102–232 (105 Stat. 1757) struck out "(23B), (27), (29), or (33) and inserted in lieu thereof "(2XC) and subparagraphs (A), (B), (C), or (E) of paragraph (3)".

s. Foreign Operations, Export Financing, and Related

Programs Appropriations Act, 1988 Partial text of Public Law 100–202 [Sec. 101(e) of the Continuing Appropriations for 1988, H.J. Res. 395), 101 Stat. 1329_131, approved December 22, 1987, as amended by Public Law 100_461 [Foreign Operations, Export Fi. nancing, and Related Programs Appropriations Act, 1989; H.R. 4637), 102 Stat. 2268, approved October 1, 1988; Public Law 100-690 [International Narcotics Control Act of 1988, H.R. 5210), 102 Stat. 4181,

approved November 18, 1988; Public Law 101-167 (Foreign Operations, Export Financing, and Related Programs Appropriations Act, 1990; H.R. 3743), 103 Stat. 1195, approved November 21, 1989; Public Law 101-240 [International Development and Finance Act of 1989, H.R. 2494), 103 Stat. 2492, approved December 19, 1989; Public Law 101-513 [Foreign Operations, Export Fi. nancing, and Related Programs Appropriations Act, 1991; H.R. 5114), 104 Stat. 1979, approved November 5, 1990; Public Law 101-649 (Immigration Act of 1990; S. 358), 104 Stat. 4978, approved November 29, 1990; H.R. 2621 as passed by the House on June 19, 1991 (sections of which were enacted by reference by Public Law 102–145 (Further Continuing Appropriations, Fiscal Year 1992; H.J. Res. 360]], as amended, 105 Stat. 968, approved October 28, 1991; and Public Law 102–232 [Miscellaneous and Technical Immigration and Naturalization Amendments of 1991; H.R. 3049), 105 Stat. 1733, approved December 12, 1991 JOINT RESOLUTION Making further continuing appropriations for the fiscal year

1988, and for other purposes. Resolved by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That

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AN ACT Making appropriations for foreign operations, export financing, and related

programs for the fiscal year ending September 30, 1988, and for other purposes.

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(a) REFINANCING.-Notwithstanding any other provision of law, the President is authorized during fiscal years 1988 through 1991 to transfer existing United States guaranties of outstanding Foreign Military Sales (FMS) credit debt, or to issue new guaranties, either of which would be applied to loans, bonds, notes or other obligations made or issued (as the case may be) by private United States financial institutions (the private lender) to finance the prepayment at par of the principal amounts maturing after September

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