« 이전계속 »
There are no doctrines in the Catholic rejected by our Protestant friends, which Church that we do not prove from this holy are acknowledged as portions of God's book.
Tholy word by the Catholic Church. How, "Why," say our Protestant friends, "you then, can the Catholic conscientiously reobject to the Bible in our public schools 'cognize the Protestant Bible, and tell his Why do Catholics object to the reading of children to read that Bible as the Word of the Bible in the public schools ?" It is be God? cause you have not the Bible--you only. There are other reasons why Catholics have a piece of the Bible, my Protestant object to the introduction of the Bible into friends, and that very piece is full of errors the Public Schools. St. Peter tells us that and full of faults. Hence the Catholic in the Epistles of St. Paul there are many Church says: “We want the whole Bible things hard to be understood. He says, and a correct Bible.” This is the objection inspired by God, that the unlearned and that the Catholic makes to the introduction the unstable rush to their own perdition. of the Bible into the public schools. It is Surely, these children are unlearned and not the Catholics alone that say the Protes- unstable, and may rush to their own dam. tant Bible is vicious and corrupt in its nation. How, then, can the parent, in contranslation, for the most learned among science, consent that his child shall read the Protestants themselves acknowledge that book ? that their translation is full of faults and Again: In the Old Testament, every errors. Whole volumes have been written reader of God's Holy Book must acknowlby Protestant divines and learned theolo edge, there are many things which the pagians about the numerous errors of the rent would not wish a young child—an intranslation of the Protestant Bible. Inocent daughter or son-to read. The
You may remember that about twenty- Jews were so well convinced of this that five years ago a Convention was held in there was a law among them that none St. Louis, to which the ministers of all de- should read the Old Testament until they nominations were invited. I was in St. were thirty years of age. Every one of Louis at the time, and I saw the proceed-you that has read the Old Testament of the ings of the Convention published every Bible must acknowledge that there are morning in the Missouri Republican. The many things in it that a child should never object of the Convention was to give a new know. translation of the Bible, for the present Moreover, my dear friends, the Catholic translation furnished was full of errors. Church has such a respect, and rererence, Ministers of all denominations assembled and veneration for the Holy Book of God in St. Louis, and a learned Protestant min. that they will never consent to have it used ister-a Presbyterian, I think-stood up in as a school book. As a general thing, that Convention and urged the necessity of children in public schools have very little giving the world a new translation of the respect for school books. They fling them Scriptures, for there were thirty thousand around the school room; they trample upon errors in the present translation. Another them; they sit upon them; they spot them minister-I think a Baptist minister---stood all over with ink. The Catholic Church up in that Convention and urged the neces- has too much respect and too much venersity of giving a new translation of the ation for God's holy book to consent that Scriptures, and said that up to the present it be treated in the manner that a school time-remember that was twenty-five years book is treated. As for the rest, the Cathago_"the world is without the Word of olic Church looks upon the Bible as the God, for the Bible which we have now is Word of God—as a thing of inspiration; not the Word of God.”
and she recognizes the reading of it as a Moreover, we Catholics acknowledge in means of instruction and information, and the Bible several books which our Protest- of edification. Hence the Catholic Church ant friends have rejected. Such, for in. is not opposed to the Bible. Opposed to stance, as the books of Maccabees, portions the Bible! Why, my dear, separated breth_ of Esdras, portions of Tobias, and the his- ren, to whom does the world owe the pretory of Susannah. All of these have been servation of the Bible ? Before the art of
· printing was invented, for fourteen hundred not the word of God as delivered to the years there was none to preserve the Bible saints, and is, in short, not the Bible. but the Catholic Church. In their monas- : The Protestant Bible has led thousands, teries and in their convents large numbers yes millions, of people into all kinds of erwere employed in transcribing the Holy rors and absurdities, which is proven by Scriptures for the use of future generations. the fact that there are upward of three Then how can it be said by our separated hundred Protestant sects now in existence, brethren that the Catholic Church is oppo-all of whom claim the Bible for the basis sed to the Bible ?
of their peculiar belief. Can all be true ? Again he said :
Protestants say that they all agree on the It was not until the fourth century that essentials of religion, and only differ on the Bible, as we have it to-day, was estab-minor points. How untrue this assertion lished as the word of inspiration. There is can be proven by the history of their had been many false and fraudulent gos- convocations for the purpose of forming a pels in circulation up to that time, and in common creed, or basis of agreement. order to settle the authenticity of the Ca- About thirty years ago the King of Prus. tholic Bible, the Pope of Rome ordered a sia called a Convention of Delegates from convocation of wise men to determine what ail of the different Protestant denominawas, and what was not, inspiration. These tions, for the purpose of establishing a men had given us the Bible as we have it, common creed and effecting a union of the not the Protestant Bible-for that is not Protestant Church. What was the result? the Bible -but the Catholic Bible, which is A failure. They could agree upon no ar. the real Word of God.
ticle of faith except the recognition of the Learned Protestants acknowledge that existence of a Supreme Being. This was during the first three centuries the Catholic such a universal belief that its announce Church had all the doctrines of Christ in ment by such a Convention was unnecestheir purity, yet up to that time they had no sary. The American savage, as do almost Bible. The church was the custodian and all other savages, believes in the existence teacher of the doctrines as she is to-day- of a great overruling, Supreme Spirit. and she teaches them to-day, in their purity, as she did in the early ages of Christianity.
It was not until the year 1450 that the art of printing was invented. Up to that time only the wealthy could have the Bible. If the reading of the Bible was so necessary to the salvation of the souls of all the SCRIPTURE REFERENCES. people, why was it that God had denied
References to a few passages that probthem this privilege during the many centu
ably should not be read on all occasions: . ries before ? From this very fact we could not assert that the reading of the Bible Genesis, Chap. XVI; Chap. XIX; was necessary to salvation without ques- Chap. XXV, Ver. 20 to 26; Chap. XXX; tioning the wisdom of God. Or to take Chap. XXXI, ver. 35; Chap. XXXIV: another view of the case: Up to the era Chap. XXXV, ver. 22; Chap. XXXVIII; of the invention of printing, perhaps not Chap. XXXIX ver. 7 to 18. one-fourth of the members of the church | Exodus, Chap. I, ver. 16 to 22; Chap. were able to read it. At the present time IV, ver. 24 to 26; Chap. XIII, ver. 2 to 15; not more than one-half of the people can Chap XXII, ver. 16 to 19. read. Are all of these people to be exclu- LEVITICUS. Chap. XII; Chap. XV; ded from Heaven? And even supposing Chap. XVII: Chap. XVIII: Chap. xx.. all could read, how are they to determine and satisfy themselves that the Bible is, NUMBERS, Chap. V; Chap. XV, ver. 38. or what portions of it are the work of in- 39; Chap. XXV; ver. 1 to 8; Chap. XXXI. spiration ? Learned Protestants acknowl-/ ver. 17 to 35. edge and assert that their translation is full DEUTERONOMY, ('hap. XXII; Chap. of errors. If it is filled with errors, it is XXIII; Chap. XXV, ver. 11.
Joshua, Chap. V, ver. 1 to 8.
“We have no right to force the reading Judges, Chap. XI, ver. 34 to 40; Chap.
of it upon those who object to it; for, if we
are to assume such right, we virtually XIII, ver. 4 to 14; Chap. XIX; Chap.
P create an Established Religion, which is XXI.
directly forbidden by the Federal ConstituTHE BOOK OF Ruth.
tion." 1st. Samuel, Chap. 1; Chap. IV, ver. 19, 20; Chap. XXV.
2nd. Samuel, Chap, XI; Chap. XIII., ver. 10 to 15; Chap. XVI, ver 22.
From the Cincinnati Commercial, ist. Kings, Chap. I; Chap. XI.
Objection is made to the regulation 2nd. Kings, Chap. IX, ver. 8.
that it establishes a form of worship in the JOB, Chap. III; Chap. X, ver. 18, 19; free schools, and as such is prohibited by Chap. XXI, ver. 8 to 20.
the Constitution of Ohio, There can be no Psalms, XXII.
doubt, if it be a form of worship, what the PROVERBS. Chap. VI. ver. 24 to 35: legal decision would be, were the question Chap. VII; Chap, XXX, ver. 15, 16.
carried into the Courts. Suppose the
watchmen on the Towers of Zion cease for ECCLESIASTES, Chap. XI, ver 5.
a time to shake the scarlet robes of the The Song of Solomon.
whore of Babylon in the faces of the peoISAIAH, Chap. XLVII.
ple, and come to a practical consideration
of the question. JEREMIAH, Chap. I, ver. 5; Chap. III ;
If it is not a form of worship, what is Chap. XX, ver. 14 to 18.
it? Are the children to be taught, as the Ezekiel, Chap. XVI; Chap. XXIII. crazy and infidel, Times suggests, that the The Book of Hosea.
Bible is merely "a moral text book," to be Matthew, Chap. I; Chap. V, ver. 27 to
ranked with the ethical writings of pagan
philosophers and sages, and the reading of 32; Chap. IX, ver. 20; Chap. XIX, ver. 91
it each morning only an introduction to a to 12; Chap. XXIV, ver. 19.
system of morals ? Are they to listen to Mark, Chap. V, ver. 25; Chap. XII it as the wisdom of the world, or the voice ver. 19 to 22; Chap. XIII, ver. 17. of God speaking through inspired men ?
Luke, Chap. I; Chan II; Chap. VIII, The question whether the daily reading is ver. 43 to 48; Chap. XXI, ver. 23; Chap. a form of worship depends largely upon the XXIII, ver. 29.
construction to be put upon it. John, Chap. III, ver. 4; Chap. VIII,
We gather, from the sermons and argu
ments of those who insist that the rule ver. 3 to 11.
should not be abrogated, that they consider Romans, Chap. I, ver. 24 to 30. the formula not only important in a relig1st. Corinthians. Chap. VII. Jious, but in a Protestant sense. There is REVELATIONS, Chap. II, ver. 20 to 23. small stress laid upon the moral or relig.
It is not the intention to condemn the ious edification of the children growing out passages above cited, further than to re- of it, probably because they are convinced mark, that it would possibly be out of taste that very little does come of it, but it is to read them in school, and that Catholics tenaciously held to as a token and a sign and Infidels prefer not to have their chil. that Protestantism continues to be triumphdren read them at all.
ant, and that its spirit indwells and permeates the whole school system. Now, we
do not ourselves say that this is so, but we OPINION OF HORACE GREELEY.
do say that no man can read the sermons
land addresses of the Protestant clergy on Speaking of reading the Bible in the the subject without coming to the concluPublic Schools, Horace Greeley, says: sion that they so regard the regulation, and
would not be at the trouble to defend it if The great document mentioned above. they did not consider it a valuable token of which arose under the influence of the the supremacy of Protestantism, and an teachings of the French Encyclopedists, evidence of its power and presence in civil was at first very imperfectly understood in affairs.
America, and, for half a century, from a They do regard it not only as an act of lack of a philosophical faculty of abstracworship, but as an act of Protestant wor- tion, it was misapprehended, and, besides, ship, and appeal to the people to sustain it intentionally falsely expounded, and exon that ground chiefly. The talk about ex- plained, if such had not been the case, how cluding the Bible from the schools is stuff. could have arisen the opinion that the UnNo child will ever be prohibited carrying as ion had been formed as a Christian confedmany Bibles into the school-room as he can eration of States ? Our national fundapack into his satchel; nor will he be denied mental laws absolutely exclude any possithe unspeakable privilege of reading them bility of a connection of the State with at his leisure. Teachers, too may line their any religious institution or religious docpockets with them, and carry them about trine. Why should the Puritans have rewith them so long as they attend to the du- peatedly asked Congress to change the ties for which they are paid by the State. Constitution for the purpose of declaring Out of school hours, they can discuss the that the Union was a Christian State ? merits of the book among themselves, or Fortunately, up to this time, they have with such of their scholars individually as not succeeded in carrying their scheme insolicit instruction. We know of no law, to execution, and divesting the Republic of rule, or religion to prohibit all this. Those its cosmopolitan character, although they who make pretenses that the Bible is to be have worked hard enough to do so. Puriignominiously expelled, ignorantly or will-tanism would have long since subjugated fully mistake the question at issue, which the whole of America, and forced human is as we have stated and we here repeat it, society into the narrow forms which we whether the School Board has not estab. I know from Connecticut and Massachusetts, lished in the public schools of this city a if the Constitution had not been in its way. form of worship-a form of Protestant wor- The next consequence, naturally, would ship at that, and so regarded by the Pro- have been the oppression of the non-Christestant clergy themselves-contrary to the tians, and as such would have been regardexpress letter of the Constitution of the ed not only the Mohammedans, Buddhists State of Ohio, and whether the Board and Israelites, but all non-Puritans and libshould not repeal it.
eral Christians. According to the teach-
United States as a citizen of equal rights
and privileges; nor could do so a free
thinker attached to none of the existing Day before yesterday there was made religious societies. We condemn so narhere, in Cincinnati, a decision of immense row-minded and unjustified expounding of bearing and importance. Inclusive of the great bill of rights of the nation, and all amendments to the Constitution, for we are glad, that the hypocritical adherents years, no question of such political and so- of that school in Cincinnati have been encial magnitude has been brought before the ticed into the open field, and have been badpublic, as the Bible question, which the ly worsted. School Board decided at its sitting day be- It is to the interest of all the numerfore yesterday. The School Board decided ous religious societies in the country that it in the true and genuine spirit of the none of them should enjoy an advantage American Declaration of Independence, over the others, and that the State should and in accordance with the letter of the not meddle with them. Puritanism has alFederal Constitution, and the Constitution ways tried to obtain the special protection of our State.
of the State, and to exercise influence over
it. Did it not force itself into the Freed. The resolutions adopted for our public men's Bureau and the negro schools of the schools were entirely at variance with this South, and try to model them after its own express provision in the Constitution of peculiar views and proclivities? Thereby, Ohio, inasmuch as, by ordering the Bible to all other religious sects, especially the be read, they gave to certain Orthodox ProCatholics and Israelites were materially in- testant sects, which consider the Bible the jured. What position would the latter oc- revealed quintessence of all wisdom and
cupy if those fanatics should succeed in virtue, an advantage over the Catholics • declaring the union to be a Christian con- and Rationalists, who; for reasons of con
federation of States, and Ohio a Christian science or common sense, do not want the State ? Fortunately the chances for doing Bible to be read in the schools, but are, so are becoming weaker and weaker. nevertheless, compelled to contribute to
It is really wanting in America that the school fund, which, in consequence, is an intelligent Caucasian should be de- useful only to the Orthodox Protestants. prived of his equal rights with the rest of Hence, we had here a flagrant violation of the population, because he is non-Christian, the guaranteed right of conscience, which while we have placed the negro on the same the School Board was in duty bound to footing as the white man. If the State abate. takes no notice of religious affairs the No matter how just, legal and timely country need not become irreligious, for the the measure adopted by the School Board churches thereby become freer than before. may have been, the Orthodox American To the proclamation of the Christian Protestants will raise a hue and cry about State would succeed the question: "What it. They will denounce the resolution as view of Christianity is the correct one?” a concession made to the Catholics and May we be preserved from the misery to which infidels; they will prophecy to us the ruin the struggle about this question would give of all religion and morality, and declare rise! The majority of the School Board the civilization of the nineteenth century did a great work, of which Cincinnati may to be endangered. be proud, and about which even the remote Our German countrymen should not future will talk and write. It has at length allow themselves to be misled thereby, but delivered the spirit of the century and the stand firm by the cause of legality, justice, true idea of American democracy of the and freedom of conscience. Religion, fetters of fanaticism and the influence of morality and civilization will not perish, Puritanic narrow mindedness. It will find even though the Bible should no longer be imitators in the whole country, where not read, or rather repeated without feeling or an appreciation of the situation but cour- understanding. There have been religious, age have been wanting.
virtuous and highly civilized nations that knew nothing of the Bible, and even in our Union there is a State ( Missouri) where the reading of the Bible in the free
schools, was expressly prohibited, but which From the Cincinnati Courier.
for that matter, has not become more irreAfter a long and exhaustive debate, the ligious, immoral and barbarous than the School Board of Cincinnati, day before rest of the States. yesterday, at length adopted the resolutions Such members of the various sects and offered by Mr. Miller, on the last 6th of confessions which desire to make their September, by a vote of 22 against 15. children acquainted with the teachings of [Here follow the resolutions.]
the Bible or other religious books, have at These resolutions are in keeping with their disposal clergymen whom they pay the spirit of the Federal Constitution, themselves, and who have time and leisure which forbids religious tests, and in accord- to devote every week, a few hours to the ance with the letter of the Constitution of performance of this task. Ohio, the seventh section of which says; | By rights, and by law, the Bible should
[Here the seventh section is repro- not enter our free schools, if they are to be duced.]
land remain free schools.