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Of George Washington's birth, family and education. Of
his mission to the French commandant on the Ohio, in 1753.
His military operations as an officer of Virginia, from
1754 to 1758, and his subsequent employments to the com-
mencement of the American revolution,
Retrospect of the origin of the American revolutionary war.
Of George Washington, as member of Congress, in 1774
and 1775. As Commander in Chief of the armies of the
United Colonies in 1775 and 1776, and his operations near
Boston, in these years,
CAMPAIGN OF 1776.
Of the operations of General Washington in New-York and
New-Jersey. The battle on Long Island. The retreat
from York Island and through Jersey. The battles of
Trenton and Princeton,
CAMPAIGN OF 1777.
Of the operations of General Washington in New-Jersey
and Pennsylvania, in the campaign of 1777. The battles
of Brandywine and Germantown. Washington is advised
by the Rev. Jacob Duche, to give up the contest. The
distresses of the American army. Its winter quarters in
Valley Forge. General Washington is assailed by the
clamours of discontented individuals and public bodies, and
by the designs of a faction to supercede him in his office
as commander in chief,
CAMPAIGN OF 1778.
General Washington prepares for the campaign of 1778.
Surprises the British, and defeats them at Monmouth.
Arrests General Lee. Calms the irritation excited by the
departure of the French fleet from Rhode Island to Bos-
ton. Dissuades from an invasion of Canada, 1.71
CAMPAIGN OF 1779.
The distresses of the American army.
calms the uneasiness in the Jersey line. Finds great dif-
ficulty in supporting his troops and concentrating their
force. Makes a disposition of them with a view to the
security of West Point. Directs an expedition against
the Six Nations of Indians, and for the reduction of Sto-
ny Point. Paules Hook taken. A French fleet, expect-
ed to the northward, arrives on the coast of Georgia.
Washington, unequal to offensive operations, retires into
winter quarters, p. 83
CAMPAIGN OF 1780.
General Washington directs an expedition against Staten
Island. Gives an opinion against risking an army for
the defence of Charleston, S. C. Finds great difficulty in
supporting his army. Kniphausen invades Jersey, but is
prevented from injuring the American stores. Marquis
de la Fayette arrives, and gives assurances that a French
fleet and army might soon be expected on the American
coast. Energetic measures of co-operation resolved upon,
but so languidly executed, that Washington predicts the
necessity of a more efficient system of national govern-
ment. A French fleet and army arrives, and a combined
operation against New-York is resolved upon, but the ar-
rival of a superior British fleet deranges the whole
plan, p. 93
CAMPAIGN OF 1781.
The Pennsylvania line mutinies. The Jersey troops follow
their example, but are quelled by decisive measures. Ge-
neral Washington commences a military journal, detailing
the wants and distresses of his army. Is invited to the
defence of his native state, Virginia, but declines. Re-
primands the manager of his private estate for furnishing
the enemy with supplies, to prevent the destruction of his
property. Extinguishes the incipient flames of a civil
war, respecting the independence of the state of Vermont.
Plans a combined operation against the British, and de-
putes Lieut. Col. John Laurens to solicit the co-operation
of the French. The combined forces of both nations ren-
dezvous in the Chesapeake, and take Lord Cornwallis and
his army prisoners of war. Washington returns to the
vicinity of New-York, and urges the necessity of prepar-
ing for a new campaign, 4. 104
1782 and 1783.
Prospects of peace. Langour of the states. Discon
tents of the army. Gen. Washington prevents the
adoption of rash measures. Some new levies in Penn-
sylvania mutiny, and are quelled. Washington re-
commends measures for the preservation of indepen-
dence, peace, liberty and happiness. Dismisses his
army. Enters New York. Takes leave of his officers.
Settles his accounts. Repairs to Annapolis. Resigns
his commission. Retires to Mount Vernon, and re-
sumes his agricultural pursuits,
General Washington, on retiring from public life, de-
votes himself to agricultural pursuits. Favours in
land navigation. Declines offered emoluments from it.
Urges an alteration of the fundamental rules of the
society of the Cincinnati. Regrets the defects of the
federal system, and recommends a revisal of it. Is
appointed a member of the continential convention
for that purpose, which, after hesitation, he accepts.
Is chosen president thereof. Is solicited to accept the
presidency of the United States. Writes sundry let-
ters expressive of the conflict in his mind, between
duty and inclination. Answers applications for offices.
His reluctance to enter on public life,
Washington elected president. On his way to the seat
of government at New York, receives the most flat-
tering marks of respect. Addresses Congress. The
situation of the United States in their foreign and do
mestic relations, at the inauguration of Washington.
Fills up public offices solely with a view to the public
good Proposes a treaty to the Creek Indians, which
is at first rejected. Colonel Willet induces the heads
of the nation to come to New York, to treat there.
The North Western Indians refuse a treaty, but after
defeating Generals Harman and Sinclair, they are de-
feated by General Wayne. They then submit, and
agree to treat. A new system is introduced for meli-
orating their condition,
General Washington attends to the foreign relations of
the United States. Negociates with Spain. Difficul-
ties in the way. The free navigation of the Missis-
sippi is granted by a treaty made with Major Pinkney.
Negociation with Britain. Difficulties in the way.
War probable. Mr. Jay's mission. His treaty with
Great Britain. Opposition thereto. Is ratified.
Washington refuses papers to the House of Represen-
tatives. British posts in the United States evacuted.
Negociations with France. Genet's arrival. Assumes
illegal powers, in violation of the neutrality of the
United States. Is flattered by the people, but op-
posed by the executive. Is recalled. Gen. Pinkney
sent as public minister to adjust disputes with France.
Is not received. Washington declines a re-election,
and addresses the people. His last address to the na-
tional legislature. Recommends a navy, a military
academy, and other public institutions, -
Washington rejoices at the prospect of retiring. Writes
to the Secretary of State, denying the authenticity of
letters said to be from him to J. P. ustis and Lund
Washington, in 1776. Pays respect to his successor,
Mr. John Adams. Review of Washington's adminis-
tration. He retires to Mount Vernon. Resumes agri-
cultural pursuits. Hears with regret the aggressions
of the French republic. Corresponds on the subject
of his taking the command of an army to oppose the
French. Is appointed Lieutenant General. His com-
mission is sent to him by the Secretary of War. His
letter to president Adams on the receipt thereof. Di-
rects the organization of the proposed army. Three
Envoys Extraordinary sent to France, who adjust all
disputes with Bonaparte, after the overthrow of the
Directory. Gen. Washington dies. Is hononred by
Congress, and by the citizens. His character, p. 221