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Abbeville African America anatomical ancient Anglo-Saxon animals Anthropological Anthropological Society antiquity apes appear Aryan Aryan race assert belong Boucher de Perthes brain Celtic Celts cerebellum cerebral character chimpanzee civilization climate colour conclusion Conibos considered contains convolutions crania cranium Crawfurd deposits derived dialects diluvian diluvium discovered discovery distinct doubt ethnology Europe European evidence existence extinct facts feet flint fossil geological give gorilla gravel Greek hatchets human bones implements Indian inferior inhabitants island language Lartet Latin living Lyell man's mankind matter mental monkeys Mpongwe nations nature Negro object observations opinion organs origin period phrenologists physical possess present primitive probably Professor Huxley proved question race remains remarkable respect river Saint Acheul Sanskrit scientific Sir Charles Sir Charles Lyell skeleton skull species stone structure surface theory tion trace tribes Ucayali whilst wild words
107 페이지 - The question of questions for mankind — the problem which underlies all others, and is more deeply interesting than any other — is the ascertainment of the place which Man occupies in nature and of his relations to the universe of things.
78 페이지 - Frere's words are well-known and memorable: "....if not particularly objects of curiosity in themselves... must I think be considered in that light, from the situation in which they were found They are, I think, evidently weapons of war, fabricated and used by a people who had not the use of metals.
112 페이지 - I adopt Mr. Darwin's hypothesis, therefore, subject to the production of proof that physiological species may be produced by selective breeding...
113 페이지 - Not being able to appreciate or conceive of the distinction between the psychical phenomena of a Chimpanzee and of a Boschisman or of an Aztec, with arrested brain growth, as being of a nature so essential as to preclude a comparison between them, or as being other than a difference of degree, I cannot shut my eyes to the significance of that all"pervading similitude of structure — every tooth, every bone, strictly homologous — which makes the determination of the difference between Homo and...
113 페이지 - I have endeavoured to show that no absolute structural line of demarcation, wider than that between the animals which immediately succeed us in the scale, can be drawn between the animal world and ourselves; and I may add the expression of my belief that the attempt to draw a psychical distinction is equally futile, and that even the highest faculties of feeling and of intellect begin to germinate in lower forms of...
105 페이지 - ... (p. 79 ) Since a more recent examination of casts and photographs from it, the anatomist just mentioned allows, with Messrs. Schafthausen and Busk, that this skull is the most brutal of all known human skulls, resembling those of the apes, not only in the prodigious development of the superciliary prominences and the forward extension of the orbits, but still more in the depressed form of the brain-case, in the straightness of the squamosal suture, and in the complete retreat of the occiput forward...
108 페이지 - It is quite certain that the Ape which most nearly approaches man, in the totality of its organisation, is either the Chimpanzee or the Gorilla; and as it makes no practical difference, for the purposes of my present argument, which is selected for comparison, on the one hand, with Man, and on the other hand, with the rest of the Primates...
78 페이지 - The manner in which they lie would lead to the persuasion that it was a place of their manufacture and not of their accidental desposit ; and the numbers of them were so great that the man who carried on the brick-work told me that, before he was aware of their being objects of curiosity, he had emptied baskets full of them into the ruts of the adjoining road.
112 페이지 - Its validity hangs upon the assumption, that intellectual power depends altogether on the brain — whereas the brain is only one condition out of many on which intellectual manifestations depend ; the others being, chiefly, the organs of the senses and the motor apparatuses, especially those which are concerned in prehension and in the production of articulate speech.
134 페이지 - If I was right in calculating that the present delta of the Mississippi has required, as a minimum of time, more than one hundred thousand years for its growth,* it would follow, if the claims of the Natchez man to have coexisted with the mastodon are admitted, that North America was peopled more than a thousand centuries ago by the human race. But even were that true, we could not presume, reasoning from ascertained geological data, that the Natchez bone was anterior in data to the antique flint...